Male Fertility and ways to increase Sperm Count

Category: Male fertility

Male Fertility

Androgen Hormone Testing

posted on July 1, 2019, 3:38 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Androgen tests are performed to find out the level of different androgens in human blood. It is also known as testosterone test which is the most common test recommended by a medical expert. This test is usually used to see whether a person has abnormal androgen levels or not. Androgen that includes testosterone is produced by both men and women body. Testosterone is a hormone that plays an important role in male traits and reproductive activity. Some other androgens include Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), DHEA Sulfate (DHEA-S) and Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). The main purpose of androgen in a woman's body is to be converted into the female hormones i.e. called estrogens. Every person must know that the normal levels of a testosterone range from about 300 to 900 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL). Most of the top urologists suggest that men whose testosterone level fall within the normal range would be healthy as compared to other men. There are two principal androgens i.e. Testosterone and Androstenedione. These androgen hormones are present in men at a much higher level for traits and reproductive activity. However, the main purpose of androgen hormone in a woman’s body is to be converted into a female hormone i.e. called estrogens. Effective medical treatment for low testosterone level present in the body comes in the form of testosterone supplements. One of the most common testosterone supplements called methyltestosterone has received a positive reaction from the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, some of the fertility experts advise doctors not to prescribe this supplement due to its speed. This is because it can lead to liver toxicity. While many doctors can now legally prescribe the supplement. Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) can help in restoring some affected functions of low testosterone levels in the body. TRT mainly have a positive impact on bone strength and hemoglobin levels in the blood. In this article, you will find useful information about the following aspects of Androgen Hormone Testing:  What are Androgens? What is the procedure of Androgen Hormone Testing? What is tested in a Testosterone level test? When is an Androgen Hormone Test performed? Why would an individual go for androgen levels testing? What do PCOS and increased androgen levels mean? How are testosterone level blood test results checked? How to increase the level of testosterone naturally? How to test testosterone levels at home? What is the cost of testosterone level blood test?  What are Androgens? Androgens are often known as “male” hormone, but these hormones are present in both males and females. Androgen hormone is an important hormone that is used for normal reproductive function, emotional well being, function and growth of lean muscles, and bone strength. In fact, it is also stated that in some cases women have more androgen levels than estrogens circulating in their body. Androgens play multiple roles in the human body. Some androgen hormone effects stimulation of the body, pubic hair growth, sexual desire, and muscle growth. In both men and women, androgens are the predecessor to estrogens. The androgen-into-estrogen action plays one of the primary roles of androgen hormones in women. However, in women, the androgen hormones are created in the adrenal glands, ovaries, and also in the fat cells. The androgen hormones include: Testosterone: Testosterone is an anabolic steroid and the major male sex hormone. (1) Testosterone regulates the fertility muscle mass, red blood cell production and fat distribution. When the level of the testosterone drops in a human body, then it can lead to certain conditions such as hypogonadism or infertility. (2) Testosterone helps in bringing on the physical changes that help in the progression of a boy into a man. The level of testosterone change from hour to hour in a man. Testosterone levels in men are highest by the age of 20 to 30 and slowly decrease after the age of 30 to 35. (3) Androstenedione (A4): Androstenedione is used to increase the production of the hormone testosterone to increase physical performance, enhance energy, keep Red Blood Cells (RBC) healthy, increase recovery, and growth of the human body. This hormone also improves and increase sexual desire and performance of a person. (4) Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA): DHEA is produced inside the body. It is a naturally made hormone that works in the body to contribute to the successful production of male and female sex hormones. Usually, this hormone is used for slowing signs of aging, improving physical performance and similar conditions. The release of this hormone is caused by adrenal glands near the kidneys by the liver. (5) DHEA sulfate (DHEA-S): DHEA is a weak male androgen hormone that is produced by the adrenal glands in both men and women. This sulfate test measures the amount of DHEA sulfate in human blood. (6) Androsterone: Androstenedione is a steroid hormone who has a weak and androgenic action on the body. However, androsterone mainly acts as a stepping stone in the manufacture of testosterone and estrogen in the body. (7) Dihydrotestosterone (DHT): Dihydrotestosterone is a type of hormone that stimulates the development of androgen. This hormone is made through the conversion of androgen and testosterone. (8) What is the procedure of Androgen Hormone Testing? One must know that testosterone test is one of the most important types of Androgen hormone test. Testosterone test i.e. Androgen hormone test is performed by a medical professional in a medical laboratory. After the test is completed, a person may feel some pain or discomfort. But relaxing the arm can help ease the pain. This medical test requires taking a blood sample of a man which involves the following steps: A medical expert performing the test will clean the area from where he/she will draw the blood.  The blood is generally taken from the vein located inside the elbow or else from the back of the hand.  Then the fertility expert will tie an elastic band around the upper arm to make blood pool in the vein.  The medical professional will then insert a sterile needle into the veins. Further, the fertility specialist will transfer the blood drawn into a tube which will be sent for testing in the associated medical laboratory.  After collecting the blood successfully the medical professional will remove the elastic band and the needle from the arm.  The medical expert will then apply pressure to the insertion site to stop bleeding and avoid bruising which can otherwise severe the area and make the patient feel discomfort.  In the end, the medical expert will apply a bandage to the arm. (9) What is tested in the testosterone level test? Testosterone is a hormone which plays a crucial role in the functioning of a male's body. As stated, the test measures the levels of testosterone present in the human blood. Most of the testosterone hormone present in the blood is efficiently attached to proteins. Testosterone hormone that is not attached to a protein is known free testosterone. There are two main types of testosterone tests which are mentioned below: Total testosterone: Total testosterone test is serum testosterone which is used to measure both attached and free type of testosterone level. This test measurement of testosterone is a good initial diagnostic test for patients who have doubtful infertility issues. This medical test helps in evaluation of hypogonadism. Total Testosterone test includes a free testosterone test along with protein-bound testosterone concentration. Free testosterone: Free testosterone is another type of testosterone primarily found in men. The free testosterone test is performed to measure the level of free testosterone only. This test can give more information about certain medical conditions. A free testosterone test measures the amount of unattached, or "free," testosterone in the blood of a man or a woman. A Free Testosterone level test is most useful in case the sex hormone- binding globulin level is abnormally declined. This test is also recommended by the leading doctors or specialists in case the test result shows false low total testosterone levels. This may generally occur in older or obese patients. When is an androgen hormone test performed? Androgen hormone test is performed to check the deficiency of the level of male sex hormones primarily in men. These hormones are responsible for the induction of sexual differentiation. A testosterone level test may be used to diagnose multiple conditions such as: This medical test can be performed when any men or women have decreased sex drive. Androgen hormone test can be recommended by an infertility specialist if men and women experience infertility issues. Men can undergo androgen test if he is suffering from Erectile Dysfunction (ED). This test can be performed by a fertility specialist when any men or women have decreased sex drive. Androgen hormone test can be recommended by a fertility specialist if any men and women experience infertility issues. A Testosterone test can be suggested in an early or delayed puberty in boys. A fertility expert can advise a woman for androgen hormone test in case she has excess body hair growth and dealing with the development of masculine features. This medical test can also be performed in a case when a woman is experiencing irregular menstrual periods for a couple of months in a row. (10) Why would an individual go for androgen levels testing? A person will require to undergo androgen hormone test if he/she has symptoms of abnormal testosterone levels. However, in adult men, it is mostly recommended if they have symptoms of low testosterone levels. In the case of women, the testosterone test is suggested when they have certain specific symptoms of having high testosterone levels in the body.  Symptoms of low testosterone levels in Men Symptoms of high testosterone levels in Women Low sex drive Excess body and facial hair growth Difficulty getting an erection Deepening of voice Fertility problems Increasing Acne Hair loss Weight gain Weakening of bones Development of breast tissue Loss of muscle mass Menstrual irregularities As compared to men, it is found that there is a surplus production of androgens in women. It is the most common cause of anovulatory infertility i.e. a woman fails to ovulate. Also, if in case a woman fails to conceive then her androgen levels will be checked to see if it is one of the prime reasons which is preventing her from getting pregnant. Androgen level tests will be checked for a woman who has begun to display masculine physical features which include increased body hair or a deepening voice. A woman can also get her androgen hormone test if her fertility doctor suspects Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) in her. Rather than women, men also need to have a testosterone level test if they have delayed in their puberty due to low symptoms of testosterone. A man will also be asked to undergo androgen test if he experiences early puberty because it may be a symptom of having a high testosterone level.  What do PCOS and Increased androgen levels mean? Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common complex endocrine genetic disorder in women. This involves the overproduction of androgens, and lead to a heterogeneous range of symptoms. PCOS also causes increased metabolic and cardiovascular morbidity. (11) A polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common reason for having high androgen levels. PCOS can be controlled by a healthy diet and physical activities. This will often improve the fertility of the person. The fertility doctor may ask a person with PCOS to change their diet and exercise more regularly to try to decrease symptoms. (12) Losing the weight can help a woman in getting her menstrual cycle and ovulation going. A doctor can also advise the patient to take anti-androgens or medication which may help in decreasing the patient's insulin. This is because it will help a woman to improve her ovulation. The fertility doctor will try to discover and treat the primary cause of increased androgen levels. (13) How are testosterone level blood test results checked? If the result of the Androgen hormone test falls within a normal reference range then there is no need for further medical intervention. In the case of increased testosterone in the blood of a person than the normal reference range, it may be due to early puberty in men, hypersexuality, infertility, presence of acne, high libido, or tumor in testes. Other than this, some of the prominent reasons for increased testosterone level can be high blood pressure, aggression, PCOS, decreased sperm count. Or if the level of testosterone is less than the normal range then it may be due to hypogonadism which means the failure of the testes and ovaries in men and women respectively. This may be caused due to testicular failure, pituitary disorders, genetic disorder, obesity, adrenal or ovarian cancer, high levels of stress, or any major surgery. However, the testosterone blood test results may vary depending on the age, gender, health history, advanced technology or latest method used for the test. (14) The levels of testosterone are mentioned in the below table: Gender Age groups Value MALE All age groups 300 to 1,000 ng/dl FEMALE All age groups 20 to 70 ng/dl Testosterone level test results may vary depending on the age, gender, health history, the advanced method used for performing the test successfully, and many other things such as the experience of the doctor, infrastructure of the chosen clinic. However, the medical test results may not always mean that a person has a problem. An individual can consult his/her healthcare expert about the test results. Approximate general Free Androgen Index (FAI) values usually range between 30 and 150 in men. The levels of testosterone ranging below 30 mean that the body has possible testosterone deficiency. Women usually have FAI values ranging from 7 to 10. The normal ranges of serum testosterone for adults are mentioned below. Males: 300 to 1,000 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL) If the testosterone level of a male falls below 200 ng/dL then it may be diagnosed with hypogonadism. Hypogonadism is a deficiency of androgen that causes the levels of testosterone to drop in the concerned male patient. If the report includes high testosterone levels then it may mean that the respective men have a tumor in his testicles or adrenal glands. Adrenal glands help in controlling the heart rate, blood pressure, and other functions of the body efficiently. If in case the report includes low testosterone levels then it may mean that the respective individual may have a genetic or chronic disease or a problem with his pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is an important organ in the brain that helps in controlling multiple functions of the body effectively, including growth and fertility. Females: 20 to 70 ng/dL The hormone levels of a woman may be affected by a temporary health condition, such as pregnancy. One woman can also have results that aren't clear and need to be retested. If the report of testosterone test includes high level then it may indicate a condition i.e. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is one of the common hormone disorders that affects women of childbearing age. It is one of the leading causes of female infertility all over the world. The high level of testosterone in a woman's body may also mean that the woman is suffering from cancer of the ovaries or adrenal glands. However, the low levels of testosterone are normal but if in case the reports indicate extremely low levels of testosterone present in the body then it may indicate Addison disease. Addison disease is a disorder of the pituitary gland. How to increase the level of testosterone naturally? Testosterone is the main sex hormone in men, but women also have a small amount of it in their body. It is a steroid hormone which is produced in testicles and ovaries of the men and women respectively. The adrenal glands also produce small amounts of testosterone in a human body. The testosterone is one of the main hormones that play a vital role during the puberty in boys. However, it is important to have optimal levels of testosterone throughout adulthood and even during later years of life. In adults, healthy levels of testosterone are important for general health, body composition, and sexual performance. Additionally, enhancing the level of testosterone in the patient's body can cause rapid gains in muscle mass of the body and vitality in only a few weeks. Testosterone level test plays an important role in female health and sexual well-being also. According to one of the recent medical researches, it is pretty conclusive that both male and female should ensure that they maintain a healthy level of testosterone. Here are some of the ways to increase testosterone levels naturally. Heavy Exercises Eat protein, carbs, and fat Be stress-free Take Vitamin D Get plenty of rest  How to test testosterone levels at home? There are multiple products available for testing the level of hormone in a person at home. Most of the available products in the market test the saliva rather than the blood of a person. After taking the samples of saliva, the concerned medical professional sends those samples to an advanced medical lab comprising of required advanced technologies for testing. A person can get his/her reports within a few days or a week after the test has been done. (15) Before relying on the results of the saliva test performed with the help of a testosterone home test kit, every person should be aware of the accuracy of salivary testing versus testosterone blood testing. Researchers have stated that testing saliva is much easier and less invasive than drawing blood from the patient. Many of the professional doctors and researchers suggest going for the saliva test in case of Androgen Hormone Testing. However, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists still recommends blood tests for measuring the level of testosterone in the patients. This is because of the variation they see in the saliva testing as compared to the androgen hormone test. This is because of the variation they see in the results of saliva testing at home. On the other hand, some reviews conclude that saliva is more preferable because it is less stressful for the patients. One of the latest medical researches also stated that saliva is as reliable as other body fluids such as tears, urine, and sweat. The results of testosterone in saliva samples can also get affected by the way the saliva is collected and stored. (16) What is the cost of testosterone level blood test?  Testosterone plays the main role in the facilitation of the production of sperm. It stimulates the development of secondary sexual characteristics in men that includes the growth of the hair, deepening of the voice, penis enlargement, and development of muscle. In women, the testosterone is converted to the main female sex hormone called Estradiol. The production of testosterone is high in the early morning hours i.e. from 4 am to 8 am. Its production of this hormone is low from about 4 pm to 8 pm. However, the production of testosterone is high at the age of puberty and starts declining at the age of near to 30. Most of the testosterone present in the body attaches to 2 proteins i.e. albumin and Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG). Some of them are not attached to the protein which is known as free testosterone. Free testosterone and albumin-bound testosterone are also known as bioavailable testosterone. Free testosterone is the most commonly used hormone in the human body. Testosterone is responsible for the male sex hormone. This is mainly produced by the Leydig cell that is present in the male testicles. LH hormone also helps testicles to produce testosterone. In women, the testosterone is produced in a very less amount by ovaries. Testosterone hormone is also produced by adrenal glands in both men and women. The cost of the testosterone hormone test ranges from Rs. 300 to Rs. 1300. The cost also depends on the advanced lab and professional doctor chosen for the medical test. A person must know that the cost of testosterone depends on his/her respective medical case.  Thus, Androgen hormone test which includes testosterone test helps in measuring the amount of testosterone present in the blood. A person can go for androgen hormone test if he/she has symptoms of abnormal androgen levels. A person also needs to undergo this test is also performed as per the advice of his/her fertility specialist. If in case any person wants to get more specific information related to the tests or various infertility treatment with high success rates then he/she can visit elawoman.com or else you can call us on +918929020600. Elawoman helps couples to find the most affordable and comfortable infertility treatment near their locations.

