IUI procedure involves three variations depending on the ovarian health of the woman:
- Ovulation Induction - it is the stimulating process to ovaries through medicines for the development of ovarian follicles for curing anovulation (non-release of eggs during ovulation) and oligoovulation (irregular ovulation).
- In-vitro Fertilisation (IVF) - It is an Assisted Reproductive Technology where process of fertilization happens through retrieval of eggs and sperm under medical supervision and artificial culturing of embryo under laboratory set up - when normal pregnancies fail. Once the embryo/s is formed, it is placed in the uterus of the mother.
- Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) - Under this procedure, sperm is injected into the retrieved egg artificially and the developed embryo/s placed in the uterus to make the pregnancy occur.
- Frozen Embryo Replacement cycles (FER) - This technique includes softening the frozen embryo/s, which were developed during earlier IVF cycles, and using those embryos to conceive by placing them in the uterine cavity.
- Blastocyst Culturing - It is an embryo/s culturing process for treatments, like IVF, where the embryo is monitored and cultured under laboratory set up for 3 days.
- Cryopreservation (Sperm, Embryos) - a process where organ cells or tissues such as sperms and embryos, which are prone to damage because of chemical kinetics, are preserved through cooling in a very low temperature.
- Assisted Hatching of Embryos - It is a medical process, which is done when the Fertility doctor creates a small hole in the thinnest zona pellucida - a thick but transparent membrane covering the egg to assist fertilization.
- Donor Sperm Programme and Donor Egg Programme - sperm and egg donation happen under the observation of an infertility specialist for childless couples.
- Andrology services - services involving men’s fertility health such as MESA, TESA, PESA, TESE etc.