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Wellness

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone: TSH Test and Effects on Pregnancy

posted on July 16, 2019, 10:32 a.m.
4.8/ 5 (2 Votes)

The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located near the throat. The thyroid produces hormones that balance the energy used by a body. Thyroid stimulating hormone also plays an important role in regulating muscle strength, weight, body temperature, and even mood. TSH is made in the brain by the pituitary gland. When thyroid levels in the body get low, the pituitary gland produces more TSH. When thyroid levels are high, the pituitary gland produces less TSH to balance the hormone. If TSH levels that are too high or too low, it indicates that thyroid is not functioning correctly. In this article, we will look at: What is thyroid-stimulating hormone? What happens when the thyroid-stimulating hormone is high? What is hypothyroidism? Why thyroid test is required? Can my thyroid affect my pregnancy? 1. What Is Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone? Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is a pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4) hormones. These hormones control the rate of energy being used in almost every tissue in the body. (1) (2) 2. What Happens When Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Is High? The pituitary gland is sometimes referred to as the "master gland" as it controls several other hormone-producing glands, including the thyroid gland. It is located behind the bridge of the nose at the base of the brain, near the optic nerves. This gland works together with the hypothalamus, a region in the brain which produces a thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). If pituitary gland senses that your thyroid hormone levels are low, it releases more TSH. If your thyroid hormone levels are high, it slows down the release of TSH. (3) Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Test Thyroid function test is done to measures the levels of total thyroxine (T-4), total triiodothyronine (T-3) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in blood. 3. What Is Hypothyroidism? The test is performed to measure whether the thyroid gland is hyperactive (Hyperthyroidism) or underactive (Hypothyroidism). Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland produces excessive hormones, which may cause signs and symptoms such as irregular heartbeat, weight loss, sweating, and irritability. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland fails to produce enough hormones. This condition can cause dry skin, weight gain, constipation, and feeling cold and slow heart rate. The doctor may ask you to undergo this test if you exhibit any of the following signs or symptoms. (4) (5) Hyperthyroidism symptoms include: Puffiness Anxiety Weight loss Bulging of the eyes Difficulty sleeping Tremors in the hands Increased heart rate Hypothyroidism symptoms include: Low tolerance for cold temperatures Irregular menstrual periods Weight gain Tiredness Hair loss Constipation 4. Why Thyroid Test Is Required? A thyroid test is done if the patient is suffering from symptoms like, unexplained weight loss or weight gain, fatigue, weakness, difficulty in concentrating which are common symptoms of thyroid disorders. In children, it may cause an umbilical hernia, hoarse crying, protruding tongue and yellowing of the skin. In some cases, this test is performed to find out the effectiveness of the treatment. If a patient is under medication of artificial thyroid hormones then the doctor prefers this test to evaluate and check the level of thyroid hormones in the body. This helps the doctor to eliminate some of the symptoms caused by thyroid hormone imbalance. (6) T4 and T3 Hormones: Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3) are Hormones which are secreted directly into the blood. They usually bind reversibly to transport proteins. These proteins include Thyroxine Binding Prealbumin (TBPA), Thyroxine-Binding Globulin (TBG), and albumin. Remaining unbound Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3) circulates freely in the blood, which is used by the body. These freely circulating T4 and T3 hormones are known as Free Triiodothyronine [FT-3] and Free Thyroxine [FT-4]. (7) Precautions: Drugs like thiourea, lithium, amiodarone, sulfonamides, phenylbutazone and birth control pills may alter the level of Thyroxine [T4] in the blood. Drugs like methimazole, carbimazole, may affect the levels of TSH in the blood; therefore, all medications should be informed to the doctor before undergoing this test. During pregnancy, T3, T4 levels may be abnormal and but stabilizes after a period of time. During a blood test, you may have slight pain or bruise at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly. Pathology Test Parameters: The Thyroid Profile Total test determines the following components: - Total Thyroxine [T4], Total Triiodothyronine [T3], and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone [TSH]. The test is also known as Thyroid Function Tests, Total Blood, TFT Total Blood, TFT Total, and Thyroid Function Tests Total. Thyroid Test Preparation: Although, there are no specific preparations required for the Thyroid Profile Total test, make sure you report your doctor if you are under any medications, have any allergies or underlying medical conditions before your T3, T4 and TSH tests are performed. The doctor gives specific instructions depending on your condition on how to prepare for T3, T4 and TSH Hormone test. (8) Understanding TSH Test Results:  In the case of increased T3 and T4 levels in the blood, it may be due to the following: (9) Transient hyperthyroidism Hashimoto's thyroiditis, where the own immune system the body attacks the thyroid gland and decreases the production of hormones. Grave’s disease is another immune system disorder, which causes overproduction of thyroid hormones.  Subacute thyroiditis is acute inflammation of the thyroid gland Toxic adenoma that causes increased hormone production from single large nodule/lump in the thyroid gland Toxic multinodular goiter Thyroid cancer and Increased production of thyroid stimulating hormone If the levels of T4 and T3 are less than the normal range then it may be due to the following: Hypothyroidism Previous treatment of hyperthyroidism Iodine deficiency or excessive iodine Tissue resistance to thyroid hormone Subacute thyroiditis which causes acute inflammation of the thyroid gland Pituitary dysfunction Idiopathic myxedema (severe hypothyroidism) Starvation Neck radiotherapy before the test Long-term illness If only the TSH levels rise and T4, T3 levels are within the range then it may be due to mild hypothyroidism. If all the three hormone levels are low then it may be caused by pituitary hypothyroidism or nonthyroidal illness. The normal range of TSH may be different during: Pregnancy  Thyroid cancer Pituitary disorder If all the test results are in normal range then the thyroid gland is functioning normally, there is no need for further medical intervention.  5. Can My Thyroid Affect My Pregnancy? Thyroid changes are usually not significant, but some women have chances to develop thyroid disease during pregnancy. Hyperthyroidism occurs in about one in every 500 pregnancies, while hypothyroidism occurs in approximately one in every 250 pregnancies. Hyperthyroidism, and sometimes hypothyroidism, may remain even after pregnancy. If you develop a thyroid condition during pregnancy, your health care provider will monitor your condition after the baby is born. If you have any history of thyroid disease, be sure to talk with your doctor if you are pregnant or are thinking of becoming pregnant. (10) You can also consult with Elawoman for more information on Thyroid. If you are suffering from thyroid functionality and are planning to get pregnant, we have a vast list of reliable infertility doctors and clinics that can help in your treatment. Along with it, Elawoman also provides loans at zero percent interest. Feel free to call Elawoman at +918929020600 and get guidance from our fertility experts. 

