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SGPT and SGOT levels in blood can be reduced through proper diet, lifestyle modifications and medical treatment. Vitamin D nutrient-rich food, regular exercise and anti-viral medications can help reduce SGPT and SGOT levels, thereby curing liver disease and improving liver function.
Serum Glutamate Pyruvate Transaminase (SGPT), now called Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Serum Glutamic-Oxaloacetic Transaminase (SGOT) and also called Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), are liver enzymes that are vital for energy production. (1) They are mainly concentrated in liver and kidneys, while trace amounts may be found in the heart and other muscles. 7 to 56 units per liter of blood is the normal level of SGPT and the normal level of SGOT is about 5 to 40 units per liter of serum. When the liver is damaged, SGPT leaks out of the cells and into the blood. (2) High levels of SGPT and SGOT in the blood may indicate liver disease or problems in the liver. People who abuse alcohol, use certain medications, or have liver diseases such as viral hepatitis or liver cancer may be at risk of high SGPT. If you are concerned about consistently high SGPT and SGOT levels then right diet, lifestyle modifications, and medical treatment can bring your numbers down to normal. (3)
In this article, we will look at:
- How to test SGPT levels?
- What are the dietary modifications required to recover from high SGOT Levels?
- What are the lifestyle modifications required to recover from high SGOT Levels?
SGOT test and SGPT test is a blood test that can help your doctor diagnose liver damage or liver disease. When liver cells are damaged, SGOT is released into the bloodstream, raising your blood’s level of this enzyme. The SGPT test and SGOT test may be used to evaluate liver health for people who want to know the recovery of liver conditions, such as hepatitis. If you are diagnosed with high levels of SGOT or SGPT, you may likely be suffering from liver problems; therefore you will have to treat your liver problems to bring the level of SGOT or SGPT down. (4)
The first step to recover from high SGOT and SGPT levels is to make necessary changes in your diet.
1. Get More Vitamin D:
According to a recent study, vitamin D prevents liver damage, thereby helping in reducing SGPT levels. Those with high levels of vitamin D are less exposed to liver diseases than those with low levels of vitamin D. Therefore it’s a good idea to eat fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin D in each major meal to prevent liver diseases. Good sources of vitamin D are green leafy vegetables, eggs, cod liver oil, oysters, fish, tofu, soymilk, fortified cereals, caviar, dairy products, mushrooms, apples, and oranges. (5) (6)
2. Eat a Nutrient-Rich Vegetarian Diet:
Organic foods are often rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, and are low in fat. These vegetables regulate liver function, allowing it to cleanse itself of toxins and create new cells to stop the leakage of SGPT into the bloodstream. Avoid eating products that have gone through unnecessary processing as they lack essential nutrients. Green leafy vegetables, broccoli, carrots, squash and a variety of fresh fruits should be staples of your diet, to lower down the levels of SGPT and SGOT. (7)
3. Avoid Foods High in Fat:
Some fat in the liver is normal, but more than 10% fat can lead to a condition called "fatty liver" disease. The presence of these fatty cells can cause inflammation in the liver and damage to surrounding liver tissue, releasing large amounts of SGPT and SGOT into the bloodstream. To prevent fatty liver, avoid fatty and oily food such as pork, chicken skins, coconut oil, butter, cheese, sausages, bacon, carbonated drinks, and junk food. (8)
4. Avoid Foods High in Salt or Sodium:
Excessive amounts of salt in the body can make it harder for the liver to filter waste. This can lead to liver infection, allowing SGPT and SGOT from the liver to seep into your bloodstream, thus, raising the levels. Salt, bouillon cubes, baking soda, soy sauce, salad dressings, bacon, salami, pickled foods, and other processed foods should be avoided to restore liver function.
1. Stop Drinking Alcoholic Beverages:
Alcohol is very harmful to the liver and, with prolonged drinking, it can damage the liver completely. The more damaged a liver is, the more SGPT can leak out of its cells into the blood which over time can cause fatty liver, liver cirrhosis, and hepatitis. Exercise self-discipline to avoid aggravating diseases caused by excessive alcohol consumption. This can help in reducing SGPT from leaking into the blood stream. (9)
2. Get Daily Exercise:
Easy exercises such as brisk walking, jogging, and swimming can improve your overall health and help excretes toxins in the body through sweating. Exercise will produce more lean muscles, healthy organs, including liver and keep your body in ideal condition. The fewer toxins a liver has to clean up, the more energy it can utilize to strengthen its cells. At least 30 minutes of daily exercise can make a difference in your liver’s health, thus reducing SGPT levels.
