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in vitro fertilisation (ivf)

Difference Between Test Tube Baby and Normally Conceived Baby

  • 4.7 (6 Votes)
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Test tube baby is an Assisted Reproductive Technology procedure in which egg is fertilized in a lab. Normally conceived baby develops after natural sexual intercourse when sperm in fallopian tube fertilizes ovum. Difference between these two is mainly because of the process of how fertilization takes place.

Test tube baby or IVF or In-vitro Fertilization is a medical procedure of fertilizing the eggs outside the body. This method is commonly used when a normal baby or a natural pregnancy is not possible. IVF or test tube baby is an Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) process that is opted when a couple is unable to get naturally pregnant. A normal baby is a baby that is born through natural process.

In Vitro Fertilization commonly known as test tube baby is the process of fertilizing an egg outside of the woman's body. IVF is a treatment for infertility and is considered when all other inexpensive options have failed. IVF is an expensive procedure that is done by an embryologist in high-tech medical labs.

In the test tube baby process, the ovum or eggs of a woman are removed from the woman during a natural menstrual cycle. These eggs are handled with extreme care and placed in Petri dish with fluids. The sperm is selectively picked and inserted into the egg, assisting fertilization. If the egg is fertilized, it is placed back into the womb of the mother for continuing pregnancy.

There are two types of IVF treatments:

  • Natural: When the eggs are procured from the woman's fallopian tubes following a natural cycle. During natural IVF fertilization, the eggs may be allowed to become fertilized naturally or the sperm can be injected directly.
  • Mild: Fertility drugs are used to stimulate the ovaries resulting in producing around 2-7 eggs. These drugs may sometimes cause hormone imbalances causing IVF delays or cancellations.

In natural fertilization or normal baby, the baby is born through natural pregnancy. The process of natural fertilization occurs after sexual intercourse when the ovum is fertilized by the sperm inside the fallopian. This type of fertilization usually occurs in the ampulla of the uterine tube. During sex, the male ejaculates sperm into the female's womb. The egg is released into the fallopian tube if the woman is ovulating. The sperm travels to the fallopian tube and meets the egg, where it penetrates the egg resulting in fertilization. As the sperm enters the cytoplasm of the oocyte (egg), the tail and the outer coating of the sperm breaks down and the cortical reaction takes place, preventing other sperm from fertilizing the same egg. The oocyte now undergoes its second meiotic division producing the haploid ovum and releasing a polar body. The sperm nucleus then fuses with the ovum, enabling fusion of their genetic material.

After fertilization, the egg travels down the fallopian tubes into the uterus where it develops into a baby. This baby is known as a normal pregnancy. It is also known as In Vivo Fertilization as the process takes place inside the woman's body.

Test tube baby is an assisted process to have a baby if natural pregnancy is not possible due to various factors infertility issues. IVF treatment is performed on the following symptoms:

Male infertility

Infertility in men generally relies on the quantity and quality of his sperm. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm is of a poor quality, the male partner will not be able to cause pregnancy. Let's read in detail:

male infertility

Low Sperm Count:

Low sperm count can be caused by problems with sexual functions such as erection or ejaculation problems, low sex drive. Pain or swelling in the testicle area can also affect the sperm count. If you have a history of testicle, penis or scrotum surgery, there may also be a chance of low sperm count

Motility:

Sperm motility is the ability of sperm to move efficiently. It is important in fertility as sperms need to swim through the woman's reproductive tract to reach the fallopian tube and fertilize her egg. 

Low motility of sperms can be caused by:

  • Testicular cancer
  • Testicular surgery
  • Undescended testicles
  • Use of harmful drugs 
  • Injury 

Female infertility:

When the woman is unable to get pregnant through natural processes, it is known as female infertility. There are many reasons why women experience difficulty in conceiving. Some of them are:

If the above-listed symptoms are not found in both the male and female partner, they are ideal for natural pregnancy. Natural process of fertilization is complete when a sperm fuses with an ovum. The common sequence begins with ejaculation of sperms into the cervix during sexual intercourse, followed by ovulation and finally fertilization.

female infertility

IVF is also performed when the there are multiple miscarriages after natural conception. Sometimes a woman tends to show pregnancy symptoms like swollen breasts and fatigue some days after sexual intercourse but is unable to carry the pregnancy full term. In this case, the couple should go for Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).

