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Orthopedic surgery is performed by orthopedic surgeon. Different types of orthopedic surgery procedures are arthroscopy, internal fixation, fusion, osteotomy, joint replacement, and soft tissue repair procedures. Orthopedic surgeons are specialized in these surgeries and yield the best results.
Human body's musculoskeletal system is a complex system of joints, bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves, which allow us to move, work and stay active. Orthopedic surgeons care for patients of all age groups - be it the newborns with clubfeet or the young athletes who need arthroscopic surgery or the elderly suffering from issues of musculoskeletal system.
Who is an Orthopedist?
The physician who is educated and trained in diagnosing and preoperative, operative as well as postoperative disorder and injury treatment of the musculoskeletal system; is called orthopedic surgeon or orthopedist.
What is the role of an orthopedist?
Orthopedists not only use medical but also physical and rehabilitative methods along with surgery. They are involved with the health care aspects related to musculoskeletal system. They are capable of treating several types of conditions and diseases. The orthopedists are skilled in:
1- Diagnosing the injury or disorder
2- Treatment of the disease with the help of medication, exercise, surgery or any other treatment method.
3- Help in recovery by suggesting exercises or physical therapy for restoring the movement, strength and the function.
4- Prevention with the help of information as well as treatment plans for anticipating injury or the slow progression of the diseases.
When to visit an Orthopedic Surgeon?
There are certain conditions, which orthopedic surgeons treat that affect our bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons, and nerves. Conditions can be any of the following:
2- Fractures, sprains and strains
3- Bone tumors
4- Cerebral palsy
6- Clubfoot, knock knees, bow legs, bunions, hammertoes (certain abnormalities in knees)
8- Muscle, ligament, and tendon damage
9- Spine disorders (e.g., sciatica, scoliosis, ruptured disc)
Specialization in Orthopedic Surgery
Physicians who want to enter into the field of orthopedic surgery may have to select general orthopedic surgery, or they can specialize in anyone of the following areas:
3- Trauma and Fractures
4- Shoulder and Elbows
5- Musculoskeletal Oncology
6- Joint Replacement
7- Sports Medicine
8- Foot and Ankle
11- Reconstructive Surgery
Types of Orthopedic surgery
There are numerous types of surgeries which an orthopedic surgeon can perform. Some of the common surgeries include:
1- Arthroscopy: It is a procedure where special cameras and equipments are used for visualizing, diagnosing and for the treatment of problems in the joint.
2- Fusion: It is a welding process where bones are fused together with the help of bone grafts and internal devices like metal rods i.e. for healing it into a single solid bone.
3- Internal Fixation: It is a way of holding the broken pieces of bone in proper position with the help of metal plates, screws or pins while bone is healing.
4- Replacement of Joint (partial, total and revision):It is a process of removing and replacing the arthritic joint with an artificial joint called as prosthesis.
5- Osteotomy: It implies correction of the bone deformity by cutting and repositioning the bone.
6- Soft tissue repair: In this process the soft tissues such as torn tendons or ligaments are mended.
Pregnancy may have a great stress on a woman's body. Most common orthopedic conditions include mild to high lower back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, plantar fasciitis, meralgia paresthetica, osteitis pubis, trauma and transient osteoporosis of the hip. If you have any of these, you must definitely consult an orthopedist.
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