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What is SGPT or ALT Test?

  • 4.6 (5 Votes)
  • 16226 views

SGPT(Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase) blood test is performed to detect issues with the liver including alcoholism, hepatic failure, jaundice and viral hepatitis. It is used to measure the amount of enzyme SGPT or ALT found in the liver. SGPT test is also known as ALT(Alanine Aminotransferase test). A High value of ALT indicates liver damage or underlying health problem.

SGPT (Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase) is usually recommended for checking the damage to the liver. The doctor can suggest this test to know what is the cause of liver damage i.e. disease, injury or drug.

What is ALT Test?

Alanine Aminotransferase test is performed to measure the ALT level in blood. ALT test is another name of SGPT Test. ALT enzyme is made by the cells in the liver. The Liver is the largest gland of the body and has following important functions:

1- Storing vitamins and iron

2- Making proteins

3- Producing bile juice, which helps in digestion

4- Removing the toxins from blood

ALT is majorly found in the liver cells, and smalltraces are also available in the kidney. ALT gets released into the bloodstream when there are damages in the liver or it gets inflamed. Due to this ALT serum level rises. Measuring this level in a blood, allows doctors to evaluate the health of an individual’s liver. ALT test is part of initial liver disease screening.

Why ALT or SGPT Test is required?

Doctors often recommend the ALT test along with other liver tests for determining whether you have a liver injury or failure. It is recommended under the following conditions:

1- Jaundice

2- Vomiting

3- Nausea

4- Weakness

5- Dark urine

6- Pain in right upper quadrant of abdomen

pain in right upper quadrant of abdomen

7- Extreme tiredness

8- Light colored stool

9- Itchy skin

Below are some reasons you might have to go through the test:

1- If you have been exposed to hepatitis virus

2- Consuming lot of alcohol

3- Family history of liver disease

4- Intake of medicine which causes liver damage

ALT test is done as a part of blood panel during the regular examination. And if you have already gone through this test then the doctor can use this to check how well the treatment is going.

Preparations involved for ALT Test

You don't need any special preparation for an ALT test. But it is advised to inform your doctor about the particular prescription or the medications you are following. There are some drugs which might affect the ALT levels in your blood. Your doctor will ask you to avoid the intake of certain medications for some time before the test.

How is ALT Test performed?

The procedure starts with taking a small blood sample and follows the below steps:

1- Healthcare provider will use an antiseptic for cleaning your skin where the needle will be inserted.

2- On upper arm, an elastic band will be tied which will stop the blood flow and will make the veins more visible.

3- After finding the vein, they will insert the needle, which will cause a pinching or sting sensation. The blood is drawn in the attached tube to the needle end. In some situations, more than one tub is required.ALT Test performed

4- The healthcare provider will remove the elastic band after drawing enough blood. A piece of cotton is placed over the portion and is covered with a bandage or tape.

5- The sample is then sent to the laboratory for analysis.

6- After the test, the lab sends the report to the doctor who will explain what exactly is the cause of liver disease.

What ALT Test results mean?

Below are the two conditions that will be indicated in your test report-

1- Normal Results

The normal ALT value in blood is usually between 7 to 55 units per liter. But this number can vary from hospital to hospital. This value can be affected due to several factors, including age and gender.

Moreover, lower level ALT indicates a healthy liver. It is found that lower than normal results have shown an increased long-term mortality.

2- Abnormal Reports

If the results are higher than the normal ALT levels, that indicates liver damage. An ALT increase may be due to:

a- An inflammatory condition of the liver i.e. hepatitis

b- Severe scarring (cirrhosis) of the liver

c- Death of liver tissue

d- Cancer or tumor in the liver

Cancer or tumor in the liver

e- Lack of blood flow in the organ

f- Hemochromatosis disorder where iron build up in the body

g- Mononucleosis infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus

h- Pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas

If the test results indicate liver disease or damage then you may require more testing for finding the underlying reasons of the problem and the method of treating it.

What are the Risks involved in ALT Test?

There are few risks involved in this simple blood test. Sometimes bruises can occur in the needle-inserted area. By applying pressure on the site can be minimized once the needle is removed. In rare situation any of the following complication can also occur:

1- Excessive bleedingwhere needle was inserted

2- Blood accumulation beneath skin known as hematoma

3- Fainting or lightheadedness at the sight of blood

4- Infection on the needle inserted site

Also, get to know how to deal if you are experiencing depression symptoms. If you experience extreme pain during your menstrual cycle, then learn the ways to combat menstrual period pain.

Dr. Surveen Ghumman

About The Author

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician Dr. Surveen Ghumman
Delhi

Dr. Surveen Ghumman is an infertility specialist and gynecologist specializing in IVF, Reproductive Endocrinology, Recurrent failures of implantation, Embryology, Fertility preservation and Surrogacy. Dr. Surveen has completed MBBS from Christian Medical College, Ludhiana in 1986 and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Government Medical College, Amritsar in 1991. She has also pursued certificate courses in ART and Clinical Embryology from Manipal University and fellowships in Minimal Access Surgeries. She has also pursued Micromanipulation in ART in the year 2011. Dr. Surveen is practicing at The Fertility Clinic IVF Solutions and Max Super Specialty Hospital. For more information, visit elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. Can infertility drugs cause premature menopause drug, Elawoman - 2017
  2. What is absolute eosinophil count (aec) blood test? blood, Elawoman - 2018
  3. Uses, price, side effects and substitutes of rantac 150 mg tablet Vomiting, Elawoman - 2018
  4. What are the early signs of pregnancy while on birth control? Nausea, Elawoman - 2017
  5. Uses, substitutes and side effects of abd 400 mg tablet Dark urine, Elawoman - 2018
  6. Uses, substitutes and side effects of abd 400 mg tablet , Elawoman - 2018
  7. Ring guard cream uses, price, benefits and composition Itchy skin, Elawoman - 2017
  8. Zika virus a threat to pregnant women virus, Elawoman - 2017
  9. Drinking alcohol and trying to conceive alcohol, Elawoman - 2017
  10. How to differentiate between implantation bleeding and period? bleeding, Elawoman - 2018

5 Comments

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Nadira Azami

Do women have a problem to conceive with high SGPT results? My SGPT result was 60 units per liter, will I be able to conceive?

Sept. 28, 2018, 1:38 p.m. 4.5

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Beena Thanga

I never had this test before, but nowadays I have a severe pain at my right upper side of the abdomen. Is it normal or I should proceed for the test?

Sept. 18, 2018, 8:51 p.m. 4.5

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Vishal Gupta

My SGPT test was normal when I went for my routine checkup. How often we should have this test. Is there any specific time duration?

Aug. 7, 2018, 4:19 p.m. 4.5

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Ashima Kumari

ALT or SGPT test are the most commonly done tests. Were included in the routine tests of my mother during jaundice.

June 2, 2018, 2:38 p.m. 5.0

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Krishna Khopde

March 22, 2018, 6:14 a.m. 4.5

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