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    medicine info

    Azithromycin: Uses, Side Effects and Dosage

    • 11156 views
    • 4.5   (1 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 10 Aug 2019 - Written by Dr. Meenakshi Sauhta - MBBS, DGO, MD - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    Azithromycin uses are seen in cases of Skin infections, Bacterial infections, Ear infections, Conjunctivitis, and Cat Scratch Disease. Azithromycin side effects are diarrhea, difficult urination, abdominal pain, fever, and dry skin. Azithromycin dose must be taken as prescribed by the doctor.

    Azithromycin is one of the top antibiotics which are prescribed for treatment of a range of bacterial infections. This medication is used successfully to exclusively treat bacterial infections. It is essential to note that azithromycin needs to be used efficiently only in cases where the cause of the respective infection is mostly bacteria. In this article, you will find useful information about Azithromycin uses, side effects, dosage, and when not to use the medication. (1)

    In this article, you will finddetailedinformation about:

    Azithromycin Uses

    There are several uses of Azithromycin which are effective for a range of medical disorders. Azithromycin uses are in different medical cases that include: (7)

    • Skin infections: Azithromycin tablets are used to treat skin infections as well as infections affecting soft tissues. With the assistance of proper dosage, skin infections can be treated with excellent success rates. (2)
    • Community-acquired pneumonia: Azithromycin tablet plays a crucial role in treating pneumonia especially that of community-acquired type. Symptoms of community-acquired pneumonia such as cough, fever along with chills as well as breathing difficulties are treated efficiently with Azithromycin tablets. (3)
    • Ear infections: Ear infections such as Otitis Media are treated with the antibiotic regime, which also comprises of Azithromycin tablets. Here, the functioning of the middle ear is affected and therefore symptoms like ear pain with ringing effect in the ears are treated with the right dosage.  
    • Pharyngitis and Tonsilitis: Throat infections caused due to bacteria are treated with the help of an antibiotic regime. (8) 
    • Acne Vulgaris: Acne Vulgaris is treated with a series of medications and Azithromycin gel plays a crucial role in the successful cure of such skin problems. The blackheads and scarring of the skin which are the common features of Acne Vulgaris are treated with the right dosage of this medication gel. You need to make sure that Azithromycin gel is applied to cure the skin condition.     
    • Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Azithromycin is used to treat bacterial conjunctivitis with the usage of its eye ointments and eye drops. This medication is useful to treat eye infection at an appreciable success rate. The dosage needs to be confirmed with the doctor to prevent any kind of side effects of the medication. (4)
    • Cat Scratch Disease: Cat Scratch Disease occurs when an individual is affected by a bacterium known as Bartonella henselae. This bacterium is passed to the individual with a cat bite or scratch. Azithromycin helps to cure the swelling of the lymph nodes, which occurs in the patients after the bite of the cat.    

    Azithromycin Side Effects

    Azithromycin side effects include the following:

    • Diarrhea - Diarrhea is one of the major Azithromycin side effects, which must be considered at the time of consumption of Azithromycin. Certain symptoms associated with the disease contradict with Azithromycin effect on the body.
    • Abdominal pain - Abdominal pain is commonly seen in individuals who intake Azithromycin more than the recommended levels. It ensures that patients take proper care at the time of consuming the medication. (5)
    • Difficult urination - Some of the men experience difficulty in urination if the proper dosage is not followed during the respective treatments. Urinating issues are quite common with patients who consume medication. 
    • Fever - Fever can be cured efficiently with the help of intake of Azithromycin. The high temperature of the patient is effectively treated with this medication within a day’s time. 
    • Dry and Scaly Skin - Changes in skin texture is one of the severely observed Azithromycin side effects in patients who consume this antibiotic medication.

    Contraindications of Azithromycin

    You need to make sure that you do not intake Azithromycin in the following cases and consult your doctor at the time of consumption:

    • Liver Damage: If in the past, the patient was diagnosed with cholestatic jaundice or even hepatic impairment, then there are high chances of the condition of patient to severe with the consumption of Azithromycin. Patients are not advised to consume this medication in these cases.

    liver damage

    • Hypersensitivity: If you have notable side effects from Azithromycin or its components, then make sure you consult your doctor before consuming the medication. Your doctor might recommend you to consume an alternative medicine if the respective treatment requires it.  

    Interactions of Azithromycin with Other Medications and Medical Conditions

    Azithromycin medication reacts with medications such as Atorvastatin, Amiodarone, Pimozide at a severe rate. Digoxin and Theophylline consumption at the same time as Azithromycin can also lead to drug interactions. (6)

    Azithromycin is utilized at a severe rate with diseases such as Liver Diseases and Myasthenia Gravis. The usage of this medication worsens the present health status of the patient and severe the already present disorder. Timely opting of medical tests prove to be beneficial for the patient in the form of diagnosis and treatment. 

