Book an Appointment
+91-7899912611
pregnancy

Pulmonology and Pulmonologist - Must Know Facts

  • 4.7 (5 Votes)
  • 11793 views

If you are wondering what is Pulmonology and who is a Pulmonologist, then in this article, we bring you all the answers. Here you will also find pulmonology types, treatments and how pulmonary disease during pregnancy can be treated.

What is Pulmonology?

Pulmonology is a specialization in medical science which studies and treat problems in the respiratory organs in human body. For your information, respiratory system in a human body consists of Nose and Nasal cavity, Mouth, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi and Bronchioles, Lungs and Intercostal muscles.  The word Pulmonology is a mix of Greek and Spanish origin where 'pulmo' means lung and 'logia' means study. Pulmonology is known as Pneumology, Respirology and Respiratory Medicine, Chest Medicine etc. simultaneously. Due to the sensitive nature of cases, Pulmonology falls under intensive care medicine.

Who is a Pulmonologist?

The person who is specialized in Pulmonology to diagnose and treat respiratory area problems is known as Pulmonologist. Generally, Pulmonologists are trained to treat respiratory diseases and disorders such as

1- Respiratory infections such as Tonsilitis, Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis medica, Influenza, Nasal Congestion etc.

2- Structural respiratory disorders- Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Pneumonia, Bronchitis etc.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

3- Inflammatory problems in respiratory tract- Pulmonary Fibrosis, Bronchial Tube Infection, Lung Hyperinflation etc.

4- Neoplasia of respiratory system- Abnormal growth of tissues in lungs in the form of tumor.

5- Other than that, cardiovascular issues are also covered by Pulmonologists along with pulmonary vascular disease (problem in the blood vessels that run between heart and lungs), which may affect the entire body along with the respiratory areas.

How to become a Pulmonologist?

Pulmonology is a degree in internal medicine. Once a person completes his/her graduation from a recognized medical school, he/she can opt for Pulmonology after clearing Internal Medicine Board Certificate Examination. Certificate in Pulmonary medicine is provided after 3 years of extensive training. Within this 3 years, 18 months is invested in clinical training, other 12 months are for critical care training and 6 months of practical work training is provided to treat critically ill medical patients.

Pulmonology Treatments- Tests & Procedures

There are various types of pulmonology procedures and test on the basis of pulmonology treatments as discussed below-

1- Bronchoscopy- Pulmonology procedure performed with a Bronchoscope to examine the airways in lungs.

2- Chest Fluoroscopy- It is an imaging test to examine how well your lungs are working.

3- Chest Ultrasound- It is an imaging with sound waves to examine the organ structures in the chest in order to see if your lungs and heart is working fine.

4- Chest X-Ray- Imaging test to examine the wellness of chest organs through X-Ray.
Chest X-ray

5- Computed Tomography Scan of Chest- Imaging test through X-Ray and computer technology to produce a detail image of the chest area.

6- Lobectomy- Surgery to remove lobes of the lungs.

7- Lung Biopsy- Surgical procedure to remove a tissue from lung to examine lung situation or any particular disease.

8- Lung Transplant- Surgery done to remove a damaged lung and replace it with healthy lung from a donor.

9- Mediastinoscopy- Procedure to examine mediastinum (space behind breastbone).

10- Pulse Oximetry- Pulmonology test to measure how oxygen saturation is happening in the important organs of your body including heart.

11- Peak Flow Measurement- Test to measure airflow out of the lungs.

12- Pleural Biopsy- Surgery to remove tissue from pleura (membrane surrounding the lungs)

13- Pulmonary Function Tests- A non-invasive test to see how the lungs are functioning.

14- Sinus X-Ray- Imaging test using X-Ray to examine your sinuses (air-filled cavities near the nasal passage).

15- Thoracentesis- Procedure to remove air fluid from or around the lungs.

Pulmonary Disease in Pregnancy

During a normal course of pregnancy, the respiratory system of the pregnant woman goes through a number of anatomic and physiological changes. These changes often lead to acute pulmonary diseases such as

  • Pulmonary Edema- Accumulation of fluid in the tissue and air pockets of the lungs.
  • Amniotic Fluid Embolism- It is a rare childbirth emergency. Here the amniotic fluid gets mixed with the bloodstream of the mother and results into cardiorespiratory collapse and massive bleeding.
  • Thromboembolic Disease- Disorder of blood clot formation in blood vessels, which causes respiratory issues.
  • Asthma- Asthma is an inflammatory disease in the airway of the lungs.
  • Sarcoidosis- Inflammatory disease which affects multiple organs in the body mostly lungs and lymph glands.

In case you are facing any of the above conditions during pregnancy then please make sure to get in touch with a good Pulmonologist to avoid the risks.

