Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.
Typhoid fever is an acute illness that is associated with fever caused due to Salmonella enterica serotype typhi bacteria. It can be caused due to virulent bacteria, which is called Salmonella Typhi. Symptoms of typhoid include headache, diarrhea, weakness and stomach pain.
Typhoid fever is an acute illness related to a fever, which is caused by the Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi bacteria. Typhoid can also be caused by Salmonella parathyroid, which is a related bacterium that usually causes less severe illness. The bacteria's are accumulated in water or food by a human carrier and are then spread to other people in the area. Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who's infected with this type of fever. The signs and symptoms of typhoid usually include a high fever, headache, abdominal pain, and either constipation or diarrhea. Most people who are suffering from typhoid fever start feeling better within a few days of starting antibiotic treatment, although a very small number of typhoid patients may die of complications. Various vaccines against typhoid fever are also available but they're only partially effective. Vaccines are usually composed for those who may be disclosed to typhoid or are traveling to areas where typhoid fever is very common. (1) (2)
In this article, you will get to know about:
- What are the causes of typhoid fever?
- What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
- How can typhoid fever be diagnosed?
- What are ways to prevent typhoid fever?
- How can we prevent from infecting others from typhoid fever?
Typhoid fever is caused due to virulent bacteria, which is called Salmonella Typhi. Although they're associated, Salmonella Typhi and the bacteria responsible for salmonellosis, which is another serious intestinal infection, aren't the same. Drinking or eating the bacteria present in contaminated food or water consumes typhoid fever. People with acute illness can infect the surrounding water supply through stool, which includes a high combination of bacteria. The contamination of the water supply can, in turn, infect the food supply also. The bacteria that cause typhoid fever can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage. Also, about 3%-5% of people who suffer from typhoid become big carriers of the bacteria after the acute illness. Others suffer a very gentle illness that goes disguised. These people may become long-term carriers of the bacteria that cause typhoid even though they have no symptoms. They can be the source of new outbreaks of typhoid fever for many years. (3) (4) (5)
Fecal-oral transmission route:
The bacteria that cause typhoid fever spread through infected food or water and sometimes through direct contact with someone who is already infected with typhoid. In most of the developing nations, where typhoid fever is established (endemic), most cases result from infected drinking water or due to poor sanitation. The majority of people in industrialized countries gathers typhoid bacteria's while traveling and spread it to others with the help of the fecal-oral route. This means that Salmonella Typhi is passed in the feces and sometimes in the urine of an infected person. You can get infected if you eat food handled by someone who is suffering from typhoid fever and hasn't washed carefully after using the washroom. You can also become contaminated by drinking water infected with bacteria. (6)
Typhoid symptoms normally start between 6 and 30 days after exposure to the bacteria that causes typhoid. Symptoms of typhoid mainly include fever and rash. It is specifically high and gradually increases over several days upto104 degree Fahrenheit or else it can increase to 39 to 40 degree Celsius. The rash, which does not affect every person, subsists of rose-colored spots, specifically on the neck and abdomen (Stomach). Other typhoid symptoms include (7) (8):
- Weakness - Weakness after recovering from any infectious disease depends upon how long the infection lasted and how many days after sickness treatment was started. Weakness is one of the typhoid symptoms to be noted.
- Stomach pain - Stomach pain/ abdominal pain is an initial symptom of typhoid. If a person is having severe stomach pain then it can be a symptom of typhoid fever.
- Diarrhea - A person can be suffering from typhoid if he/she is anguishing from diarrhea for a long time.
- Headaches - Headache from a long time can be a cause of typhoid fever.
Rarely, symptoms might include confusion, constipation, and vomiting, but this is not normally relentless.
After the ingestion of infected food or water, the Salmonella bacteria infect the small intestine and enter the bloodstream for a short period of time. The bacteria are carried by white blood cells in the liver, bone marrow and spleen, where they multiply and return to the bloodstream. After returning to the bloodstream of a person, symptoms of typhoid start developing such as fever, diarrhea or constipation and headache. Bacteria infect the gallbladder, lymphatic tissue and biliary system of the bowel and multiply them in high numbers. The bacteria then pass into the intestinal tract and can be analyzed in stool samples. If a test result isn't clear then the blood or urine samples will be taken to make a diagnosis of typhoid. (9)
There are various health goals that can help you prevent from typhoid fever, which includes safe drinking water, adequate medical care, and improved sanitation. Achieving these goals may be difficult i.e. some experts consider that vaccinating high-risk populations can be the best way to control typhoid fever. Vaccination is suggested to a person if he/she lives in or is traveling to areas where the risk of getting typhoid fever is high. (10)
If you're recovering from typhoid fever then following these measures can help keep others safe:
- Take your antibiotics - Follow the guidance provided by your doctors for taking antibiotics and be sure to finish the entire prescription.
- Wash your hands often - This is the single most essential thing one can follow to keep from extending the typhoid infection to others. Use hot, soapy water and scrub efficiently for at least 30 seconds, particularly before eating and after using the toilet.
- Avoid handling and making food - Avoid making food for others until your doctor says you're no longer infectious. If in case you work in the foodservice industry or any health care facility then you won't be granted to return to work until and unless your tests show that you're no longer shedding typhoid bacteria.
This article lets you know the basic facts about typhoid fever-like causes of typhoid fever, symptoms of typhoid fever, prevention of typhoid fever, and how typhoid fever is diagnosed. In case, you want to get information related to any infertility problem then you can contact on +918929020600 or else visit elawoman.com to get connected to our fertility specialist.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
- ^ Typhoid Fever | Wikipedia En.wikipedia.org, 29 July 2019
- ^ Typhoid Fever Causes | NHS Nhs.uk, 29 July 2019
- ^ Typhoid Fever - Symptoms and Causes | Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 29 July 2019
- ^ Typhoid Fever Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Vaccine | WebMD Webmd.com, 29 July 2019
- ^ Typhoid: Symptoms, Causes, and Vaccination | Healthline Healthline.com, 29 July 2019
- ^ Fecal Oral Route | Wikipedia En.wikipedia.org, 29 July 2019
- ^ Typhoid Fever | Cleveland Clinic My.clevelandclinic.org, 29 July 2019
- ^ Typhoid | World Health Organization Who.int, 29 July 2019
- ^ Typhoid Fever - Diagnosis | NHS Nhs.uk, 29 July 2019
- ^ Prevention Tips for Travelers | Typhoid Fever | CDC Cdc.gov, 29 July 2019
Was this page helpful?
Leave a Comment
Thanks for your Comment.
It will go live post Approval.
The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.
It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.