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    in vitro fertilisation (ivf)

    Step by Step IVF Procedure to get Pregnant with time taken for each step

    • 23451 views
    • 4.8   (6 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 11 Apr 2019 - Written by Dr. Astha Dayal - Diploma, MD, MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    IVF treatment is an Assisted reproductive technology which helps a couple to conceive. The steps of IVF procedure includes ovaries stimulation, donation of egg and sperm, fertilisation of egg with the sperm, embryo formation, IVF embryo transfer into the uterus of a woman. The total time taken for IVF procedure is around 6 to 8 weeks.

    How Long Does IVF Take? An Overview of the IVF Process:

    1. Egg/embryo quality
    2. Stimulation criteria and ovulation timing
    3. Implantation procedure
    4. Embryo transfer
    5. Sperm component
    6. First Week: Consultation, visits, and financial decision
    7. Second-fourth Week: Beginning to the preparation
    8. Fifth Week: Consumption of medications and monitoring of eggs
    9. Sixth Week: Triggering of eggs, egg retrieval, and fertilization

    Nowadays,natural pregnancies are facing a downfall due to reasons like changes in diet and lifestyle, which eventually affect the fertility of an individual. This is the main reason the demand of fertility treatment is at its all-time high. Choice of fertility treatments depends on the case of the individual patient as well as the advice of the infertility specialist or gynecologist. Before starting with the procedure of In Vitro Fertilization, it is essential to understand that the road to a successful pregnancy can be challenging. IVF procedure is one of the most recommended fertility treatments due to its appreciating success rates. In this article, you will find in-detail information regarding the time taken to achieve a pregnancy with In Vitro Fertilization procedure. (1)

    In Vitro Fertilization procedure involves a series of steps for the occurrence of a successful pregnancy. You need to know these steps to ensure that you are ready for each step well on time. The time taken for one IVF cycle in the IVF procedure is around four to eight weeks. One of the important points regarding the IVF cycle success is that the time required for the successful completion of the cycle depends on different factors associated with the female and male partners undergoing the treatment. (2)

    Factors determining successful pregnancy with In Vitro Fertilization

    The chances of success of In Vitro Fertilization resulting in pregnancy vary largely due to certain factors contributing to its success. The number of procedures involved in an IVF cycle also determines the total time taken for the entire cycle to complete. Here are the factors, which determine the success rates and time of In Vitro Fertilization: (3)

    1. Egg/embryo quality

    Egg/embryo quality is one of the prime factors, which ensure that successful pregnancy occurs with In Vitro Fertilization. The reducing numbers of follicles/eggs highly risk the chances of getting pregnant. Especially during the age of 32-35 years, this happens naturally. Therefore, it is recommended to opt for IVF treatment before the female partner reaches this age.

    Embryo Quality

    2. Stimulation criteria and ovulation timing

    Gynecologist follows a certain type of protocol so that every step of IVF cycle can progress in a proper manner. These criteria are valuable in determining the success rate of pregnancy occurring with In Vitro Fertilization. The ovulation timing is essential to note in IVF treatment. This helps to understand the maturation of eggs required for the process of fertilization. In cases like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), there are high chances of the development of immature eggs due to early ovulation. On the other hand, over matured eggs formed after ovulation will also cause difficulty in conceiving a baby and increase the time taken.

    3. Implantation procedure

    A smooth implantation procedure is essential for a successful pregnancy but at times, the presence of polyps or fibroid lead to the failure of implantation. This can be prevented with the help of uterine ultrasound. With this ultrasound, the doctor diagnoses the presence of these unwanted bodies and accordingly commences with the required treatment for the 3success of IVF treatment. (4)

    You can also read regarding implantation dip, which is seen in many women.

    4. Embryo transfer

    Embryo transfer in the right way, matters a lot for the success of pregnancy. Due to this reason, nowadays embryo transfer is done with the assistance of ultrasound procedure. In some cases where there are chances of failure of embryo transfers, trial transfers benefit in an appreciable manner.

    embryo transfer

    5. Sperm component

    The health status of the sperms of male partner is a crucial factor in determining the success of pregnancy with In Vitro Fertilization. Sperm health involves various components like sperm count, sperm motility as well as sperm volume. For this, Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA) is utilized on a regular basis. This helps in measuring properties of sperm nuclear chromatin integrity. (5)

    sperm component

    After knowing the factors of successful pregnancy with In Vitro Fertilization, it is time to know the various steps of In Vitro Fertilization for a pregnancy:

    First Week: Consultation, visits and financial decision

    It is important to know that the first consultation with the infertility specialist or gynecologist is of prime importance for a perfect IVF cycle. A couple needs to be on the same page to start with the IVF procedure. The gynecologist or infertility specialist checks the reproductive system thoroughly with the aid of ultrasounds and other tests. The doctor makes the patient understand regarding various steps to be followed in the IVF procedure. In this step, the doctor also informs about the costs of the IVF procedure for individual couple. (6)

    Second-fourth Week: Beginning to preparation

    In this phase, before commencing with the IVF treatment, a series of lab tests and examinations are conducted for creating a base of the procedure. Some of these tests include blood tests, ultrasounds, evaluation of uterine health, sperm health analysis as well as screening of infectious diseases. Your doctor will prescribe your tests and required number of days before starting with the main IVF cycle.

