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    Lab Infrastructure for Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

    IVF lab plays a crucial role in the execution of the embryo formation. After the eggs are retrieved from the woman, the embryologist in the IVF lab performs egg assessment to make sure that only quality eggs are utilized in the IVF procedure. The layers of cells around eggs are removed so that the embryologist checks the egg quality thoroughly. Insemination procedure is performed to make sure that only quality sperms are utilized in the procedure. On an average as per the latest research, 50,000 sperms are considered for 2-3 eggs in the procedure of fertilization. In the IVF ICSI procedure, the specialist directly injects one sperm into the mature egg for the fertilization procedure to take place. The semen sample is chosen after washing and concentrating the sperm in the lab itself. The embryo thus formed is categorized with the help of grading steps. The embryologist monitors the embryo carefully starting from the cleavage stage and then puts it in incubator for further division of the embryos if required. The embryologist picks up the embryos in the catheter attached to a syringe. This syringe is used by the infertility specialist to insert the embryo in the body of the woman. Embryo freezing and embryo culture are also performed with the assistance of the advanced techniques and equipments in the IVF lab.

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    How does vitro fertilization (IVF) works?

    IVF procedure includes most of the steps which are involved in the natural reproduction procedure. First, follicle matures and with the LH surge follicle is released. The egg is directed into the Fallopian tube. Then, if the egg is not fertilized within 24 hours with the help of sperm, then the procedure is repeated. Only one sperm can enter the egg and fertilize it. If fertilization occurs, then the embryo is implanted in the interior lining of the uterus of woman. It takes around 3 days for the implantation to take place after the formation of the embryo. In IVF, FSH is administered to the woman with assistance of ultrasound. In some cases, sperm reaches the egg and enters it for embryo formation. In some cases, certain additional steps are performed where the embryologist injects sperm into the egg which make it important for the utilization of procedures such as ICSI. In certain cases, donor eggs are also used. IVF success rates are the highest among most of the infertility treatments.

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    Are you a candidate for IVF Treatment?

    Patients or couples who have been trying for a baby for more than a year are suspected for infertility and can go for infertility treatment that can include IUI and fertility medication. A couple can consider themselves to be a right candidate for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) when they have experienced failed fertility treatments in the past like IUI or Intrauterine Insemination. After few cycles of IUI fail, a couple should start considering IVF as the next treatment option. For those women who have the issue of blocked fallopian tubes, IVF has to be the first choice of treating their infertility as blocked tubes do not facilitate fertilization of egg and sperm inside the tube. Women who suffer from severe endometriosis have IVF as their treatment option. It is a condition when the tissue lining of the endometriosis grows uncontrollably inside and outside of the uterus making it almost impossible to conceive naturally. IVF can work effectively for those suffering from endometriosis. Then there are those couples who have experienced previous IVF cycles and have not succeeded so far. Such couples can continue to repeat IVF cycles as the chances improve with every attempt.

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    Inside an In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) Laboratory

    IVF laboratory in an infertility centre comprises of modern medical procedures which are performed under the guidance of the medical experts and embryologists. Some of the important medical procedures which are performed in the IVF laboratory includes Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Trophectoderm Biopsy, and Embryo freezing procedures. When the samples are taken from the couples, then they are marked with the assistance of unique ids and names to recognize at the time of their infertility treatment. The culture dishes are one of the vital parts of the IVF laboratory with the help of which the samples are stored in the incubator and the procedure is performed. Conventional insemination procedure is performed in the IVF laboratory. Here, the embryologist places the sperm beside the egg. The sperm penetrates into the egg on its own and the fertilization takes place. Cleavage assessment is performed under the guidance of the embryologist which make sure that only quality embryo is used for the implantation procedure. Embryologist also performed the procedure in which the sperm is injected in the egg which make sure that the fertilization is induced. Cryopreservation is also performed in the IVF laboratory.

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