There are more than a million infertile couples in India alone trying to get pregnant. IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) or 'test tube baby' is the best option for infertile couples who have been trying for a child from a long time but couldn't succeed due to certain medical conditions. Through this technology, infertile men and women can successfully have a child of their own. Though usually there is 60% chance of success through IVF, the success rate may vary from couple to couple and may not be the same for all the couples in different age groups or medical background. The success of treatment also depends on the experience of the IVF specialist and the clinic where the treatment is taking place.

IUI, IVF and surrogacy procedures are opted by most of the couples having infertility problems. They are widely performed by doctors and medical clinics all over India. Some couples with minor complications get successful results in their first attempt itself. At Elawoman, we analyze all the necessary options to provide you the best treatment facility. We suggest you the right specialist who have performed a good number of IVF cycles. Our team is always available to provide you with not just emotional but financial support in the form of medical loans and EMI services.

Dr. Anushka Madan Mehra

About The Author

Gynecologist Dr. Anushka Madan Mehra
Noida

Dr. Anushka Madan Mehra is a famous gynecologist and infertility expert who also heads the Femme Care Clinic which is located in Sector 36, Noida. She has many years of practicing experience in the field of gynecology and obstetrics. She completed her MBBS from Bhartiya Vidyapeeth Medical College and Hospital in Pune in the year 2001. Then, she went on to pursue MS in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Dr. D Y Patil Medical College and Hospital. Later, Dr. Anushka obtained a Post Graduate Diploma in Ultrasonography in 2011 from Jefferson University. Dr. Anushka's areas of expertise includes Infertility Evaluation / Treatment, High Risk Pregnancies, Painless Labor, Women Sexual Problems, Pap Smear Test, Cervical Cancer Screening and Vaccination. She is presently serving patients with infertility issues at Femme Care Clinic and MITR Hospitals in Noida. If you want to find further details of Dr. Anushka Madan Mehra and her clinic, then you can check out ElaWoman website for more information.

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. What is in-vitro fertilization (ivf) and its needs In Vitro Fertilization, Elawoman - 2017
  2. Treatment for male infertility treatment for infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  3. Menstrual cycle and fertility menstrual cycle, Elawoman - 2017
  4. 11 reasons why couples go for ivf IVF fertilization, Elawoman - 2017
  5. How to boost male fertility and sperm count naturally sperm is of a poor quality, Elawoman - 2017
  6. Male ejaculation disorders and treatments ejaculation problems, Elawoman - 2018
  7. How to increase sperm count - causes and treatments low sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
  8. What is sperm motility? Sperm motility, Elawoman - 2017
  9. Natural remedies for polycystic ovary syndrome pcos PCOS, Elawoman - 2017
  10. Sign and symptoms of ovulation Ovulation disorders, Elawoman - 2017

6 Comments

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Parul Khanna

I was not even sure test tube baby was possible in India until I found Elawoman. They have a reliable source of doctors and clinics in every city. I am now on my way to become a mother, thanks to Ela.

Nov. 5, 2018, 11:23 a.m. 4.5

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Maxx Barton

After trying to conceive for many years, me and my husband had almost given up on having a baby. For the last try, we contacted Elawoman. They gave us an excellent option of having a test tube baby at a discounted cost. We could not resist the offer and went for it. Now that I am pregnant, I real...

Nov. 2, 2018, 3:40 p.m. 5.0

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Sanvika Reddy

I was suffering from ovulation disorders and later I came to know that I am infertile. I was really depressed about my situation. Ela woman was the one who supported me all the way and gave me a second chance through test tube baby procedure. You guys are the best!! Thank You

Oct. 22, 2018, 7:12 p.m. 5.0

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Aditya Khatri

Our dreams are now close to reality, thanks to Elawoman. The IVF treatment came positive and now that my wife is pregnant I am really glad I contacted Elawoman. Thanks, Elawoman for your support.

Oct. 17, 2018, 12:38 a.m. 4.5

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Mr. and Mrs. Patel

We were worried that we would never have a child of our own. After trying every option suggested by our family members I finally heard about Elawoman. With their support, me and my wife are now ready to go for IVF treatment.

Oct. 14, 2018, 10:55 a.m. 4.5

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Rajarshi, Rajrishi Nitu

Oct. 12, 2018, 6:36 p.m. 4.5

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