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in vitro fertilisation (ivf)

Advantages and Disadvantages of IVF and Intra-cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

  • 4.8 (6 Votes)

IVF or In Vitro Fertilization, along with associated technologies like ICSI, helps those suffering from infertility issues related to blocked fallopian tubes, male infertility, and PCOS or advancing age. However be also prepared for possible IVF disadvantages like Ectopic pregnancy, OHSS or twin births.

In Vitro Fertilization is a process that several couple address after they face fertility problems. In fact, one in half a dozen couples can want some sort of fertility help in their lifetime. The procedure of IVF has many advantages for a couple with infertility issues, however, likes all medical procedures; it additionally has some disadvantages and risks. Before embarking upon an IVF cycle, it's extraordinarily necessary that a couple or individual understands what the benefits and downsides are and intrinsically, they have to determine a fertility specialist who will define the complete method for them, therefore informed selections can be made.

Like the two sides of a coin, every technology has two faces - the important face and the not-so-important face. But when it comes to bringing a new life into existence then considering advantage and disadvantage becomes all the more important. Nothing in this world is for free, so you have to take chances when you want to step ahead with something big, like getting pregnant.

It is a dream of a woman to get married and make babies with the person she loves, but her dreams are shattered when she comes to know that she cannot become a mother; that she cannot carry a child in her womb; that she cannot feel the movement of the baby when it is inside her belly. There is a flood of sad emotions and this can lead to depression. But there is nothing to lose hope as science has advanced so much that carrying a child is not a dream anymore.

IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a method; if defined in simple language; it is a process where the baby is "cultivated" outside the human body in a glass (vitro) and when the embryo is formed, that is transferred inside the woman's uterus. IVF has been given a boon for the woman who cannot bear a child through natural way. This can be because of many reasons.

Why Does a Woman Needs IVF Treatment?

First of all, IVF cycle has greater chances of success and with the help of a qualified doctor; it can be done in a safe and comfortable way. So for women that face infertility due to some disoriented body functions, IVF treatment is promising enough. The reasons due to which women lose the ability to bear a child are listed below.

why does woman needs ivf treatment

Damaged or Blocked Fallopian Tubes

The meaning of blocked or damaged fallopian tubes is, that when there is some kind of an obstruction in the cavity of the tube and the ovum is not able to travel through the fallopian tube, it also means that the sperm cannot enter the fallopian tube to fertilize the egg and form an embryo. This can be caused because of an infection such as sexually transmitted diseases known as Chlamydia or even due to scar tissues.


Endometriosis is a painful health condition when endometrial lining inside uterus starts growing uncontrollably. It causes periods to get heavy and painful. Women with this condition may not conceive naturally and many a time requires external assistance in the form of corrective surgery followed by IVF. 

Male Infertility

Male infertility is an important aspect that is equally responsible just as female infertility and needs proper care and treatment. Issues like low sperm count, motility and morphology impact the chances of a man to impregnate his partner. Other than this there are medical conditions like Varicoceles, Azoospermia, and many others have a role to play in making a man infertile. So, if any of these problems are detected in the husband, IVF is the best option that they can choose.

Benefits and Drawbacks of IVF

We know what a woman goes through during pregnancy and later on giving birth to a child. There are general risks involved while in a normal pregnancy, so it is obvious that if someone is going through IVF treatment then there have to be certain advantages and disadvantages.

Benefits and Drawbacks of IVF

Advantages of IVF

Women with blocked fallopian tubes have the advantage of having their own egg extracted for an IVF cycle. Blocked fallopian tubes do not mean that there are no chances of having a baby; the ovum of their own can be used in IVF procedure. Older patients who want to become parents but are facing issues in conceiving due to low ovarian reserve, thin endometrium, low sperm count or motility and morphology, then IVF is the best option for them. The older women have low ovarian reserve i.e. the rate of producing ovum is very low that can lead to zero strike rate. IVF is a big benefit for such women.

  • Males who have an infertility problem, can consider IVF as the best option. Nowadays, Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is available with most of the IVF centers. This technology boosts the success rate of IVF cycles. A very good idea for males who don't want to disclose their fertility status.
  • There are many cases when the problem of infertility is hidden and cannot be diagnosed. There are many women who get so many tests done that even the doctors fail to realize the exact problem and they are advised IVF treatment. So patients with unknown infertility can also get benefited from IVF treatment.
  • Women suffering from PCOS deal with a lot of flak from the society if they are not able to produce a child. Apart from irregular periods, and other symptoms, the pain of not bearing a child is beyond limits. PCOS is a hormonal imbalance, which leads to irregular menstrual cycles or periods. This is a problem as the ovulation period is not determined.

