Book an Appointment
+91-7899912611
pregnancy

What is Prenatal Care?

  • 4.8 (5 Votes)
  • 136994 views

Prenatal care or antenatal care involves regular care, testing and consultation with your Gynecologist throughout the pregnancy months. This makes sure that both the mother and the baby remain healthy during the entire nine-month period.

Prenatal Care is an essential part of the pregnancy care.  It is one of the crucial steps, which determine the success of the pregnancy of a woman for the period of nine months till the baby is born. Doctors recommend that one must consider the prenatal care seriously in a proper manner.  You need to have a clear understanding of the different aspects of the prenatal care in pregnancy. Some of these include the importance and frequency of the prenatal appointments. Diet during pregnancy also plays a bigger role in the healthy development of the baby inside the womb.

Importance of Prenatal Care

A pregnant lady must focus on caring herself as well as her baby in a proper manner. This ensures that the health of the to-be-mother and the child is safeguarded in the required way. A pregnant lady can discuss the pregnancy symptoms and other experiences with her gynecologist openly. This ensures she is keeping transparency regarding any changes or discomfort in the body. Pregnant ladies must ensure that the prenatal care sessions are taken on a regular basis with the gynecologist or midwife. Your gynecologist ensures that you follow a nutritional diet and do not face any nutritional deficiency at the time of your pregnancy. With routine checkups you get a clear idea of the health of your baby, which ensures that the baby’s development is up to the mark.

When to Commence Prenatal Care Appointments?

There is an increasing awareness regarding the importance of prenatal care appointments in recent times. It is recommended that pregnant ladies should consult their gynecologists once then they get to know that they are pregnant. In this way, the respective pregnant ladies can ensure a professional monitoring on themselves during the entire pregnancy tenure.

prenatal care

Frequency of Prenatal Care Visits

The frequency of the prenatal care visits depends on the duration of the pregnancy and health of the to-be-mother. Number of visits varies depending upon the health conditions of the pregnant lady. The doctor decides the frequency of the prenatal care visits. This will ensure that you do not miss any of the required appointments during your pregnancy period.

  • In the first 7 months, pregnant ladies are asked to visit after every 4-6 weeks. This ensures that in the first trimester, the pregnant lady can follow the instructions of the doctor and practice accordingly. Know growth of fetus at 12 week pregnancy.
  • In the 8th month, the doctor reduces the gap between the appointments and asks the pregnant woman to meet after every 2 weeks. This helps in closely monitoring the condition of the pregnant lady and that of the child in the mother’s womb.
  • In the last predicted month of the pregnancy,the gynecologist recommends the pregnant ladies to come for the prenatal care appointment once every week until the time of the delivery. During the last prenatal care appointments, you will get to know the type of labor and the approximate delivery date. This will help you to stay updated and prepared for the delivery type and procedure.

What Happens During Prenatal Care Visit?

In the first prenatal care visit, a thorough checkup of the pregnant lady is carried out at the gynecology centre, hospital or clinic. This visit also includes several types of tests.

  • Measuring height, weight, BMI.
  • Pelvic examination
  • Pap test
  • Tests for checking sexually transmitted diseases like Chlamydia, gonorrhea, HIV as well as syphilis.

Role of the Family during Pregnancy

The family of the pregnant lady plays a crucial role in the proper care of her during nine months of pregnancy. Partners or to-be-fathers need to provide a peaceful and happy environment to the pregnant ladies. In this way, the pregnant ladies can stay happy which will eventually provide a healthy environment for the development of the child in the mother’s womb.Family members need to make sure that the pregnant ladies are not exposed to any negative entertainment media.

Family during pregnancy

Diet during pregnancy

A healthy diet is an important part of successful prenatal care during the pregnancy period. It is essential to follow a diet routine during your pregnancy and follow it properly even after the birth of the child.

Here are some of the foods, which you need to eat properly if you want to have a healthy pregnancy and give birth to a healthy child.  