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Wellness

Pus Cells in Urine: Symptoms, Causes, and Home Remedies

posted on July 20, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

If the urine of a person suddenly starts to look cloudy instead of being purely clear, then the condition is known pyuria, indicating too many pus cells in the urine. Pyuria can also indicate sepsis, which is a life-threatening bacterial infection, or pneumonia in older adults. In this article, we will look at: What are the Symptoms of the Presence of Pus Cells in Urine? What are the Causes of the Presence of Pus Cells in Urine? What are the Home Remedies for Pus Cells in Urine? Pyuria is a condition or sign of an underlying health problem. (1) The causes of pyuria vary from negligible to more serious ones. It is very important to stay observant in order to notice other, accompanying symptoms. Go through this article to know the most common symptoms that accompany pyuria and the most probable causes of pyuria. One should visit their doctor in order to do certain blood and urine tests as only then the doctor may give a proper diagnosis. While someone is waiting for an appointment or test results, it’s worth trying some easy home remedies to get rid of pus cells in urine. Natural home remedies are often the only treatment needed in case of pyuria. 1. What are the Symptoms of the Presence of Pus Cells in Urine? The presence of pus cells in urine is often warning of a urinary tract infection, which is commonly known as UTI. Therefore apart from pyuria, one may also suffer from other unpleasant symptoms. (2) If pus cells are present in urine, urine will become dark and cloudy. It can also have a shade of red color because of the presence of blood in it. Foul-smelling urine is also a common symptom.   UTI can cause a painful sensation while passing urine. Sometimes one can urinate more frequently or feel a strong urge to urinate but passes only a minimal quantity of urine. (10)   Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) can also be responsible for some less obvious symptoms like fever, vomiting, nausea, unexplained tiredness or pain in the lower back or below ribs. Women can experience an unlikable pressure above their pubic bone. As one can see the symptoms vary depending on the cause and that’s why it’s crucial to see the doctor in order to identify the condition, which is responsible for all the repulsive signs. 2. What are the Causes of the Presence of Pus Cells in Urine? There are various causes that pus cells in urine can be found, but the most common of them all is a urinary tract infection (UTI). However, it is a very broad term because UTI may affect different parts of the urinary tract causing different situations. (3) There is a condition known as urethritis in which the urethra is infected. The urethra is a kind of a hollow tube and its main function is to remove urine outside the bladder. Germs from urethra can move up and infect the bladder, which is a condition known as cystitis.   If the urine gets blocked in the urinary tract, it may infect kidneys and cause a disease called pyelonephritis. If pus is collected along the course of the urinary tract, it causes a condition known as an abscess.   Women during pregnancy can also suffer from pyuria. In most cases, it’s not serious and just a result of various changes that happen in the body during pregnancy.   Pus cells in the urine of a pregnant woman always have to be checked by a doctor in order to eliminate a UTI as during pregnancy even minor UTI may affect the baby.   There are certain factors that can put someone in the risk group of developing pus cells in urine. Women are more prone to pyuria as compared to men. The chances of this condition increase with increasing age.   Pus cells can appear in the urine of women who are going through a menopausal transition and are facing a drop in levels of estrogen.   People who often change sexual partners are at a higher risk of pyuria development because infections transmitted sexually are also responsible for pus cells in urine.   Serious causes of pus cells in urine include conditions such as HIV, pneumonia, sepsis, autoimmune diseases, and kidney stones. 3. What are the Home Remedies for Pus Cells in Urine? A doctor should always check pus cells in urine. There are also some great natural remedies, which may help, get rid of pus cells in urine without the need of taking medicines. (4) Stay Hydrated: When someone drinks plenty of water, they urinate more frequently and simply flush out all the toxins and bacteria that may lead to urinary tract infections (UTI). It would be advisable to drink at least eight glasses of water every day. (5)   Cranberry Juice: Cranberries are considered to be one of the most effective natural solutions to problems of the urinary tract. Doctors also recommend this to treat the infections of the bladder or urinary tract. Cranberries have the ability to reduce the pH of the urine. They are also a great source of vitamin C and work as a strong antioxidant as they are rich in triterpenoids, flavonoids, and anthocyanin. (6)   Vitamin C: Vitamin C is very helpful when it comes to dealing with any kind of infection, including urinary tract infections (UTI). Pus cells in urine are usually the result of bacteria present in the urinary tract. Vitamin C helps to destroy them and prevent any further infections in the future. Vitamin C is so powerful because it increases the acidity in the urine and bacteria die in such an environment. One can supplement vitamin C, but the best way to obtain this compound is through a proper diet. (7)   Yogurt: Yogurt is a cheap and easy mean to get rid of pus cells in urine. Yogurt is rich in a good type of bacteria, which have the power to eliminate bad bacteria. Pus cells in urine are usually the consequence of bad bacteria, drinking one cup of natural yogurt a day can help get rid of the problem in a quick and safe way. Natural yogurt is also a great probiotic that protects good bacteria while taking antibiotics. Therefore if pus cells in urine are caused by a bacterial infection, which requires antibiotics, then one should include yogurt into treatment as well. (8)   Cucumber Juice: Cucumber is a natural diuretic, so it can fantastically eliminate pus cells from urine. Cucumber consists mainly of water, but at the same time, it is also rich in important minerals and vitamins, such as sulfur, potassium, manganese, calcium, phosphorus, and sodium. It is also packed with vitamins A, B, and C. (9) Because of their great properties, cucumbers flush all the toxins from the body and at the same time provide important minerals and vitamins. Drinking cucumber juice can help get rid of any bacterial or viral urinary tract infections and also act as a preventive measure. Hope this was a helpful article in getting the information about pus cells in urine. Keep reading Elawoman blogs for more such informative and entertaining articles on infertility issues, lifestyle, and medical info. Feel free to call on +918929020600 for any query regarding an infertility treatment like IUI, IVF, and Surrogacy.

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Wellness

Loose Motion (Diarrhea) - Symptoms, Causes, Tablets and Treatments

posted on July 19, 2019, 5:50 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Loose motion or diarrhea is abnormally watery bowel movements that can have a range of different causes. It is a common cause of death in many developing countries and the second most common reason for infant deaths worldwide. The loss of fluids during diarrhea can cause dehydration and electrolyte disturbances. They are not usually associated with any severe health risks and are very common. Loose motion often occurs after eating but can also happen at other points in the day. When loose motion occurs consecutively on multiple occasions throughout a day, this is described as diarrhea. People of all ages are affected by it and some types are infectious. (1) An average adult may get loose motion four or more times a year, and long-term effects are rare. Chronic diarrhea lasts longer than four weeks. An inflammatory bowel condition such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease may be associated with it. Children and infants with diarrhea should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Chronic diarrhea also has a considerable effect on health, as well as on economic and social well-being. Patients with celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and other prolonged diarrheal illnesses can develop nutritional deficiencies that can affect growth and immunity. Diarrhea can affect social interaction and result in the loss of many working hours. (2) In this article, we will look at: What are the common Symptoms of Diarrhea? What are the Common Causes of Diarrhea? What types of Complications are involved in Loose Motions? What Kinds of Treatment are Available for Loose Motion? What are the Different types of Tablets Available to treat Diarrhea? 1. What are the Common Symptoms of Diarrhea? Loose motion occurs because more fluid passes through the colon (large intestine) than the organ can absorb. The colon can absorb several times more fluid than is required on a daily basis. When this reserve capacity is overwhelmed, diarrhea occurs. Diarrhea is caused by illness or infections that either lead to excess production of fluids or prevents absorption of fluids. Also, certain substances in the colon, such as bile acids and fats, can interfere with water absorption and cause diarrhea. In addition, rapid passage of material through the large intestine can also do the same. (3)  Symptoms related to any diarrheal illness are often those related with any injury to the gastrointestinal tract such as fever, vomiting, abdominal pain or nausea. All or none of these may be present depending on disease-causing diarrhea. The number of bowel movements can vary up to twenty or more per day. In some patients, blood or pus may be present in the stool. (4) (5) The most common symptoms of loose stools include : Watery stools Soft or mushy stools Shapeless stools One can also have other gastrointestinal symptoms like: Stomach cramps Stomach pain Nausea 2. What are the Common Causes of Diarrhea? The most common causes of loose motion or acute diarrhea are infections (the cause of traveler's diarrhea), food poisoning and medications. Medications are frequent and often overlooked causes of diarrhea especially antacids and antibiotics. Less often, various sugar-free foods contain poorly absorbable materials that can cause diarrhea. Some infections can become chronic. This occurs mainly with parasitic infections such as Giardia (intestinal infection) or when patients have altered immunity like AIDS. (6) (7) Given below are the more usual causes of chronic diarrhea: AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) Other bowel tumors and colon cancer Endocrine or hormonal abnormalities such as thyroid, diabetes mellitus, etc. Food allergy Inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis Lactose intolerance Malabsorption syndromes like Celiac and Whipple's disease Other causes such as alcohol, microscopic colitis, radiation and surgery 3. What types of Complications are involved in Loose Motions? The major effects of diarrhea include malnutrition, dehydration, and weight loss. Signs of dehydration can be hard to notice, but increasing thirst, weakness or lightheadedness (particularly if worsening on standing), dry mouth or a darkening/decrease in urination are some of the signs to look for it. Severe dehydration leads to changes in the body's chemistry and can sometimes become life-threatening. Dehydration from diarrhea can result in kidney failure, arthritis, skin problems, and other neurological symptoms. (8) 4. What Kinds of Treatment is Available for Loose Motion? Treatment is ideally directed toward correcting the cause, however, the first aim should be to treat or prevent dehydration and nutritional deficiencies. The type of fluid and nutrient replacement depends on the severity of fluid losses and whether oral feedings can be taken. ORS (Oral rehydration solution) or intravenous fluids are the preferred choices. A doctor should be notified if the patient is dehydrated, and if oral replacement is suggested then commercial (Pedialyte and others) or homemade preparations can be used. (9) The WHO (World Health Organization) has provided this easy recipe for home preparation, which can be taken in small frequent sips: Table salt—3/4 Tsp Baking powder—1 Tsp Orange juice—1 c Water—1 qt (1l) Anti-motility agents such as loperamide and diphenoxylate are useful for those with chronic symptoms. Their use is limited or even contradicted in most individuals with acute diarrhea, especially in those with bloody bowel movements or high fever.  Other treatments are also available, depending on the cause of symptoms. For example, the bulk agent psyllium helps some patients by absorbing excess fluid and solidifying stools. Cholestyramine binds bile acids and is effective in treating bile salt induced diarrhea. Diets based on low fats or more easily digestible fat is useful in some patients. Another approach for some diseases is the new anti-diarrheal drugs that decrease the excessive secretion of fluid by the intestinal tract. Avoidance of medications or other products that are known to cause diarrhea such as lactose is curative in some but should be first discussed with a physician. 5. What are the Different types of Tablets Available to treat Diarrhea? One can buy over-the-counter (OTC) medicines without a prescription from the doctor. Some OTC medicines are helpful in reducing the symptoms of diarrhea. These are called antidiarrheal medicines. Antidiarrheal medicines include (10): Loperamide (1 brand name: Imodium): Loperamide works by slowing down the movement of the gut. It decreases the number of bowel movements and makes the stool less watery. It is also used to reduce the amount of discharge in patients who have undergone an ileostomy. Loperamide is also used to treat on-going diarrhea in people with inflammatory bowel disease.   Bismuth Subsalicylate (2 brand names: Kaopectate, Pepto-Bismol): Bismuth subsalicylat is sold under the brand name Pepto-Bismol. It is an antacid medication used to treat temporary discomforts of the stomach and gastrointestinal tracts such as diarrhea, nausea, heartburn, and indigestion. It is also commonly known as pink bismuth.    Ofloxacin: Ofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic used to treat a variety of conditions such as diarrhea, bronchitis, pneumonia and gonococcal infection. Ofloxacin, when combined with ornidazole yields bests result in case of loose motion.    Dimenhydrinate: Dimenhydrinate is an antihistamine used to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness caused by motion sickness. This medication should not be used for children younger than two years unless directed by the doctor. Follow all directions on the product package. If the doctor has prescribed this medication, take it as directed. Consult a doctor or pharmacist if you are uncertain about any of the information. Inform them if your condition does not improve or if it worsens. Other Treatments: Immediate treatments to stop loose stools include: Taking anti-diarrheal medications Consuming more fiber Staying hydrated Adding honey to your diet Avoiding food and drinks that are triggers  Taking probiotics which are available at local grocery stores, pharmacies, and online Diarrhea often gets cured within a few days without treatment, or with the help of some home remedies but in case of severe diarrhea, it can last more than a few days. Prolonged episodes of diarrhea are reason enough to see a doctor, as they could indicate something more serious. It is also important to remember that diarrhea treatments for adults, especially medication, may not be the same for children, so always check with your pediatrician before giving your children any medication. If you are interested in articles related to wellness and medicine related information, you can follow Elawoman blog. Elawoman can also assist you in getting information about the best IVF doctors and best IVF hospitals near you. Book an appointment with Elawoman by calling us at +918929020600. 

