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Endometriosis Causes and Symptoms

  • 4.8 (7 Votes)

Endometriosis can lead to painful irregular periods making the menstrual cycle a difficult experience. Here is how it affects periods and causes of endometriosis

Killer cramps are not normal. Periods that last longer than 7 days are not normal. Heavy bleeding that soaks through a tampon every 2 hours is not normal; pain during sex is not normal. Bouts of diarrhea and vomiting that accompany every menstrual cycle are not normal. No, no, and no! For many women, this reality is just endometriosis at work.

Sad truth: Many of us are taught to downplay these symptoms. Our pain is diminished by mothers, sisters, friends and even health care professionals who convince us that everyone goes through this.

Maybe that is why, according to the Endometriosis Foundation of America, it takes 10 years, on average, to receive an accurate endometriosis diagnosis. That’s a decade, people! That’s 130 periods of agony, 912 days of someone asking you to take Advil and suck it up. That is not okay.

Endometriosis is pervasive. It affects 1 in 10 females of reproductive age and an estimated 176 million women worldwide. It occurs when tissue similar to the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) is found outside the uterus in other parts of the body.


There are lots of symptoms that can vary among patients. Pelvic pain is most common, as well as pain that coincides with menstruation. Other symptoms include heavy cramps, long-lasting bleeding, nausea or vomiting, pain during sex and, unfortunately, infertility.

Menstrual Cycle, Causes of Endometriosis

Some women may even experience symptoms throughout their entire cycle.

In addition to these physical symptoms, endometriosis takes a toll on women’s personal and professional lives. Chronic pain can severely affect the quality of life day-to-day; medical care can be extremely costly. Furthermore, absenteeism can alter relationships in the workplace and at home.


Despite the intense discomfort, many women do not realize they have endometriosis until they try to get pregnant. And because the disease tends to get progressively worse over time, approximately 30-40% of women who have endometriosis experience fertility challenges.

There is no simple diagnostic test for endometriosis, no blood, urine, or saliva testing can confirm the condition. The only way to verify endometriosis is to undergo a diagnostic laparoscopy with pathology confirmation of biopsy specimens.

Endometriosis, Causes of Endometriosis


On the bright side, many endometriosis symptoms including infertility can be addressed after diagnosis. The gold standard for endometriosis treatment is laparoscopic excision surgery. This involves a careful removal of the entire endometrial lesion from wherever it grows.

The first step to getting there is recognizing that your pain is not normal and seeking timely intervention. The earlier endometriosis is detected and treated, the better the results. Tracking your symptoms will make you better informed for your next doctor’s visit, and set you on a path to better (and less painful!) menstrual health.

Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya

About The Author

Infertility Specialist, IVF Specialist Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya

Dr. Mehul V Sukhdiya is an IVF specialist and endoscopic surgeon who is practicing in the field of gynecology and infertility for more than two decades. He holds medical degree namely MBBS and DGO. He provides treatment services like In vitro fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), sperm and egg donation, sperm and egg freezing, tuboplasty, testicular biopsy, myomectomy, surrogacy, IMSI, ICSI and TESA. Dr. Mehul is currently the director of Sumirans Womens Hospital and Radhe Endoscopy Training Centre and Research Institute, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad. You can find out further information regarding Dr. Mehul at


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Neelam Soyeb

I have severe cramps during my cycles, does it mean I have endometriosis? What are the treatment options other than surgery?

Oct. 13, 2018, 11:03 a.m. 5.0



I am looking forward to having my endometriosis surgery. Will I still have heavy cramps after the surgery?

Oct. 12, 2018, 2:31 p.m. 5.0


Narendi Mangla

I was diagnosed with endometriosis when I was looking to have a baby. My endometriosis surgery was successful and I can conceive now.

Oct. 4, 2018, 8:25 p.m. 5.0



I still have heavy cramps after my endometriosis surgery, Is this normal?? Please suggest!

July 13, 2018, 5:40 a.m. 4.5


Nitya Nanda

My heavy cramps are normal i.e I don't have any endometriosis but my sister does. But she doesn't have heavy cramps. So is this possible to have endometriosis without cyclic cramps?

Feb. 18, 2018, 3:21 p.m. 4.5


Jeevika Kohli

Is there any way to treat endometriosis? Ela, please help me in my endometriosis treatment.

Oct. 31, 2017, 4:45 p.m. 5.0



Need to know more on the stages of endometriosis as to how every stage differs from the other in terms of severity.

March 17, 2017, 11:34 a.m. 4.5

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