3. Quit Smoking:
Smoking cigarettes have many harmful effects. It contains toxins like nicotine and ammonia, which are absorbed by the body, giving the liver a hard time to get rid of all the toxins. It not only increases SGPT and SGOT levels, but it is bad for your heart, lungs, kidneys, skin, hair, and nails, as well. (10)
4. Prevent Exposure to Other Harmful Chemicals:
Air pollution contains harmful fumes, gasoline, and ammonia, amongst other toxic chemicals. If you live or work around an environment where you are constantly exposed to these toxins, it may have a severe impact on your health, as well as on your liver function, raising your SGPT levels. Consumption of contaminated water can also cause health problems. It is best to take precautions and prevent exposure to harmful substances.
5. Lose Weight if You are Overweight or Obese:
If you have weight issues, you may be at risk of developing fatty liver, which can lead to increased SGPT levels. Consult your doctor about safe and effective ways to manage weight and reduce fatty liver. Regular exercise and eating healthy food can help to lose weight, which over time will reduce the level of SGPT in the body.
SGPT test and SGOT test is done to measured SGPT and SGOT levels in a blood sample. In case of liver damage, the SGPT enzymes get released into the bloodstream through the cell wall. The SGPT levels may also rise due to strenuous activity or exercise, which should also be noted. In order to diagnose any damage to the liver, the doctor must go through underlying causes might cause different levels of SGPT elevation. If you are experiencing symptoms of liver diseases, visit your doctor immediately.
- Stop Taking Over-the-Counter Drugs: If you are taking unprescribed drugs, your liver might be at risk of damage. The liver metabolizes these drugs and filters harmful substances, which can contribute to liver damage. Hepatotoxic drugs, antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can damage liver thus increasing levels of SGPT and SGOT. Medications containing acetaminophen should also be avoided.
- Consider Taking Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids work by reducing the activity of the body’s immune system. It also reduces the production of inflammatory chemicals to less tissue damage. Once the inflammation recedes, the liver cells start to regenerate, decreasing the release of SGPT into the bloodstream. Hydrocortisone, Prednisone, and Fludrocortisone are some of the common corticosteroids.
- Take Antiviral Medications: When the liver is infected by a virus such as hepatitis, the doctor may prescribe medications such as Entecavir, Sofosbuvir, and Telaprevir. Once the infection is eradicated, the liver cells will start to regenerate, therefore decreasing the release of SGPT and SGOT into the bloodstream.
If you experience symptoms of liver disease, you should immediately visit a general physician for SGOT and SGPT test. The level of SGPT and SGOT present in bloodstream determines the condition of the liver, which can be treated through medication. You can visit Elawoman blog for more information on the treatment of common diseases. Elawoman also helps patients find the best fertility doctors and clinics in India. You can contact Elawoman at +918929020600 to book a free appointment with one of our verified doctors.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
- ^ Alanine Transaminase | Wikipedia En.wikipedia.org, 06 August 2019
- ^ Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Test and Results Webmd.com, 06 August 2019
- ^ ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase) Test Healthline.com, 06 August 2019
- ^ SGOT Test: What Do the Results Mean? | Medical News Today Medicalnewstoday.com, 06 August 2019
- ^ How to Get Vitamin D: 7 Effective Ways | Healthline Healthline.com, 06 August 2019
- ^ How to get vitamin D from sunlight | NHS Nhs.uk, 06 August 2019
- ^ Vegetarian Diet: How to Get the Best Nutrition - Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 06 August 2019
- ^ Good Fats vs. Bad Fats: Everything You Need to Know | Healthline Healthline.com, 06 August 2019
- ^ Should You Stop Drinking? | WebMD Webmd.com, 06 August 2019
- ^ How to Quit Smoking | HelpGuide Helpguide.org, 06 August 2019
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