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Wellness

Gastric Problem - Causes, Symptoms, Home Remedies and Prevention

posted on July 19, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
4.8/ 5 (2 Votes)

Gastric problems or issues related to the digestive tract are generally more common in individuals with diabetes and pregnant women. Gastric pain is sometimes called dyspepsia. Individuals with disorders affecting the internal organs, such as liver, pancreas, gall bladder, spleen, and gastrointestinal tract are higher prone to gastric discomfort and pain. Gastric pain is centered in the upper abdomen, and the pain can vary from a dull ache to severe, throbbing pain. Gastric problem is sometimes associated with symptoms such as vomiting, bloating or diarrhea. Gastric problem could signal more serious conditions that need attention or could indicate that you need a change in lifestyle. Gastric troubles can improve quickly with treatment. However, if the gastric problem is left untreated, it could lead to stomach ulcer and eventually stomach cancer. (1) (2) In this article, we will look at: What causes Gastric problem? What are the symptoms of Gastric Problems? What are the best home remedies for Gastric Problems? What steps should be taken to prevent Gastric Problems? 1. What causes Gastric problem? The gastric problem can occur because of the following reasons (3) (4): Consumption of spicy or fatty food Eating too fast Inadequate fluid intake Peptic ulcer Smoking and alcohol consumption Stress Use of drugs such as aspirin, corticosteroids, beta-blockers, etc. Medical conditions affecting the stomach, intestine, and other abdominal organs 2. What are the Symptoms of Gastric problems A person may experience the following signs and symptoms as an indicator of gastric problems (5): Nausea or recurrent upset stomach Inflammation Abdominal bloating or abdomen pain Vomiting and indigestion Burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals or at night Hiccups and loss of appetite Coating on tongue Regular pain in the stomach Passing of gas that may be mild or excessive Diarrhea and heartburn 3. What are the Best Home Remedies for Gastric problems Here are the five best home remedies for the gastric problem that work without fail (6): 1. Fresh ginger: One of the best home remedies is to grate about one teaspoon of fresh ginger and have it with one teaspoon of lime juice after every meal. Ginger acts as a natural agent that relieves flatulence. Small doses of ginger may relieve gastrointestinal irritation. Ginger can reduce the likelihood of stomach acid flowing up into the esophagus thereby relieving symptoms of acid reflux. Ginger is also known to reduce inflammation. (7) 2. Triphala: Herbal powder Triphala is also another helpful home remedy in dealing with gastric problems. Put half teaspoon of it in boiling water for 5 to10 minutes and then drink it before going to bed. Triphala is popular for its use as a gentle bowel tonic, being helpful indigestion, bloating and supporting regular bowel movements. Triphala is also a powerful antioxidant, protecting cells from the damaging effects of free radicals. Triphala has been regarded as the safest laxative for relieving constipation, cleaning the colon, preventing ulcer, inflammation and toning the gastrointestinal tract. Triphala has the ability to rejuvenate the body, strengthen organs, particularly, the organs of the gastrointestinal system. (8) 3. Jeera Water: Drinking jeera water is one of the best home remedies for gastric problem. Jeera contains essential oils that stimulate the salivary glands, which help in better digestion of food, reduces inflammation and prevents the formation of excess carbon dioxide. Jeera is rich in anti-inflammatory antioxidants; it is also known to be antibacterial and antiseptic. It can solve a host of tummy woes, fortify digestive tract, and relieve nausea, bloating and constipation. Cumin acts as a painkiller and is especially beneficial in curing stomach ulcer, stomach pain, and abdominal pain. Jeera water generally stimulates the secretion of digestive enzymes and accelerates the digestion process, thus helping you fight gut issues. (9) 4. Yoga: Performing yoga daily at home helps in stimulating the abdominal organs. Yogic poses massage and tone the abdomen; this is great therapy for gas, bloating and constipation. Yoga is one of the most efficient and the best home remedies natural for acidity, inflammation, gastric ulcer, and gastric pain. It is also one of the easiest and quickest ways to not only overcome the effects of acid reflux but also helps strengthen the digestive system. (10) 5. Aloe Vera Juice: The benefits of aloe vera for the skin are widely known but not many people are aware of the fact that aloe vera juice is a great home remedy for treating gastric pain. Aloe vera is thought to be useful for treating some of the symptoms associated with IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) such as constipation and diarrhea. The anti-inflammatory properties of Aloe vera may help to reduce gastrointestinal inflammation, improve digestive system and bloating which can contribute towards IBS symptoms. Aloe vera is one of the best home remedies especially for people suffering from ulcerative colitis. Aloe vera juice can give relief when heartburn attacks. The compounds present in aloe vera juice help control secretion of acid in the stomach. The effects have even been shown to combat gastric ulcers and prevent them from getting larger. (11) 6. Papaya: One of the beneficial effects of papaya is relief from gas. Papaya is not only rich in anti-oxidants but also papain, an enzyme that aids the digestion of dietary proteins and prevents the formation of excessive gas in the stomach. This popular fruit is rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, and amino acids. Papaya has high water content; it helps in digestion and keeps the body hydrated. It neutralizes the acid in the stomach, improves the digestive system and reduces acid reflux. (12) 4. What steps should be taken to Prevent Gastric Problems Whether gastric pain is diagnosed as non-ulcer dyspepsia or occurs due to a more specific cause, making some simple lifestyle changes can lower the risk of experiencing gastric pain symptoms. Here are some useful tips one can follow to prevent gastric problems: Eat smaller but frequent meals. If a patient often suffers from indigestion, have five to six smaller meals a day, rather than three square meals. Eat on time and avoid skipping meals. This will accustom the stomach to release its gastric juices only during at mealtimes and not erratically. Consume less irritating foods. Cutting down on spicy, acidic, fried or fatty foods helps to reduce gastric symptoms along with improving the digestive system and allowing the stomach to heal. Drink alcohol in moderation. Excessive amounts of alcohol can weaken the stomach’s protective lining, making one more susceptible to ulcers. Quit smoking. Smoking increases the production of stomach acid, slows down healing and increases the risk of getting stomach cancer. Stress management. High stress increases the production of gastric juices in the stomach. Exercise regularly and adopt relaxation activities such as yoga to keep stress in check. Sleep 8 hours every day. An erratic sleep cycle could worsen many gastric disorders like GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) and IBS (irritable bowel syndrome). Sleep deprivation also causes basic digestive system like processing and eliminating the food from the body to slow down. Switch diet cokes with coconut water. Consumption of aerated beverages may cause sharp pain, bloating and cramps. Consider switching to healthier alternatives like buttermilk, lemonade or freshly squeezed juices. Aerated drinks are carbonated that increases the amount of gas present in the digestive tracts. This creates chaos with the natural ph balance of gases in the digestive system and could cause gastric pain. Post-Treatment Guidelines Post-treatment guidelines for gastric trouble include taking medication as prescribed by the doctor on a regular basis and on time. One needs to exercise regularly but make sure to avoid exercises that are of a high-impact nature. Make sure to maintain a healthy diet and avoid alcohol, greasy or fried foods, spicy foods, carbonated drinks, and other citrus fruits or their juices. Drinking plenty of water, keeping one hydrated and other oral hydration solutions are the best way to prevent the gastric problem. Gastric pain is a normal condition and it happens to most of us but if one suffers from it regularly, it could be a sign of a serious disorder in the digestive system like lactose intolerance, bowel obstruction or hormonal imbalance. It is always good to resort to natural solutions rather than popping pills but if the problem persists do not ignore fixing up an appointment with a doctor. With proper treatment and a healthy lifestyle, gastric problems can be cured permanently. However, one must remember that going back to an unhealthy diet and lifestyle can bring back the same problems. For more information on health tips follow Elawoman blog. Call us at +918929020600 to avail the best treatment for IVF, IUI, and ICSI.

