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Pulmonology is the branch of medicine specialized by a Pulmonologist. Pulmonology critical care is a crucial part of medicine. Chronic pulmonary obstructive disease treatment is performed by pulmonologist. Pulmonary diseases during pregnancy include asthma, thromboembolic disease, sarcoidosis, amniotic fluid embolism, and pulmonary edema.
Let’s Discuss in More Details About Pulmonology and Pulmonologist:
- What Is Pulmonology?
- Who Is a Pulmonologist?
- How to Become a Pulmonologist?
- Pulmonology Treatments Tests, Procedures?
- Pulmonary Disease in Pregnancy?
Pulmonology is a specialization in medical science which studies and treat problems in the respiratory organs in the human body. For your information, the respiratory system in a human body consists of Nose and Nasal cavity, Mouth, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi and Bronchioles, Lungs and Intercostal muscles. The word Pulmonology is a mix of Greek and Spanish origin where 'pulmo' means lung and 'logia' means study. Pulmonology is known as Pneumology, Respirology and Respiratory Medicine, Chest Medicine, etc. simultaneously. Due to the sensitive nature of cases, Pulmonology falls under intensive care medicine. (1) (2)
The person who is specialized in Pulmonology to diagnose and treat respiratory area problems is known as Pulmonologist. Generally, Pulmonologists are trained to treat respiratory diseases and disorders such as (3) (4)
1- Respiratory infections such as Tonsilitis, Pharyngitis, Sinusitis, Otitis media, Influenza, Nasal Congestion, etc.
2- Structural respiratory disorders- Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Pneumonia, Bronchitis, etc.
3- Inflammatory problems in the respiratory tract- Pulmonary Fibrosis, Bronchial Tube Infection, Lung Hyperinflation, etc.
4- Neoplasia of respiratory system- Abnormal growth of tissues in the lungs in the form of a tumor.
5- Other than that, cardiovascular issues are also covered by Pulmonologists along with pulmonary vascular disease (a problem in the blood vessels that run between heart and lungs), which may affect the entire body along with the respiratory areas.
Pulmonology is a degree in internal medicine. Once a person completes his/her graduation from a recognized medical school, he/she can opt for Pulmonology after clearing the Internal Medicine Board Certificate Examination. Certificate in Pulmonary medicine is provided after 3 years of extensive training. Within these 3 years, 18 months is invested in clinical training, the other 12 months are for critical care training and 6 months of practical work training is provided to treat critically ill medical patients. (5) (6)
There are various types of pulmonology procedures and test on the basis of pulmonology treatments as discussed below (7)-
1- Bronchoscopy- Pulmonology procedure performed with a Bronchoscope to examine the airways in the lungs.
2- Chest Fluoroscopy- It is an imaging test to examine how well your lungs are working.
3- Chest Ultrasound- It is imaging with sound waves to examine the organ structures in the chest in order to see if your lungs and heart is working fine.
4- Chest X-Ray- Imaging test to examine the wellness of chest organs through X-Ray.
5- Computed Tomography Scan of Chest- Imaging test through X-Ray and computer technology to produce a detailed image of the chest area.
6- Lobectomy- Surgery to remove lobes of the lungs.
7- Lung Biopsy- Surgical procedure to remove tissue from the lung to examine lung situation or any particular disease.
8- Lung Transplant- Surgery is done to remove a damaged lung and replace it with a healthy lung from a donor.
9- Mediastinoscopy- Procedure to examine mediastinum (space behind the breastbone).
10- Pulse Oximetry- Pulmonology test to measure how oxygen saturation is happening in the important organs of your body including the heart.
11- Peak Flow Measurement- Test to measure airflow out of the lungs.
12- Pleural Biopsy- Surgery to remove tissue from pleura (the membrane surrounding the lungs)
13- Pulmonary Function Tests- A non-invasive test to see how the lungs are functioning.
14- Sinus X-Ray- Imaging test using X-Ray to examine your sinuses (air-filled cavities near the nasal passage).
15- Thoracentesis- Procedure to remove air fluid from or around the lungs.
During a normal course of pregnancy, the respiratory system of the pregnant woman goes through a number of anatomic and physiological changes. These changes often lead to acute pulmonary diseases such as (8)
- Pulmonary Edema- Accumulation of fluid in the tissue and air pockets of the lungs. (9)
- Amniotic Fluid Embolism- It is a rare childbirth emergency. Here the amniotic fluid gets mixed with the bloodstream of the mother and results into cardiorespiratory collapse and massive bleeding.
- Thromboembolic Disease- Disorder of blood clot formation in blood vessels, which causes respiratory issues.
- Asthma- Asthma is an inflammatory disease in the airway of the lungs. (10)
- Sarcoidosis- Inflammatory disease which affects multiple organs in the body mostly lungs and lymph glands.
In case you are facing any of the above conditions during pregnancy then please make sure to get in touch with a good Pulmonologist to avoid the risks.
Hope this article has been able to resolve your queries on Pulmonology and Pulmonologist. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.
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