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Male Fertility

Testicular Biopsy – Indications, Procedures, Risks and Results

posted on July 30, 2019, 4:08 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Infertility is the inability to conceive after trying for a year or more with natural intercourse. It can affect both men and women in a visible manner. The good news is that the condition can be reversed with the help of advanced medical technologies in infertility treatments. Male infertility today contributes to the occurrence of a high number of infertility cases in couples. Infertility in men poses no other outward symptoms other than the inability to impregnate the partner within a stated period of time. Treatments associated with male infertility are based on the underlying cause of infertility, or in the case of unidentified problem, evidence-based medical treatments to improve fertility levels are recommended by the best fertility doctors. Male infertility treatments include surgery to correct or repair anatomic abnormalities or damage which has occurred to any of the crucial parts of the reproductive system. There are certain lifestyle changes which can also help men to improve their fertility such as eating right, maintenance of the recommended weight as per height, reducing stress, and physical fitness levels. According to various highly popular research studies, hot testicles are considered less efficient at producing sperm. It is thus recommended that men should avoid wearing tight underwear, bathing in hot saunas and tubs. The success rates of testicular biopsy with micro-TESE, have been reported in men up in up to 63 percent cases. However, conventional and more limited sperm retrieval procedures have reported success rates of 20 percent in percutaneous testicular biopsies to 45 percent in open biopsies. Thus, testicular biopsy has contributed to tremendous cases with the highest success rates. This article gives detailed information about: What is Testicular Biopsy? What are indications for Testicular Biopsy? What are the uses of Testicular Biopsy? What are the Types of Testicular Biopsy? Preparation for Testicular Biopsy The procedure of Testicular Biopsy Testicular Biopsy for Testicular Cancer What is the recovery time of Testicular Biopsy procedure? What are the Testicular Biopsy Risks? Testicular Biopsy Results What is the cost of Testicular Biopsy? Frequently Asked Questions related to Testicular Biopsy Male infertility issues are a major concern for most of the couples who are not able to conceive naturally. Testicular biopsy is considered as the cornerstone of male factor infertility diagnosis for many years. This is particularly the scenario in men who are diagnosed with unexplained infertility and diagnosed with azoospermia. (1) Azoospermia is a medical condition in men where there is an absence of sperm in their semen. Azoospermia occurs in about 15 percent of infertile men and in 1 percent when men are considered at a global platform. This condition usually doesn’t pose any potential symptoms in men and is most probably diagnosed at the time of planning for a baby. The only sign of being diagnosed with Azoospermia is when a man is unable to impregnate his partner. Testicular Azoospermia takes place due to a groin injury and a childhood illness like viral orchitis. This leads to swelling in one or both testicles. Cancer treatments or certain radiation therapies are also considered among certain prominent causes of testicular Azoospermia. In some cases, Azoospermia also occurs due to reproductive tract obstruction or due to inadequate production of spermatozoa. In the past, the only treatment for azoospermia was reconstructive surgery (in case of obstruction) or donor insemination. Now, with the immense advancement in the field of Artificial Reproductive Technology (ART) procedures, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) has enabled many men suffering from Azoospermia to become biological fathers without taking the assistance of last resort procedures such as Surrogacy. Pregnancy rates with ICSI procedures are the same irrespective of the sperm retrieval technique used in the procedure. What is Testicular Biopsy? Testicular biopsy is a surgical procedure in which a piece of tissue is removed from the testicles in a male individual. This tissue is then examined under a microscope. The procedure of a Testicular biopsy, which is also known as needle aspiration involves removing a small amount of tissue from one or both testicles. This tissue is then sent to the medical laboratories for examination under a microscope. The tissue is examined to determine the presence of sperm and whether they can be frozen for future use or if they need to be used immediately for Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART) procedure. Some men who are suffering from cancer are advised to undergo testicular biopsy procedure to check if the cancer treatment is the cause of infertility issues. (2) There are several treatments in cancer that may intrude with future fertility in men. These treatments include: Bone marrow therapy Chemotherapy or Radiation therapy Certain types of testicular or pelvic surgery Fertility issues may only occur for a short time until after their treatment is over. However, in some men, the presence of infertility following cancer treatments is seen to be permanent. Indications for Testicular Biopsy and Needle Aspiration: Testicular biopsy is indicated in the following scenarios: Obstructive azoospermia: Obstructive azoospermia is a condition which is referred to as complete absence of sperm from the ejaculate. Apart from several causes of azoospermia, obstruction of the ductal system is highly responsible for approximately 40 percent of cases. Non-obstructive azoospermia: Non-obstructive Azoospermia is a condition which is present in men who have areas of focal spermatogenesis. Testicular biopsy may also be offered to men who are unable to ejaculate during ICSI procedure. (3) Uses of Testicular Biopsy: The test is most often performed to find the cause of male infertility. It is performed when a semen analysis test shows the presence of abnormal sperm and when other tests have failed to find the cause. In some cases, sperm obtained from a testicular biopsy can be used to fertilize a woman's egg in a fertility lab. This process is called In Vitro Fertilization. A testicular biopsy is used for the following purposes: Diagnose causes of male infertility Diagnose the condition and location of a lump present in the testes Sperm retrieval for In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) To find out whether sperm production problems are caused by a blockage Diagnose testicular cancer To identify the cause of abnormally low levels of sperm Poor quality of sperm Azoospermia (absence of sperm) Diagnostic Uses of a Testicular Biopsy: A testicular biopsy is considered to be an important tool in diagnosing male factor infertility. However, it is not the first step. For the initial phase in a fertility evaluation, an experienced fertility doctor will take a medical history followed by suggested blood tests and semen analysis of the patient. Semen analysis helps in looking at the quantity and quality of the sperm. The initial semen sample is usually collected with the help of masturbation. Various problems are identified in the semen analysis test. Hormone and blood tests can identify the reasons for low sperm levels in the concerned individual. However, when these tests are not conclusive, the patient may need to undergo testicular biopsy procedure. Types of Testicular Biopsy: A testicular biopsy test/procedure is generally performed in order to investigate the cause of male infertility after conducting hormonal assays and semen analysis test. The procedure is also performed to evaluate infertile men with risks of testicular cancer. It is to be noted that testicular biopsy is usually conducted rarely to test testicular cancer as it can lead to the spread of cancer. There are two types of testicular biopsy procedure: Percutaneous Testicular Biopsy: Percutaneous testicular biopsy is a procedure conducted through the skin and it is also called as a "Fine Needle Biopsy". In this procedure, a thin biopsy needle is inserted through the skin of the patient. The needle contains a syringe on the end to obtain the testicular tissue of the respective man. This procedure does not require a cut or stitches. Percutaneous testicular biopsy procedure can be performed with a fine needle aspiration biopsy. The procedure can also be done with a trucut needle biopsy or core needle biopsy procedure. It is a convenient and effective procedure useful in small testicular lesions, hematological malignancies, multifocal lesions, and focal lesions in single testis. A core needle biopsy is a variation in this procedure. It is performed using a hollow, spring-loaded needle to remove a cylinder of cells. This is known as a 'core sample'. A core sample is a larger specimen as compared to one from a fine needle biopsy procedure. (4) The tissue is then examined at the labs under the microscope. Some important blood tests are performed prior to percutaneous biopsy in order to ascertain the risk of bleeding in the patient. The advantages of percutaneous testicular biopsy is that it is minimally invasive. Also, the procedure requires only local anesthesia. This medical test can also be performed on an outpatient basis. However, one of the theoretical disadvantages to percutaneous testicular biopsy has been the risk of tumors seeding due to a presumed scrotal violation. The theoretical basis for this relates to the differential lymphatic supply of the testis, which drains via para-aortic lymph nodes, and the scrotal skin, which drains to inguinal lymph nodes. This medical technique should be performed by an operator with experience of ultrasound-guided biopsy. No skin shaving is undertaken. A local anesthetic is infiltrated into the scrotal skin, which is moderately sensitive, and into the tunica vaginalis, which is sensitive. There are no pain fibers present in the testicular parenchyma. Also, in such cases no deeper infiltration is required. (5) Open Biopsy: An open biopsy is performed under sedation and local or general anesthetic to numb the targeted area. It is also called as a 'surgical biopsy'. In order to expose and remove tissues, a small surgical incision is made through the skin. The biopsy tissue is then examined under a microscope at the medical laboratory. An open biopsy is done at a doctor’s clinic or in the fertility hospital. The procedure is performed to ascertain the presence of cancer or any other abnormal cells in the body. Open surgical biopsy is referred to as the gold standard for retrieving testicular tissues and evaluation of spermatogenesis. Certain complications associated with open surgical biopsy are obvious pain, trauma, hematoma, and infection. In some cases, the procedure also leaves an impact on the testicular blood supply. This