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    pregnancy delivery

    Blood Test and its Side Effects in Pregnancy

    • 12787 views
    • 4.9   (6 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 07 Jan 2019 - Written by Dr. Rekha Gupta - MS, MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    Blood tests are an integral part of pregnancy. Some common blood tests are performed to check presence of abnormalities in fetus, infections, gestational diabetes. There are different kinds of blood tests for pregnancy which are Hemoglobin blood test, Rubella Test, HIV Test, and Hepatitis B test.

    Let’s Discuss in More Details About Blood Testing During Pregnancy:

    Blood tests are usually done to check for anything that may cause a problem during pregnancy or after pregnancy. Some tests are meant for all women, while some are only offered if the expectant mother is at risk of a particular infection or inherited condition. It is also done to check a baby’s health. All blood tests are usually optional. A doctor explains about the tests beforehand, so that you can decide whether to go for it. There are many reasons why a blood test is conducted during pregnancy. Some of them include:

    • To confirm blood group ( A, B, AB or O).
    • To identify any infections or diseases
    • To identify if the fetus is at risk of any abnormality.
    • A blood test helps a doctor to analyze the overall health and find out about a possibility of an issue later during pregnancy.
    • To check if Rh is positive or negative.
    • To check the levels of glucose, iron and hemoglobin.
    • To check if one is immune to rubella, hepatitis B, syphilis.
    • Additional blood testing may be required to monitor potential complications, like anemia or diagnosis of possible infections, such as toxoplasmosis.
    • If the mother has gestational diabetes.

    Different Kinds of Blood Tests During Pregnancy

    Given below are the different types of blood tests conducted during pregnancy.

    different kinds of blood tests

    1. Test To Confirm Blood Group

    A blood test is done to confirm a person’s blood group. There are four types of blood groups A, B, AB or O. This test is useful in case of blood transfusion during pregnancy or delivery. 

    2. Rhesus Factor Test

    After blood group is confirmed, the next step is finding out the Rh type. This test is done to determine the presence of ‘D’ antigen on the surface of red blood cells. If the antigen is present, the mother is Rh-positive and if absent then she is Rh-negative. A positive blood group of both baby and mother is favorable. In case the mother’s blood group is negative, her body can produce antibodies against the baby’s blood. This may not affect the current pregnancy but may affect any future pregnancies in a negative way. If the Rh types of both the parents do not match, the doctor administers a shot of Rh immunoglobulin. This shot prevents mother’s body from producing antigens for the current as well as for future pregnancies.

    3. Hemoglobin Levels

    Hemoglobin levels are checked during the 28th week of pregnancy. A blood test can tell whether hemoglobin levels are less, which is a sign of iron-deficiency anemia. The expected level of hemoglobin should be between 12 to 14 grams. If you are anemic due to iron deficiency, the doctor may prescribe iron supplements and advise you to eat iron-rich foods. Treatment for anemia can be prescribed, if the level falls below ten grams. Blood test for hemoglobin can also check the platelet count. Increased white blood cells could be signs of an infection.

    Hemoglobin Levels

    4. Rubella Test

    This test is conducted to check the level of antibodies present against the rubella virus in the blood. If rubella virus is contracted during pregnancy, it can cause serious health issues like miscarriage, stillbirths, birth defects and premature births. Most women are immune to rubella, either because they were vaccinated before or contracted rubella as a child. If the mother is not immune, she can get a vaccination called Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) to prevent problems in future pregnancies.

    5. HIV Test

    One of the most important tests during pregnancy is for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that causes AIDS. HIV affects the body’s ability to fight against infection; it passes on to others through blood or sexual intercourse. If the blood test shows a positive sign, the doctor can prescribe a treatment to help the mother to fight infection. New medicines can also reduce the chances of the virus from transmitting to the baby during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding.

    6. Hepatitis B Test

    Hepatitis B can cause significant health problems and mainly affects the liver. Many women do not realize the symptoms of this disease and unknowingly pass it to their baby during labor. Hepatitis B test is conducted to check if a mother is a carrier of Hepatitis B.

    If the blood test indicates a positive sign, the doctor gives the baby a Hepatitis B immunoglobulin injection. The first shot of Hepatitis B vaccine is given within 12 hours of birth, followed by the second shot in the first month and third shot in the sixth month.

    7. Test for Gestational Diabetes

    Gestational Diabetes occurs during pregnancy and it is caused due to high levels of sugar present in the blood. Gestational diabetes happens during the 28th week of pregnancy and disappears after delivery. Diabetes testing is usually done twice during pregnancy. The first test checks if a mother has diabetes or if she is prone to develop diabetes. Doctors conduct the other test to determine the development of diabetes during pregnancy. A blood test is necessary to assess the body’s ability to metabolize sugar and screen for gestational diabetes. It is hard to tell if a mother is suffering from gestational diabetes because there are no symptoms. If left untreated during pregnancy it can affect the baby’s growth. If glucose level is between 130 to 140 milligrams per deciliter of blood, the doctor might request a glucose tolerance test.

    test for gestational diabetes

    Side Effects of Blood Tests

    The result of the blood test can mean a variety of things. Normally there is very little risk associated with a blood test. Apart from some bruising at the site of the injected needle, there are no other side effects from having blood drawn. These blood tests are less expensive and pose no risks to the mother or developing fetus. It gives a clear picture of the baby’s growth and can medically intervene if any defects are discovered. Before having any blood tests, the health center provides adequate information about the tests. This allows one to make a decision to have these blood tests.

