in vitro fertilisation (ivf)

Test Tube Baby Procedure - Step by Step Procedure and Cost in India

  • 4.7   (6 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 22 Dec 2018 - Written by Dr. Arti Gupta - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Test Tube Baby procedure is a medical procedure which helps a woman to conceive. The step by step procedure of test tube baby are natural menstrual cycle, ovulation, egg retrieval, fertilization of egg and sperm, embryo implantation into uterus of a woman. The cost of test tube baby in India varies with chosen clinic and patient's case.

Let’s Discuss in More Detail About Test Tube Baby and its Procedure:

IVF is one of the best alternatives to achieve pregnancy when other treatments do not work. In In-Vitro Fertilization, an egg is taken from a female’s ovary and fused with sperm in a laboratory. Once an embryo is formed and reaches blastocyst stage, it is then implanted into the uterus to continue the pregnancy. This article brings information on IVF procedure and its cost in some of the major cities in India.

What Test Tube Baby is All About?

Test tube baby is a medical process where a baby is conceived outside the female body with the help of a scientific process known as IVF or In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). It is one of the most common and effective types of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) to help women become pregnant. The entire process is conducted in a laboratory where eggs are taken from the mother’s ovary and fertilized by sperms taken from the father. In this process, the fertilized egg is usually cultured for a period of two to six days wherein they are allowed to be divided two to four times inside the test tube before ultimately transferring them to the same or a surrogate for a successful pregnancy.

Test tube baby treatment is extremely popular in India because it is the only hope for those who are not able to conceive due to some medical condition. Louise Joy Brown is the world’s first test tube baby born out of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Kanupriya Agarwal is regarded as India’s first test tube baby.

IVF is ideal for those cases where there is no qualitative or quantitative defect in sperms and when a woman suffers from one or more of the following medical conditions:

  • Blocked Fallopian tube
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Endometriosis (mild)
  • PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome)

Step-By-Step Test Tube Baby Procedure

IVF process depends on the technique used by one clinic from the other. Normally, the following steps are involved:

1. Natural menstrual cycle

In the first step, drugs are given to the woman usually in the form of injection for about 10-15 days for the suppuration of the natural menstrual cycle.

2. Super Ovulation

In the next step, fertility drugs containing the fertility hormone, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is given to the woman, which is responsible for producing more eggs in the ovary than before. The doctor monitors the ovaries through vaginal ultrasound scans.

3. Egg Retrieving

In the next stage, eggs are collected through a minor surgical procedure, which is known as Follicular aspiration. In this process, a very thin needle is inserted through vagina and into the ovary to receive the egg. The needle is connected to the suction device, which sucks the eggs out, and this process is repeated for each egg.

4. Culture of Fertilization & Insemination

After eggs are collected, they are placed together with the male sperm and kept in an environmentally controlled chamber. After a few hours, male sperms enter the egg and fertilization takes place. Sometimes, sperm is directly injected into the egg, which is known as intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). A frozen sperm, which is retrieved through testicular biopsy, can be used because it is more effective in achieving a successful pregnancy. After the fertilization process, one or two of the best embryos are selected and implanted into the womb also called as embryo transfer (ET). After ET, progesterone or HGC, i.e., human chorionic gonadotrophin is administered that helps the lining of the womb to receive the embryo.

5. Embryo Transfer

Sometimes a number of embryos can be placed on in the woman's womb, so it is important for the couple to consult the doctor as to how many embryos should be picked. The transfer of embryo is done with the help of a thin tube or catheter, which enters the womb through the vagina. This embryo sticks to the lining of the womb and finally leads to the growth of a healthy new embryo.

Cost of test tube baby

Fertility treatment, IVF and surrogacy, is a booming market in the Indian economy and according to some projections, Test tube baby could be nearing to nearly Rs 500 crore or more.

IVF is mostly attempted if less invasive or expensive options have failed or unlikely to work. IVF in India can range from 60,000-80,000 rupees, which is inclusive of the prescribed medicines and drugs, but sometimes when a couple requires multiple cycles to get pregnant, they can spend from 3-6 lacs for IVF treatments. Individual procedures for IVF can cost between Rs 1 lacs and Rs 40 Lacs. The total cost depends on individual treatments, use of fertility drugs and other sophisticated treatments such as embryo freezing, sperm or egg donation, or ICSI. Noticeably, surrogacy is the most expensive treatment among all of the ART treatments. However, the cost of having a test tube baby in India is still much lower as compared to other countries. Couples with low fertility levels may require either donor sperm or eggs and sometimes both. The cost of IVF can also vary greatly depending on the location. IVF cost in Delhi can range from 90,000-1, 25,000 rupees while in Mumbai it can range from 2, 00, 00 - 3, 00, 00 rupees. Due to the vast difference in the prices of IVF, sometimes couples prefer to travel to other cities where it is relatively cheaper.

Why is India a better place to opt for IVF?