makes its application of the open biopsy procedure a limited one. (6) Preparation for a Testicular Biopsy: The preparations required for Testicular Biopsy procedure are minimal. The patient should inform the doctor about any current consumption of over-the-counter medications. The intake of these medications should be discussed with the doctor beforehand. For patients who are receiving general anesthesia, are asked not to eat and drink for at least eight hours before their test. If patients are given a sedative to take at home before the biopsy, they will not be able to drive themselves to the procedure. It is important for a patient to inform their doctor about the allergic reaction to certain medications or any bleeding problems. The drugs that may pose a specific risk during the treatment include: Anticoagulants (blood thinners) Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs), including Ibuprofen or Aspirin Any medications affecting blood clotting Testicular Biopsy Procedure: Testicular biopsy can be performed in certain specific ways. Testicular Biopsy is done when a piece or sample of tissue is extracted from the testicles to analyze it in the fertility laboratories. The tissue is analyzed under a microscope in the laboratories. Testicular biopsy or aspiration is usually performed in cases when the male partner is diagnosed with obstructive azoospermia. In conditions such as azoospermia, sperms are taken either through aspiration or through a testicular biopsy. The sperms are then sent to the IVF lab for performing Assisted Reproductive Technology methods such as In Vitro Fertilization or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) procedures. Usually, the patient is discharged on the same day as the completion of the procedure. The patient is generally put on an oral course of antibiotics and is advised to avoid performing heavy activities for at least one week. The type of biopsy relies on the reason for the medical test being performed. The skin over the testicle is cleaned with an antiseptic or germ-killing medicine. The area around the testicle is covered with a sterile towel. To numb the area, a local anesthetic is given to the patient in the targeted area. A small surgical incision is made through the skin. A small piece of the testicle tissue is removed to be examined under the guidance of infertility specialist. The opening in the testicle is closed with the help of a stitch. Another stitch closes the incision in the skin. The procedure is repeated for the other testicle as and when necessary. Needle biopsy is usually performed in the doctor's office. The area is cleaned and local anesthesia is used, similar to open biopsy. A sample of the testicle is collected using a special needle. The procedure does not require an incision in the skin of the patient. It is entirely dependent on the reason for conducting the test that a needle biopsy would be recommended to the patient or not. (7) Testicular Biopsy for Testicular Cancer: Testicular biopsy is sometimes also used to effectively diagnose testicular cancer. Usually, it is done when the diagnosis is uncertain. This is because a biopsy, unfortunately, elevates the likelihood that cancer will spread. The physician is more likely to use ultrasound monitoring for cancer diagnosis. The testicle can also be examined and removed with the help of open surgery. This is known as a radical inguinal orchiectomy. A radical inguinal orchiectomy to diagnose testicular cancer includes the following steps: The physician will make an incision in the groin The testicles will be removed from the scrotum for further examination If abnormal tissue is found, a small portion will be taken for further analysis in labs. The tissue is examined by a pathologist. If the tissue sample is noncancerous, the testicle will be returned to the scrotum. The testicle will be removed if the tissue sample is cancerous. In such cases, the spermatic cord will be removed to prevent the spread of cancerous cells in other parts of the body. Other tests for Testicular Cancer include ultrasound of the testicles, blood tests for tumor markers, surgery, and imaging tests. (8) Recovery Time of Testicular Biopsy: A fertility doctor provides patients with certain important and useful instructions after the testicular biopsy procedure which helps the patient in recuperating from their illness. Instructions may vary depending on the type and severity of biopsy. In most cases, the patient is suggested to avoid sexual activity for a week or more after the procedure is performed to avoid any further infection. The patient is especially informed about the pain and discomfort at the site of the cut, swelling, or discoloration in the scrotum and a small amount of bleeding. These are the common side-effects of the testicular biopsy procedure, which are expected to get fixed in a few days. An ice pack can be used in order to reduce the swelling. Testicular Biopsy Risks: The advent of advanced technologies in the field of infertility treatments has reduced the risk of testicular biopsy. However, the patient should be aware of certain after-effects or side-effects and risks associated with testicular biopsy. The procedure usually has mild side effects in most of the cases. Only in some cases, major side-effects are also recorded in the patient. The side effects of testicular biopsy are: Unbearable pain or swelling in the biopsy area Blood soaking through the bandage or dressing Infection at the site of the incision Discolored scrotum One should talk to the fertility experts and discuss possible risk factors associated with testicular biopsy. Testicular Biopsy Results: An accurate biopsy interpretation is significant in determining both reproductive prognosis and therapeutic considerations for men diagnosed with conditions like Azoospermia. The use of standardized nomenclature for diagnosis as outlined in this article enhances the clinical benefit of the testicular biopsy. (9) The result of a testicular biopsy is normal when sperm development appears normal and no cancerous cells are found. What do abnormal results mean? Abnormal results of the test may mean a problem with the sperm or hormonal function in the male individual. A biopsy can help in finding the actual cause of the problem. In some cases, a semen analysis test shows no sperm or reduced sperm even when the sperm development appears normal in the testicles. This indicates an obstruction of the tube through which the sperm travel from the testes to the urethra. This blockage can be treated with the help of a surgery. Other causes of abnormal results: A cyst-like lump filled with dead sperm cells and fluid (spermatocele) Orchitis – inflammation of the testicles The fertility specialist will explain and discuss the possible abnormal results with the patient. Considerations after Testicular Biopsy: A healthcare provider who specializes in infertility treatments may suggest the patient wear an athletic supporter for some days after the testicular biopsy. In most cases, patients are recommended to avoid sexual activity for 1 to 2 weeks. Following considerations are suggested to patients after a biopsy: Using a cold pack on and off for the initial 24 hours to lessen the swelling and discomfort. Continue to consume using aspirin or medicines that contain aspirin for a week following the procedure. Try to keep the area dry as possible for several days after the completion of the testicular biopsy procedure. Cost of Testicular Biopsy: The cost of a Testicular Biopsy across the world ranges between Rs. 6,000 and Rs. 25,000 on an average. The testicular biopsy cost majorly depends on factors such as the qualification and expertise of the IVF doctors, availability of modern, and advanced medical equipment at the fertility clinics or hospital, testicular biopsy success rates, and the unique medical history of the couple with respect to infertility treatments. Patients can also search for healthcare insurance options while planning for this procedure to seek high success rates with the procedure. (10) Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) related to Testicular Biopsy: Q. Is the procedure of testicular biopsy painful? A testicular biopsy procedure is not painful. The procedure is performed under regional anesthesia and usually does not cause any kind of discomfort to the patient. When a testicular biopsy is performed under sedation, patients usually do not feel any pain or discomfort which occurs in the patient. Postoperatively, proper bed rest is only suggested for short periods of time, thus helping patients to carry on with their regular activities. Q. How long does it take to recover from testicular biopsy procedure? In most cases, the highly experienced fertility doctors use stitches that dissolve on their own (absorbable stitches) in 2 to 3 weeks and do not need to be removed. The cut made during the procedure will ooze fluid for about 3 to 4 days to allow fast and smooth recovery of the patient. Patients can expect to feel better each day, although they may face some mild to moderate discomfort for several days after the biopsy procedure. Q. Can you have a lump on the testicle and it cannot be cancer? Cancerous lumps are usually found on the sides of the testicle but can also be present on the front of the location in focus. Lumps on or attached to the epididymis are benign or non-cancerous in nature. If the patient finds a lump on the testicle or any of the other symptoms of testicular cancer, he should see a doctor, preferably a urologist, right away when diagnosed. It is a well-established fact that men don't like to discuss much regarding their infertility problems. Although this stereotype does often hold true, this should not be the case for each of the patients. Men must try and keep communication clear with their respective infertility experts. They don't have to broadcast it far and wide, but they should speak with a doctor, a nurse, a counselor, or a support group. It will ease their burden, and they might offer a new perspective and a chance for living a healthy life. To get the best recommendations regarding the right treatment and infertility expert, visit elawoman.com. For treatments like a testicular biopsy, the infertility specialists associated should be trained exclusively in the evaluation of male infertility and sexual dysfunction. At Ela, the infertility experts understand that even miracles require timely assistance. Ela provides fertility doctors who have a unique record of supervising and conducting a high number of deliveries. If you have any concerns related to male factor infertility or wish to know more about the testicular biopsy, Elawoman can help you out. For further information about a testicular biopsy or any other information related to infertility treatments like IVF procedure, visit elawoman.com and check out the different sections of the blog. You can also contact us at +918929020600 to clarify your doubts related to medical tests and infertility procedures.