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Wellness

Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms, Ayurveda Home Remedies, Prevention

posted on Aug. 20, 2019, 5:03 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Kidneys are one of the most important organs of the body. They are also called calculi or urolithiasis. Kidneys perform two essential functions: flushing out the harmful toxins from the human body and maintaining mineral, water and chemical levels in the body. Kidneys filter, reabsorb, secrete and excrete the blood supplied to them, the final product being urine. Humans consume a variety of food items every day which are then converted into energy; this process also manufactures by-products in the form of toxins, which can be unhealthy. Accumulation of such toxic substances can be detrimental for health. Inadequate intake of water in the body can lead to the formation of kidney stones. Kidney stones can either be pea-sized or as huge as a golf ball. Kidney stones are usually made of calcium oxalate along with some other compounds and are crystalline in structure. The formation of kidney stones can give a person a hard time while urinating, weight loss, fever, nausea, hematuria and acute pain in the lower abdominal region of the body. Kidney stones are mostly removed by surgery; however, some people can get rid of kidney stones with the help of Ayurveda remedies. Ayurveda medicines have a long history of dealing with kidney stones as the problem has been around, perhaps, since as long as human existence. In this article, we will look at: What causes kidney stones? What are the symptoms of kidney stones? What does Ayurveda recommend for natural and speedy relief from kidney stones? What are the essential tips to keep kidneys healthy and prevent the formation of kidney stones? 1. What causes kidney stones? Kidney stones occur when salts and minerals, most commonly calcium oxalate, crystallize in the kidneys and create hard deposits. Although they form in kidneys, kidney stones can affect other parts of the urinary tract. Dehydration or drinking less water is considered a major contributing factor in the development of kidney stones. When the body is dehydrated, fluid moves more slowly through the kidneys. It increases the chances of salts and mineral compounds coming into close contact and sticking together. Small stones may pass out on their own without causing any symptoms. However, most large or medium-sized stones are extremely painful to pass out of the system and require immediate medical attention. The other major cause of kidney stone is the adoption of an unhealthy diet and lifestyle. Aside from genetic factors that increase the risk of kidney stones, there are controllable factors that include high intake of salt and sugar, inadequate water intake, obesity, lack of exercise or excessive exercise. Conventional medicine identifies three causes of kidney stones that can again be traced to a person’s diet. These include the excessive presence of stone-forming compounds in urine that is calcium, urate, and oxalate. (1) (2) 2. What are the symptoms of kidney stones? Symptoms of kidney stones largely depend on the size of a stone. Small kidney stones (<5mm) pass in the urine without any other symptom or pain. Bigger stones (>6mm) tend to obstruct the flow of urine and can cause symptoms of kidney stone. When obstruction to the flow of urine occurs, it causes agonizing pain in the lower back. The pain may also extend to the groin area (described as ‘loin to groin’ radiation of pain). (3) Large kidney stones usually give out very clear signs and here are some of the symptoms of kidney stones:  Severe lower abdominal pain that radiates to the groin, lower back, sides, and genitals. The pain can come and go in sudden and severe bouts lasting from 20 to 60 minutes or even longer. Abdominal pain continues even after the stone has passed out. Blood in urine – Bloody or abnormal color of urine like pink, red or brown is a common occurrence. Foul-smelling or cloudy urine Uncontrollable urges to urinate. There is a persistent need to urinate frequently in small amounts along with burning and a painful sensation. Tenderness over the affected kidney Nausea or vomiting Restlessness Chills and fever Extreme exhaustion and excessive sweating In case of a small kidney stone, one may not have similar kidney stone symptoms as the stone passes through the urinary tract. However, symptoms of kidney stones can vary from unnoticeable to excruciating.  3. What does Ayurveda recommend for natural and speedy relief from kidney stones? The popularity of Ayurveda medicine for treating the symptoms of kidney stones is increasing nowadays as more and more people prefer natural treatment to avoid the side effects associated with prescription drugs and medicines. Some of the Ayurveda remedies that are useful for the treatment of kidney stones are listed below: (4) Water: First and foremost, Ayurveda home remedy recommended for natural, speedy relief from kidney stones is water. Drinking lots of water keeps the body hydrated, flushing out toxins, reducing acidity levels, other unwanted minerals and waste products that are responsible for the formation of stones. Drinking water also makes it easier for the stones to pass out of the system. Increased water intake can reduce the long-term kidney stone recurrence risk by as much as 60%. (6) Lemon juice with Honey: Lemons contain citrate, a compound that helps break down calcium deposits and slow down their growth. Drinking two glasses of lemon juice a day, the first on an empty stomach first thing in the morning and another a few hours before dinner, may help break down smaller stones. (7) Coconut Water: Coconut water is considered to be one of the healthiest drinks and is helpful for the dissolution of kidney stones. Coconut water has been proven effective in breaking and flushing out the kidney stones from the body through urine. Coconut water is very effective in relieving the burning sensation during urination.  Lady's Finger/ Okra/ Bhindi: Okra is rich in magnesium with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It helps in the prevention of crystallization of chemicals in the kidney thus making it an excellent remedy for kidney stones. (8) Kollu (Horse Gram): Horse gram (Kollu or Kulti) is found to be useful for prevention of kidney stones and gall bladder stones. Horse gram helps in breaking the stones into smaller pieces that would come out of the urinary tract easily. (9) Basil (Tulsi): Basil has been found to be promoting the fluid, mineral and uric acid balance in the kidney. Have basil leaves a few times a day as tea, juice or with honey. Basil contains compounds known to help stabilize uric acid levels, making it harder for the formation of kidney stones. It contains acetic acid, a chemical known to help dissolve stones. One teaspoon of basil extract or pure juice every day may help prevent and treat kidney stones. (10) 4. What are the essential tips to keep kidneys healthy and prevent the formation of kidney stones? Here are some of the essential tips one can follow to prevent kidney stones: Avoid too much salt or sugar consumption (5) Regular exercise in moderation Avoid dehydration and drink lots of water and healthy liquids. Include fibrous fruits and vegetables in the diet. Avoid unhealthy foods like sugar, processed foods, beverages, sugary drinks, soda, and alcohol Reduce intake of meats, poultry, and eggs that are likely to increase the amount of acid in the urine Whole wheat bread, vegetable proteins are a good alternative source of proteins, nutrients, and fibers that reduce the risk of kidney stone formation It is important to make lifestyle and dietary changes in order to prevent kidney stone formation. Call the doctor if any of the symptoms of kidney stones occur. One can also consult a doctor in case if pain persists. For more updates on healthy related information follow Elawoman Blog. If you want to avail the best IVF treatment you can call us today and book an appointment. Reach us at +91-8929020600. 