    In case of an experience of having issues with giving blood samples, consult a doctor before going for a blood test.

    Make sure to select a reputed diagnostic center before you go for a blood test. Make sure that the center has a trained and experienced staff that knows how to collect and store blood appropriately in a safe tamper free manner. Blood tests and other pregnancy-related tests are mandatory for all pregnant women to check the well-being of both the baby and the mother.

    If you would like more information about pregnancy related articles, you can follow Elawoman blog. With Elawoman, you can find the best blood test centers. Ela also provides medical loans at zero percent EMI to patients who require financial help. For more information, call us at +917899912611.

    Dr. Rekha Gupta

    Written by

    MS, MBBS
    Obstetrician, Gynecologist
    Kanpur

    Dr. Rekha Gupta is an infertility specialist and obstetrician specializing in Laparoscopy surgery, IUI, IVF and High-risk pregnancy care. Dr. Rekha completed MBBS and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology from BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur in 1981 and 1984 respectively. She is a member of various medical associations including Indian Medical Association (IMA), Indian Medical Association (IMA) and Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecological Societies of India (FOGSI). Presently, Dr. Rekha Gupta is practicing her expertise at Sanjeevani Infertility and Test Tube Baby Centre, Saket Nagar, Kanpur.

     

    Dr. Rekha Gupta is well known for her dedicated and compassionate patient care. Through her innovative thinking and cutting-edge treatments protocol she maximise the chance of pregnancy to every patients. Her patients come from all over Kanpur. She incorporates better methods to further improve the quality life of patients who have had a fertility Issues. With her innovative thinking and cutting-edge treatment protocols, she maximizes the chances of pregnancy and minimizes the chances of complications.

     

    Dr. Rekha Gupta works hard as a Gynecologist, Infertility Specialist  and believes in providing help to as many patients as she could. She likes to attend various conferences held at different cities so she could impart her knowledge about gynaecology and infertility. She believes that, by attending workshops conducted by various institutions, she could enhance her understanding of a patient's mind-set which would eventually help her treat the patient better. Dr. Rekha Gupta is known for her humble nature and tender care of patients. The efficiency, dedication, precision and compassion offered at the clinic ensure that the patient's well-being, comfort and needs are kept of top priority.

     

    Dr. Rekha Gupta passionate about delivering the highest standard of healthcare. Dr. Rekha Gupta with her patients to gain detailed understanding of their condition and offers and considerate insights that help in creating an affordable and effective treatment plan for patients. With the cutting-edge medicine, state-of-the-art infrastructure and personalized nursing care, she make sure that the patients are her priority. Dr. Rekha Gupta closely with her patients to gain detailed understanding of their condition and offers and considerate insights that help in creating an affordable and effective treatment plan for patients. She has a 27 years of experience in the field of Gynecologist, and Infertility Specialist.

     

    Dr. Rekha Gupta her patients are completely confident and well aware of the procedures, setting their expectations right. She is admired for her ethical practice and dutifulness. Her dedicated effort to improve quality of service to her patients is extremely appreciated and exhibited in her actions. She is the personal favorite of her patients not just for the skilled doctor she is, but also for her amazing personality. Her commitment to excellence is focused on the needs of each woman throughout all stages of life. Dr. Rekha Gupta is a verified doctor and is registered under 30595 Uttar Pradesh Medical Council, 1986. For further information of Dr. Rekha Gupta, visit elawoman.com

    6 Comments

    user_img

    Adwit V Raijada

    The costs of blood tests for pregnant women is quite affordable. This is one of the plus points due to which one needs to opt for such tests at the time of pregnancy.

    Nov. 27, 2018, 5:38 p.m. 5.0

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    Savita Rana

    My husband made sure that I go through all of the above tests during my pregnancy. I am happy with the results of the tests and each of them showed normal results.

    Nov. 27, 2018, 4:47 p.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Neelima Sinha

    I just got a couple of blood tests performed for my pregnancy. I am satisfied with the way such tests help me to stay in track with my pregnancy.

    Nov. 27, 2018, 1:40 p.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Meena Dixit

    Blood tests form a crucial part of pregnancy. Gestational diabetes can be very commonly seen in pregnant women. Therefore, it makes it important to manage the overall health of the patients.

    Nov. 25, 2018, 12:28 a.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Udit Mishra

    HIV test is one of the important blood tests which every pregnant woman must choose during her pregnancy. This will keep her baby safeguarded from such life-threatening conditions.

    Nov. 24, 2018, 12:51 p.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Kanak Krishnamma

    Blood testing during pregnancy is very important. One should not miss the tests.

    Nov. 23, 2018, 6:01 p.m. 4.5

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