Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.
Surrogacy in Georgia is highly preferred by infertile couples. Flexible laws and expert care make it an attractive international surrogacy destination. Most frequently asked questions on surrogacy in Georgia revolve around surrogate mother, legal assistance and cost of surrogacy law in Georgia.
The Republic of Georgia is a country located in Europe that allows international surrogacy. Georgia has come to known as a preferred destination country for infertile parents who do not have access to surrogacy in their own country for various reasons of legality. Since 1997, surrogacy is deemed legal in Georgia making it a popular option for those looking for surrogacy. Foreign couples have been coming to Georgia when surrogacy hotspots in Asia began closing one-by-one due to reports of exploitation. (1) Georgia offers many advantages when it comes to surrogacy like its hospitability, qualified and experienced doctors, use of cutting-edge medical techniques, lower surrogacy cost and other beneficial features. All these contribute to the reasons why people planning to start their family through surrogacy in Georgia. Intended parents from countries like India, Spain, Sweden, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Poland, and Turkey visit Georgia due to stricter regulations or higher costs of treatments in their countries. The Georgian legislation offers lenient surrogacy laws in both altruistic and commercial surrogacy provisions. (2)
In this article, we will look at various FAQs related to surrogacy in Georgia:
- Is surrogacy legal in Georgia?
- How much does surrogacy cost in Georgia?
- Is Georgia a surrogate friendly state?
- What are the surrogacy laws in Georgia?
- How does surrogacy work in Georgia?
- Do surrogacy laws in Georgia allow a pre-birth order according to the choice of the surrogate mother if none of the parties belong to Georgia?
- Are both the intended parents considered to be the legal parents as per a pre-birth order if any one of them is genetically related to the baby?
- What is the usual procedure to get a birth certificate after delivery in Georgia?
- What is the exit process after surrogacy in Georgia?
- Do foreign nationals have to be physically present in Georgia to sign surrogacy contracts?
Surrogacy has been legal in Georgia since 1997 and despite conservative society views, it has become a way to break from stringent social restrictions and help other people step into the stage of parenthood. (3) State of Georgia allows gestational surrogacy including oocyte donation and sperm donation, as there is no statute or published case law that prohibits surrogacy in the country. (4)
On an average, the basic compensation of surrogate ranges from $30,000 to $ 40,000, which is subjected to change according to different factors like the place where she lives in and her experience with surrogacy among others. The total cost of surrogacy may increase if a couple requires an egg or sperm donor or if any complication arises during fertilization. The compensation is decided before embryo transfer and it is included in the surrogacy contract.
Owing to its surrogacy-friendly legislation, convenient geographic location, reasonable price, moderate climate and high standards of medical care, the Republic of Georgia is a popular destination for intended parents to visit for gestational surrogacy services. Georgia can be called as a favorable destination for surrogacy as it allows gestational as well as traditional surrogacy. Moreover, Georgian courts have not grappled with surrogacy agreements in published opinions. (5)
The first thing you should know that there are no surrogacy laws in Georgia that specifically address the legality of this process. Despite the fact that Georgia does not have well-defined surrogacy laws, the state follows the safe and efficient legal process for surrogacy. According to Article 143 of the Law of Georgia “On Health”, in vitro fertilization or surrogacy shall be allowed:
- If a woman does not have a uterus to carry a baby or
- If there is a risk of transmitting a genetic disease from the wife or the husband to the child. (6)
In Article 144, it is stated that it is possible to use female and male sex cells or an embryo conserved by the method of freezing during ART procedures. (7) In case of embryo donation, Statute § 19-8-41 in Georgia defines the intended parents have the legal right on the child born from a surrogate mother and no one else including the egg donor or sperm donor will have any right on it. Georgian law allows couples married couples to undergo surrogacy in Georgia without any age limit. (8) It is, however important that you work in coordination with experienced surrogacy professionals to have a smooth journey and have your rights reserves throughout the process. As long as the surrogacy contracts have proper legal documentation and are created in good faith, the Georgian court will see it as legal contracts.
Surrogacy laws and process in Georgia follows similar surrogacy procedures just like any other country in the world. Although every surrogacy is different certain common steps always remain the same in the arrangement:
- Consultation Meeting: In this session, the applicant receives broad and comprehensive information on the different stages of the surrogacy program.
- Signing Contract with the Centre: The intended parents signs an agreement with the centre and deposit the money in a trust account on the applicant's name, which is managed by the appointed lawyer. (6)
- Finding a surrogate: One can find a surrogate mother in a preferable way, which could mean either through friends or family or with the help of a surrogacy program or agency. Based on the center's experience and knowledge, the center will help you to select the most suitable surrogate for you.
- Screening: Both the parties need to pass screening tests to get approval from a medical and mental health professional to be deemed fit for surrogacy.
- Surrogacy Contract: A legal contract illustrating the responsibilities, expectations, liabilities, cost and risks of surrogacy process will be made to clear the overview of the surrogacy process.
