Book an Appointment
+91-7899912611
male fertility

12 Ways to Prevent Male Infertility

  • 4.7 (6 Votes)
  • 14049 views

Male fertility can be maintained if proper precautions are taken. Effective best practices to prevent male fertility include avoiding hot bath, alcohol, drugs, tobacco, STDs, toxic chemicals and tight boxers. Healthy diet, positive lifestyle and weight management are the keys to maintain or restore optimum fertility in men.

Male infertility is a condition in which a male is not able to cause pregnancy in his female partner. Male infertility is very common these days due to toxic chemicals present in the environment and the changes in lifestyle. Approximately 30 percent of the infertility cases, where a couple is not able to conceive are due to male infertility. Male fertility levels can be checked with the help of semen analysis test. Certain parameters such as sperm count, motility, morphology, pH, and fructose are measured to find the quality of sperms present in the semen. If the sperms are of good quality and the female partner does not have any fertility issues then the couple can conceive naturally. But if the male has some fertility issues, then the couple requires some treatment or donor sperm to successfully conceive a baby. Male infertility can be prevented if proper care is taken at the right time. It is always said that the prevention is better than cure. So in this article, you will get information on the ways to prevent male infertility along with the outlined information including causes and symptoms of male infertility.

Causes of Male Infertility

Some health issues or medical conditions can result in male infertility if not treated at the right time. Let’s discuss about the health conditions, which can possibly result into infertility in a long term.

  • Hypothalamic or Pituitary Disorder: Pituitary gland is located in the brain, which is responsible for the hormones production. When the pituitary gland does not function properly, it can result in low sperm production.
  •  Gonad Disorder: Gonad disorders are abnormality in the functioning of testes, which can result into infertility and erectile dysfunction. Approximately 30 to 40 percent of male infertility cases are because of gonad disorder.
  • Sperm transport disorder: Blockage in ejaculatory ducts, epididymis, and vas deferens can result in low sperms or NIL sperm in ejaculation. 10 to 20 percent of male infertility cases are because of disorder in sperm transportation mechanism.
  • Unknown Causes: No reason or cause can be identified in 40% to 50% of infertility cases in men.

Risk factors linked to male infertility

  • Smoking tobacco
  • Using alcohol
  • Using illicit drugs

illicit drugs

  • Being overweight
  • Having certain past or present infections
  • Being exposed to toxins
  • Overheating the testicles
  • Having a prior vasectomy or major abdominal or pelvic surgery
  • Having a history of undescended testicles
  • Being born with a fertility disorder or having a blood relative with a fertility disorder
  • Having certain medical conditions, including tumors and chronic illnesses, such as sickle cell disease
  • Taking certain medications or undergoing medical treatments, such as surgery or radiation used for treating cancer

Prevention of Male Infertility

If a man has the genetic infertility issue, which has been inherited, or the problem that cannot be cured, then there is no chance of prevention. But if not them some important actions can be taken that decreases or prevents the possibility of infertility. Learn the ways to prevent male infertility effectively by taking proper precautions.

1. Avoid STDs (Sexual Transmitted Diseases)

STDs or sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted from one person to another through sex. STDs such as Chlamydia, Genital Warts and Gonorrhea can cause low sperm production as well as scarring in male reproductive ducts. Therefore, whenever you are having an intercourse with a female partner, always make sure to use birth control protection to avoid STDs and hence infertility.

sexual transmitted disease

2. Don’t take Drugs without Doctor’s Prescription

Certain drugs such as supplemental testosterone, Marijuana, Narcotics, Recreational drugs, chemotherapy medications and other illicit drugs can lead to fertility problems in men. The consumption of these drugs might change the hormonal levels in men affecting sperm movement and hence leading to infertility. These drugs might also cause testicles to shrink and produce less sperms. In some of the cases, body might show adverse effects after stopping the consumption of drugs.

If you want to prevent yourself from infertility, then never take any drugs without doctor’s prescription.