    During these two weeks period, gynecologist also asks to take birth control pills depending on cycle length. Once the treatment is about to start, your doctor will ask you to stop the intake of birth control medications.

    Fifth Week: Consumption of medications and monitoring of eggs

    During the fifth week, hormonal injections like Gonal – F, and Follistim are used to stimulate eggs or follicles in ovaries. Some of the vital medications include Clomid are utilized on a regular basis. Clomid is useful in ensuring that there is a successful occurrence of ovulation. Usually, ovulation occurs around 5-10 days of the consumption of Clomid medication. The gynecologist monitors the entire cycle carefully for the development of eggs and follicles for the success of IVF treatment. The monitoring sessions utilize around four to five appointments depending on the case of the patient. You can discuss with your gynecologist regarding the appointments and accordingly proceed with the treatment. (7)

    Sixth Week: Triggering of eggs, egg retrieval, and fertilization

    The seventh week of the IVF procedure involves different steps like triggering of eggs. The triggering of eggs involves insertion of HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) injection in the eggs to make them ready for the fertilization procedure. Egg retrieval step follows egg-triggering step. The egg retrieval procedure is a minimally invasive procedure. The eggs are drawn out with the help of a catheter, which the doctor inserts through the vagina into the uterus. These eggs are then fertilized with sperms, leading to the formation of embryos. (8)

    The fertilized embryo is then implanted in the uterus of the female partner. This leads to a successful pregnancy with the assistance of IVF treatment.

    Around 33% of the patients have successful birth after the completion of first IVF cycle. The entire process can takes around six weeks to complete, starting from preparations to embryo transfer. Females who undergo three IVF cycles, the chances of successful pregnancies increase up to 70%-75%. You can also learn about other fertility treatments through ElaWoman Blog. For personal assistance, you can also contact Elawoman team at +918929020600.

    Dr. Astha Dayal

    Written by

    Diploma, MD, MBBS, MRCOG
    Obstetrician, Infertility Specialist
    Gurgaon

    Dr. Astha Dayal is an infertility specialist who has been practising for many years to help women conceive naturally as well as with the help of assisted techniques. Her extensive knowledge in Dysmenorrhea Treatment, High-Risk Pregnancy, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) and Abortion and Infertility Treatments makes her one of the most preferred Gynecologists in Gurgaon.

    She completed MBBS and MD in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from G B Pant Hospital and Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi in 2003 and 2008 respectively. Following this, she pursued MRCOG from Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists in London in 2011. She is also a member of World Association of Laparoscopic Surgeons (WALS), Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG), London and Federation of Obstetric and Gynecological Societies of India (FOGSI). You can get the contact details of Dr. Astha Dayal at elawoman.com

    6 Comments

    user_img

    Sangeeta Ghosh

    I think the success of IVF treatment also depends on the quality of the egg. Many times the treatment becomes unsuccessful because the eggs were not of good quality.

    Nov. 23, 2018, 12:02 p.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Sandeep Gupta

    It takes about six weeks to get pregnant with the help of IVF. However, it also depends that in which cycle you get success. Many women get pregnant in their first cycle while some may need more cycles for a successful treatment.

    Nov. 16, 2018, 10 a.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Chitrala Sahu

    I got success in my first IVF cycle. I have had other infertility treatments in past but they all got failed. I thought that the same will happen with IVF but as I had no choice, so I went for it. But it happened to be positive and my happiness was beyond imagination.

    Nov. 11, 2018, 6:45 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Uday Rajput

    I took a lot of time searching for the best IVF specialist for my wife. She was already scared after hearing about the treatment, so I was not in the state to take the risk. After getting a good gynecologist the process becomes easier and the success rate also increases.

    Nov. 9, 2018, 4:17 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Naman Khurana

    I give a lot of credit to Ela for my wife's successful IVF treatment. I called them and they took the responsibility of providing us the best doctor with high success rate and affordable price.

    Nov. 4, 2018, 9:32 a.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Satyasheela Chittoor

    It took me around 6 months to get pregnant with IVF. I got success in the third cycle. So, every woman is different.

    Oct. 31, 2018, 2:59 p.m. 4.5

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    The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

    It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

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