Book an Appointment
+91-7899912611
menstrual cycle

All about Menstrual Cycle, Menstruation Cycle, Period Cycle

  • 4.7 (7 Votes)
  • 192308 views

A regular period cycle or menstrual cycle is a sign of good health. Keep a track of your menstruation cycle to know when you can get pregnant.

1. What is Menstruation

  • A Menstrual Cycle or Menstruation is a chain of natural changes that occurs in every woman’s body.
  • Menstrual cycle or often called Menstruation is a natural process in women where one of the ovaries release egg to meet the sperm and get fertilized every month.
  • If the egg meets the sperm ( i.e. vaginal intercourse occurs) it gets fertilized and pregnancy takes place.
  • If the egg does not meet the sperm, it gets released unfertilized along the inner lining of the uterus. The uterus sheds these lining and so you bleed during your Menses Cycle.
  • Along with this, hormonal changes are also a part of Menstrual Cycles.
  • Period Cycle repeats almost every month in every woman’s body. It has a regular cycle length of 28 or 31 days.
  • A regular menstruation cycle reflects that you are not pregnant.
  • Irregularity of period cycle can be a sign of PCOD or Infertility which you are not aware of.

2. What are the signs of a healthy Period or Menstruation ?

  • Cramps in the stomach, back pain, sore breasts and mood swings are some common signs of a healthy menstruation. If you usually have severe pain during your period cycle, consult a doctor as soon as possible.
  • You can even have vaginal discharge (a white fluid coming out of vagina) before having your menses cycle.
  • Normally, bleeding in menstrual cycle continues from 2 to 7 days. If the bleeding stays for less than 2 days(light bleeding) or more than 7 days (heavy bleeding), you should immediately visit a doctor. However, bleeding with blood clots is normal.
  • A Period Cycle covers a normal range of 28 to 30 days. In some cases, it can vary by a few days. However, your cycle should not be less than 21 days and more than 35 days. In this case, you must track your ovulation and visit a doctor as soon as possible.

Period calculator

3. How you can track your Period Cycle ?

  • It is necessary for you to track your menstruation so that you are regularly notified about your health. Especially, if you are planning your pregnancy then you must keep an eye on your menses cycle.
  • You can track your menstrual cycle cycle using a Period Calculator or Ovulation Period Calculator.
  • With the help of an Ovulation Calendar, you have to mark first date of your last period and the first date of your following period. You will get to know the length of your period cycle.
  • If your existing calendar doesn’t work out well for you, Elawoman will help you out. You can download the Ela App from playstore. You have to put your first date of the last period and the length of your cycle ( first date of the last period to first date of the following period) i.e. 28 days or 30 days. You will get to know every detail about your menstrual cycle from the Ela app.  

Ovulation calculator

4. What are factors behind irregularities of Menstrual Cycle?

  • One of the most common causes behind irregular periods is PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease). In PCOD, small, liquid filled sacs are produced inside the ovaries. Due to this, ovaries are enlarged and it results in hormonal imbalance. PCOD disturbs regular menstrual cycles.
  • If you are stressed and thinking over any issue again and again, you are most likely to have irregular periods. Stress affects the follicle stimulating hormone which is responsible for ovulation. Anxiety and tension is not good for a regular menstruation.
  • Doing exercise can regulate your period cycle. Whereas, over exercising or exhaustible exercises will lower  the release of estrogens ( female reproductive hormones). Overexercising can bring irregular menses cycle.
  • You will get irregular menstruation if you had an unprotected intercourse during your ovulation period. This is a good sign of pregnancy. Once you conceive, your menstrual cycle will stop for 9 months (i.e. gestation period).
  • Your Period Cycle will be irregular if you are taking any birth control pills. These pills hinders the regular onset of the ovulation period. It can take up to 6 months to regulate your menses cycle if you are taking such medications.
  • Your menstrual cycle will be irregular if you are are undergoing menopause. Menopausal phase hinders the regularity of menses cycle. If you face heavy bleeding during menopause, consult a doctor immediately.

5. How to prevent Menstrual Irregularities?

Irregularity in menstrual cycles can lead to many other health issues like infertility, PCOD which can obstruct your possibility of getting pregnant. Hence, you should not ignore if you have irregular menstruation and must follow these:-

  • You should follow a regular exercise schedule to regulate your menstrual cycle. This will help in toning your muscles and will help you release stress.
  • You must follow a proper diet plan to regulate your period cycle. Having a nutritious diet with more of fluids and liquid food items can help you regulate your menstruation cycle. You can include flax seeds, green leafy vegetables, folic acids and iron rich foods in your diet plan for regular menstruation.
  • Avoid taking stress. You should keep your body and mind, both at ease to help you have a regular menses cycle. Anxiety can imbalance your hormones and will lead to irregularity of period cycle.
  • In case of menopause or anovulatory condition, you need to consult your doctor and should avoid treating this on your own.

A healthy Menstrual Cycle or Menstruation is a sign of good health. Keep a track of your period cycle regularly. It can facilitate you with finding your most fertile days, especially when you are planning a baby.

