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    Basics of In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

    IVF procedure was started decades back and the first baby who was born was named Louis Brown. A couple needs to opt for IVF procedure in case of infertility issues in couples. Certain IVF injections and medications are given to the woman for conception. IVF procedure involves specific steps which lead to the formation of embryo. Embryos in the cleavage stage are transferred to the uterus of the woman. Some of the doctors suggest that embryo needs to be cultured for long, so that there are increased chances of pregnancy despite having lesser number of embryos for implantation. Proper monitoring of the procedure is done to make sure that the patients do not have any kind of complications during the procedure in the form of unwanted multiple pregnancies after implantation. Also, Natural IVF procedure is performed to make sure that the patients receive quality treatment with desired results. The usage of medications is reduced in case of Natural Cycle IVF. Thus, IVF procedure boosts chances of successful pregnancy in couples.

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    How does vitro fertilization (IVF) works?

    IVF procedure includes most of the steps which are involved in the natural reproduction procedure. First, follicle matures and with the LH surge follicle is released. The egg is directed into the Fallopian tube. Then, if the egg is not fertilized within 24 hours with the help of sperm, then the procedure is repeated. Only one sperm can enter the egg and fertilize it. If fertilization occurs, then the embryo is implanted in the interior lining of the uterus of woman. It takes around 3 days for the implantation to take place after the formation of the embryo. In IVF, FSH is administered to the woman with assistance of ultrasound. In some cases, sperm reaches the egg and enters it for embryo formation. In some cases, certain additional steps are performed where the embryologist injects sperm into the egg which make it important for the utilization of procedures such as ICSI. In certain cases, donor eggs are also used. IVF success rates are the highest among most of the infertility treatments.

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    Treatment process of In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

    In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the top assisted reproductive technologies for conceiving a baby. In the IVF treatment, certain number of eggs are removed from the ovaries of the woman. Final maturation of the eggs are performed with the utilization of medications for the same. The woman is given with light sedation for retrieval of the eggs after maturation. Under the guidance of the ultrasound, eggs are removed from the woman’s body. The washed and concentrated sperms are taken from the male partner or donor which leads to formation of embryo. This embryo is transferred to the uterus of the woman with the assistance of a thin flexible tube which reaches inside the uterus of the female partner in the couple. The success rates of IVF treatment is impressive. The demand of IVF procedure has increased over the years and therefore infertility specialists advice couples to opt for the same to conceive a baby.

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    Lab Infrastructure for Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

    IVF lab plays a crucial role in the execution of the embryo formation. After the eggs are retrieved from the woman, the embryologist in the IVF lab performs egg assessment to make sure that only quality eggs are utilized in the IVF procedure. The layers of cells around eggs are removed so that the embryologist checks the egg quality thoroughly. Insemination procedure is performed to make sure that only quality sperms are utilized in the procedure. On an average as per the latest research, 50,000 sperms are considered for 2-3 eggs in the procedure of fertilization. In the IVF ICSI procedure, the specialist directly injects one sperm into the mature egg for the fertilization procedure to take place. The semen sample is chosen after washing and concentrating the sperm in the lab itself. The embryo thus formed is categorized with the help of grading steps. The embryologist monitors the embryo carefully starting from the cleavage stage and then puts it in incubator for further division of the embryos if required. The embryologist picks up the embryos in the catheter attached to a syringe. This syringe is used by the infertility specialist to insert the embryo in the body of the woman. Embryo freezing and embryo culture are also performed with the assistance of the advanced techniques and equipments in the IVF lab.

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