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Wellness

Typhoid Fever - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Prevention

posted on July 29, 2019, 5:39 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Typhoid fever is an acute illness related to a fever, which is caused by the Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi bacteria. Typhoid can also be caused by Salmonella parathyroid, which is a related bacterium that usually causes less severe illness. The bacteria's are accumulated in water or food by a human carrier and are then spread to other people in the area. Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who's infected with this type of fever. The signs and symptoms of typhoid usually include a high fever, headache, abdominal pain, and either constipation or diarrhea. Most people who are suffering from typhoid fever start feeling better within a few days of starting antibiotic treatment, although a very small number of typhoid patients may die of complications. Various vaccines against typhoid fever are also available but they're only partially effective. Vaccines are usually composed for those who may be disclosed to typhoid or are traveling to areas where typhoid fever is very common. (1) (2) In this article, you will get to know about: What are the causes of typhoid fever? What are the symptoms of typhoid fever? How can typhoid fever be diagnosed? What are ways to prevent typhoid fever? How can we prevent from infecting others from typhoid fever? Causes of Typhoid Typhoid fever is caused due to virulent bacteria, which is called Salmonella Typhi. Although they're associated, Salmonella Typhi and the bacteria responsible for salmonellosis, which is another serious intestinal infection, aren't the same. Drinking or eating the bacteria present in contaminated food or water consumes typhoid fever. People with acute illness can infect the surrounding water supply through stool, which includes a high combination of bacteria. The contamination of the water supply can, in turn, infect the food supply also. The bacteria that cause typhoid fever can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage. Also, about 3%-5% of people who suffer from typhoid become big carriers of the bacteria after the acute illness. Others suffer a very gentle illness that goes disguised. These people may become long-term carriers of the bacteria that cause typhoid even though they have no symptoms. They can be the source of new outbreaks of typhoid fever for many years. (3) (4) (5) Fecal-oral transmission route: The bacteria that cause typhoid fever spread through infected food or water and sometimes through direct contact with someone who is already infected with typhoid. In most of the developing nations, where typhoid fever is established (endemic), most cases result from infected drinking water or due to poor sanitation. The majority of people in industrialized countries gathers typhoid bacteria's while traveling and spread it to others with the help of the fecal-oral route. This means that Salmonella Typhi is passed in the feces and sometimes in the urine of an infected person. You can get infected if you eat food handled by someone who is suffering from typhoid fever and hasn't washed carefully after using the washroom. You can also become contaminated by drinking water infected with bacteria. (6) Symptoms of Typhoid Typhoid symptoms normally start between 6 and 30 days after exposure to the bacteria that causes typhoid. Symptoms of typhoid mainly include fever and rash. It is specifically high and gradually increases over several days upto104 degree Fahrenheit or else it can increase to 39 to 40 degree Celsius. The rash, which does not affect every person, subsists of rose-colored spots, specifically on the neck and abdomen (Stomach). Other typhoid symptoms include (7) (8): Weakness - Weakness after recovering from any infectious disease depends upon how long the infection lasted and how many days after sickness treatment was started. Weakness is one of the typhoid symptoms to be noted. Stomach pain - Stomach pain/ abdominal pain is an initial symptom of typhoid. If a person is having severe stomach pain then it can be a symptom of typhoid fever. Diarrhea - A person can be suffering from typhoid if he/she is anguishing from diarrhea for a long time. Headaches - Headache from a long time can be a cause of typhoid fever. Rarely, symptoms might include confusion, constipation, and vomiting, but this is not normally relentless. How is Typhoid Fever Diagnosed? After the ingestion of infected food or water, the Salmonella bacteria infect the small intestine and enter the bloodstream for a short period of time. The bacteria are carried by white blood cells in the liver, bone marrow and spleen, where they multiply and return to the bloodstream. After returning to the bloodstream of a person, symptoms of typhoid start developing such as fever, diarrhea or constipation and headache. Bacteria infect the gallbladder, lymphatic tissue and biliary system of the bowel and multiply them in high numbers. The bacteria then pass into the intestinal tract and can be analyzed in stool samples. If a test result isn't clear then the blood or urine samples will be taken to make a diagnosis of typhoid. (9) Prevention of Typhoid Fever There are various health goals that can help you prevent from typhoid fever, which includes safe drinking water, adequate medical care, and improved sanitation. Achieving these goals may be difficult i.e. some experts consider that vaccinating high-risk populations can be the best way to control typhoid fever. Vaccination is suggested to a person if he/she lives in or is traveling to areas where the risk of getting typhoid fever is high. (10) Prevent Infecting Others from Typhoid If you're recovering from typhoid fever then following these measures can help keep others safe: Take your antibiotics - Follow the guidance provided by your doctors for taking antibiotics and be sure to finish the entire prescription. Wash your hands often - This is the single most essential thing one can follow to keep from extending the typhoid infection to others. Use hot, soapy water and scrub efficiently for at least 30 seconds, particularly before eating and after using the toilet. Avoid handling and making food - Avoid making food for others until your doctor says you're no longer infectious. If in case you work in the foodservice industry or any health care facility then you won't be granted to return to work until and unless your tests show that you're no longer shedding typhoid bacteria. This article lets you know the basic facts about typhoid fever-like causes of typhoid fever, symptoms of typhoid fever, prevention of typhoid fever, and how typhoid fever is diagnosed. In case, you want to get information related to any infertility problem then you can contact on +918929020600 or else visit elawoman.com to get connected to our fertility specialist. 

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Wellness

How to Reduce SGPT and SGOT Levels?

