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    pink loader

    SGPT Test or ALT test - SGPT Test Analysis, Uses, Pregnancy

    • 4.6   (5 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 16 Jul 2019 - Written by Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu - Fellowship, MD, MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    SGPT test or ALT blood test during pregnancy is performed to check high levels of ALT in blood which indicates presence of viral hepatitis. ALT test used for determining presence of liver disease if it runs in the family. SGPT test analysis is performed to make sure that the results are true positive.

    SGPT (Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase) is usually recommended for checking the damage to the liver. The doctor can suggest this test to know what is the cause of liver damage i.e. disease, injury or drug.

    What is ALT Test?

    Alanine Aminotransferase test is performed to measure the ALT level in blood. The ALT test is another name of SGPT Test. ALT enzyme is made by the cells in the liver. The Liver is the largest gland of the body and has the following important functions: (1) (2) (3)

    1- Storing vitamins and iron

    2- Making proteins

    3- Producing bile juice, which helps in digestion

    4- Removing the toxins from the blood

    ALT is majorly found in the liver cells, and small traces are also available in the kidney. ALT gets released into the bloodstream when there are damages in the liver or it gets inflamed. Due to this ALT serum level rises. Measuring this level in the blood, allows doctors to evaluate the health of an individual’s liver. The ALT test is part of initial liver disease screening.

    Why ALT or SGPT Test is required?

    Doctors often recommend the ALT test along with other liver tests for determining whether you have a liver injury or failure. It is recommended under the following conditions (4):

    1- Jaundice

    2- Vomiting

    3- Nausea

    4- Weakness

    5- Dark urine

    6- Pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen

    pain in right upper quadrant of abdomen

    7- Extreme tiredness

    8- Light colored stool

    9- Itchy skin

    Below are some reasons you might have to go through the test:

    1- If you have been exposed to hepatitis virus

    2- Consuming a lot of alcohol

    3- Family history of liver disease

    4- Intake of medicine which causes liver damage

    ALT test is done as a part of a blood panel during the regular examination. And if you have already gone through this test then the doctor can use this to check how well the treatment is going.

    Preparations involved for ALT Test

    You don't need any special preparation for an ALT test. But it is advised to inform your doctor about the particular prescription or the medications you are following. There are some drugs which might affect the ALT levels in your blood. Your doctor will ask you to avoid the intake of certain medications for some time before the test. (5)

    How is ALT Test performed?

    The procedure starts with taking a small blood sample and follows the below steps: (6)

    1- Healthcare provider will use an antiseptic for cleaning your skin where the needle will be inserted.

    2- On the upper arm, an elastic band will be tied which will stop the blood flow and will make the veins more visible.

    3- After finding the vein, they will insert the needle, which will cause a pinching or sting sensation. The blood is drawn in the attached tube to the needle end. In some situations, more than one tub is required.

    4- The healthcare provider will remove the elastic band after drawing enough blood. A piece of cotton is placed over the portion and is covered with a bandage or tape.

    5- The sample is then sent to the laboratory for analysis.

    6- After the test, the lab sends the report to the doctor who will explain what exactly is the cause of liver disease.

    ALT Test performed

    What ALT Test results mean?

    Below are the two conditions that will be indicated in your test report (7)-

    1- Normal Results

    The normal ALT value in the blood is usually between 7 to 55 units per liter. But this number can vary from hospital to hospital. This value can be affected due to several factors, including age and gender.

    Moreover, lower level ALT indicates a healthy liver. It is found that lower than normal results have shown increased long-term mortality.

    2- Abnormal Reports

    If the results are higher than the normal ALT levels, that indicates liver damage. An ALT increase may be due to:

    a- An inflammatory condition of the liver i.e. hepatitis

    b- Severe scarring (cirrhosis) of the liver

    c- Death of liver tissue

    d- Cancer or tumor in the liver

    Cancer or tumor in the liver

    e- Lack of blood flow in the organ

    f- Hemochromatosis disorder where iron build up in the body

    g- Mononucleosis infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus

    h- Pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas

    If the test results indicate liver disease or damage then you may require more testing for finding the underlying reasons of the problem and the method of treating it.

