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    pink loader
    planning baby

    What are the top 6 risk factors of pregnancy after 30 and success rates?

    • 207966 views
    • 4.7   (13 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 24 Jan 2019 - Written by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Sailaja Vuppu - MBBS, CCT, MRCOG

    Risk factors of pregnancy after 30 years of age includes miscarriage, premature birth, birth defects, increased chances of infertility, high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, multiple births. IVF success rates after 30 is below 40% and reduces with the increase in age of the woman.

    Infertility can be experienced by women of all ages. The fertility rate is highest among women during their 20’s. Most experts say that there is no one right time to start a family, but there are both pros and cons to giving birth at different ages. In your late 30s and 40s, for instance, you may be more established financially but have a difficult time staying pregnant and later keeping up with an active baby and maintaining your health. However, fertility rate gradually starts declining in women after the age of 30. The success rate of getting pregnant with IVF (In vitro Fertilization) is 25 percent to 30 percent for women in the age group of 30 to 35 and for those women under the age of 40 years, the rate of success gradually drops from five percent to ten percent. According to a study, it has been found that the rate of C-sections was two times higher among women under the age group of 30 to 34 as compared to women in their 20s.

    how to get pregnant, ovulation, pregnancy symptoms

    Risk of pregnancy after 30

    Some of the risk associated with pregnancy after 30 include the following:

    1. Miscarriage

    The risk for miscarriage also rises with age, it usually occurs prior to 20 weeks of pregnancy. Miscarriage rates can rise close to 20 percent after age 35. At age 30, the risk of miscarriage is 1 in 952 risks and by age 35, the chance is 1 in 378. Around 10 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage for women in their early 20s and by early 30s, about 12 percent of women experience miscarriages. After the age of 35, about 18 percent of women can end in miscarriage while 34 percent of miscarriage for women in their early 40’s. Miscarriage after 30’s is caused due to the increased incidence of chromosomal abnormalities.

    2. Birth Defects

    The odds of delivering a baby with a birth defect gradually rise with age. A birth defect is a problem that occurs within the first three months of pregnancy when a baby is developing in the womb. Women who attain pregnancy after 35 years face a higher risk of having a child with one or more birth defects known as congenital malformations. Whereas for younger mothers it is 40 percent less likely to have a child with birth defects. 

    3. Infertility

    After the age of 30, a woman’s body goes through various hormonal and physical changes. With each passing year, the fertility rate declines. Majority of women of age 30 to 35 do not have a problem, however, by 38 or 39 years, age becomes a big factor. According to a study, it has been found that women in their 30’s have only 29 percent of chances of getting pregnant during the most fertile days. Age of male partner also plays an important role in determining fertility rate of a woman. If the male partner is five years older, the fertility rate drops to 15 percent. Whereas if the woman’s partner is five years younger or of the same age, fertility rate increases by 10 percent. Overall, women of age 30 to 35 years have only 15 percent chance of getting pregnant in any single ovulation cycle.

    4. Risks To Baby

    If a woman gets pregnant after 30 years of age there are more chances of miscarriage, the rate of miscarriage is 12 percent. The risk of conceiving a baby with Downs’s syndrome is one in 952 and one in 385 of conceiving a baby with a chromosomal abnormality. Fertility declines with age because the eggs start aging, and they become more difficult to fertilize.

    how to become pregnant, ovulation, pregnancy symptoms

    5. High Blood Pressure

    High blood pressure is a serious concern for most of the pregnant women. It causes serious health issues for both the developing baby and mother. High blood pressure during pregnancy may occur because of an unhealthy lifestyle such as being overweight or obese, smoking, drinking alcohol and not staying active. Women under the age of 30-35 years are at a greater risk of getting high blood pressure during pregnancy as compared to younger women. Hypertension affects almost 10 to 15 percent of pregnant women in this age group.

    4. Gestational Diabetes

    Gestational diabetes affects mother in late pregnancy as the baby grows. Women over the age of 30- 35 years are two to three times more vulnerable of getting gestational diabetes than younger women. Experts say that the risk is even higher if the pregnant woman has gained weight over the years. Gestational diabetes affects around two to ten percent of pregnancies each year. Although, Gestational diabetes does not cause any kind of birth defects, it should not be left untreated. It can lead to Macrosomia or a condition where extra energy is stored as fat in the baby. Macrosomia can damage the shoulders of the baby during birth, lower blood glucose level, obesity, and risk of breathing problems.

    5. Cesarean Delivery

    Cesarean rates are also higher for women after their 30’s because labor tends to take longer in older women. When the second stage of labor surpasses two hours, obstetricians often intervene and do a cesarean in order to reduce stress on the baby. For those women who have never conceived before this age have a 43 percent chance of undergoing a caesarean delivery, compared to a roughly 14 percent of first time mothers in their 20s. Increased C-section rates are caused mainly due to pregnancy problems like fetal distress or prolonged second-stage labor, which are more common for older mothers.