Recommended Reads

Menstruation and Menstrual Cycle - All You Want to Know

Signs Of A Healthy And Normal Menstrual Cycle

Menstrual Cycle and Fertility

How to Track Ovulation With Irregular Period Cycle

Causes And Treatment of Irregular Periods

Dr. Neha Gupta

About The Author

Infertility Specialist, IVF Specialist Dr. Neha Gupta
Gurgaon

Dr. Neha Gupta is an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist in Gurgaon. She has been practicing for many years now. Her rich experience in Normal Vaginal Delivery, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Hysterectomy and Tubectomy makes her the most preferred names in Gurgaon. She has acquired MBBS in 2004, DNB from National Board of Examinations in 2009 and MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology from Maulana Azad Medical College in 2009. She is a member of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, London. Dr. Neha Gupta has an expertise in Intrauterine Insemination and is practicing at Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon. You can get the contact details of Dr. Neha Gupta at elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. Five signs of healthy periods! Menstrual Cycles., Elawoman - 2017
  2. What can be the reason behind getting my periods early less than 21 days, Elawoman - 2017
  3. Tracking and seeing your other fertile symptoms Ovulation, Elawoman - 2017
  4. Polycystic ovarian syndrome pcos sign and treatment PCOD, Elawoman - 2017
  5. I-pill and unwanted 72 usage, dosage, side effects, precautions birth control pills, Elawoman - 2017
  6. Myths and facts about fertility that everyone should know infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  7. Best home remedies for irregular periods diet plan for regular menstruation, Elawoman - 2017
  8. Menstruation and menstrual cycle - all you want to know Menstruation and Menstrual Cycle - All You Want to Know, Elawoman - 2017
  9. Signs of a healthy and normal menstrual cycle Signs Of A Healthy And Normal Menstrual Cycle, Elawoman - 2017

7 Comments

user_img

Kalpana Verma

Thanks for sharing a qualitative article. One question though, I have tried various options to normalize my menstrual cycle but nothing worked. I think its genetic, do we have any solution for the genetic problem?

Oct. 13, 2018, 4:49 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Niharika Alle

Tried Ela app for helping me with my cycles. It really worked well and now I am able to track my periods. Thanks for sharing!

Oct. 10, 2018, 5:53 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Renuka Giri

I never had PCOD test for my irregular cycles. Let's see what comes out from the results? And if it is PCOD what can I do to treat this? Please suggest!

Oct. 1, 2018, 8:59 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Sarita Kishore

Because of my irregular cycle, I lost too much weight and I can not eat anything I like. It is too frustrating.

Sept. 13, 2018, 6:06 a.m. 4.5

user_img

Priyanka Rei

I was unable to conceive so I took infertility test. The physician suggested me to have a track on my menstrual cycle and I am doing it with Ela app.

Sept. 9, 2018, 2:03 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Sheila Saxena

When you don't get your periods after stopping BCPs, do not get scared that something has gone wrong. It takes almost 3 to 4 months of time to get back into normal menstrual cycles after putting off birth control pills.

Oct. 31, 2017, 5:12 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Sheila Saxena

Implantation blood is very different from regular menstrual bleeding. It stays hardly for two days, unlike periods which stays at least for 3 days. Implantation is more like spotting, whereas periods get heavier generally on the second day.

Oct. 31, 2017, 5:12 p.m. 4.5

View all comments

Leave a Comment

Rating

Disclaimer

The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

Related Article view all

Menstrual Cycle
Menstrual Cycle and Fertility
Dr. Sunil Eshwar
Dr. Sunil Eshwar 4.9 (11 Votes)

Menstrual Cycle and Fertility

In this article, you will learn about the normal menstrual cycle with detailed information on short menstrual cycle and long menstrual cycle. You can also get the details on how period cycle affects the pregnancy through this article.

Read More

Menstrual Cycle
Menstruation and Menstrual Cycle - All You Want to Know
Dr. Surveen Ghumman
Dr. Surveen Ghumman 4.6 (6 Votes)

Menstruation and Menstrual Cycle - All You Want to Know

Learn all the useful information on menstruation and menstrual cycle including signs of menstruation, problems associated with menstruation in this article.

Read More

Menstrual Cycle
Crocin Advance Tablet - Uses, Benefits, Composition and Side-Effects
Dr. R K Sharma
Dr. R K Sharma 4.7 (9 Votes)

Crocin Advance Tablet - Uses, Benefits, Composition and Side-Effects

Crocin advance tablet is a mild analgesic and antipyretic drug which is used to get relief from a number of health conditions like fever and mild to moderate aches and pains like headache, arthritis, joint pain, muscle pain, tooth pain as well as back pain. It is composed of Paracetamol as an active salt ingredient and can have side effects such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, allergy, diarrhea etc.

Read More

More From Author

Fertility Treatments
Treatment For Male Infertility
Dr. Neha Gupta
Dr. Neha Gupta 4.7 (5 Votes)

Treatment For Male Infertility

Men have various options in terms of infertility treatment that ran...

Read More

Fertility Treatments
Treatments Used for Infertility Issues in Couples
Dr. Neha Gupta
Dr. Neha Gupta 4.9 (5 Votes)

Treatments Used for Infertility Issues in Couples

We are no more in the age when infertility had no combat. Today var...

Read More

Fertility Basics
Noticeable Sign of Infertility in Women
Dr. Neha Gupta
Dr. Neha Gupta 4.8 (8 Votes)

Noticeable Sign of Infertility in Women

Fertility in women is affected by a number of factors. Female infer...

Read More

Trending Articles

surrogacy
surrogacy

5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

Read More 4.5 (1 Votes)

IVF
ivf

Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

Read More 4.7 (3 Votes)

surrogacy
surrogacy

Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centers and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

Read More 4.8 (2 Votes)