    The usage of Azithromycin needs to be prohibited in case of the children who are above 16 years of age. 

    Dosage of Azithromycin

    • Missed Dose: If you have missed your Azithromycin dose, then make sure you consume or apply Azithromycin as early as possible. Azithromycin injections are given only under the guidance of healthcare professionals in the hospital. 
    • Overdose: If you have taken an overdose of Azithromycin, consult your doctor immediately. Medical treatment is started in an emergency in case a patient informs about overdosing.  

    Most Frequently Asked Questions about Azithromycin tablet:

    Q - When does Azithromycin onset of action occur?

    A - Azithromycin’s effect can be seen after 2 to 3 hours of consumption of the medication as per the recommended dose.

    Q - For how long is the effect of Azithromycin can be seen in the patient?

    A - After consuming Azithromycin, the effect of the medication can be seen in the patients for a time period for 2 to 4 days.

    Q - Does Azithromycin cause any reaction with alcohol?

    A - The reaction of Azithromycin with alcohol is not yet proven. It is suggested to inform your doctor about any similar habit before taking Azithromycin.

    Q - Is it safe to consume Azithromycin in pregnancy?

    A - The safety of Azithromycin during pregnancy is measured as per the potential risks and side effects which can occur in the patient. Therefore, doctors suggest getting medical history checked before consumption of the medication.

    Q - Can women breastfeeding their babies have Azithromycin?

    A - If you are breastfeeding your baby, then make sure that you consult your doctor before consuming Azithromycin.

    Q - Is it possible to take Azithromycin injection intramuscularly?

    A - No. Doctors never recommend to giving Azithromycin injection via the intramuscular route in the body. It is also advised not to take the medication in the bolus form to prevent any type of reactions in the body. 

    Q - How does Azithromycin medication work?

    A - Azithromycin medication hinders the bacterial reaction occurring in the body. This helps to cure the respective bacterial infection which occurs in the concerned patient.   

    Thus, Azithromycin is an effective medication for treating a range of bacterial infections. One needs to consume medications only after the doctor prescribes the medications for your respective treatment. You can find more information about similar drugs in the ‘Medicine Info’ category of Elawoman.com.

    Dr. Meenakshi Sauhta

    Written by

    MBBS, DGO, MD
    Laparoscopic Surgeon, Gynecologic Surgeon
    Gurgaon

    Dr. Meenakshi Sauhta is a reliable infertility specialist and laparoscopy surgeon, who provides high success rate in infertility treatments. She has rich years of experience in the field of Gynecology and Infertility Treatments. She is also an expert in Tubectomy, Hysterectomy, Fibroid as well as Cyst Removal. She completed her MBBS and MD from MGIMS under Nagpur University in 1988 and 1994, respectively. She also completed her DGO from the same college in 1990. She is well-known for providing high success rate in infertility treatments as she incorporated modern tools and technology in her practice. She is a highly qualified infertility specialist and a valued member of the Maharashtra Medical Council, Haryana Medical Council, and Indian Medical Association.
    Dr. Meenakshi Sauhta has trained in reputed hospitals under the guidance of talented professionals and is currently working at Max Hospital in Gurgaon. Furthermore, she has received many awards and recognition, some of which are presented by world-renowned organizations. She was elected President of Gurgaon Obstetrics and Gynecological Society In 2013 and was an editor in ObsGyne Update Journal of Gurgaon Society. Dr. Meenakshi Sauhta also received recognition as a super trainer in Adolescent Health Care in IMA Headquarters. She also stood as an Executive Member in Indian Medical Association, Gurgaon. Owing to her three decades of excellence in infertility treatments she is registered under 61102 of Maharashtra Medical Council, 1989 and 3920, Haryana State Medical Council, 2009. She presently associated with Max Hospital in Gurgaon.
    Max Hospital is one of the top fertility hospitals of Gurgaon. The team of doctors at the hospital has treated over 5 lac patients across 25 specialties like Cardiac Sciences, Minimal Access and Laparoscopic Surgery, Urology, Orthopedics, Aesthetics, Neurosciences, and Reconstructive Surgery and Nephrology. The hospital also has a huge accommodation facility with well-furnished and clean rooms. The hospital has state-of-the-art health-care facilities including endoscopy unit, Radiology and pathology diagnostics and other support specialties. Max Hospital strives to give its patients a personalized treatment with full compassion and care. Moreover, The hospital provides the best Pregnancy care and fertility services as per the requirement and budget of patients across different parts of India and world.

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    Gyandev Mahajan

    Feb. 11, 2019, 12:22 p.m. 4.5

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