1- Dairy products like milk, Greek yogurt and cheese. This helps to increase the calcium intake and benefits to a great extent for the pregnant lady and baby too.

2- Legumes are highly recommended to the pregnant ladies due to the presence of the high percentage of the presence of fiber, iron, protein and calcium.

3- Fishes like salmons are preferred for pregnant ladies to provide the required levels of omega-3 acids and Vitamin D. If you are a vegetarian lady, then you can consult your gynecologist and opt for the omega-3 supplements on a regular basis. If you are a non-vegetarian then you can also choose for eggs on a regular basis.

4- Leafy vegetables like broccoli, spinach, and kale are one of the staple components of the diet of a pregnant lady. This ensures that the pregnant lady consumes vitamins like Vitamin C, K, A as well as calcium, potassium, and iron on a regular basis.

Types of Prenatal Caregivers

In the modern times, there are caregivers who are responsible for providing the required guidance and timely treatments to the pregnant ladies from time to time throughout the pregnancy tenure.

1- Gynecologist: This is one of the preferred types of prenatal caregivers. A doctor who is a gynecologist is responsible for taking care of the pregnant ladies and the babies throughout the pregnancy period.

2- Family Practice Physician: Family Practice Physicians are responsible for treating pregnant ladies. They successfully pursue and pass advanced training in the field of gynecology and obstetrics. These caregivers usually carry out delivery procedures in a big clinical set-up or hospital.

Family practice physician

3- Certified Nurse or Midwife: At times, when an individual is unable to find access to a gynecologist or family practice physician, the role of midwife or certified nurse comes into the picture. Certified nurse or midwife provides the required services to the pregnant ladies. The midwife counsels the pregnant ladies well and keeps them motivated during the pregnancy tenure. In this way, pregnant ladies can receive the required motivation from time to time until the birth of the baby.

Tests during Prenatal Care Period

1- Ultrasound: It is performed at 18-20 weeks of pregnancy. It is useful to check the development of the child, which ensures that the child’s growth is progressing at the desired levels. Also, the number of fetuses is diagnosed with the help of the ultrasound.  Twin or multiple pregnancies can be ruled out at this stage. Some doctors also prefer ultrasounds in the first trimester to identify any chromosomal abnormality if present. Ultrasound is also done to monitor fetal heart rate.

2- Amniocentesis: It is usually recommended for the pregnant ladies above the age of 35 years of age. It is performed between the time periods of 16 to 21 weeks. It helps to determine any chromosomal defect in the babies in mother’s womb.

3- Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS): It helps in diagnosing the chromosomal abnormalities like Down syndrome, sickle cell anemia and cystic fibrosis in the growing babies.

In this way, prenatal care has proved to be of great benefit for the pregnant ladies. There are various aspects of the prenatal care during the pregnancies, which need to be focused and implemented with care without any negligence.

Explore more to know the difference between implantation bleeding and periods. Also, learn how to calculate pregnancy due date.

Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani

About The Author

Gynecologic Surgeon, Laparoscopic Surgeon Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani
Mumbai

Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani is an Infertility Specialist, Gynecologic Surgeon and Obstetrician, located in Mumbai and having an experience of almost a decade. Her alma mater is B J MEDICAL COLLEGE in Pune from where she completed her MBBS and MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 2007 and 2009, respectively. In the following year, she pursued her DNB in Obstetrics and Gynecology. She received her Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine from Krishna IVF Vizag and Nadkarni IVF Centre, Surat in 2013. She is the member of 3 different associations i.e. Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction (ISAR), Indian Medical Association (IMA), and Association of Medical Consultants. Her area of expertise includes Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Hysterectomy (Abdominal/Vaginal), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Caesarean Section and In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF). She is a consultant in Veda Fertility And Urology Care, Mira Road and is a visiting consultant in Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road, Mumbai. You can get the contact details of Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani at elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. Top 10 early pregnancy symptoms pregnancy symptoms, Elawoman - 2017
  2. Know all about gynecology and gynecologists gynecologist, Elawoman - 2017
  3. Certain foods and drinks that increase fertility nutritional diet, Elawoman - 2017
  4. Know growth of 12 weeks fetus, while 12 weeks pregnant 12 week pregnancy, Elawoman - 2017
  5. Environmental and occupational factors affecting female fertility healthy environment, Elawoman - 2017
  6. Which are the most fertile days to plan pregnancy pregnancy, Elawoman - 2017
  7. What is fetal heart rate monitoring (fhr)? monitor fetal heart rate, Elawoman - 2018
  8. How to differentiate between implantation bleeding and period? implantation bleeding and periods, Elawoman - 2018
  9. How to know due date of pregnancy and pregnancy weeks? calculate pregnancy due date, Elawoman - 2017