- Embryo Preparation and Transfer: After signing up the agreements and the screening process, the clinical stage is starting; embryo preparation may be done in your country. Clients can select the embryologist who will be responsible for the embryo preparation. The applicant can retrieve her oocytes in a clinic in Georgia if she wishes to or she can retrieve her oocyte in her home country and ship them to Georgia. If egg donation is required, the center will assist the applicant in selecting from a Georgian donor. The couple's embryos will be shipped by the center to the surrogacy clinic in Georgia for the transfer to the surrogate womb. If pregnancy is not achieved after three attempts the surrogate mother will be replaced in order to increase the success rate and assure pregnancy.
- Pregnancy and Birth: During pregnancy, the surrogate will undergo a wide range of checkups, hormonal screening, mid-range ultrasound, and amniotic fluid, all in accordance with the couple's request. Once the surrogate is declared pregnant and the pregnancy is considered a healthy one, a pre-birth is obtained in the last phases of pregnancy to establish parental rights for the intended parents. During the pregnancy period, the surrogate will be accompanied by a representative of the center who will visit her at home and go with her for the remaining following treatments.
- Legal Status of the Child: The center will take care of the legal procedures involved in completing and issuing the birth certificate of the newborn child.
6. Do surrogacy laws in Georgia allow a pre-birth order according to the choice of the surrogate mother if none of the parties belong to Georgia?
Yes. A pre-birth order can be obtained in Georgia to obtain legal recognition of the intended parents as the legal parents. A pre-birth order is a legal document assigning parentage to a child and is generally done when none of the parties are from Georgia.
7. Are both the intended parents considered to be the legal parents as per a pre birth order if any one of them being genetically related to the baby?
Yes, the intended parents are considered to be the legal parents as per the pre-birth order when any one of them is genetically related to the baby. Married heterosexual couples along with unmarried heterosexual couples, and same-sex couples can have legal custody of the child provided they have proper legal documentation.
In the Republic of Georgia, the House of Justice issues the birth certificates of babies born from gestational surrogacy. The intended parents are asked to visit the A. House of Justice within 48 hours after their baby’s birth. You can expect around two weeks time or one week if expedited to get a birth certificate. To avoid complex legal issues and strict court process, it is compulsory to apply for the birth certificate within seven days of delivery.
Documents to be submitted to the House of Justice
- Surrogacy Agreement
- Copies of the commissioning parents
- Power of Attorney
- Certificate of embryo transfer into the uterus of the surrogate mother.
- Certificate of Birth
In Georgia, according to surrogacy laws, children of foreigners who are born with the help of surrogacy will have no nationality hence their intended parents should apply for citizenship of their own country through a separate process. The Legislation governs the rules of exit of a child born as a result of In vitro Fertilization or surrogacy from Georgia. (9) Parents prepare the documents as per the requirements of their home country to submit to the embassy. Countries, which require the name of the surrogate to be individually noted on the birth certificate, are not eligible for surrogacy in the Republic of Georgia because only the names of the intended parents appear on the birth certificate and surrogates are not mentioned. The time taken to get travel documents for a child born with the help of surrogacy to foreign nationals is different for different countries. Accordingly, the Legislation of Georgia regulates the birth registration rules of the child born as a result of In vitro Fertilization.
As per the surrogacy laws in Georgia, foreign nationals do not have to be there physically in Georgia to sign surrogacy contracts. If the intended parents are not in the Republic of Georgia at the time of their baby’s delivery, they must arrange a power of attorney in Georgia to a local agency so that they can apply for the birth certificate on behalf of the intended parents. Intended parents can also grant Power of Authority that enables surrogacy agency staff to sign the contract on their behalf. There are still a number of moral and ethical issues regarding surrogacy that needs to be addressed. The need for clear guidelines is identified, particularly concerning the eligibility of intended parents age limitations, the standard process of surrogacy and so on. Laws should be framed and implemented to cover the grey areas and to protect the rights of all parties to any surrogacy contract in Georgia. (9)
Surrogacy, although a complex medical procedure, it can be carried out smoothly if done with proper research and assistance. Elawoman is a professional organization that has a rich experience in the field of surrogacy. We bridge the gap between patients in India and surrogacy centres in Georgia. We bring forth complete surrogacy packages and an understanding of surrogacy laws in Georgia to help our patients have fulfilling pregnancy experience in the state of Georgia with no legal hassles. Call us at +918929020600 - Elawoman to know more about surrogacy in Georgia. You may also get in touch with us for any help regarding infertility treatments like IVF.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
- ^ Search of Surrogates, Foreign Couples Descend on Ukraine - BBC Bbc.com, 28 March 2019
- ^ Insight into Different Aspects of Surrogacy Practices - NCBI Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 28 March 2019
- ^ Regional Center for Surrogacy - Chai Khana Chai-khana.org, 28 March 2019
- ^ Gestational Surrogacy, Ethics and the Family - Research Gate Researchgate.net, 28 March 2019
- ^ Surrogacy Agreements - Law Readingroom.law.gsu.edu, 28 March 2019
- ^ Legal Regulation of Surrogacy In Georgia - Grigol Robakidze University Eujournal.org, 28 March 2019
- ^ Surrogacy Laws Georgia - Gsmglobal Gsmglobal.ge, 28 March 2019
- ^ The Benefits of Surrogacy in Georgia - Pundekauthodo Pundekauthodo.co.il, 28 March 2019
- ^ Gestational Surrogacy in the Republic of Georgia - Google Books.google.co.in, 28 March 2019
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