posted on Aug. 6, 2019, 5:59 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Serum Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase (SGPT), now called Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Serum Glutamic-Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT) and also called Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), are liver enzymes that are vital for energy production. (1) They are mainly concentrated in liver and kidneys, while trace amounts may be found in the heart and other muscles. 7 to 56 units per liter of blood is the normal level of SGPT and the normal level of SGOT is about 5 to 40 units per liter of serum. When the liver is damaged, SGPT leaks out of the cells and into the blood. (2) High levels of SGPT and SGOT in the blood may indicate liver disease or problems in the liver. People who abuse alcohol, use certain medications, or have liver diseases such as viral hepatitis or liver cancer may be at risk of high SGPT. If you are concerned about consistently high SGPT and SGOT levels then right diet, lifestyle modifications, and medical treatment can bring your numbers down to normal. (3) In this article, we will look at: How to test SGPT levels? What are the dietary modifications required to recover from high SGOT Levels? What are the lifestyle modifications required to recover from high SGOT Levels? SGOT and SGPT Test SGOT test and SGPT test is a blood test that can help your doctor diagnose liver damage or liver disease. When liver cells are damaged, SGOT is released into the bloodstream, raising your blood’s level of this enzyme. The SGPT test and SGOT test may be used to evaluate liver health for people who want to know the recovery of liver conditions, such as hepatitis. If you are diagnosed with high levels of SGOT or SGPT, you may likely be suffering from liver problems; therefore you will have to treat your liver problems to bring the level of SGOT or SGPT down. (4) Diet Modifications The first step to recover from high SGOT and SGPT levels is to make necessary changes in your diet.  1. Get More Vitamin D: According to a recent study, vitamin D prevents liver damage, thereby helping in reducing SGPT levels. Those with high levels of vitamin D are less exposed to liver diseases than those with low levels of vitamin D. Therefore it’s a good idea to eat fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin D in each major meal to prevent liver diseases. Good sources of vitamin D are green leafy vegetables, eggs, cod liver oil, oysters, fish, tofu, soymilk, fortified cereals, caviar, dairy products, mushrooms, apples, and oranges. (5) (6) 2. Eat a Nutrient-Rich Vegetarian Diet: Organic foods are often rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, and are low in fat. These vegetables regulate liver function, allowing it to cleanse itself of toxins and create new cells to stop the leakage of SGPT into the bloodstream. Avoid eating products that have gone through unnecessary processing as they lack essential nutrients. Green leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots, squash and a variety of fresh fruits should be staples of your diet, to lower down the levels of SGPT and SGOT. (7) 3. Avoid Foods High in Fat: Some fat in the liver is normal, but more than 10% fat can lead to a condition called "fatty liver" disease. The presence of these fatty cells can cause inflammation in the liver and damage to surrounding liver tissue, releasing large amounts of SGPT and SGOT into the bloodstream. To prevent fatty liver, avoid fatty and oily food such as pork, chicken skins, coconut oil, butter, cheese, sausages, bacon, carbonated drinks, and junk food. (8)   4. Avoid Foods High in Salt or Sodium: Excessive amounts of salt in the body can make it harder for the liver to filter waste. This can lead to liver infection, allowing SGPT and SGOT from the liver to seep into your bloodstream, thus, raising the levels. Salt, bouillon cubes, baking soda, soy sauce, salad dressings, bacon, salami, pickled foods, and other processed foods should be avoided to restore liver function. Lifestyle Modifications 1. Stop Drinking Alcoholic Beverages: Alcohol is very harmful to the liver and, with prolonged drinking, it can damage the liver completely. The more damaged a liver is, the more SGPT can leak out of its cells into the blood which over time can cause fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, and hepatitis. Exercise self-discipline to avoid aggravating diseases caused by excessive alcohol consumption. This can help in reducing SGPT from leaking into the blood stream. (9) 2. Get Daily Exercise: Easy exercises such as brisk walking, jogging, and swimming can improve your overall health and help excretes toxins in the body through sweating. Exercise will produce more lean muscles, healthy organs, including liver and keep your body in ideal condition. The fewer toxins a liver has to clean up, the more energy it can utilize to strengthen its cells. At least 30 minutes of daily exercise can make a difference in your liver’s health, thus reducing SGPT levels. 3. Quit Smoking: Smoking cigarettes have many harmful effects. It contains toxins like nicotine and ammonia, which are absorbed by the body, giving the liver a hard time to get rid of all the toxins. It not only increases SGPT and SGOT levels, but it is bad for your heart, lungs, kidneys, skin, hair, and nails, as well. (10) 4. Prevent Exposure to Other Harmful Chemicals: Air pollution contains harmful fumes, gasoline, and ammonia, amongst other toxic chemicals. If you live or work around an environment where you are constantly exposed to these toxins, it may have a severe impact on your health, as well as on your liver function, raising your SGPT levels. Consumption of contaminated water can also cause health problems. It is best to take precautions and prevent exposure to harmful substances. 5. Lose Weight if You are Overweight or Obese: If you have weight issues, you may be at risk of developing fatty liver, which can lead to increased SGPT levels. Consult your doctor about safe and effective ways to manage weight and reduce fatty liver. Regular exercise and eating healthy food can help to lose weight, which over time will reduce the level of SGPT in the body. Medical Treatment SGPT test and SGOT test is done to measured SGPT and SGOT levels in a blood sample. In case of liver damage, the SGPT enzymes get released into the bloodstream through the cell wall. The SGPT levels may also rise due to strenuous activity or exercise, which should also be noted. In order to diagnose any damage to the liver, the doctor must go through underlying causes might cause different levels of SGPT elevation. If you are experiencing symptoms of liver diseases, visit your doctor immediately. Stop Taking Over-the-Counter Drugs: If you are taking unprescribed drugs, your liver might be at risk of damage. The liver metabolizes these drugs and filters harmful substances, which can contribute to liver damage. Hepatotoxic drugs, antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can damage liver thus increasing levels of SGPT and SGOT. Medications containing acetaminophen should also be avoided. Consider Taking Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids work by reducing the activity of the body’s immune system. It also reduces the production of inflammatory chemicals to less tissue damage. Once the inflammation recedes, the liver cells start to regenerate, decreasing the release of SGPT into the bloodstream. Hydrocortisone, Prednisone, and Fludrocortisone are some of the common corticosteroids. Take Antiviral Medications: When the liver is infected by a virus such as hepatitis, the doctor may prescribe medications such as Entecavir, Sofosbuvir, and Telaprevir. Once the infection is eradicated, the liver cells will start to regenerate, therefore decreasing the release of SGPT and SGOT into the bloodstream. If you experience symptoms of liver disease, you should immediately visit a general physician for SGOT and SGPT test. The level of SGPT and SGOT present in bloodstream determines the condition of the liver, which can be treated through medication. You can visit Elawoman blog for more information on the treatment of common diseases. Elawoman also helps patients find the best fertility doctors and clinics in India. You can contact Elawoman at +918929020600 to book a free appointment with one of our verified doctors.