5 Comments

user_img

Sandhya Shah

I can't imagine my pregnancy without Dr. Tejwani. She took care of me very well during my prenatal care. Many thanks to her.

Sept. 15, 2018, 2:45 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Subadra Chand

The most accurate points are mentioned in the article which a woman requires during her pregnancy. Must read article!

Sept. 10, 2018, 12:01 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Kayla Williams

Quite a satisfying piece of writing. Covered various aspects of prenatal care. Liked the in-depth analysis of different needs and phases. Good job!

June 4, 2018, 5:02 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Janvi Chetan

Women require various injections during their pregnancy. So, prenatal care helps expecting women to track all of their required needs.

May 6, 2018, 5:41 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Madhulika Dharmarajji Zoting

I will visit my gyne soon.

May 6, 2018, 3:16 p.m. 4.5

View all comments

Leave a Comment

Rating

Disclaimer

The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

Related Article view all

Pregnancy
How to Improve Food Digestion During Pregnancy
Dr. Pushpa Kaul
Dr. Pushpa Kaul 4.5 (1 Votes)

How to Improve Food Digestion During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, a woman goes through hormonal changes. Some of these changes can cause adverse effects on your digestive system. Know the factors that can help you improve your digestive system. Some of these factors include staying hydrated, eating fibre rich foods, exercising, quitting drinking and smoking.

Read More

Pregnancy
Importance of Postnatal Care for Mother and Newborn
Dr. Aanchal Agarwal
Dr. Aanchal Agarwal 4.8 (6 Votes)

Importance of Postnatal Care for Mother and Newborn

Post Natal Period is the time after the baby is born and this is the time when maximum care is required by both the baby as well as the mother. You should be aware of various aspects of this phase like doctor visits, health check-ups, breast-feeding, self-care etc. Postnatal care helps the woman in regaining her strength and health.

Read More

Pregnancy
7 Post Pregnancy Exercises to Lose Extra Fats
Dr. Chitwan Dubey
Dr. Chitwan Dubey 4.7 (6 Votes)

7 Post Pregnancy Exercises to Lose Extra Fats

Maintaining an exercise routine after you have given birth would not only get you back in shape but it also makes it easy for you to steer clear of postpartum depression. You can start with exercises such as Running or Walking, Deep Breathing with Crunches, Forearm Plank, Walking Leap, Pushups, Wide Lifts and Floor Bridge to shed extra weight around your belly, thighs, butts and other body parts.

Read More

More From Author

Pregnancy
Zika Virus A Threat to Pregnant Women

Zika Virus A Threat to Pregnant Women

Centre for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) has been for so long...

Read More

Pregnancy
7 Weeks Pregnant, Time to Reveal the Secret

7 Weeks Pregnant, Time to Reveal the Secret

If you are 7 weeks pregnant and you have still kept it a secret, th...

Read More

Fertility Boosters
Physical Factors To Consider Before Donating Sperm

Physical Factors To Consider Before Donating Sperm

Donating sperm can enrich many lives and fulfill their dreams of ha...

Read More

Trending Articles

surrogacy
surrogacy

5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

Read More 4.5 (1 Votes)

IVF
ivf

Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

Read More 4.7 (3 Votes)

surrogacy
surrogacy

Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centers and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

Read More 4.8 (2 Votes)