Disadvantages of IVF

Like said earlier, every coin has two sides and every aspect has two faces, now let’s look at the disadvantages of IVF.

  • Who doesn't love twins, but when you undergo IVF, there are good chances of multiple births Complication like having a premature baby or an underweight baby can also arise.
  • There may be a risk that the baby is born with a birth defect. However, this does not happen to every other patient, there has to be a direct link between fertility treatments and birth defects.
  • If you are going for an IVF treatment then you are exposed to the ectopic pregnancy. During IVF treatment, there are chances of the embryo being planted outside the uterus. This happens when the embryo is planted in the fallopian tube and starts to grow there. If any action is not taken then the growing embryo can rupture the fallopian tube.
  • If you are taking fertility drugs then there will be the side effects, which are not major but rather minor like hot flashes and headaches. If you have PCOS then you have to monitor the symptoms of Ovarian Hyper stimulation Syndrome (OHSS). As and when the symptoms show, you will have to cancel the treatment and wait till the over-stimulated ovaries settle down.

Apart from many advantages and disadvantages of IVF, the couples are not backing away from getting IVF treatment. To know more about IVF treatment and get complete information on its cost and doctors, get in touch with a specialist at +917899912611.

Dr. Rashmi Vyas

About The Author

Surgeon, Obstetrician Dr. Rashmi Vyas

Dr. Rashmi Vyas is one of the most experienced gynecologists in Noida. She completed MBBS and DGO from Gandhi Medical College in 1982 and 1985 respectively. Dr. Rashmi has also completed extensive training in laparoscopy and hysteroscopy from Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi in 2006. Then, she went on to pursue FOGSI training course in infertility and ultrasound from Sir Gangaram Hospital and Dr. Ashok Khurana Center, New Delhi in the year 2007 and 2008 respectively. She specializes in the fertility and gynecological treatments like Ultrasound Scans, Minimally Invasive Surgery, Fetal Genetic Counselling, Laparoscopic Surgery as well as Pre and Post Delivery Care. Dr. Rashmi is presently serving patients with her expertise at Arogya Women and Child Clinic.


  1. Ivf procedure in six steps procedure of IVF, Elawoman - 2017
  2. What is ivf (in- vitro fertilization)? In Vitro Fertilization, Elawoman - 2018
  3. What are the functions of uterus? uterus, Elawoman - 2017
  4. Five things you need to know about fertility treatments IVF treatment, Elawoman - 2017
  5. Causes, diagnosis and treatment of blocked fallopian tube damaged fallopian tubes, Elawoman - 2018
  6. Treatment for male infertility Male infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  7. Causes, diagnosis and treatment of azoospermia Azoospermia, Elawoman - 2018
  8. Blocked fallopian tubes causes and treatment Blocked fallopian tubes, Elawoman - 2017
  9. What is icsi ICSI, Elawoman - 2017



Raghav Thakur

My friend Devansh Rao was very happy with your support and suggestions. He wants to have one more session of your consultation on IVF treatment.

Nov. 8, 2018, 4:11 p.m. 5.0


Jason Archer

After failing traditional IVF treatment we were planning to go for ICSI even though the cost was much more. Before going for the treatment I decided to call Ela for their suggestions. They were very helpful and after looking at my previous reports they suggested us to go for one more cycle of IVF...

Nov. 1, 2018, 9:45 a.m. 5.0


Arvin Sachdev

My wife had a fallopian blockage which was creating a hindrance in our path towards parenthood. Elawoman suggested us with the best and experienced specialist in the city. Our treatment turned out to be successful.

Oct. 27, 2018, 11:21 a.m. 4.5


Ishita Dhawan

We are advised to choose IVF ICSI treatment to have our own baby. After reading this article, we are confident about going for the treatment. Wish us luck!

Oct. 21, 2018, 1:10 p.m. 5.0


Kamal Mahajan

I was very concerned about my case of infertility. After going through a lot of treatments in different hospitals without any positive results I decided to take help from Ela. The consultation and support they provided were very impressive. Now that me and my wife are going through IVF treatment ...

Oct. 15, 2018, 10:54 a.m. 5.0


Prem Jeevan

Oct. 8, 2018, 4:08 p.m. 4.5

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