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Wellness

Normal Blood Sugar Level - Range, Factors, and Effect of Diabetes

posted on July 16, 2019, 5:39 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Normal Blood sugar is also referred to as Blood Glucose which is believed to be a necessary parameter for the good health of a person. The blood glucose level refers to the amount of glucose present in our blood. Glucose mainly comes from the food which contains carbohydrates. It’s the main source of energy consumed by the body. Generally, blood sugar level boosts quickly after we eat. The increase of blood sugar level causes our pancreas to release insulin so that the blood glucose levels do not get too high and are used or stored as per the requirement. The high blood glucose level can damage eyes, kidneys, nerves and blood vessels. So it is important to maintain a healthy blood sugar level for the human body. Maintaining a healthy blood sugar level is also important for our body’s performance. (1) (2) In this article, we will discuss: What is the Normal Range for Blood Sugar?  What are the several factors determining the blood sugar level? What are the risk factors of diabetes? What is Hypoglycemia? What are the symptoms of Hypoglycemia? What is Hyperglycemia? What are the symptoms of Hyperglycemia What are the reasons of Hyperglycemia? Normal Range for Blood Sugar A healthy range of blood sugar in the human body is considered to be 3.9 and 7.1 mmol/L (70-120 mg/dl) for a non-diabetic person. This means that normal blood glucose level in the human body is about 5.5 mmol/L (100 mg/dl), however, the level of sugar in humans fluctuates throughout the day. (3) (4) However, too high and too low sugar levels in the human body can cause some very serious problems to their health. So, it is very important to control and balance your normal blood sugar level. To balance or maintain sugar level in a human body, a person is required to check his/her blood sugar level on a regular basis.  Several Factors Determining Blood Sugar Level The Sugar level in blood is based on several factors such as: Type and severity of diabetes The Sugar level determines the severity, amount and type of diabetes before the treatment is sought. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood and most of them diagnosed it when they are in their 20’s. In this case, a human body makes little or no insulin. Type 2 diabetes is more common and creates the most diabetes cases. In Type 2 diabetes the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin to keep blood sugar level normal. There is another type of diabetes which is called Gestational diabetes. In Gestational diabetes, high blood glucose level increases anytime during pregnancy in women, who is not a patient of diabetes. (5) (6) Risk Factors of Diabetes If you have Type 2 diabetes then your body can't use the insulin it makes. This is known as insulin resistance. Type 2 generally affects adults, but it can start at any time or phase of your life. The main things that lead to Type 2 diabetes are (7) (8): Obesity or being overweight - Research shows that obesity is a top reason for type 2 diabetes. Due to the rise in obesity among children, this type of diabetes is affecting more teenagers. Impaired glucose tolerance - Prediabetes is a milder form of type 2 diabetes. It can be diagnosed with a simple blood test. If you have impaired glucose tolerance then there’s a strong chance of getting type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance - Type 2 diabetes often begins with cells that are contrary to the insulin that means your pancreas has to work hard to make sufficient insulin to meet your body needs. Ethnic background - Diabetes is observed more often in Hispanic/Latino Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, African-Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Alaska natives. Gestational diabetes - If you had diabetes while you were pregnant then you had gestational diabetes at that time. This raises your chances of contracting type 2 diabetes later in life. Sedentary lifestyle - If you exercise less than three times a week then you may suffer from diabetes. Family history - In case you have a parent or sibling who has diabetes then also there are chances of having diabetes. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) - Women having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have a higher risk of having type 2 diabetes. Age - If you're over 45 and overweight or if you have symptoms of diabetes then it is advised to talk to your doctor about a simple screening test. Apart from Diabetes, Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia are the two main medical conditions that arise due to an imbalance in blood sugar level. Two Main Medical Conditions in Blood Sugar level, except Diabetes The two main medical conditions in blood glucose level except diabetes are mentioned below: 1. Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is caused when the blood sugar levels are low in a human’s body. If Blood Sugar level drops below 70 mg/dl then that medical condition is called hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is common in people who are suffering from diabetes. It is due to taking too much insulin or any other diabetes medicines. Hypoglycemia may also have another lifestyle which is based on various causes such as alcohol, surgery, disease of the pancreas, stomach problems, kidney, etc. (9) Symptoms of Hypoglycemia: The symptoms of Hypoglycemia are mentioned in the below-provided table (10): Early Symptoms of Hypoglycemia Shakiness, dizziness, Sweating, Hunger, Irritability or moodiness, Anxiety or nervousness, Headache Nighttime Symptoms of Hypoglycemia Damp sheets or bedclothes due to perspiration, Nightmares, Tiredness, irritability or confusion upon waking Severe Symptoms of Hypoglycemia Clumsiness or jerky movements, Muscle weakness, difficulty speaking or slurred speech, Blurry or double vision, Drowsiness, Confusion, Convulsions or seizures, Unconsciousness, Death If you have symptoms of low blood sugar then you need expert advice to maintain a healthy and balanced diet. It is also advised to monitor regular blood sugar level. 2. Hyperglycemia: Hyperglycemia is a condition when an enormous amount of blood glucose circulating in the human body. Hyperglycemia is the first signs of diabetes. There are two types of Hyperglycemia which are mentioned below: Fasting Hyperglycemia:  Fasting Hyperglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar level is greater than 90-130 mg/dl. Post Meal Hyperglycemia: Post Meal Hyperglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar levels are usually greater than 180 mg/dl. A healthy person’s post-meal blood sugar level generally measures 130-140 mg/dl. Symptoms of Hyperglycemia The symptoms of Hyperglycemia are  Frequently feeling thirsty Headache Blurred vision Poor concentration Fatigue Weight loss  Frequent urination Reason of Hyperglycemia Some reasons for having hyperglycemia are: Skipping medicines Eating too many carbohydrates and calories Increased in Stress Level Drinking too much Alcohol Hyperglycemia can damage the vessels that supply blood to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, vision problems, kidney disease, and nerve problems in people who are having diabetes. To reduce levels in Hyperglycemia in your body, all you need to do is to control your blood sugar level. You can reduce your blood sugar level by following the points mentioned below:  Drink more water - As you will drink an excessive amount of water it will help you remove extra glucose from the body. Exercise - Regular exercise is also helpful in maintaining sugar level and also helps you in keeping fit. Change in eating habits - You need a proper and healthy diet that may reduce the level of blood sugar in the body. Consult your doctor and take medicine on time. Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly. Maintaining a healthy blood sugar level is very necessary for human health. Too high or too low sugar levels can lead to various medical conditions but by monitoring it and controlling the sugar levels, you can continue to have a healthy balance of sugar. So, try to keep your blood sugar levels in the normal range to be healthy. This article brings to you all the information related to normal blood sugar level, range of sugar level, diabetes, risk factors of diabetes, hypoglycemia, and hyperglycemia. You can contact Elawoman at +918929020600 to get details related to any infertility treatments such as IVF, IUI, MESA, TESA, ICSI or Surrogacy. You can also visit elawoman.com for more info.

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Wellness

Millets - Nutritional Facts, Health Benefits, Side Effects

posted on July 16, 2019, 5 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Millets are cereals, which are consumed for decades. These are small-seeded grains grown as cereal crops. In India, millets are in existence since years in the name of Priyangava, Aanava, and Shyaamaka, now known as Foxtail Millet, Barnyard Millet, and Black Finger Millet respectively. The intake of millets is very common in different parts of the world for decades. It is consumed along with other nutritious foods to suffice the nutrition intake of the respective individual. (1) In this article, you will find useful information about: What are the nutritional facts about Millets? What are the health benefits of Millets? What are the side effects of Millets? What are the uses of Millets? What are ways to cultivate Millets? Nutritional Facts about Millets: Millets comprise of several nutrients, vitamins, and minerals, which prove to be useful for the body. You can refer to the nutritional content of the millets mentioned below if you plan to consume millets in your daily diet. (2) Calories: 378 Total Fat: 4.2 gm Total Carbohydrates: 73 gm Sodium: 5 mg Potassium: 195 mg  Protein: 11 gm Iron: 16% Vitamin B6: 20% Magnesium: 28% So, you can see that millets are a reliable source of proteins, Vitamin B6, and Magnesium as well. This leads to a balance in the diet of the individual adding millets along with other cereals.  Health Benefits of Millets: Millets have got several proven health benefits helpful in improving the overall health status of the person. (3) (4) Coronary Artery Disorder: The levels of triglyceride in the body reduce significantly with the consumption of millets in regular diet. This helps in preventing the occurrence of blood clotting conditions in the body. You can modify your diet accordingly to reap benefits of millets. Aids in Weight loss: If you are planning to lose weight, then millets will help you in your weight loss journey. Tryptophan is a substance which is present in the millets. It helps in controlling appetite in the individual consuming it. Also, the high fiber content in millets helps in achieving appreciating weight loss. Control Diabetes: Millets slow down digestion rate and keep blood sugar level at a constant rate. These types of cereals prove to be useful in case of Type 2 diabetic patients. Helps in Colon Cancer: Phytonutrients and fibers present in millets help in reducing risk of occurrence of Colon Cancer. One of the phytonutrients, Lignan is converted in the body after consumption and protects women from breast cancer. You will be surprised to know that regular intake of millets lead to a 50% reduction of colon cancer. Decreases High Blood Pressure: Millet also contains magnesium that plays an important role in relaxing muscles present in arteries in the body. This component of millets also helps in dealing with asthma and migraine frequency in patients. Excellent source of Antioxidants: Women can consume millets in their diet to make sure that their aging process is slowed down. The antioxidant properties of millets result in an anti-aging effect on the body. Slows down muscle degradation: Lysin is an amino acid present in millets. Lysin is known to slow down the process of muscle degradation. It also helps in building lean muscles over time. Relieves Menstrual Cramps: If a woman experiences excess pain during her menses, then millets help in relieving menstrual cramps and associated pain during her menstrual cycle. If you are very frequently facing similar cramps during your menstrual cycle, then be sure to add millets in your diet. Boosts production of breast milk: Doctors recommend inclusion of millets such as Ragi to boost breast milk production in the body. Therefore, pregnant women and lactating women are advised to consume millets so that they can feed their babies for a longer time duration. Improves elasticity of skin: L-lysine and L-proline are the amino acids, which are present in the millets. These amino acids efficiently contribute to improving skin elasticity. Millets boost collagen levels in the body which prevents wrinkles formation for an appreciating time period. Side Effects of Millets: Millets are useful for the health of individuals only when consumed in moderation. If millets are consumed in more quantity, then make sure that there are high chances of occurrence of certain adverse effects in the body. (6) Goitrogen is present in millets. This substance in millets affects thyroid hormone production. It also inhibits iodine intake which thereby leads to the condition known as Goitre. In Goitre, a patient is affected by the enlarged thyroid gland. Some of the common causes of Goitre include dryness of skin, reduced ability of thinking as well as increased chances of anxiety and depression. Goiter cases are mostly seen in regions where Millets are the primary source of energy. Some of the most common regions with high Goitre cases are in the Sudan region of Africa. Therefore, it is recommended that individuals who have thyroid problems need to strictly control the consumption of Millets in their diet. Uses of Millets: Millets contribute in preparing beverages, which are of the alcoholic type. At the time of brewing millet beer, millets are used to get the right consistency and taste in this beverage. Millet is one of the important parts in the traditional cuisines of arid to semiarid parts of the world. Also, Millet is used as a grazing forage crop. It can then be used for sheep and cattle. (5) (7) Cultivation of Millets: The date of the beginning of cultivation of millets is not yet known exactly but millets were cultivated and consumed in China during 8000 -2000 B.C which was the Neolithic period. Porso millets were cultivated with the efforts of Chinese farmers during that period of time. Since then, millets are an important part of the diet of the Chinese population especially in the northwestern region of China. Millet is one of the top five bowls of cereal, which are produced across the world. Other cereals, which are in the top five ranks in recent times, are Wheat, Corn, Sorghum, and Barley. Since decades together, a large portion of the population in Asia and Africa, consume millets in their daily diet. A good number of people in India, as well as Russia, also consume different type of good quality millets in their daily diet. Millet production is primarily done for the production of bread, snacks, as well as porridges. As millet flour lacks gluten, its flour is easily used to prepare gluten-free flatbread. Porto millets contribute in the preparation of bread bear in different countries such as Egypt and Turkey. (8) (9) (10) Thus, millets are useful for various health conditions ranging from coronary artery disorders to relieving menstrual cramps pain. The side effects of millets must be taken into consideration to prevent any adverse effects on the body. You can find out information about other food items with high nutritive values in ‘Wellness’ and ‘Lifestyle’ section of Elawoman.