Hope this article has been able to resolve your queries on Pulmonology and Pulmonologist. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Dr. Aanchal Agarwal

About The Author

Obstetrician Dr. Aanchal Agarwal
Delhi

Dr. Aanchal Agarwal is an infertility specialist and gynecologist who has graduated MBBS from University of Delhi in 2001 and then pursued DGO from University of Delhi in 2004. Dr. Aanchal specializes in treating patients with IVF, IUI, High-risk pregnancy care and Normal vaginal delivery procedures. Dr. Aanchal Agarwal is at present practicing at BLK Super Speciality Hospital, Pusa Road, Delhi. You can find more information on elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

    5 Comments

    user_img

    Priyank Sharma

    I will have Chest Fluoroscopy test to check the functioning of my lungs. Pollution levels have increased at an alarming stage. So, one should get such types of tests from time to time.

    Oct. 2, 2018, 1:20 p.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Chitra

    Smokers have around 50% chances to be caught with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). So, it is better to quit smoking! Indeed, an interesting blog!

    April 13, 2018, 1:37 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Shivangi Shah

    During pregnancy, women need to be alert and take proper care of themselves, so that they do not suffer from any kind of breathing problems.

    Feb. 19, 2018, 9:42 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Kapil Kumar

    I have heard that Narayana Medical Centre, Bangalore and Shri Mata Vaishno Devi Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Jammu are the best hospitals where pulmonology treatments are done in the most effective and successful manner.

    Oct. 27, 2017, 2:50 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Tamanna Singh

    Pulmonary diseases in pregnancy includes cardiovascular changes like increased heart rate and increased stroke volume. One should be very careful with their smell and breathe sensitivities as any kind of infection is not good for pregnancy at any stage.

    Oct. 27, 2017, 2:50 p.m. 5.0

    View all comments

    Leave a Comment

    Rating

    Disclaimer

    The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

    It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

    Related Article view all

    Pregnancy
    How to Improve Food Digestion During Pregnancy
    Dr. Pushpa Kaul
    Dr. Pushpa Kaul 4.5 (1 Votes)

    How to Improve Food Digestion During Pregnancy

    During pregnancy, a woman goes through hormonal changes. Some of these changes can cause adverse effects on your digestive system. Know the factors that can help you improve your digestive system. Some of these factors include staying hydrated, eating fibre rich foods, exercising, quitting drinking and smoking.

    Read More

    Pregnancy
    Importance of Postnatal Care for Mother and Newborn
    Dr. Aanchal Agarwal
    Dr. Aanchal Agarwal 4.8 (6 Votes)

    Importance of Postnatal Care for Mother and Newborn

    Post Natal Period is the time after the baby is born and this is the time when maximum care is required by both the baby as well as the mother. You should be aware of various aspects of this phase like doctor visits, health check-ups, breast-feeding, self-care etc. Postnatal care helps the woman in regaining her strength and health.

    Read More

    Pregnancy
    7 Post Pregnancy Exercises to Lose Extra Fats
    Dr. Chitwan Dubey
    Dr. Chitwan Dubey 4.7 (6 Votes)

    7 Post Pregnancy Exercises to Lose Extra Fats

    Maintaining an exercise routine after you have given birth would not only get you back in shape but it also makes it easy for you to steer clear of postpartum depression. You can start with exercises such as Running or Walking, Deep Breathing with Crunches, Forearm Plank, Walking Leap, Pushups, Wide Lifts and Floor Bridge to shed extra weight around your belly, thighs, butts and other body parts.

    Read More

    More From Author

    In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
    9 Best IVF Doctors in Noida With High Success Rates
    Dr. Aanchal Agarwal
    Dr. Aanchal Agarwal 4.8 (2 Votes)

    9 Best IVF Doctors in Noida With High Success Rates

    Are you looking for the best IVF doctors in Noida with high success...

    Read More

    Lifestyle
    7 Honest Confessions From Girls after Pregnancy
    Dr. Aanchal Agarwal
    Dr. Aanchal Agarwal 4.8 (5 Votes)

    7 Honest Confessions From Girls after Pregnancy

    If you are someone who has gained in new dimensions post your pregn...

    Read More

    Pregnancy
    Calorie Intake for Pregnant Women
    Dr. Aanchal Agarwal
    Dr. Aanchal Agarwal 4.7 (5 Votes)

    Calorie Intake for Pregnant Women

    According to a survey conducted by ELA, majority of pregnant women ...

    Read More

    Trending Articles

    surrogacy
    surrogacy

    5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

    Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

    Read More 4.5 (1 Votes)

    IVF
    ivf

    Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

    Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

    Read More 4.7 (3 Votes)

    surrogacy
    surrogacy

    Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

    In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centers and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

    Read More 4.8 (2 Votes)