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    Zika Virus - An Alarming Threat to Pregnant Women in the 21st century

    • 4.7   (5 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 04 Jan 2019 - Written by Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani - Fellowship, MS, MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    Zika Virus is one of the threats for pregnant women in the recent times. Zika Virus symptoms need to be noted to take possible Zika Virus treatment to avoid cases of miscarriage. Zika Virus affects pregnant women in the form of miscarriages and birth defects. Although, the cases noted with pregnancy failures are quite less.

    Let’s Discuss in More Details About Zika Virus:

    1. What is Zika Virus?

    • Zika Virus is spread by mosquitoes called Aedes which are mainly active during day-time. Zika Virus can spread through a mosquito bite or if mosquito leaves her saliva on food items kept in open.
    • Zika Virus belongs to a family of viruses called Flaviviridae. This virus comes from Zika Forest in Uganda. Hence, it is named Zika Virus. This is the place where it was first found in the year 1947.

    Zika Virus, Zika

    • Coming in contact with Zika Virus may lead to symptoms like fever, headache, rashes, joint pains, and red eyes.
    • Zika virus-carrying mosquitoes also carry other viral diseases like dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.

    2. How does it affect Pregnant Women?

    • Zika Virus has very adverse effects on Pregnant Women. It can pass to the fetus and can cause birth defects which are hard to cure afterward.
    • Most of the people affected with Zika Virus may show mild or no symptoms and hence, it becomes difficult to diagnose its presence inside the body.
    • The Pregnant women who are infected with Zika Virus, sometimes show almost no symptoms - which in turn makes it the most threatening adversity of Zika Virus.
    • If not treated, Pregnant Women can pass the Zika Virus to their fetus causing severe birth defects like the limited motion of joints, difficulty in swallowing, hearing and vision problems and abnormal development of the brain (small heads or microcephaly).

    Pregnant Women, CDC

    3. What are those measures, which CDC has taken?

    • CDC has been working very efficiently in the field of preventing Zika Virus infections for Pregnant Women.
    • Scientists under CDC (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention) have tried testing Zika Virus syndrome through antibodies. But as antibodies can live inside the blood for not more than 12 weeks so this was found to be of no use for pregnant infected women.
    • As per research of CDC Zika Virus team, it was found that out of 1,751 zika pregnancy cases in 50 states of Columbia 91 babies were born with birth defects and only 8 cases were registered with miscarriage and stillbirth issues. So it was decisively confirmed by CDC that this threat of Zika Virus is not that severed.
    • CDC has now changed the usual testing recommendation for Zika Virus to Specific Zika Virus Test, as usual blood is unable to detect infection.
    • CDC has now introduced guidelines for testing the serum and urine of the pregnant women with Zika Virus Ribonucleic Acid (RNA ) and nucleic acid testing (NAT) to allow for early diagnosis of the Virus. If such tests show positive, its declared to be a case of acute infection of Zika Virus. For such cases, CDC has provided instructions to treat the infected using a strict medicinal rehab.

    CDC, CDC Zika Virus

    • CDC has also introduced guidelines to treat pregnant women with vaccines so that they may not get infected with Zika Virus.

    Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani

    Written by

    Fellowship, MS, MBBS, DNB
    Laparoscopic Surgeon, Gynecologic Surgeon
    Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani is an Infertility Specialist, Gynecologic Surgeon and Obstetrician, located in Mumbai and having an experience of almost a decade. Her alma mater is B J MEDICAL COLLEGE in Pune from where she completed her MBBS and MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 2007 and 2009, respectively. In the following year, she pursued her DNB in Obstetrics and Gynecology. She received her Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine from Krishna IVF Vizag and Nadkarni IVF Centre, Surat in 2013. She is the member of 3 different associations i.e. Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction (ISAR), Indian Medical Association (IMA), and Association of Medical Consultants. Her area of expertise includes Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Hysterectomy (Abdominal/Vaginal), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Caesarean Section and In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF). She is a consultant in Veda Fertility And Urology Care, Mira Road and is a visiting consultant in Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road, Mumbai. You can get the contact details of Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani at


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    Madhur Chawla

    Please suggest when to take this vaccination before or after conceiving? My wife is 4 weeks pregnant now, can she have this vaccination?

    July 31, 2018, 12:04 p.m. 4.5


    Bharti Shrestha

    Thanks to CDC for obtaining such vaccination for Zika virus. Every woman should have this before conceiving.

    March 2, 2018, 5:15 p.m. 5.0


    Deepak Nagpal

    Thanks for the knowledge! I will keep my wife safer from those viruses.

    Nov. 12, 2017, 3:59 p.m. 5.0


    Shmabhavi Tripura

    At times it's very difficult to check zika virus because till date there is no evidence that dogs or cats can transmit or contract Zika virus. Infection can come to humans and primates and Zika virus is transmitted through mosquito bites, as per study till now. Rodents can also transfer but this is…

    Oct. 26, 2017, 3:30 p.m. 4.5


    Kapil Kumar

    Mosquitoes are extremely dangerous. Their species should be vanished immediately. Otherwise, they will keep on harming us every year with malaria, dengue, chikungunya or zika.

    Oct. 26, 2017, 3:08 p.m. 4.5

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