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Male Fertility

Top 8 ways to Increase Sperm Count to Reduce Male Infertility

posted on Aug. 26, 2019, 5:27 p.m.
4.5/ 5 (1 Votes)

Male infertility is when a man has a low or no chance of making his female partner pregnant. Male infertility usually depends on the quality and number of sperm cells. About one in every three cases is due to fertility problems in the male partner alone and about one in every six couples are affected by it. While infertility may not always be treatable, it can sometimes be improved with a healthy diet, supplements and other lifestyle changes. (1) (2) The following aspects of sexual function and semen quality may affect fertility: Libido: Libido is also known as sex drive, libido is described as a person's overall sexual drive or desire for sexual activity. Libido is mainly influenced by psychological, biological and social factors. Foods or supplements known to increase libido are called aphrodisiacs. Erectile dysfunction: It is also known as impotence. Erectile dysfunction happens when a man is unable to develop or maintain an erection during sexual intercourse. Sperm count: An important aspect of semen quality is the number of sperm cells in a given amount of semen. Sperm motility: An important function of healthy sperm cells is their ability to swim. Sperm motility is measured as the percentage of moving sperm cells in a given amount of semen. Testosterone levels: Low levels of testosterone present in the male sex hormone may be responsible for infertility in some men. Infertility can be associated with multiple causes and may depend on general health, fitness, diseases, genetics, and dietary contaminants. Also, a healthy diet and lifestyle are important. Some nutrients and foods are associated with greater fertility benefits than others. Ways to Increase Sperm Count Here are some of the healthy ways to boost sperm count and increase fertility in men: 1. Take D-Aspartic Acid Supplements D-aspartic acid (D-AA) is a type of amino acid that is sold as a dietary supplement. D-AA is mostly present in certain glands, semen, testicles and sperm cells. Researchers believe that D-AA is implicated in male fertility and its level is significantly lower in infertile men than fertile men. Supplements rich in D-AA may increase levels of testosterone, the male sex hormone that plays an important role in male fertility. For instance, if an infertile man takes 2.66 grams of D-AA for three months, it can increase their testosterone levels by 30–60 percent and sperm count and motility by 60–100 percent. Additionally, a controlled study in healthy men showed that taking three grams of D-AA supplements daily for two weeks increased testosterone levels by 42 percent. However, even though D-AA supplements may improve fertility in men with low testosterone levels, it may not provide additional benefits in men with normal to high testosterone levels. (3) 2. Exercise Regularly Exercising regularly not only improves confidence and physical performance, but it may also raise testosterone levels and fertility in men. Men who exercise regularly have higher testosterone levels and better semen quality compared to men who are inactive. However, too much exercise may have the opposite effect and potentially reduce testosterone levels. Adequate zinc intake can reduce this risk. Becoming more physically active should be one of the top priorities for anyone who wants to improve their fertility. (4) 3. Get Enough Vitamin C Oxidative stress occurs when the levels of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) reach harmful levels in the body. It happens when a body's own antioxidant defenses are overwhelmed because of factors like disease, unhealthy lifestyle, old age or environmental pollutants. ROS are constantly produced in the body. High levels of ROS may promote tissue injury and inflammation, increasing the risk of chronic disease. Oxidative stress and high levels of ROS may cause infertility in men. Adequate intake of vitamin C may help counteract some of these harmful effects and may improve semen quality. Taking 1,000-mg vitamin C supplements twice a day for two months can increase sperm motility by 92 percent and sperm count by more than 98 percent. It is also known to reduce the proportion of deformed sperm cells by 55 percent. Another observational study has found that taking 1,000 mg of vitamin C five times a week for three months may protect against DNA damage caused by ROS in sperm cells. Vitamin C supplements, therefore, can significantly improve sperm count and motility, while reducing the numbers of deformed sperm cells. (5) 4. Relax and Minimize Stress Stress is known to reduce sexual desires and impair fertility. Prolonged stress raises levels of cortisol that can have strong negative effects on testosterone. When cortisol level is high, testosterone levels tend to go down. While severe, unexplained anxiety can be typically treated with medication; milder forms of stress can be relieved by numerous relaxation techniques. Stress can be easily tackled by meditating, exercising or spending a relaxing time with friends and family. (6) 5. Get Enough Vitamin D Vitamin D is another nutrient that can boost testosterone levels. Vitamin D-deficient men are more likely to have low testosterone levels. High vitamin D levels are linked to increase sperm motility. If men with low testosterone levels take 3,000 mg of vitamin D every day for one year, it can increase their testosterone levels by around 25 percent. (7) 6. Take Fenugreek Supplements Fenugreek is a popular culinary and medicinal herb. Men who consume 500 mg of fenugreek extract daily experienced significantly increased testosterone levels, strength and fat loss. A study showed that men who take 600 mg of a supplement made from fenugreek seed extract and minerals, daily for six weeks have improved libido, sexual performance, strength, erectile function and the frequency of sexual activity. (8) 7. Get Enough Zinc Zinc is an essential mineral found in high amounts in foods, such as meat, fish, and eggs. Adequate zinc intake can boost male fertility. Zinc deficiency is known to lower testosterone levels, poor sperm quality and an increased risk of male infertility. Taking zinc supplements increases testosterone levels and increase sperm count. (9) 8. Eat Maca Root Maca root is popular plant food and has been used for its ability to enhance libido and fertility. Men who consume 1.5–3 grams of dried maca root for three months showed an improved sexual desire or libido. 2.4 grams of dried maca root if taken daily can improve erectile function and their sexual well-being. Taking 1.75 grams of maca root powder every day for three to four months also increases sperm counts and motility in healthy men. Additionally, maca root does not seem to affect hormone levels. Taking 1.5 to 3 grams of maca root per day for three months has no effects on testosterone or other reproductive hormones in healthy and fertile men. (10) Other Tips There are numerous strategies to improve sperm count, although this depends on its cause. Here are additional tips to boost sperm count/quality: Include fruits and vegetables in everyday life Lose excess weight Avoid heavy alcohol consumption Get enough folate Get adequate sleep Eating a lot of antioxidant-rich foods, such as walnuts Consider supplements known to improve semen quality Infertility can occur in anyone. Many of the ways mentioned above are key components of a healthy lifestyle that are known to increase sperm count. You can follow them if you want to increase sperm count naturally. Get wellness, nutrition tips exclusively available on Elawoman blog. Consult Elawoman specialist today if you are looking for fertility treatments. Ela can assist you in finding the best doctors and treatment available for infertility. Call us at +918929020600.

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Male Fertility

Teratozoospermia - Know its Causes, Types and Teratozoospermia Treatment

posted on Sept. 25, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
4.9/ 5 (6 Votes)

Since ancient times, infertility is considered as a problem related to only women. No matter what, the medical checkup of men was not even considered important to establish the cause of infertility. But with changing times, the role of male fertility has been greatly studied and its importance is reemphasized in defining fertility. This has also caused a change in the mindset of people who can now understand that infertility is not restricted to females only. Now, it is a general fact that trouble in conceiving can be due to a number of issues concerning sperm parameters of the male partner like poor sperm count, motility or low quality. One of such issues is Teratospermia or Teratozoospermia. This article throws light on various questions associated with the condition concerning its occurrence, types, treatment and what it is about.  (1) What is Teratospermia or Teratozoospermia? Teratospermia is defined as an abnormal sperm morphology. It is also called as Teratozoospermia. This disorder causes males to produce abnormally shaped sperm. The sperm produced are defective either at head, mid piece or tail. Teratospermia is considered as one of the causes of male infertility. To check the morphology of sperm, semen analysis or seminogram is done with the use of dye test to see the shape of sperm under a microscope. These tests reveal about the shape and give a definite percentage of the morphological defects found in sperms. (2) (3) Causes of Teratospermia Many a time it is difficult to establish a specific reason for teratozoospermia. It is taken for granted that morphological modifications that happen during the end stage of spermatogenesis (process of sperm production) are responsible for teratozoospermia. It is also noticed that treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy also have a role in the sperm production process hence leading to the onset of teratozoospermia. Men are advised to have their semen sample frozen if they wish to become father in future after the disease is treated completely. Then there are certain drugs that can interact with hormones produced in the body like FSH, testosterone and GnRH to cause changes in the sperm production process resulting in incomplete maturation. This is another reason of teratozoospermia in men. (4) There are quite a few factors that lead to Teratospermia. The causes of abnormal shape of sperms are different for person to person and sometimes it is quite difficult to assess the reason behind this disease. Some of the most common reasons identified till date that can contribute to the occurrence of teratozoospermia are: Genetic (5) Cancer treatments like chemotherapy or radiotherapy Testicular disorders Unhealthy diet Obesity Stress or any infections Tobacco, drugs or alcohol etc. High fever Traumas or other testicular problems Varicocele Meningitis Diabetes mellitus Semen infections Alcohol and drug abuse Some of the reasons of Teratospermia can be cured like if you keep a check on your diet plan, leave unhealthy habits, reduce stress level etc. With such corrective measures, sperm quality can improve, leading to the better chances of curing infertility. (5) Types Of Teratospermia Before discussing the treatment of teratozoospermia, let us learn about the defects in sperm cells that can be found at any part of its body like head, mid piece or tail. It can also occur with all or in combination of any two type of abnormality. The normal sperm has an oval shaped head and a long tail whereas abnormal sperm has head or tail defects such as mis-shape head or double tail etc. (6) Sperm morphology determines the type of Teratospermia and its grade of severity like: Normal sperm Morphology > 14% Mild teratospermia- here the normal sperm morphology value ranges between 10 – 14% Moderate Teratospermia- here the normal sperm morphology value is between 5-9% Severe Teratospermia- here the normal sperm morphology value is less than 5%  These types show the percentage of normal or abnormal sperm cells in a semen sample, but in order to know the defects in sperm, Teratospermia index is used. In this way, we can identify the number of defects in each sperm. (7) The formula used in index is – TZI =(C+P+Q)/X, where  C=head defects P=midpiece defects Q=tail defects X=total no. of abnormal sperm Interpretation of TZI TZI =close to 1 means one part defective TZI =close to 2 means two part defective TZI =close to 3 means three part defective TZI indicates which type of defect is the most frequent one. Treatment of Teratozoospermia Since the type of defect is identified, the next step is to move on to the treatment. The treatment of Teratospermia is possible. With proper treatment a man can achieve normal pregnancy, keeping in mind that other sperm parameters are normal. Sperm count and motility are the key points to be kept in mind in this case. 1. First treatment is Lifestyle changes –  A man with Teratospermia needs to give up his unhealthy habits such as cigarette smoking, alcoholic drinks or drugs if taking. (9) One should opt for a healthy lifestyle which involves regular exercise, eating balanced diet etc. One should take food which is rich in antioxidants & amino acids to boost the sperm quality. Omega -3 fatty acid rich food, vitamins are required for healthy sperm. One can also take vitamin supplements too. This is a natural treatment for teratozoospermia. 2. Fertility treatment is also possible in order to achieve a pregnancy with poor sperm morphology.  Advanced medical reproductive technology makes it possible for a man with teratospermia to have a baby. (10)  In case of mild teratospermia, IUI, which is Intrauterine insemination can be used as a treatment option, however, it is important to know that sperm count and motility should be normal as well as the female partner should also be medically fit. In case of moderate & severe teratospermia- IVF/ICSI can be chosen as a treatment option. IVF or In-vitro fertilization is a type of assisted reproductive technology where eggs and sperms are fertilized in laboratory and once fertilized, the resultant embryo is transferred to the woman’s uterus. Whereas, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is the process by which a selected sperm cell is inserted directly into an ovum. This eliminates the difficulty involved in sperm reaching and penetrating the egg. It has to be noted that teratozoospermia condition is a reversible one. The likeliness of getting treated is more if the causing factors are temporary in nature, which include high fever or a stressful event. If the morphological changes visible in sperm continue to reflect in the second analysis report, which is usually taken after few months, there is a good possibility that there are other associated diseases as a contributing factor. In a scenario where it appears to be occurring due to genetic reasons, teratozoospermia can turn out to be a very serious situation. With the comprehensive knowledge on teratospermia, this article covers all the relevant aspects of the disease. Apart from knowing the causes and ways of prevention, the treatment methods for Teratospermia can help you find your way. You can contact ElaWoman for their guidance regarding the detailed process of getting the treatment to achieve pregnancy without any hassles. Proper medical as well as mental assistance is provided to both the partners in order to achieve a healthy pregnancy.

