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IVF treatment is one of the Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) that is used to treat infertility in men and women. The process consists of three major steps namely Follicle Aspiration, Fertilization and Embryo Transfer. Eggs are harvested from the ovaries which are under stimulation with the help of hormone injections. At the beginning, the follicles are retrieved using a catheter linked to a suction device. Retrieved eggs are then immediately taken to a laboratory where they are fertilized. During insemination, several sperms are mixed with the healthy eggs. In some cases a selectively picked sperm is injected into an egg, called Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). The fertilized eggs are then grown into a culture till day 5 to turn into a blastocyst. At times, the zona pellucida, the outer covering of the embryo is broken to assist implantation which is termed as Assisted Hatching. The leftover embryos are frozen for future use. The final step of IVF is the Embryo Transfer. During embryo transfer, embryo is inserted into uterus with the help of a speculum and catheter after which a woman can rest for 15 minutes before getting up.
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IVF procedure includes most of the steps which are involved in the natural reproduction procedure. First, follicle matures and with the LH surge follicle is released. The egg is directed into the Fallopian tube. Then, if the egg is not fertilized within 24 hours with the help of sperm, then the procedure is repeated. Only one sperm can enter the egg and fertilize it. If fertilization occurs, then the embryo is implanted in the interior lining of the uterus of woman. It takes around 3 days for the implantation to take place after the formation of the embryo. In IVF, FSH is administered to the woman with assistance of ultrasound. In some cases, sperm reaches the egg and enters it for embryo formation. In some cases, certain additional steps are performed where the embryologist injects sperm into the egg which make it important for the utilization of procedures such as ICSI. In certain cases, donor eggs are also used. IVF success rates are the highest among most of the infertility treatments.moreless
Patients or couples who have been trying for a baby for more than a year are suspected for infertility and can go for infertility treatment that can include IUI and fertility medication. A couple can consider themselves to be a right candidate for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) when they have experienced failed fertility treatments in the past like IUI or Intrauterine Insemination. After few cycles of IUI fail, a couple should start considering IVF as the next treatment option. For those women who have the issue of blocked fallopian tubes, IVF has to be the first choice of treating their infertility as blocked tubes do not facilitate fertilization of egg and sperm inside the tube. Women who suffer from severe endometriosis have IVF as their treatment option. It is a condition when the tissue lining of the endometriosis grows uncontrollably inside and outside of the uterus making it almost impossible to conceive naturally. IVF can work effectively for those suffering from endometriosis. Then there are those couples who have experienced previous IVF cycles and have not succeeded so far. Such couples can continue to repeat IVF cycles as the chances improve with every attempt.moreless
IVF laboratory in an infertility centre comprises of modern medical procedures which are performed under the guidance of the medical experts and embryologists. Some of the important medical procedures which are performed in the IVF laboratory includes Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Trophectoderm Biopsy, and Embryo freezing procedures. When the samples are taken from the couples, then they are marked with the assistance of unique ids and names to recognize at the time of their infertility treatment. The culture dishes are one of the vital parts of the IVF laboratory with the help of which the samples are stored in the incubator and the procedure is performed. Conventional insemination procedure is performed in the IVF laboratory. Here, the embryologist places the sperm beside the egg. The sperm penetrates into the egg on its own and the fertilization takes place. Cleavage assessment is performed under the guidance of the embryologist which make sure that only quality embryo is used for the implantation procedure. Embryologist also performed the procedure in which the sperm is injected in the egg which make sure that the fertilization is induced. Cryopreservation is also performed in the IVF laboratory.moreless