intrauterine insemination (iui)

Know all about Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) - When needed, IUI Cost, IUI Risks

  • 4.7   (7 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS on 03 Jan 2019 - Written by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Sailaja Vuppu - MBBS

IUI procedure is a success oriented infertility treatment for infertility cases. IUI procedure step by step is performed in Sub-fertility, Cervical factor infertility, Mild Endometriosis related infertility, and Unexplained infertility. One must know about IUI side effects and risks before opting for the same.

Let’s Discuss in More Details About "Is IUI the Best Fertility Treatment For You":

IUI, or Intrauterine Insemination, is a relatively simple fertility treatment of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), generally performed to treat male infertility. It can be performed with or without using fertility drugs. The Intrauterine Insemination process involves the transfer of washed semen directly into the uterus using a thin catheter in order to allow fertilization. This fertility treatment has been into practice since as early as 1900. The artificial insemination or IUI treatment is most commonly used for problems related to low sperm count and decreased sperm motility. As compared to In vitro Fertilization (IVF), which is usually an expensive fertility treatment, IUI has a comparatively low cost and is less invasive in nature. IUI treatment or IUI procedure is arguably one of the best fertility treatments for treating male infertility.

Need For IUI Treatment

Usually, IUI treatment is done to treat disorders related to male infertility. Male infertility is as common as female infertility due to which a couple cannot achieve pregnancy or start their family. The reasons for IUI treatment both for male and female are discussed below:

1. Unexplained Infertility:

IUI is often performed as the first preferred treatment for treating unexplained infertility along with ovulation-inducing medications. In most of the cases of unexplained infertility, IUI treatment is used as a first resort of treatment. It is comparatively less expensive and minimally invasive procedure thereby puts less physical stress and pressure on the woman trying to conceive. IUI can be performed either with or without using ovarian hyper-stimulation medication in the case of unexplained infertility. Ovarian hyper-stimulation medications are given to stimulate the ovaries to produce and release eggs.

2. Mild Endometriosis related infertility:

Many women witness endometriosis condition of infertility in their reproductive age. The causes of endometriosis in women can be anatomical distortions due to adhesion, fibrosis, endocrine abnormalities and immunological disturbances. For this type of infertility disorders, medications are given to a woman in order to obtain a good quality egg along with performing artificial insemination, IUI treatment or IUI procedure is often the initial treatment offered.

artificial insemination, iui procedure

3. Mild male factor infertility (sub-fertility):

The mild male factor infertility or male sub-fertility is determined by routine semen analysis. The results of semen analysis can be obtained within three to five days. Male partner's semen analysis is one of the first steps in the medical assessment of infertility. The test analysis shows below-average sperm concentration, abnormalities in sperm size and shape (morphology) or weak movement (motility) of sperm.

4. Cervical factor infertility:

Intrauterine Insemination treatment is used to treat cervical factor infertility. Using this procedure, specially prepared sperm are transferred into the uterus using a tiny catheter. This helps in avoiding exposure of the sperm to the cervical mucus and helps it in reaching to the uterus. IUI treatment is the procedure in which sperms are deposited or inserted directly into the uterus and thereby increasing the number of sperms available for egg fertilization.

iui procedure, iui treatment

5. Semen allergy:

Sometimes a woman could have an allergy to proteins in the male partner's semen. In such cases, ejaculation into vagina causes irritation, redness, swelling and burning sensation when sperms come into contact with the skin. Using a protection can help couples to avoid allergies, but it also prevents pregnancy. In case of high sensitivity, artificial insemination or IUI treatment is considered an effective source, since many of the semen's proteins are extracted before the sperms are inserted into the uterus.

IUI Treatment Process

For couples experiencing infertility, Intrauterine Insemination treatment can help them to enjoy parenthood. Prior to the commencement of the IUI procedure, a pre-IUI workup is recommended by the fertility doctor for which, the patient is asked to visit an IVF centre. In the pre-IUI workup, the hormone levels are examined whether the levels are under normal range and the receptivity of the uterus is also examined before starting the IUI treatment. Certain blood tests and ultrasound monitoring is carried out at the fertility canters to check for the production of eggs. Prior to the IUI procedure, female partner is given some ovulation-stimulating drugs to determine whether the eggs are mature and also the best time for the sperm insertion is also ascertained by the fertility expert. Then, after a thorough checkup, sperms from the male partner or donor sperms are washed and prepared for insertion. The washed and concentrated sperms are then directly injected into the uterus using a small catheter at the time when the female partner is in her ovulation period. Following the IUI procedure, the patient is asked to visit the fertility centre to check for the progesterone levels. The fertility expert at the IUI centres checks and observes the uterine lining by conducting ultrasound monitoring. The effectiveness of the IUI treatment is monitored in this phase.