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Male Fertility

Azoospermia - Causes, Diagnosis, and Azoospermia Treatment

posted on Aug. 20, 2019, 5:09 p.m.
4.6/ 5 (6 Votes)

Azoospermia, as the name suggests, is related to sperms.  The literal meaning of Azoospermia is the absence of sperms in a man’s semen. Hence, Azoospermia is one of the major reasons behind male infertility. Reproductive glands in the male body generate sperm that combines with the seminal fluid generated by the accessory glands namely seminal vesicles, the prostate, and the bulbourethral glands which is a whole become the semen during ejaculation. The semen produced by an azoospermic seems normal in terms of its looks and consistency but lacks the most important part of a healthy semen i.e. sperms. Hence, if you get to hear by the specialists that your semen has no sperm in the ejaculation then it means you have Azoospermia. (1) Causes of Azoospermia There are a number of reasons that cause azoospermia in men. However, different cases of this medical condition need different treatments.  Azoospermia is classified into two major categories - Obstructive Azoospermia (OA) and Non- Obstructive Azoospermia (NOA). (2) First of all, let’s get to know about these conditions and then we will discover the causes. 1. Obstructive Azoospermia (OA) In this case, the sperm production transpires normally inside the man’s testicles but due to the blockage in the reproductive tubing, the sperm gets restrained from exiting the male’s body and entering the world outside. Usually, the men with Obstructive Azoospermia have less volume of semen while ejaculation. (3) Some of the common causes of Obstructive Azoospermia include: Vasectomy: Vasectomy is a small surgery to block the male’s sperm carrying ducts. This is done intentionally to stop the sperm flow in the ejaculation. This is one of the most common birth control methods and it’s 100% effective. The previous vasectomy can also be the reason for obstructive azoospermia in men. (4) Infection: Another major cause of Obstructive Azoospermia is an infection. Infections in testicles, prostate, reproductive tract or venereal diseases can lead to the suspension and blockage in the small tubules of the ejaculatory duct. Surgical complications: Surgical complications can be another big reason behind the blockage of the ejaculatory duct, especially the surgery performed on the urogenital organs. (5) Congenital Conditions: Some males do not have a portion of vas deferens since birth, which could be due to the genetic situation. While in some cases prostate of a male contains cyst in it (they are either born with it or developed), that blocks the sperm flow from ejaculatory duct resulting in the absence of sperm in an ejaculation. 2. Non- Obstructive Azoospermia (NOA) In NOA, the reproductive duct is open, but there is either a ridiculously low level of sperm production or no sperm production at all. In most cases, there is a very low level of sperm generation, which hinders the sperm to make the way out from the testicles. NOA is caused due to the testicles abnormalities or peculiarities in reproductive hormones essential for controlling sperm production. Some of the common causes of Non-Obstructive Azoospermia include: Genetic conditions: The genetic causes of NOA are chromosomal malfunctions, which means there is a reduction in the number of chromosomes (this situation is called aneuploidy). Other chromosomal malfunctions include the breaking up of chromosomes and changes in the location of those broken parts of the chromosome (this situation is called translocation). (6) Varicocele: Another major and common cause that leads to Non-Obstructive Azoospermia is the presence of varicose veins near or around the testicles. This condition can be treated easily.  Varicocele leads to the minor reduction of sperm count, however, in several cases, this condition can cause male infertility. Hyper spermatogenesis: This is a common condition with men having azoospermia due to non-obstruction of ducts, where the production of sperms in testicles is lower than it should be. Maturation Arrest: This is the condition where the production of sperm is interrupted during the maturation phase, which in turn leads the testicles to fill with precursor sperm only. This condition takes place at an early or late stage of the maturation process of sperm. Sertoli-cell Only Syndrome (SCO) or Germ Cell Aplasia (GCA): This is the worst case in NOA. In this case, the germ cells that divide and become the sperms are missing within the testicles. Treatment of Azoospermia Azoospermia can be highly disturbing for most men, but the good news is that it is fixable. Every individual is different having a different body-type with different health issues & requirements. Therefore, the treatment of Azoospermia in men differs from patient to patient. (7) Treatment of Obstructive Azoospermia Men with Obstructive Azoospermia have a blockage in the ejaculation ducts, which acts as an obstruction for the sperm flow. This obstruction results in low sperm count or no sperm in an ejaculation. (8) There are two primary methods with which we can provide treatment for Obstructive Azoospermia in men and restore the flow of the sperm -   1- Surgical treatment of Obstructive Azoospermia The surgical correction is done by a microsurgical reconstruction of the vas deferens and/or epididymis. However, in cases of ejaculatory duct obstruction, it is performed by transurethral resection of the ejaculatory ducts (TURED). (9) 2- Utilization of Sperm Retrieval Techniques Sperm retrieval technique is used to retrieve the sperm from the testes or epididymis of a man with obstructive azoospermia. Sperm retrieved from the male reproductive system is utilized infertility treatment i.e. in vitro fertilization/ intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) Some of the Sperm Retrieval Techniques used in the cases of obstructive Azoospermia include Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (MESA) Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA) Testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and micro TESE Testicular Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (TESA) Treatment of Non-Obstructive Azoospermia For the Non-Obstructive Azoospermic patients, the treatment might not be easy and largely depends on the cause of the condition. While there are a few surgeries to retrieve the sperm, one of such methods that include sperm extraction for Non-Obstructive Azoospermia affected males is called "FNA Mapping". FNA Mapping - FNA Mapping is also known as testicular mapping or sperm mapping. It is also called as the "GPS of the testicles". This technique allows pointing the specific areas within the testicles with a higher level of sperms. The highest sperm level in the testicles increases the chances of successful extraction of the sperm. The sperm can then be extracted with the help of a surgery called "micro testicular sperm extraction" (mTESE). FNA combined with mTESE is a perfect and ideal way to treat NOA patients with minimum risk, pain and recovery time. Additional Treatment for Azoospermia Patients with lifestyle issues like hormonal imbalance can be treated in simpler ways such as changing medications and dietary supplements for addressing hormonal problems. Varicoceles can be fixed with a low-risk surgery called varicocelectomy. For conditions like genetic mutations, sperm donation can be a great way for couples willing to conceive a baby. Diagnosis of Azoospermia Diagnosis of Azoospermia is done with the help of semen analysis test. If the test reports reveal sperm count to be NIL then the person suffers from azoospermia. (10) The doctors go through the patient’s medical history as the part of Azoospermia diagnosis that usually includes: Fertility success rate in the past Childhood diseases Injuries or surgeries in the reproductive area Urinary or ejaculation tract infections Exposure to chemotherapy or radiation in the past Sexually transmitted diseases Fever or heat exposure Drug or alcohol abuse Past or present medication consumption Family history including birth defects If a male has been diagnosed with azoospermia then the specialist may also refer some tests to know the root cause of azoospermia. Some of the common tests recommended to the patient once he is diagnosed with azoospermia include Measurement of hormone levels such as testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Brain imaging to locate the hypothalamus and pituitary gland disorders Genetic tests X-rays or ultrasound to detect any tumor or blockage in the duct Biopsy of the testes to find out the type of Azoospermia Male infertility caused due to Azoospermia is nothing to be worried about as there are fertility treatments and Azoospermia treatment methods, which can resolve male infertility with the utmost proficiency allowing you to cherish the boon of fertility. To know more about the Male Infertility and how you can recover from Azoospermia as per your respective health condition, reach us at +918929020600 and let us assist you to regain your fertility.