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Wellness

Root Canal Treatment - Procedure, Side Effects and Cost

posted on Jan. 30, 2019, 5:26 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is important when the middle part within the tooth known as pulp, that houses blood vessels, nerves and living connective tissues, becomes infected. The Root Canal Treatment is implemented to save a damaged or badly infected tooth, instead of plucking it. This procedure is performed by an endodontist or by a root canal specialist. The most common causes of having tooth damage or infection are cavities that occur due to plaque accumulation, broken or cracked tooth due to an accident or trauma, gum diseases, or repeated dental treatment to a specific tooth. These issues can cause pulp inflammation or infection and damage the pulp permanently. The person will, at times, experience severe pain in his infected tooth. The pain may diminish when the pulp dies, but rarely returns as the infection spread. In this article, we will get to know about: What is root canal treatment? What are the side effects of root canal procedure? Who is not fit for root canal procedure? What are the post-treatment guidelines after a root canal procedure? What is the cost of root canal treatment? What is a Root Canal Treatment (RCT)? It is suggested to everyone that if you experience a toothache or gum pain then you can also see a general dentist immediately. However, if anyone is thinking about how to remove plaque from teeth then he/she can undergo scaling procedure. The entire root canal procedure may take place in one sitting, and at multiple times 2 or 3 sessions of Root Canal treatment depends on the condition of the tooth of a person. Each sitting may last for at least 30 - 90 minutes. RCT is a simple procedure with relatively little or no discomfort. Step 1: Local Anesthesia is injected - At the outset, local anesthesia is executed to the tooth, which is infected and has to be treated. Step 2: Access the pulp chamber through drilling - After injecting the anesthesia the tooth and the surrounding areas of the tooth become numb, then the endodontist drills an opening through the crown or at the harsh surface of the tooth to access the pulp chamber. If it is a front tooth then the endodontist drills an opening from behind the infected tooth. Step 3: Endodontist cleans the infection - Using some special files the endodontist cleans out the infected portion or diseased portion and dead pulp from the canals. The root canal procedure does not cause any pain as the area is numb due to the anesthesia, and the removed tissue is dead. Step 4: Use of Disinfectants – Once, the endodontist removes all the infected portion and dead tissue then the canals are cleaned with the use of disinfectants. The commonly used disinfectant by the endodontist is Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCL). Step 5: Shaping of Canals - The Endodontist then shapes the canals with the help of fine instruments. After shaping of the canals, it is filled with the root canal filling, which is known as gutta-percha and then seals the canal. During the process of shaping and filling of canals, irrigation method is used to wash and clean the canals and eliminate the debris, before filling and sealing the tooth in root canal treatment (RCT). Step 6: Temporary coverage - A temporary cover material, which works as a seal is then placed above the gutta-percha. This covering material is kept in place as a temporary seal which is placed on the top of gutta-percha, till a permanent crown or a cap is fitted at top of the treated tooth. Step 7: Permanent crown - At times, a post is added to the canal next to the gutta-percha to give the crown more support. After getting the permanent crown the endodontist inserts the permanent crown by replacing the temporary crown at the top of the treated tooth in root canal treatment. The crown is then cemented in the place so that it never displace. Note: It usually takes a week to completely recover after a successful Root Canal Treatment. Side Effects of Root Canal Procedure A common side effect of root canal treatment (RCT) is a dull pain in the tooth after following the root canal procedure. It usually ends within a week after the treatment is done successfully. However, if any bacteria remain even after the completion of procedure then the tooth infection may begin again. Therefore, it is suggested to go to the doctor if the tooth pain stops after a few days of the procedure and recurs again. At times, there could be a crack or damage at the root of the tooth, which does not get noticed by the endodontist. If so, the crack or damage may leave the area exposed to bacteria and infection. The crown fixed at the top of gutta-percha may loosen, which exposes the treated tooth. If the seal is left exposed then the tooth may erode leaving the way for the bacteria or infection to enter the treated tooth again. If the crown displaces from its place then you need to get it fixed at your dentist’s immediately. If your endodontist uses defective materials during the filling process then they may erode which may lead to bacterial infection again. Who is not fit for Root Canal Procedure? Some of the people, who are suffering from the below-mentioned diseases, cannot pursue root canal treatment such as: Person suffering from diabetes cannot undergo root canal treatment. Person who takes blood thinners then, in that case, the endodontist may ask you to stop taking blood thinners for some days. Person who has a problem of high blood pressure or hypertension then he/she is not eligible to undergo root canal treatment. A person suffering from various autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, lupus, temporal arteritis, type 1 diabetes and Sjogren’s syndrome is not fit for root canal treatment. A person suffering from infections and fever can also not undergo. A person suffering from Osteoporosis cannot undergo this treatment. Post-treatment Guidelines after Root Canal Treatment Some post-treatment guidelines after completion of root canal treatment include: Antibiotics advised by the dentist or endodontist. It is extremely important to maintain good oral hygiene, with regular brushing and teeth flossing. It is suggested to not eat or drink anything for a couple of hours after completion of root canal treatment. Since the treated area is numb due to the given anesthesia, therefore, there are chances of accidentally biting your teeth or tongue while eating. You can eat after the numbness of your teeth and teeth surrounding wears off. Avoid hard and crunchy foods for some days after undergoing a root canal treatment. If the opening on your teeth has been filled with temporary filling then there are chances that some of the fillings may come out in between the appointments. If the entire filling comes out then you need to consult your dentist or endodontist immediately. Cost of Root Canal Treatment The Cost of Root Canal Treatment is mentioned in the below table, it shows the cost of root canal treatment as well as the price of crown or cap separately. Treatment Price in Rupees Price of Root Canal Treatment Rs. 2,000 Price of Crown or cap Rs. 3,000 – Rs. 4,500 (additional) Total Cost of Root Canal Treatment Rs. 5, 000-Rs. 5, 500 (approx.) This article includes information related to root canal treatment, procedure of root canal treatment, side effects of root canal treatment, person fit for root canal procedure, post-treatment guidelines for root canal treatment and total cost of root canal treatment. Moreover, to know anything related to infertility treatments such as IVF, IUI, ICSI, TESA, MESA or surrogacy, you can contact us at +91-7899912611 or else you can visit elawoman.com.

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