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    IVF Treatment Step by step

    IVF treatment is one of the Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) that is used to treat infertility in men and women. The process consists of three major steps namely Follicle Aspiration, Fertilization and Embryo Transfer. Eggs are harvested from the ovaries which are under stimulation with the help of hormone injections. At the beginning, the follicles are retrieved using a catheter linked to a suction device. Retrieved eggs are then immediately taken to a laboratory where they are fertilized. During insemination, several sperms are mixed with the healthy eggs. In some cases a selectively picked sperm is injected into an egg, called Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI). The fertilized eggs are then grown into a culture till day 5 to turn into a blastocyst. At times, the zona pellucida, the outer covering of the embryo is broken to assist implantation which is termed as Assisted Hatching. The leftover embryos are frozen for future use. The final step of IVF is the Embryo Transfer. During embryo transfer, embryo is inserted into uterus with the help of a speculum and catheter after which a woman can rest for 15 minutes before getting up.

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    Basics of In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

    IVF procedure was started decades back and the first baby who was born was named Louis Brown. A couple needs to opt for IVF procedure in case of infertility issues in couples. Certain IVF injections and medications are given to the woman for conception. IVF procedure involves specific steps which lead to the formation of embryo. Embryos in the cleavage stage are transferred to the uterus of the woman. Some of the doctors suggest that embryo needs to be cultured for long, so that there are increased chances of pregnancy despite having lesser number of embryos for implantation. Proper monitoring of the procedure is done to make sure that the patients do not have any kind of complications during the procedure in the form of unwanted multiple pregnancies after implantation. Also, Natural IVF procedure is performed to make sure that the patients receive quality treatment with desired results. The usage of medications is reduced in case of Natural Cycle IVF. Thus, IVF procedure boosts chances of successful pregnancy in couples.

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    How does vitro fertilization (IVF) works?

    IVF procedure includes most of the steps which are involved in the natural reproduction procedure. First, follicle matures and with the LH surge follicle is released. The egg is directed into the Fallopian tube. Then, if the egg is not fertilized within 24 hours with the help of sperm, then the procedure is repeated. Only one sperm can enter the egg and fertilize it. If fertilization occurs, then the embryo is implanted in the interior lining of the uterus of woman. It takes around 3 days for the implantation to take place after the formation of the embryo. In IVF, FSH is administered to the woman with assistance of ultrasound. In some cases, sperm reaches the egg and enters it for embryo formation. In some cases, certain additional steps are performed where the embryologist injects sperm into the egg which make it important for the utilization of procedures such as ICSI. In certain cases, donor eggs are also used. IVF success rates are the highest among most of the infertility treatments.

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    Treatment process of In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

    In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the top assisted reproductive technologies for conceiving a baby. In the IVF treatment, certain number of eggs are removed from the ovaries of the woman. Final maturation of the eggs are performed with the utilization of medications for the same. The woman is given with light sedation for retrieval of the eggs after maturation. Under the guidance of the ultrasound, eggs are removed from the woman’s body. The washed and concentrated sperms are taken from the male partner or donor which leads to formation of embryo. This embryo is transferred to the uterus of the woman with the assistance of a thin flexible tube which reaches inside the uterus of the female partner in the couple. The success rates of IVF treatment is impressive. The demand of IVF procedure has increased over the years and therefore infertility specialists advice couples to opt for the same to conceive a baby.

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