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Male Fertility

Top 10 Naturally Effective Ways to Improve Poor Sperm Motility

posted on Aug. 6, 2019, 6:12 p.m.
4.8/ 5 (6 Votes)

Although a majority of male infertility is caused by low sperm count equating to 90% of the total cases, low sperm motility is another important contributory factor. Apart from environmental factors, there are other reasons that can lead to the damaged testicles, which in turn affect the quality of sperms, precisely their motility. These factors can be listed as Injury on testes, Testicular cancer, Infection, Undescended testicles, Testicular surgery, and Genetic reasons. Once the sperm motility is diagnosed with less than 40 percent, it becomes necessary to improve it. Here are a few effective ways to help you in improving sperm motility naturally. By bringing certain changes in your lifestyle, you can expect your motility to increase to an optimum level provided you follow the healthy regime strictly. (1) 1. Eat better A healthy lifestyle leads to numerous long-term health benefits. Healthy or proper eating style or habit can help a lot in improving low sperm motility and count. Whole foods comprising of fruits, vegetables, proteins, vitamins, minerals, nutrients, and antioxidants help to naturally increase the sperm motility. Always keep aside the habits of eating processed foods that are high in sodium and refined sugar. Try eating more whole grains and food, and add them to your daily routine. (2) This will help you in boosting sperm activity effectively. Moreover, certain superfoods can assist you greatly in achieving this goal such as: Eggs Spinach Bananas Dark Chocolate Asparagus Broccoli Pomegranates Walnuts Garlic Zinc Rich Foods (Oysters) Carrots Goji Berries Some seeds such as pumpkin seeds, ginseng, and maca also help in increasing sperm motility and overall health. 2. Avoid chemicals Avoid chemicals such as phthalates, which have a damaging effect on male fertility. Phthalate is the term used for a number of chemicals that have phthalic acid as their base. It has been observed in a study that men who have more exposure to a substance called DEHP (Diethylhexyl Phthalate) have poor sperm motility. (3) Soft plastics that are frequently used in everyday life such as wallpapers, sandals, perfume, nail polish, carpet floor etc. hamper the sperm motility greatly. Try to minimize their use. It is believed that chemicals and toxins increase the risk of infertility thereby decreasing sperm motility as well as count. So, you should always keep in mind to stop using some of the following harmful chemicals and toxins or consuming them to help yourself with sperm motility: Plastic kitchenware products that contain biphenyl A (BPA) Bleached paper products such as white coffee filters, toilet paper, and napkins Chlorinated tap water and bleach Foods that have been treated with or contain pesticides, herbicides, preservatives, and other man-made ingredients Synthetic cosmetics, toiletries, and deodorants Animal food products that contain synthetic hormones, such as chicken, beef, pork, and conventional dairy products such as cow’s milk Tobacco products and secondhand smoke Alcohol Soda 3. Stress Management Stress can suppress and decrease the sexual functionality of a man and can result in some major hormonal imbalance. If it continues for a long-term, it can also lead to life-threatening problems and a decrease in sperm motility. But you can improve the sperm motility naturally by managing and reducing stress as much as possible. (4) Sleeping on time is also a helpful way of relaxing yourself. Below mentioned are some of the ways to help you reduce stress in the most comfortable manner: Deep breathing Moderate exercise Meditation Drinking water Regular and proper sleep 4. Avoid laptops and other heat sources on the lap A study has found that when a laptop is used on the lap, it is quite close to the testes, which led to a decrease in sperm motility with an increase in DNA fragmentation. The heat generated from the laptop has the capacity to deeply affect the quality of semen including sperm motility, which eventually impacts its active progression. Not just the motility and count, the harmful effects of a laptop can go to the extent of damaging the sperms at the chromosomal level. (5) 5. Say no to smoking 40% of studies done to check the harmful effects of smoking on sperm motility have shown that smoking causes a significant decrease in sperm motility. It not just causes cancer but leaves you infertile with an adverse effect on sperm count, morphology and motility. It has been observed that men with smoking habits experience a 13% decrease in their sperm motility. So, it’s better to quit or say no to smoking. (6) 6. Exercises For healthy well-being, exercise is highly required by a person. It not just helps in weight management but also provides other benefits. Exercises are associated with a number of health benefits and it also helps to improve sperm motility by regulating hormones. Men who were regular with their exercising regime were found to have 12% higher improved sperm motility. For the males who are diagnosed with lower sperm motility, it is recommended to engage in at least 150-200 minutes per week of moderate-intense aerobic exercises, accompanied via strength-training sessions. (7) 7. Avoid Medicines affecting male fertility Certain medications such as calcium channels blockers, tricycle antidepressants, anti-androgens, anabolic steroids, chemotherapy drugs, and radiation treatments can all lead to infertility problem or decrease in sperm motility. If you find out your sperm motility to be decreased in a medical test, your first step should be to consult a doctor. Your doctor will provide effective medicine to bring about an improvement in the motility and the overall quality of the sperm. Medicine prescribed by a doctor will help you with an increase in sperm motility. (8) 8. Balance your weight No matter what your age is, being overweight or obese generally results in the hormonal imbalance and also has an adverse effect on your fertility. It can also decrease sperm motility and count as it has been found in studies that men who are overweight have inferior quality of sperms as compared to men with a healthy weight. If you are overweight consult your healthcare expert. If you don’t have any idea about your weight then get your weight checked and calculate your BMI. (9) If your BMI is more than 27, then you can be at high risk of multiple health problems. So it is advisable to manage your weight and get back your BMI between 19 -24. Managing weight will help you in improving the sperm motility naturally. 9. Stop alcohol, cigarette, and supplements If you are consuming alcohol excessively or are in a habit of consuming alcohol on an everyday basis, you will have to put a stop to it immediately. Saying no to alcohol helps to increase sperm motility and keep liver healthy and stay safe from many diseases. Other than having a harmful effect on sperm quality; alcohol, cigarettes, and supplements, may have an adverse result on your physical health and can lead to multiple health problems. It would be better if you go for better and stop using them right away. (10) 10. Practice safe sex and use condoms Sexually transmitted diseases can worsen fertility and sperm motility. Protect your sexual health by using condoms or by staying monogamous with an uninfected partner to lower your risk for STDs and keep your sperms healthy for long. All the above-mentioned factors, when taken care of can prevent untimely damage to overall sperm quality, especially their motility. 10 Tips to Increase Male Fertility is an interesting read to know more about the factors related to sperm quality and ways to increase it. If your motility is extremely low and none of the medicines is helping you out, then it’s a time for further evaluation to know the reason behind decreased motility so that appropriate treatment can be taken accordingly.

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Male Fertility

Best 12 Ways to Prevent Male Infertility - Risk Factors, Male Infertility Causes

posted on Aug. 20, 2019, 4:59 p.m.
4.7/ 5 (6 Votes)

Male infertility is a condition in which a male is not able to cause pregnancy in his female partner. Male infertility is very common these days due to toxic chemicals present in the environment and the changes in lifestyle. Approximately 30 percent of the infertility cases, where a couple is not able to conceive are due to male infertility. Male fertility levels can be checked with the help of a semen analysis test. Certain parameters such as sperm count, motility, morphology, pH, and fructose are measured to find the quality of sperms present in the semen. If the sperms are of good quality and the female partner does not have any fertility issues then the couple can conceive naturally. But if the male has some fertility issues, then the couple requires some treatment or donor sperm to successfully conceive a baby. Male infertility can be prevented if proper care is taken at the right time. It is always said that prevention is better than cure. So in this article, you will get information on the ways to prevent male infertility along with the outlined information including causes and symptoms of male infertility. (1) (2) Causes of Male Infertility Some health issues or medical conditions can result in male infertility if not treated at the right time. Let’s discuss the health conditions, which can possibly result in infertility in the long term. (3) (4) Hypothalamic or Pituitary Disorder: Pituitary gland is located in the brain, which is responsible for the production of the hormone. When the pituitary gland does not function properly, it can result in low sperm production. (5)  Gonad Disorder: Gonad disorders are an abnormality in the functioning of testes, which can result in infertility and erectile dysfunction. Approximately 30 to 40 percent of male infertility cases are because of gonad disorder. (6) Sperm transport disorder: Blockage in ejaculatory ducts, epididymis, and vas deferens can result in low sperms or NIL sperm in an ejaculation. 10 to 20 percent of male infertility cases are because of disorder in sperm transportation mechanism. (7) Unknown Causes: No reason or cause can be identified in 40% to 50% of infertility cases in men. Risk factors linked to male infertility Smoking tobacco (8) Using alcohol Using illicit drugs Being overweight Having certain past or present infections Being exposed to toxins Overheating the testicles Having a prior vasectomy or major abdominal or pelvic surgery Having a history of undescended testicles Being born with a fertility disorder or having a blood relative with a fertility disorder Having certain medical conditions, including tumors and chronic illnesses, such as sickle cell disease Taking certain medications or undergoing medical treatments, such as surgery or radiation used for treating cancer Prevention of Male Infertility If a man has the genetic infertility issue, which has been inherited, or the problem that cannot be cured, then there is no chance of prevention. But if not them some important actions can be taken that decreases or prevents the possibility of infertility. Learn the ways to prevent male infertility effectively by taking proper precautions. (9) 1. Avoid STDs (Sexual Transmitted Diseases) STDs or sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted from one person to another through sex. STDs such as Chlamydia, Genital Warts, and Gonorrhea can cause low sperm production as well as scarring in male reproductive ducts. Therefore, whenever you are having intercourse with a female partner, always make sure to use birth control protection to avoid STDs and hence infertility. (10) 2. Don’t take Drugs without Doctor’s Prescription Certain drugs such as supplemental testosterone, Marijuana, Narcotics, Recreational drugs, chemotherapy medications, and other illicit drugs can lead to fertility problems in men. The consumption of these drugs might change the hormonal levels in men affecting sperm movement and hence leading to infertility. These drugs might also cause testicles to shrink and produce fewer sperms. In some of the cases, the body might show adverse effects after stopping the consumption of drugs. If you want to prevent yourself from infertility, then never take any drugs without a doctor’s prescription. 3. Keep your Balls Cool Production of sperm is efficient when the testes are at 3 degrees lower temperature than the human body temperature. If testes come in the contact with the sources emitting heat radiations such as hot sauna, laptops, hot tub bath then its normal functioning can be disturbed because of high temperature. Radiation therapy utilized during cancer treatment can also damage reproductive cells in the testes making the man infertile. Hence, always avoid standing closer to hot sources to maintain your fertility. 4. Avoid Toxic Substances Toxic substances or some harmful chemicals you come across every day, not only damages your body parts but it also leads to infertility. It would be better to stay away from the place where toxic substances are made. If working in a toxic environment is inevitable for you, then take proper preventive measures so that it would not harm you and your fertility. 5. Stop Heavy or Frequent use of Alcohol Regular alcohol consumption in a larger quantity can lead to infertility because alcohol impairs sperm production in men. If you are in a habit to consume alcohol, then stop it right away before you get into any problem.  The side effects of alcohol can be reversed after you stop consuming it. 6. Maintain Good health and hygiene A man needs to maintain and manage well hygiene and health practices to maintain optimum fertility levels. Keeping private parts clean is a must to prevent infertility or get off the risk of infertility. Otherwise, infections can also make you infertile if not treated at the right time. Poor oral hygiene can also lead to infertility, so not only your reproductive organs but also the other parts need to be cleaned in an appropriate manner. 7. Skip Hot Baths Bathing is a good habit and also a part of daily chores as it helps to maintain and manage personal hygiene. But if you are in practice or routine of taking hot tub baths and sauna baths for more than an hour daily, then it might lead to infertility. Higher testes temperature inhibits sperm production. It would be better to get into a normal routine of bathing with normal or lukewarm water. 8. Wear Perfect sized Undergarments Sometime, undergarments you carry on a daily basis might also become the reason for your infertility. If you are wearing tight-fitting undergarments then you are mistaking. Tight boxers can raise the temperature of your testes, hence impacting the process of spermatogenesis in males. Perfect sized undergarments help a person prevent himself from infertility. 9. Eat Healthy Diet The food which you consume daily plays a significant role in maintaining your health and fertility. If your diet lacks certain nutrients and vitamins such as Folic acid, zinc, vitamin E, Vitamin B3 then sperm count can get hampered. Therefore, you should always be cautious about the right selection of food that will help you in the prevention of infertility. 10. Weight management Are you more than your BMI? If yes, then you have greater chances of infertility. Obese men have low testosterone levels and they also suffer from erectile dysfunction. Hence, Weight management is always required at every age to maintain fertility. 11. Quit Smoking Smoking not just invites lungs cancer and other diseases but it also impacts your fertility levels to a great extent. Stop smoking if you want to prevent yourself from infertility. 12. Protect yourself from Reproductive Injury If you are a sports person, then you need to be extra cautious to protect yourself from reproductive injury. Injury or any surgery to the reproductive part can cause infertility in the long term. If you are looking for the superfoods to improve your sperm count, then explore our article on foods to improve sperm count. If you have fertility issues and looking for a solution, then call at +918929020600 to get an answer to your queries.