3. Keep your Balls Cool

Production of sperm is efficient when the testes are at 3 degrees lower temperature than the human body temperature. If testes come in the contact with the sources emitting heat radiations such as hot sauna, laptops, hot tub bath then its normal functioning can be disturbed because of high temperature. Radiation therapy utilized during cancer treatment can also damage reproductive cells in the testes making the man infertile. Hence, always avoid standing closer to hot sources to maintain your fertility.

4. Avoid Toxic Substances

Toxic substances or some harmful chemicals you come across every day, not only damages your body parts but it also leads to infertility. It would be better to stay away from the place where toxic substances are made. If working in a toxic environment is inevitable for you, then take proper preventive measures so that it would not harm you and your fertility.

5. Stop Heavy or Frequent use of Alcohol

Regular alcohol consumption in a larger quantity can lead to infertility because alcohol impairs the sperm production in men. If you are in a habit to consume alcohol, then stop it right away before you get into any problem.  The side effects of alcohol can be reversed after you stop consuming it.

Stop alcohol

6. Maintain Good health and hygiene

A man needs to maintain and manage well hygiene and health practices to maintain optimum fertility levels. Keeping private parts clean is a must to prevent infertility or get off the risk of infertility. Otherwise, infections can also make you infertile if not treated at the right time.

Poor oral hygiene can also lead to infertility, so not only your reproductive organs but also the other parts need to be cleaned in an appropriate manner.

7. Skip Hot Baths

Bathing is a good habit and also a part of daily chores as it helps to maintain and manage personal hygiene. But if you are in a practice or routine of taking hot tub baths and sauna baths for more than an hour daily, then it might lead to infertility. Higher testes temperature inhibits the sperm production. It would be better to get into a normal routine of bathing with normal or lukewarm water.

8. Wear Perfect sized Undergarments

Sometime, undergarments you carry on the daily basis might also become the reason of your infertility. If you are wearing tight-fitting undergarments then you are mistaking. Tight boxers can raise the temperature of your testes, hence impacting the process of spermatogenesis in males. Perfect sized undergarments help a person prevent himself from infertility.

9. Eat Healthy Diet

The food which you consume daily plays a significant role in maintaining your health and fertility. If your diet lacks certain nutrients and vitamins such as Folic acid, zinc, vitamin E, Vitamin B3 then sperm count can get hampered. Therefore, you should always be cautious about the right selection of food that will help you in the prevention of infertility.

eat healthy diet

10. Weight management

Are you more than your BMI? If yes, then you have greater chances of infertility. Obese men have low testosterone levels and they also suffer from erectile dysfunction. Hence, Weight management is always required at every age to maintain fertility.

11. Quit Smoking

Smoking not just invites lungs cancer and other diseases but it also impacts your fertility levels to a great extent. Stop smoking if you want to prevent yourself from infertility.

12. Protect yourself from Reproductive Injury

If you are a sports person, then you need to be extra cautious to protect yourself from reproductive injury. Injury or any surgery to reproductive part can cause infertility in the long term.

If you are looking for the super foods to improve your sperm count, then explore our article on foods to improve sperm count. If you have fertility issues and looking for a solution, then call at +917899912611 to get answer to your queries.

Dr. R K Sharma

About The Author

Reproductive Endocrinologist, Hysteroscopic Surgeon Dr. R K Sharma
Delhi

Dr. R K Sharma has completed MBBS and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Pune University in 1981 and 1989 respectively. Dr. R K Sharma is one of the pioneers in the field of IVF treatment in India. He specializes in IUI, IVF, Embryo transfer and Hysteroscopy procedures. He is also a member of Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology Societies of India (FOGSI). Dr. R K Sharma is presently practicing at Primus Super Specialty Hospital, Chanakyapuri, Delhi. To know more, visit elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. Treatment for male infertility Male infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  2. Role of semen analysis in male infertility evaluation semen analysis, Elawoman - 2018
  3. Vitamins and minerals to help increase sperm count sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
  4. Things nobody tells you about donating sperm donor sperm, Elawoman - 2017
  5. 17 most common causes of male infertility symptoms of male infertility, Elawoman - 2018
  6. Symptoms and causes of erectile dysfunction erectile dysfunction, Elawoman - 2018
  7. Important things to know about birth control diaphragm birth control protection, Elawoman - 2017
  8. Top 10 useful tips that boost fertility in men prevent infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  9. Reproduction and fertility basics reproductive organs, Elawoman - 2017
  10. Important food items that will help you conceive prevention of infertility, Elawoman - 2017

6 Comments

user_img

Prithivi Singh Tomar

I work in a lab and exposure to toxic gases is in my daily routine. Please suggest me with some preventive measures to protect my fertility.

