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Dermatologist is a medical professional who is specialized in treating dermatology common problems. Some of the dermatology common problems include fungal infections, skin cancer, dermatitis, atopic eczema, acne, pimples, and scalp psoriasis. Dermatology problems in pregnancy need to be checked and treated to avoid severe consequences.
Before jumping to dermatology and what is the role of a dermatologist, let us have a basic idea of the areas covered within dermatology and dermatologist.
1- 'Skin' is the largest human organ that is active and living. Our skin protects us from microbes and strong rays of light, helps us in regulating the body temperature and allows the sensations of heat, cold and touch. Skin consists of three layers i.e. Epidermis (the outermost layer), the Dermis (beneath the epidermis, having tough connective tissues, hair follicles and sweat glands) and the deeper layer called subcutaneous tissue (made of fat and connective tissue).
2- 'Hair' is made of tough protein keratin. Hair follicles cover the entire skin except for the palms and soles.
3- 'Nails' grow out of the deep folds of the fingers and toe skins. Like hair, nails are also formed by keratinization. The nail is pushed forward once the nail cells start accumulating.
Who is a Dermatologist?
Dermatologists are medical experts who need to be consulted for problems and issues related to skin, hair or nail. Apart from skin troubles, dermatology also refers to science of research, diagnostics and management of health conditions affecting the skin, hair, nails and membranes.
What are common Dermatological issues?
1- Fungal Infections
2- Skin Cancer
6- Acne and pimples
7- Hand Dermatitis
8- Atopic Eczema
9- Cold Sores
10- Alopecia Areata
12- Hair loss
13- Scalp psoriasis
14- Bacterial and fungal infections
15- Ingrown nails
For pregnant women acne, dry skin (due to cold weather), PUPPP (only 1% of pregnant woman can develop this issue where skin gets red, itchy and raised patches appear), darkening of skin, stretch marks, varicose veins and skin tags or little red bumps of tiny blood vessels can happen.
Role of a Dermatologist in detail
The dermatologists who are trained can be seen combining several activities like treating patients in clinic and hospitals or practicing privately, working as consultants for other specialists, delivering lectures and doing clinical research. It is must for dermatologists to have expertise in the basic sciences, which includes microbiology, pathology, physics, biochemistry, physiology and endocrinology. He or she must also be well versed with other medical specialties because skin, hair and nail disorders are often related to internal conditions of the patient. Dermatologists suggest surgery in several situations including:
1- Preventing or providing early control of disorders related to skin, hair, and nails (acne and pimples, scalp psoriasis, ingrown nails, etc).
2- Improving the appearance of skin by removing the discolorations, growths or damages due to sunlight, aging or disease.
3- Establishing a definite diagnosis.
Hope this article gives you all the information related to dermatology and the role of dermatologists. Know how a Cardiologist can help if you have any heart disease. Also, the licorice plant is known to have a positive impact on overall heart health.
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