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Male Fertility

Best 8 Natural Erectile Dysfunction Treatments - Diet, Exercise, Supplement

posted on Aug. 7, 2019, 5:34 p.m.
4.8/ 5 (6 Votes)

Erectile dysfunction or ED is a sign of sexual dysfunction in males when they are not able to have an erection of the penis during sexual intercourse. It can be caused by any physical or physiological problems such as stress, anxiety, relationship strain or medical condition. It can also be caused because of smoking, alcohol consumption, stress, heart disease, and diabetes. (2) It lowers the self-confidence in males. Conceiving a baby with erectile dysfunction becomes a problem because the man cannot have an erection during sex and also he does not have sexual desire. (3) Erectile dysfunction should be treated at the right time because if not treated at the proper time then it can permanently impact the male’s fertility. Erectile dysfunction can be cured naturally with the help of supplements and lifestyle changes. Learn the different ways to cure ED effectively in a natural way. (1) 1. Apple Cider Vinegar Apple cider vinegar is one of the best home remedies to cure erectile dysfunction naturally. Apple cider vinegar is obtained from fermented apples. Apple Cider Vinegar eliminates the root causes, which are responsible for Erectile Dysfunction or ED. (4) The main function of apple cider vinegar is to repair blood vessels and nerve fibers in the penis. Moreover, it also helps to reduce the pain and swelling in the prostate gland. It also increases the testosterone level, which directly helps in curing erectile dysfunction. Daily consumption of Apple Cider Vinegar increases sex drive and it also helps in timely erection during sexual intercourse. Don’t consume it more than a recommended amount. Otherwise, it can cause more harm than good. How to Use Apple Cider Vinegar To Cure Erectile Dysfunction? Mix a tablespoon of organic apple cider vinegar with lemon and honey in a glass of lukewarm water. Drink the liquid 20 minutes before every meal. Repeat this 3 times a day. If you don’t find this liquid tasty, then you can also opt for apple cider vinegar capsules. 2. Healthy and Balanced Diet A healthy and balanced diet not only makes you stay fit and healthy but also helps you fight the problems of ejaculatory disorders and erectile dysfunction naturally. Deficiency of certain nutrients and vitamins such as Vitamin E, Zinc, Vitamin D3, and Folic Acid can cause erectile dysfunction. Start including below-mentioned food in your diet to cure Erectile Dysfunction in a natural way. (5) Vitamin E rich food: The deficiency of vitamin E might also become the ground of impotence. So, opting natural therapy is always advised. Consumption of wheat gram and green leafy vegetable will help to improve blood flow in the penis. Zinc: Seeds such as pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, sunflower seeds, beef lamb, and spinach are rich sources of zinc. Zinc improves the levels of testosterone in the body. Nuts: Watercress and sesame seeds increase sex libido gradually and effectively. Nuts also play an important role in maintaining a healthy testosterone level. Diet takes the time of around 3 to 4 months in curing the problem of erectile dysfunction. So, be patient and follow a healthy diet routine to have a long-term treatment of ED. 3. Exercises Exercise is an important activity, which should be performed on a daily basis to improve blood circulation in various parts of the body. It also helps in maintaining proper hormonal balance. A sedentary lifestyle is sometimes responsible for sexual dysfunction in men because of the poor circulation of blood in the penis and other reproductive hormones. Exercise is the best natural therapy for an individual to get erectile dysfunction problems naturally cured. (6) (7) One can start with basic kegel exercise and aerobic exercise to improve blood flow in the pelvic area. You can also start doing Yoga to cure erectile dysfunction. To know more about yoga postures effective in treating ED, explore our article on Yoga for Erectile Dysfunction. 4. Stress Management Stress can also cause erectile dysfunction as it can interfere with the production of reproductive hormones, which are responsible for erection and sexual desire. When a person is under stress, his body releases cortisol hormone, which might change the functioning of other hormones in the body. Unwanted stress must be avoided at any cost, otherwise, it may cause problems in ejaculation and sexual life. Stress can be caused by physical as well as psychological factors. Always lookout for the factors, which are causing trouble to you so that they don’t have any long-term impact on your fertility. (8) There is multiple stress-relieving ways you can try to naturally cure erectile dysfunction problem. Here are some of the stress management activities you can do: Perform meditation and relaxation activities Play Indoor and outdoor games Involve in social activities Listen to music Dance Take proper rest Visiting temple, church, mosque Cook food for the family and yourself Plan a vacation or trip And the most important step to managing your stress is taking proper sleep. 5. Supplements There are some herbal and multivitamin supplements, which are known to cure erectile dysfunction effectively. Here is a list of supplements that can be consumed regularly to naturally end up erectile dysfunction problem. (9) Some of the best and result-oriented supplements that have actually helped men are: a- Panax Ginseng: It is also known as the herbal Viagra and it helps to cure ED effectively without having any side effects. The herb is known for having anti-inflammatory actions to help cure certain diseases. Daily Recommended Dosage: 600 milligrams b- Arginine: Arginine is a type of amino acid, which helps in blood vessel dilation and improves blood flow. Daily Recommended Dosage: 1000 milligrams twice in a day c- Ginkgo Biloba: Leaves from Ginkgo Biloba tree are used from the ancient times to improve blood flow. Nowadays, it is commonly available in the form of tablets and capsules. Daily Recommended Dosage: 120 milligrams twice a day d- DHEA: It is a hormone, which is produced by our adrenal glands and it is also associated with sex hormones. It is advised to take this supplement under the supervision of a doctor. This hormone can help in improving testosterone levels. Daily Recommended Dosage: 25–50 milligrams e- Maca root:  Maca root is an herb composed of amino acids and fatty acids. It is known to increase sexual desire and balance hormones. Daily Recommended Dosage: 500 milligrams thrice a day f- Niacin: Vitamin B3 is also called niacin. It helps in improving blood flow and supports energy levels. Daily Recommended Dosage: 250 milligrams thrice a day 6. Essential Oil Essential oils namely Sandalwood oil, Rose oil, Ylang Ylang oil help in the improvement of blood circulation in the penis and reproductive organs. They also improve sex libido in males. Massage these oils regularly to take the most benefit out of it. Get to know more about these oils and their usage in curing erectile dysfunction. (10) These essential oils for curing impotence are not only effective in boosting libido, but they also smell lovely. You can inhale these from the bottle; rub them on your abdomen or legs. You can also mix with a carrier oil like coconut oil, or diffuse them in the air. These are considered to be natural aphrodisiacs. These plant-derived oils have been shown to naturally increase the libido of both men and women for hundreds of years. They may even be able to improve your mood and outlook on life. They have an uplifting effect on the mind bringing positivity into your life. 7. Changes in Lifestyle Bringing positive changes in your lifestyle can also help in easing the symptoms of erectile dysfunction. Lifestyle changes that could help improve your sexual function include exercising, losing weight, stop smoking and curbing alcohol intake. An unhealthy diet can also affect your sexual performance. 8. Acupuncture:  Acupuncture is a traditional practice, which is utilized to treat various medical conditions. It is known to increase blood circulation in various parts of the baby. During this procedure, few thin needles are used to stimulate certain body parts such as abdomen, legs, and hands to cure erectile dysfunction naturally. Acupuncture should be done for a period of 2-3 months with 3-4 sessions per week. Acupuncture is effective in treating ED caused due to psychological factors such as anxiety and stress. Always take advice from a specialist before starting any session. Can Pornography and Masturbation cause Erectile Dysfunction? The answer is shocking but it is yes. Watching porn and masturbating can numb a man’s senses and cause erectile dysfunction. With the advancement in technology and 24*7 availability of computers and the Internet, it is now possible to watch pornography at any time. Pornography provides your brain with the same sensations, which you get when having real sex. In fact, pornography is able to provide a stronger stimulus than real sex often does. This unreal stimulation can have a negative impact on your penis nerves and cause erectile dysfunction in the long term. Masturbation and watching Porns should be stopped if you want to stay away from erectile dysfunction. It is important for any man suffering from ED to consider lifestyle changes and talk to a doctor before starting new medications or herbal remedies. If you and your partner are struggling hard to conceive a baby, then call Ela fertility experts at +918929020600 to know about various treatment options.