    6. Multiple Births

    Older women have a greater chance of having twin or multiple births, significantly because of a hormonal stimulation in the ovaries that change slightly as a woman ages. There are more chances that the ovaries may release more than one egg. Mothers who take fertility drugs are also at higher risk of having twins or multiple births because the drugs stimulate the ovaries to produce more eggs.

    how to become pregnant, ovulation, pregnancy symptoms

    Fertility Treatment Success Rates After Age 30

    Even though there are many fertility treatments available like IVF and IUI, sometimes a woman’s body may not respond as well to fertility drug hormone. According to a study, it has been found that the percentage of live births from IVF procedures using the mother's eggs tends to decrease with age. The live birth rates for women after IVF treatment are given below:

    • 41.5 % - younger than 35
    • 31.9 % - between the age of 35 to 37
    • 22.1 % - between the age of 38 to 40
    • 12.4 % - between the age of 41 to 42
    • 5 %   - between the age of 43 to 44
    • 1 %   - older than 44 years old

    When ovaries age, it affects the chances of getting pregnant. The uterus does not seem to suffer as dramatically from aging. For those mothers who cannot conceive using their own eggs can turn to egg donor IVF.

    Regardless of age, women who prefer IVF with a donor egg, have 51 percent chances of getting pregnant. If you are 30 years or older, consult a specialist if you have had frequent unprotected sex for at least one year and still not getting pregnant. For more on fertility treatments, follow Elawoman blog, read our articles on getting pregnant.

    If there are medical reasons that are discouraging you from getting pregnant, you should consult Ela even sooner by calling us at +917899912611.

    Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal

    Written by

    MS, MBBS
    Obstetrician, Infertility Specialist
    Agra
    Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal is an obstetrician, gynecologist and infertility specialist who is providing her valuable expertise in the field of gynecology and infertility issues. She ensures that the patients receive the required fertility treatments well on time. Dr. Kavita specializes in the treatments like High Risk Pregnancy Care, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Reproductive Medicine. Currently, she is practicing at Amit Jaggi Memorial Hospital, Vibhav Nagar, Agra.

    SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

    • Anatomy of uterus, functions and uterine conditions in women and pregnancy  uterus, Elawoman - 2017
    • Ivf success rates with donor eggs - egg donation role in infertility treatments  egg donor IVF, Elawoman - 2018
    • Unprotected sex - tips to deal with it, monitoring pregnancy  unprotected sex, Elawoman - 2017

    13 Comments

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    None

    I just found out I was pregnant a little over a month ago and a week and a half ago I had a miscarriage. Unfortunately I know there is no certain reason but I also know because of my age it is more likely to happen. I am only 31

    July 12, 2018, 2:03 a.m. 5.0

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    Casey

    What I have read at a hospital is that one shouldn't even think about getting pregnant after 35. How true is that?

    March 19, 2018, 5:57 p.m. 4.5

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    Sangupt Vasi

    It can't be so tough to have a baby even after turning 30. I have seen many women get pregnant in their late thirties but it's true one can't deny the age factors too.

    March 19, 2018, 4:31 a.m. 4.5

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    Pukhraj Kedarnath

    This has scared me a little for I didn't know the risks factors associated with a pregnancy that occurs post 30.

    March 17, 2018, 4:13 p.m. 4.5

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    Vani

    I know there are risk factors of pregnancy after 30 but what to do? I'm going to try anyways. Wish me luck!

    Feb. 21, 2018, 3:45 p.m. 4.5

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    Kailashchandra Haryadi

    I know many women in my relation who have conceived successfully after getting 30 years or older. But I feel that here it is talking about the risk factors that come into play after 30.

    Dec. 24, 2017, 9:18 p.m. 5.0

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    robina

    This makes me think if age is the real factor behind the miscarriages I had. A bit worried but good I know which direction I'm taking now.

    Dec. 20, 2017, 1:38 a.m. 4.5

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    4 the love of a child

    It is telling about the difficulties that come with an advancing age after 30's that create problem in getting pregnant.

    Dec. 15, 2017, 11:15 p.m. 5.0

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    mum2angel

    I don't know about this article but my mum had three kids no complications at all after the age of 35. My sister was born when my mum was 40 years old. I know other women in my family too that have had kids well into their 30's. At the same time I'm not oblivious to the fact that egg quality and qu…

    Dec. 7, 2017, 9:54 p.m. 4.5

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    Jane Rodriguez

    Nowadays, you can have complications even before you turn up 30. Many of the women have successfully given birth to the babies in their 40s also.

    Dec. 7, 2017, 1:23 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Jane Rodriguez

    Conceiving after 30s is not risky rather it's difficult.

    Dec. 7, 2017, 1:16 p.m. 5.0

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    Earica

    Don't let the stress of the worrying add to your TTC. Do everything right that you know you need to do and take extra precautions with both physical and emotional stress. I will be praying for you all.

    Aug. 4, 2017, 8:56 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Rimpa

    My aunt gave the birth to a baby boy at 40 years. I think the women and men fertility matter the most when it comes to pregnancy.

    Aug. 4, 2017, 2:36 p.m. 4.5

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