Oct. 13, 2018, 2:50 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Diwakar Rawat

Please suggest some best ways to have a good sperm count. I am really curious to know, am I fertile or not?

Oct. 11, 2018, 4:46 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Siddhartha Mathur

One with genetic azoospermia can opt MESA or TESA treatment for themselves. These home remedies wouldn't help them.

Sept. 9, 2018, 9:42 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Manoj Giri

I don't follow any bad living style but still, my wife is not conceiving. Should I take a fertility test?

Aug. 16, 2018, 5:39 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Ganesh Chawdhary

It was a good stuff to read. One should always follow these steps either they are fertile or not.

Aug. 16, 2018, 3:37 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Shaheen Hitendra

Aug. 14, 2018, 3:23 p.m. 4.5

View all comments

Leave a Comment

Rating

Disclaimer

The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

Related Article view all

Male Fertility
Causes, Types and Treatment of Teratozoospermia
Dr. Sunil Eshwar
Dr. Sunil Eshwar 4.9 (6 Votes)

Causes, Types and Treatment of Teratozoospermia

Teratozoospermia is one of the common reasons of male infertility where a man suffers from poor sperm morphology. Causes of teratospermia include diabetes, genetic defects, side effect of cancer treatment, stress etc. Severity of teratospemria varies from mild to severe. Treatment options include fertility treatments such as IVF ICSI, IUI and bringing positive changes in the lifestyle.

Read More

Male Fertility
Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Azoospermia
Dr. Srilatha Gorthi
Dr. Srilatha Gorthi 4.6 (6 Votes)

Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Azoospermia

Azoospermia is a condition in which there is no sperm in the male ejaculation and it is diagnosed with the semen analysis test. The lack of sperms is the result of dysfunctional hypothalamus or pituitary gland or blockage in the reproductive/ sperm ducts. Treatment for azoospermia involves surgery, sperm retrieval techniques such as TESA and FNA Mapping.

Read More

Male Fertility
10 Effective Ways to Improve Sperm Motility Naturally
Dr. Chitwan Dubey
Dr. Chitwan Dubey 4.8 (6 Votes)

10 Effective Ways to Improve Sperm Motility Naturally

Sperm motility is the movement of the sperms to enter the female reproductive system to fertilize an egg. Normal sperm motility is around 40%. If it is lesser, you can bring certain changes in your lifestyle such as eating healthy, avoiding alcohol and chemicals, managing stress, sleeping well, performing exercises and maintaining weight to improve sperm motility naturally.

Read More

More From Author

Fertility Treatments
How to Prepare for Your First Fertility Clinic
Dr. R K Sharma
Dr. R K Sharma 4.9 (5 Votes)

How to Prepare for Your First Fertility Clinic

What are the things you need to ask when you are going for the ivf ...

Read More

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Expert Tips to Better Your Chances of Getting Pregnant After IVF Treatment
Dr. R K Sharma
Dr. R K Sharma 4.8 (3 Votes)

Expert Tips to Better Your Chances of Getting Pregnant After IVF Treatment

Top things that can better your chances of getting pregnant after i...

Read More

Fertility Treatments
Male Infertility and Its Causes and Treatments
Dr. R K Sharma
Dr. R K Sharma 4.8 (5 Votes)

Male Infertility and Its Causes and Treatments

About one third of fertility issues are due to male infertility. Wh...

Read More

Trending Articles

surrogacy
surrogacy

5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

Read More 4.5 (1 Votes)

IVF
ivf

Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

Read More 4.7 (3 Votes)

surrogacy
surrogacy

Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centers and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

Read More 4.8 (2 Votes)