    What are the Risks involved in ALT Test?

    There are a few risks involved in this simple blood test. Sometimes bruises can occur in the needle-inserted area. By applying pressure on the site can be minimized once the needle is removed. In rare situation any of the following complications can also occur (8):

    1- Excessive bleedingwhere the needle was inserted

    2- Blood accumulation beneath the skin known as a hematoma

    3- Fainting or lightheadedness at the sight of blood

    4- Infection on the needle inserted site

    Also, get to know how to deal if you are experiencing depression symptoms. If you experience extreme pain during your menstrual cycle, then learn the ways to combat menstrual period pain.

    Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu

    Written by

    Fellowship, MD, MBBS, Certification, FICMCH, FICOG
    Obstetrician, Infertility Specialist

    Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu has immense of experience in the field of Gynaecology and Infertility. She has specialized in Assisted reproductive technologies and IVF from the prestigious Cleveland clinic, USA and is a certified clinical embryologist from Manipal University, the only university in India running a post graduate program in Clinical Embryology. She has further been trained in advanced micromanipulation techniques from the same institute. She has also received a fellowship from the World Association of Laparoscopic Surgeons in minimally invasive surgery. She is currently the Director and Head at IVF and Reproductive medicine, Max Multispeciality Hospitals, Saket, Panchsheel and Patparganj, Delhi.


    Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu is well known for her dedicated and compassionate patient care. She herself felt rewarded when her patients turn up with their children. Through her innovative thinking and cutting-edge treatments protocol she maximise the chance of pregnancy to every patients. Her patients come from all over Dubai.


    Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu  patients are completely confident and well aware of the procedures, setting their expectations right. She is admired for her ethical practice and dutifulness. Her dedicated effort to improve quality of service to her patients is extremely appreciated and exhibited in her actions. She is the personal favorite of her patients not just for the skilled doctor she is, but also for her amazing personality. Her commitment to excellence is focused on the needs of each woman throughout all stages of life. Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu has a vast experience of 27 year of working in tertiary care hospitals and has been a faculty as an undergraduate and postgraduate teacher in renowned medical colleges of Delhi over the last 27 years.


    Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu works hard as a Gynecologist and believes in providing help to as many patients as she could. She likes to attend various conferences held at different cities so she could impart her knowledge about gynaecology. She believes that, by attending workshops conducted by various institutions, she could enhance her understanding of a patient's mind-set which would eventually help her treat the patient better. She is  known for her humble nature and tender care of patients. The efficiency, dedication, precision and compassion offered at the clinic ensure that the patient's well-being, comfort and needs are kept of top priority.


    Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu passionate about delivering the highest standard of healthcare. Dr. Surveen Ghumman with her patients to gain detailed understanding of their condition and offers and considerate insights that help in creating an affordable and effective treatment plan for patients. With the cutting-edge medicine, state-of-the-art infrastructure and personalized nursing care, she make sure that the patients are her priority. 


    Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu is a verified doctor and is registered under 9138 of the Delhi Medical Council, 1986. She incorporates better methods to further improve the quality life of patients who have had a fertility Issues. With her innovative thinking and cutting-edge treatment protocols, she maximizes the chances of pregnancy and minimizes the chances of complications. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Surveen Ghumman Sindhu on





    Nadira Azami

    Do women have a problem to conceive with high SGPT results? My SGPT result was 60 units per liter, will I be able to conceive?

    Sept. 28, 2018, 1:38 p.m. 4.5


    Beena Thanga

    I never had this test before, but nowadays I have a severe pain at my right upper side of the abdomen. Is it normal or I should proceed for the test?

    Sept. 18, 2018, 8:51 p.m. 4.5


    Vishal Gupta

    My SGPT test was normal when I went for my routine checkup. How often we should have this test. Is there any specific time duration?

    Aug. 7, 2018, 4:19 p.m. 4.5


    Ashima Kumari

    ALT or SGPT test are the most commonly done tests. Were included in the routine tests of my mother during jaundice.

    June 2, 2018, 2:38 p.m. 5.0


    Krishna Khopde

    March 22, 2018, 6:14 a.m. 4.5

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