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Male Fertility

Get to know 9 Effective Ways to Deal with Male Infertility with Success

posted on Aug. 7, 2019, 5:54 p.m.
4.8/ 5 (7 Votes)

When the word infertility comes in mind, the situation becomes painful for anyone who is infertile. Especially when the infertility issues are associated with the male partner, the situation becomes more complex. Most of the times, it has been seen that infertility problems are with women only. It’s really difficult for a man to accept his infertility. Male fertility issues are on an all-time high and doubtlessly, poor lifestyle and irregular eating habits are the only reasons to blame for. Apart from the treatment, it takes a whole lot of efforts to deal with the mental agony and emotional imbalance that is associated with male infertility. When a male suffers from infertility, it can deeply affect his relationship. Coping up with male infertility depends on the understanding between two partners. (1) (2) Men and women both tend to respond to the situation in a very different manner. Although men are considered strong outwardly emotionally they can be as vulnerable as women when it concerns their fertility. Women may seek solace in sharing their burden and venting out in front of the family and friends but men, on the other hand, may find it difficult to pour their heart out. So, for someone dealing with the issue of male infertility, following tips bring a sigh of relief as it takes you through different ways and means to cope with it. (3) You can also read: Diagnostics to identify infertility in men So, if somebody is struggling with male infertility or thinking that your wife is unable to conceive due to your male infertility, here is all you need to learn. Find out the ways, which will help, you cope with male infertility in an easy manner. This article offers you a variety of tips to deal with male infertility problems. (7) 1. Learn to relax Both the partners should be supportive of each other and have a listening ear for each other’s worries and fears. It is advised that both of you sit together and decide your further course of infertility treatment. (4) You need to open up with the gynecologist you are visiting and learn about the problem in detail. 2. Plan your treatment immediately In case you come to know about your infertility, it would be better not to waste the time. Don’t get discouraged, as it is not going to help you anyway. The need for the situation is to choose the right treatment, and if you fail to do so, open up with the one you think can help with the best suggestion. Some people can handle it better whereas others cannot, so it is important to find ways to end the infertility problem. (5) 3. Pen down the feelings Writing about the problems makes it easy for a person to lower down the mental pain to a certain extent. So, if you are infertile and are unable to speak about it to anybody, writing your feelings as the note will help you. Even if there are some complications and that might lead to infertility, you can write down the points to help you plan the best for you. (6) Whether you choose to write it and immediately set fire to it or keep it stored away for the future makes no difference. It is the act of writing itself that is important. This process is also known as written disclosure therapy. It is not used particularly widely, but there is some evidence to suggest that it can have positive effects. You can also read: Male Infertility Causes Symptoms and Treatments 4. Let your pain come out Again, our society dictates that men should never shed a tear — at least not when anyone is looking. But nowadays, plenty of men are prepared to cry. And, if you are alone and you know that you will not be disturbed, open up and go for genuine sorrow release. This will help you lessen the burden and stress and typically, after crying, our breathing and heart rate decrease, and we enter into a calmer biological and emotional state.  5. Open up-talk about it Most of the men don't like to talk about their problems. Although this often holds true, it is not the case for everyone. It is known that a problem shared is a problem halved. So, keep your communication channels open. You don't have to broadcast it far and wide but speak with someone e.g. a doctor, your friend, a counselor, a support group and your wife. It will ease your burden and they might suggest you the best ways to add a new hope to your life. (8) 6. Share-get better ideas Till the time you won’t share there are least chances to get it sorted. Talk through all the options you can go for as like adoption, IVF treatment, and donor sperm. Understanding and talking about potential avenues will help you face any setback further down the road — and if one option does not work, you'll know what you're trying next. 7. Divert the mind If being infertile or partially infertile is leading to distraction and you are unable to focus on your work, it’s better to divert your mind. For the situation, meditation and yoga sessions work as the perfect therapy for infertility treatment. 8. Get control There are some scientifically proven ways to improve sperm quality. Often, the simple act of getting back some control can go a long way to help deal with infertility; it fights off that creeping sense of helplessness. (10) One of the toughest parts of dealing with male infertility is that one does not know how long it will last. Making plans where possible can help you to feel that you are still in charge. 9. Set targets and limits With your partner, discuss the procedures you are prepared to go for, and emotional and financial levels you can both handle. Pregnancy is often the result of repeated efforts, whether through natural intercourse or fertility treatment. Other than treatment targets, you can also go for other targets were eating, maintaining weight and reduction of stress is included. The following list provides some simple measures that can be taken to give your sperm the best chance of getting fertilized with an egg. (9) Eat right: Consume healthy food products and stock up on them. Understanding the exact impact of overall food intake is difficult, but a diet including vegetables, fruits, legumes, and grains helps to improve sperm motility. Maintain weight: There are strong links between being overweight and male infertility. So, weight management is a must. Reduce stress: If Infertility is stressing you out, it might be making infertility levels worse. Breathe and minimize the impact of stress with the help of calming exercises. Get active: Being physically active will prevent obesity, which is certainly linked. Exercise also helps to relieve stress, so it's worth getting sweaty. Other than the above points, you should also focus on these major points: Quit Smoking: If you indulge in the habit of smoking, stop that right away because smoking lowers sperm count and increases the risk of abnormal sperm. Stop Alcohol Drinking: Stop drinking alcohol immediately as alcohol reduces testosterone production and hence low sperm production. Avoid Sex Lubricants: Avoid the usage of lubricants during sex as lubricants may hinder sperm movement hence making it impossible for the sperms to reach the egg in the fallopian tube. Keep Your Balls Cool: Maintain the temperature of your testicles, as hot testicles are less efficient at producing sperms. Therefore, avoid hot tubs, tight underwear and saunas. Also, don’t forget to speak to a gynecologist about medications that could interfere with sperm production. And, if you want to schedule your appointment with the best fertility doctor to start your treatment, then you can call at +918929020600.

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Male Fertility

12 Significant Ways of Increasing Sperm Motility - Improve Sperm Quality Naturally

posted on Aug. 5, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
4.8/ 5 (8 Votes)

Damage to testicles, which make and store sperms generally tend to impact the quality of sperms. But there are other physical, as well as environmental reasons too that may cause damage to sperms and lead to poor sperm quality. If male sperm quality is diagnosed with less than 32 percent of sperm motility, then the couple may face serious issues in conceiving naturally. In that case, the couple may have to use assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF, IUI or surrogacy to conceive. Emotional stress, tobacco smoking, being overweight, excessive consumption of alcohol and exposure to extreme temperatures are some of the causes of poor sperm motility. Here are a few and effective ways to help you improve your sperm motility. The ways are practical and lead to very good chances of increasing sperm motility in a great way. Find here, the best ways to improve sperm motility. 1- Eating better An unhealthy lifestyle leads to numerous adverse health effects. Unhealthy or improper eating habits might also be the reason for low sperm motility. So, to improve sperm motility, you should go for whole foods such as fruits, vegetables, and protein-rich food. Your diet must include foods, which are rich in multiple vitamins, minerals, nutrients, and antioxidants. You should always avoid processed foods that are high in sodium and refined sugar. Try eating more whole grains on a regular basis. Add them to your daily routine to make it an intrinsic part of your diet. (1) Eating superfoods is additionally helpful so here is a list of superfood you can gorge on: Eggs Spinach Bananas Dark Chocolate Asparagus Broccoli Pomegranates Walnuts Garlic Zinc Rich Foods (Oysters) Carrots Goji Berries Some of the seeds such as pumpkin seeds, ginseng, and maca also help in improving sperm motility as well as sperm count. 2- Getting away from chemicals Some chemicals and toxins that are released into the atmosphere can also harm you. It is also believed that chemicals and toxins increase the risk of infertility problems and decrease sperm motility. So, you should always remember to stop using or consuming harmful chemicals and toxins to safeguard your sperm motility. Following are the products that are proven to be harmful and cause a decrease in sperm motility. (2) Plastic kitchenware products that contain biphenyl A (BPA) Bleached paper products such as white coffee filters, toilet paper, and napkins Chlorinated tap water and bleach Foods that have been treated with or contain pesticides, herbicides, preservatives, and other man-made ingredients. Synthetic cosmetics, toiletries, and deodorants Animal food products that contain synthetic hormones, such as chicken, beef, pork, and conventional dairy products such as cow’s milk. Tobacco products and secondhand smoke. 3- Managing stress Stress can suppress and decrease sexual libido. Sometimes, it can also result in major hormonal imbalance. If it continues for long-term, it can also lead to life-threatening problems as well. But you can improve sperm motility naturally by managing and reducing stress in your life as much as possible. (3) Sleeping on time and getting sufficient sleep is essential for you to be relaxed. Here are some of the ways to help you reduce stress: Deep-breathing exercises Meditation Drinking ample amount of water Regular and undisturbed sleep 4- Avoiding laptops on the lap You should avoid keeping a laptop on your lap because the heat released by the laptop can increase the temperature of your scrotum region. High temperature around the testis area can cause DNA fragmentation of the sperm which indicates degradation in the genetic quality of sperms. (4) 5- Saying no to smoking Smoking not just causes cancer but leaves you infertile as well. So, it’s better to quit smoking. A study suggests that smokers take longer to conceive or have infertility problems as compared to non-smokers. (5) 6- Exercise regularly For a healthy mind and body, exercise is highly recommended for all. Not only it helps in weight management but also provides other benefits like the flexibility of muscles and greater stamina. Exercise is associated with a number of health benefits and it also helps to improve sperm motility by regulating hormones. For men who have lower sperm motility diagnosed, it is recommended to engage in at least 150-200 minutes per week of moderate aerobic exercises. (6) 7- Avoiding medicines that may affect fertility Certain medications such as calcium channels blockers, tricycle antidepressants, anti-androgens, anabolic steroids, chemotherapy drugs, and radiation treatments can cause infertility problems. If someone is diagnosed with lower sperm motility, then one should consult a doctor immediately. Doctors will analyze your reports before coming to a conclusion whether you need surgical intervention or not. (7) Sometimes, a healthy lifestyle and medications are enough to improve sperm motility. 8- Balancing your weight No matter what is your age being overweight or obese generally results in the hormonal imbalance and has an adverse effect on your fertility. If you are overweight, consult your healthcare expert or nutritionist. You can also calculate your BMI. If your BMI is more than 27, then you can be at high risk of multiple health problems. So, it is better to manage your BMI between 19 -24. (8) 9- Avoiding alcohol and cigarette If you are consuming alcohol in an excessive amount, then stop it immediately. Saying no to alcohol will help you increase sperm motility and keep your liver healthy. Other than alcohol, cigarettes can also pose an adverse result on your physical health. (9) 10- Practicing safe sex using condoms Sexually transmitted diseases can worsen fertility and sperm motility. Protect your sexual health by using condoms or by staying monogamous with an uninfected partner to lower your risk for STDs. (10) 11- Take D-Aspartic Acid Supplements D-Aspartic Acid or D-AA levels are lower in infertile men. D-Aspartic Acid can be taken in the form of dietary supplement. A study shows that regular intake of 3 grams of D-Aspartic Acid supplement for at least 15 days results in about 42% rise in testosterone levels. Including this supplement in your daily diet can significantly improve sperm motility. 12- Take Vitamin C supplements Vitamin C supplements are proved to be a great savior for the men suffering from low sperm count as well as low sperm motility. In a study conducted over a group of people, it has been concluded that taking 1000 mg Vitamin C supplements twice a day for up to 60 days can improve sperm count by 100% and sperm motility by 92%. Is masturbation beneficial or it has some side effects? Confused? Read our article benefits and side effects of masturbation before coming to a conclusion. And if you want to know more facts about sperms, read our research-based article on how long does sperm live.

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