The couples facing infertility disorders are advised by the fertility experts to maintain and follow a healthy lifestyle and to quit smoking tobacco and stop drinking which affects fertility. Certain multivitamins and other medications are prescribed to the patient before getting started with the IUI treatment. 

What All IUI Treatment Cost is Inclusive Of?

Several clinical monitoring and blood work is performed to track the follicle development in the IUI procedure. The cost of IUI treatment depends on such monitoring and tests. The IUI centres in Delhi include Intrauterine procedures, IUI injections, doctor consultations and ultrasounds at the time of treatment in the IUI cost treatment packages. This cost, inclusive of the testing and ultrasound monitoring, may vary from one IUI centre to another as some IUI centres follow their unique cost packages for the treatment. To know the best treatment for you at an affordable price, you can contact At Ela, you can get the cost of IUI treatment based on the number of cycles required in a particular case. According to IUI doctors, the chances of pregnancy with the first IUI cycle ranges between 10 - 20 percent for women who are under 35 years of age, 10 percent for those between 35 and 40 years of age and 2 - 5 percent for women above 40 years of age. More IUI cycles are required to obtain higher IUI success rates.

IUI Treatment Risks

Although the IUI procedure is less invasive, there are chances that the female partner might experience slight spotting, vaginal discharge and mild cramping post procedure. There are chances that the patient might experience certain side effects due to the ovarian-stimulation medications given prior to the IUI procedure. Some women have also complained of abdominal pain and mild cramping. The side-effects or risks generally last for a shorter duration. In case you may notice anything unusual or experience severe pain, you can always contact for medical assistance.

Other side effects of IUI procedure may include:

  • Pelvic discomfort
  • Swollen and painful ovaries
  • Bloating
  • Ovarian Cysts
  • Mood swings
  • Breast tenderness
  • Headache, nausea or vision issues

Consult Elawoman for Further Assistance

Infertility can be heart-wrenching for a couple that hasn’t yet experienced the joy of becoming parents. Continuously trying for a year and still failing every other time is disturbing. If you have spent a long time waiting for the ‘good news’ and haven’t yet received one, you can visit to book an appointment with the best IVF doctors or talk to our fertility experts at +917899912611.

Dr. Deepika Tiwari

Written by


Dr. Deepika Tiwari is an infertility specialist and obstetrician who specializes in Normal vaginal delivery, Cervical cerclage, Infertility treatments, Urinary Incontinence Treatment and Gynecology problems. Dr. Deepika completed MBBS and MS in Obstetrics and Gynecology in the year 2003 and 2008 respectively. Dr. Deepika is a member of Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecological Societies of India (FOGSI). Presently, Dr. Deepika Tiwari is practicing her expertise at HCL Healthcare Clinic, Sector 54, Gurgaon and Cloudnine Clinic, Sector 56, Gurgaon. For more information about Dr. Deepika Tiwari, visit


1.  How does intrauterine insemination help to conceive? iui success rates  Intrauterine Insemination, Elawoman - 2017
2.  Assisted reproductive technologies (art) - art process, types, and risks of art  Assisted Reproductive Technology, Elawoman - 2018
3.  Intrauterine insemination - iui success rate, iui success tips  IUI treatment, Elawoman - 2017
4.  Important aspects of ivf which couples must know before opting for the procedure  In vitro Fertilization, Elawoman - 2017
5.  Male infertility - causes of infertility, male infertility tests  fertility treatment, Elawoman - 2017



Neeta Kushwaha

I have very low endometriosis, I guess IUI will be the best choice for me. Hope it will work, I am going to share this with my husband.

Nov. 2, 2018, 7:45 a.m. 5.0


Drishty Goel

Due to the unexplained infertility of my sister's husband, she will go for donor sperm. Her doctor will start the treatment soon. I just pray that she has a successful delivery.

Oct. 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m. 4.5


Saraswati Vishwakarma

My doctor told me that I have the semen allergy. She is sure that IUI will work in my case. I just hope she is right.

Aug. 12, 2018, 2:19 p.m. 5.0


Sarang Vishnavi

Why are the tests such as antibodies, anti lupus and anti coagulation tests done?

Dec. 17, 2017, 6:19 p.m. 4.5


Anupama Rai

Any kind of addiction or addictive drugs should be avoided during artificial insemination. A healthy body is necessary to grow the embryo.

Aug. 31, 2017, 5:35 p.m. 5.0


Deepa Bhola

A healthy sperm count i.e. more than 40 million sperm per ejaculation can bring higher success rate of pregnancy through IUI procedure.

Aug. 31, 2017, 5:33 p.m. 4.5


Seema Deval

Any woman going through IUI treatment must lay down for about 20- 30 mins so that sperm can easily flow inside.

Aug. 31, 2017, 4:08 p.m. 4.5

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