IVF treatment plans in India are cheaper as compared to other countries. With advancement in medical technology, there has been an impeccable shift in the way Indian hospitals function today. The hospitals are well equipped with state of art infrastructure and technology and use the latest technologies for the purpose of IVF treatments. The success rates of test tube baby are immense in India as compared to other countries, with some hospitals boasting success rates as high as 70%, among younger women. IVF treatment in India offers higher success rate for women in the age group of 20-30 years as compared to other treatments such as IUI. About 70% of women have increased chances of getting pregnant through IVF fertility treatments, and this often justifies the test tube baby cost.

If you are a couple struggling for parenthood or facing problems in getting pregnant, you can approach Elawoman for all your problems and queries. We have a team of expert professionals who can provide you with a one-stop solution for IVF Treatment plans, IUI process, surrogacy, Infertility treatment plans and many more. To get information on IVF specialists and hospitals to reach us at +917899912611.

Dr. Arti Gupta

Written by

Laparoscopic Surgeon, Hysteroscopic Surgeon

Dr. Arti Gupta is a skilled obstetrician and gynecologist with vast years of experience. She has acquired MBBS in 1999 and MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology in 2002. She is a member of the Haryana Medical Council and Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecological Societies of India. Her areas of expertise are Normal Vaginal Delivery, In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy, and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection. Dr. Arti Gupta has an expertise in Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) and is practicing at Mayom Hospital in Gurgaon. You can get the contact details of Dr. Arti Gupta at



Anjana Singh

My sister who has Endometriosis will start her IVF treatment in January. I just pray that her treatment goes well and she enjoys motherhood.

Nov. 25, 2018, 3:01 p.m. 4.5


Chhavi Anmol

I was suffering from the problem of the blocked fallopian tubes. So, according to my doctor's recommendation, I went for IVF treatment. My treatment was successful in the first cycle.

Nov. 19, 2018, 8:13 p.m. 5.0


Pawan Yadav

IVF is the best choice if you have experienced failed infertility treatments in the past. IVF has a high success rate and the process is also affordable.

Nov. 12, 2018, 7:44 a.m. 4.5


Shailja Dwivedi

I had PCOS so my family doctor suggested me to meet an infertility specialist. When I met an IVF specialist in Delhi, she told me that IVF is the best choice for me. I am going to start my treatment soon.

Nov. 10, 2018, 6:47 p.m. 5.0


Sankalp Malhotra

I think India is way better than other countries for the treatment of IVF. The cost of the treatment is very less here. My cousin who lives in the USA is planning to come to India for their IVF treatment.

Nov. 8, 2018, 12:31 a.m. 4.5


Nripendra Sankrant

We had our first IVF cycle in September and the doctor charged us Rs. 1,60,000. I think that is a fair price when it comes to IVF along with ICSI.

Oct. 30, 2018, 7:58 p.m. 4.5

View all comments

Leave a Comment



The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

More From Author

Fertility Treatments
Top 9 IVF Success Factors that impact occurrence of Pregnancy

Top 9 IVF Success Factors that impact occurrence of Pregnancy

posted on 30 Oct 2018 4.7/ 5

IVF treatment is performed to increase the chance of a woman to get pregnant. Factors affecting IVF success rates include age, previous pregnancy records, type of infe...

Read More

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Difference between Cloning and IVF treatment - Know benefits of IVF and Cloning

Difference between Cloning and IVF treatment - Know benefits of IVF and Cloning

posted on 30 Oct 2018 4.7/ 5

IVF and Cloning are two different reproductive procedures of fertilizing an egg. The difference between cloning and IVF treatment is that in IVF procedure woman's egg ...

Read More

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
Top 4 IVF Doctors in Jaipur based on their Services, Fees and Reviews

Top 4 IVF Doctors in Jaipur based on their Services, Fees and Reviews

posted on 30 Oct 2018 4.7/ 5

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is an ART technology in which the egg and the sperm is fertilized in the laboratory. The top list IVF doctors in Jaipur includes various g...

Read More

Related Article view all

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
How does In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) procedure work? When is IVF process required?

IVF treatment is required in case of couples where PCOD, endometriosis, fallopian tubal blockage is present and for single women and same sex couples. An infertility specialist advices a couple to undergo IVF procedure, in case of failure of IUI cycles to achieve successful pregnancy.

Read More

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
IUI procedure vs IVF : Choosing the best infertility treatment for positive pregnancy

IVF and IUI procedures are the top infertility treatments for infertile couples. IUI treatment is used in case of male infertility, unexplained fertility, and usage of donor sperms. IVF procedure is chosen when both the partners have infertility problems, presence of blocked fallopian tubes, and endometriosis.

Read More

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
How to treat infertility after tubectomy operation - Tubal Ligation Reversal vs IVF

It is possible to get pregnant after tubectomy operation with tubal ligation reversal vs IVF procedure. Couples think that whether tubal reversal or IVF is better for treating infertility issues. The tubal reversal and IVF pros and cons need to be considered before opting for any of them.

Read More

Trending Articles


5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

posted on 30 Oct 2018 4.5 / 5(1 Votes)

Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

Read More


Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

posted on 30 Oct 2018 4.7 / 5(3 Votes)

Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

Read More


Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

posted on 30 Oct 2018 4.8 / 5(2 Votes)

In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centres and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

Read More