menstrual cycle

Menstrual Cycle and Most Common Problems associated with Menstruation

  • 4.6   (6 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 05 Nov 2018 - Written by Dr. Surveen Ghumman - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Menstrual cycle is one of the monitoring segments of the ovulation in women. Most common problems associated with menstruation in women include irregular periods, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome treatment along with other problems need to be performed at the right time.

Menstruation in a woman is the monthly bleeding process, also known menses or menstruation. Your body sheds the inside layer of the uterus or womb during periods. The blood flows from the uterus through the small hole in the cervix and passes out of the body by the vagina.

Time and age for menstruation

Girl period starts generally between the ages of 8 to 16 years. For girl period 12 years of age is considered as an average period age. It is the major stage in girl’s puberty. This physical sign shows that a girl is becoming a woman. Periods will occur regularly in a woman until the age of 45-55, a particular phase of age in the woman is recognized as menopause.

A girl may detect clear vaginal discharge before periods start. Until strong odor or itchiness is not noticed during this discharge it is considered as normal and nothing to worry about this.

Menstrual cycle

When the girl period is regular, this is known as the menstrual cycle. Having regular period is the sign of good health and also, this shows that all your body parts are working normally. The period cycle provides necessary body chemicals, called hormones that help to keep our body healthy and fit.

Menstrual cycle

In girls, the period is very important and so this cycle is because it prepares today’s girl to become a complete woman. Regular periods help us to gain normal pregnancy. The average period cycle is 28 days long. The period cycle can range from 21 to 35 days in adults and from 21 to 45 days in teens.

Periods can last from 2 to 7 days in any girl or woman. The flow of blood or bleeding tends to be heavier during first two days.

Problems Associated with Menstruation

During the girl period, maybe the bleeding appears heavy, however, if we talk about it generally we find that girls lost only 5 to 12 teaspoons of blood while bleeding. Rest is waste that should be cleaned from our body.

1. Irregular periods:

If a female has irregular periods, it implies that there are varieties in the interim length between periods. The measure of blood loss, and additionally the duration of bleeding may likewise differ. Irregular periods can have a few distinct causes, and treatment will rely upon the reason.

The larger part of irregular period is benevolent (innocuous). However, there are different reasons for an irregular period, which can be talked about with a doctor only. Moves in period normality are more typical in the per menopause (when a lady's body starts its progress into menopause).

Many ladies have missed a period sooner or later. This could be for no evident reason, or in foresight of a pregnancy, or maybe on account of nervousness, stress or tension.

2. Absent Periods or Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is the point at which a lady quits having periods altogether. There can be many reasons behind this, including excessive exercise, tension, sudden weight loss, different medications, and hormonal issues, for example, PCOS (polycystic ovarian disorder). Doctors can suggest hormonal therapy to such patients of Amenorrhea.

3. Periods Pain or Dysmenorrhea

This is a medical disorder, which incorporates extreme uterine agony amid menstruation. The dominant parts of ladies encounter minor pain during periods. When the pain is severe to the point that it interferes with ordinary activities, it is called dysmenorrhea and may require proper medication.

Period meaning

A few ladies encounter pain amid the days prior to a period, while others have dysmenorrhea amid the period. As period decreases, the pain, for the most part does, as well. A few ladies encounter both dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia (extreme blood loss).

4. Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome is generally found in teenage girls when they have their periods in the initial age of 12 or 13. They also feel problems like abdominal bloating, headache, back pain, feeling troubled, and breast swelling is a few signs of PMS. As soon as girl period start she overcome these menstruation problems.

 But there are some reasons that won’t allow you to come out of this like hormonal imbalance, bleeding disorder, infection in the uterus, or you have a family history. These are some common reasons of PMS that won’t allow you to come out of this syndrome.

Hope this article has resolved your queries on menstruation and menstrual cycle. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Dr. Surveen Ghumman

Written by

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician

Dr. Surveen Ghumman is an infertility specialist and gynecologist specializing in IVF, Reproductive Endocrinology, Recurrent failures of implantation, Embryology, Fertility preservation and Surrogacy. Dr. Surveen has completed MBBS from Christian Medical College, Ludhiana in 1986 and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Government Medical College, Amritsar in 1991. She has also pursued certificate courses in ART and Clinical Embryology from Manipal University and fellowships in Minimal Access Surgeries. She has also pursued Micromanipulation in ART in the year 2011. Dr. Surveen is practicing at The Fertility Clinic IVF Solutions and Max Super Specialty Hospital. For more information, visit


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Nirmala Pathak

My daughter had her first cycle at the age of 15 for once, and for one year she missed her cycles. Is this normal or I should take her to the physician?

Oct. 10, 2018, 1:07 p.m. 4.5


Archana Tewatia

It was a good read, I get to learn a lot and every woman should know this. Thanks for sharing this!

Sept. 25, 2018, 2:45 p.m. 4.5


Vedika Yadav

I have lots of abdominal pain along with joints pain during my cycles. Is this normal? Please suggest me with some good medicines to have pain relief.

Sept. 20, 2018, 5:16 p.m. 4.5


Sneha Singh

My cycles are irregular. Sometimes my cycles have 45 days gap and sometimes 60. Should I have medicines for it or is it normal? And please suggest me with some medicines to fix this.

Sept. 18, 2018, 4:22 p.m. 4.5



I am having my first cycles and I wanted to know everything about mensuration out of curiosity. And finally, I came across this article. All my doubts are clear now. Thank you so much.

Sept. 8, 2018, 3 p.m. 5.0



I saw my period on the 12-1-2018, and it was suppose to come on the 9-2-2018, but it started on 16-2-2018. Please help what is wrong with me?

Feb. 17, 2018, 3 a.m. 4.5

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