Book an Appointment
+91-7899912611
What is surrogacy?
IVF, IUI, ICSI, FET, TESA
08 May 2018 Visits: 93001
 4.82 Vote(s) Share Tweet

What is surrogacy?

What is surrogacy?
Dr. Sandhya
Written by

Dr. Sandhya

Surrogacy is a fertility treatment in which a surrogate mother carries a baby for full nine months pregnancy term and delivers the baby for another couple under a legal contract signed between the surrogate mother and the intended parents.

When there is a problem in conceiving and no other fertility treatments such as IVF, IUI, Egg donor IVF, Laparoscopy, MESA, TESA makes it possible to get pregnant, surrogacy is the onlyoption availableto experience parenthood. Now you must be wondering what is surrogacy and whatis the process of surrogacy?

Here is the answer for your entire question. “Surrogacy is a way to pregnancy, wherea legal agreement is signed between the surrogate mother and the intended parents. Under this agreement, the surrogate mother agrees to carry the child for a childless couple.” The option is best reserved for the parents who are unable to have children through their own pregnancy.In the process of surrogacy, another woman womb is hired legally. The carrier of the child or children whose womb is hired is known asa surrogate mother.

Surrogacy might also involve monetary agreement between the biological parent and the surrogate mother. In a country like India, gestational surrogacy is allowed but with a legal procedure.In other countries like, Japan, China or the other, surrogacy is considered to be completely illegal.

In countries, where surrogacy is allowed or is legal, intended parents can seek surrogacy and get pregnancy arranged through the source known as surrogate mother. But the entire surrogacy treatment is practiced under the supervision of medical practitioners.

Reasons to choose surrogacy

Pregnancy risks, unavailability of medical treatment for the infertility cases are the main reasons for couples to opt surrogacy. The infertility can either be with the female or the male or there are also the chances with the couple being infertile together and therefore the female partner is not getting pregnant.

Single parent surrogacy is also prevalent in India. Same sex couples also require surrogacy to complete their family.

Reasons to opt surrogacy may vary from an individual to individual. You should get the treatment done under the guidance of an expert gynecologist to experience fruitful results.

What does surrogacy involve?

Surrogacy involves the usage of one woman’s uterus to carry and deliver the baby on the behalf of a couple who are facing medical challenges to have their own baby.

Surrogate

The above-mentioned process involves IVF process in order to place the fertilized egg into the surrogate mother’s uterus.

Types of surrogacy

There are commonly two types of surrogacy, which are prevalent, worldwide.Out of these two types,gestational surrogacy is practiced in India.

Gestational Surrogacy

In this type of surrogacy, the embryo formed externally is placed into the surrogate mother’s uterus. In gestational surrogacy, the child will not bebiologically related to the surrogate directly. It involves the creation of embryo using biological father’s sperm and biological mothers’ egg. The process involved to do so is known as IVF. Here, in this process the surrogate eggs are not used to create embryo. If the intended mother does not produce eggs then egg donor can also be required.

In various countries including India gestational process is more active and is consideredcompletely legal.

Traditional surrogacy

IUI orIntrauterine Inseminationis the process used for traditional surrogacy where the surrogate mother is impregnated. The surrogate for the traditional surrogacy type acts as the egg donor as well as actual surrogate for the embryo. IUI process is used where transfer to uterus is done by the treating surrogate doctor.  The doctor will transfer sperm taken from biological father into the surrogate mother uterus where the natural fertilization takes place.

traditional surrogacy

Here, in this type of surrogacy, the surrogate mother is also the biological parent of the child. For a couple whose sperm or egg cannot be used, in such cases the doctors suggest traditional surrogacy. At many places including India, traditional surrogacy is considered to be illegal and is banned.

Surrogacy Process

Below is the listed surrogacy process required to be aware of while undergoing gestational surrogacy.

1- Diagnostic Tests: Before beginning with the surrogacy procedure, certain diagnostic tests are done related to the gynecological, physical as well as psychological status of the intended couples.

2- Surrogacy Centre or Agency:Choosing a surrogacy agency is crucial. It plays an important role in creating a proper co-ordination between the intended parents and the surrogate mother.

3- Finding a surrogate mother:Intended parents need to search for the surrogate mother who will bear their child for the next nine months. Nowadays, a surrogacy centre or agency helps couples to find a surrogate mother. Once the desired surrogate mother is found some medical tests including infectious disease examination, Pap smear and trial transfer are performed.

4- Legal documentation:The finances and the social communication between the intended parents and the surrogate mother are clarified and signed by both the parties. The legal documents are kept intact and utilized, if any dispute arises.

Legal documentation

5- IVF process:The egg from the intended mother or donor is retrieved around 14th or 15th day of the cycle. Afterwards, eggs and sperms are fertilized in the laboratory. Then after few days, the embryo is implanted in the womb of the surrogate mother, where it grows into a baby for the next nine months.

6- Time to time checkup: The concerned gynecologist creates a routine of regular checkups and ultrasound of the surrogate mother. This helps in monitoring the growth of the fetus and lifestyle of the surrogate mother during the pregnancy tenure.

7- Delivery: Finally, the day of delivery arrives. The baby is born and given to the intended parents.

Factors revolving around Surrogacy

There are various factors that need to be considered during surrogacy.

  • The surrogate mother should be healthy to carry the child till birth, ifthe matched surrogate mother is not healthy, then you should look out for another surrogate.
  • Overall health should be determined, whether the surrogate mother has any disease or not.
  • The rules of legal formalities should be made transparent before starting with the surrogacy.This ensures that disputes are minimized between surrogate mother and intended parents.

Legal and Illegal surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy is completely legal in India.Surrogacy treatment is divisive around the world and is illegal, raising difficult moral, social and legal issues. As a result, the legal situation varies considerably. Many countries do not have laws which specifically deal with surrogacy. Some countries ban surrogacy outright, while others ban commercial surrogacy but allow altruistic surrogacy (in which the surrogate is not financially compensated). Some countries allow commercial surrogacy, with few restrictions. Some jurisdictions extend a ban on surrogacy to international surrogacy.

illegal surrogacy

For the countries accepting surrogacy as the legal process, the couples get the help of doctors and surrogacy clinics to look over the complete surrogacy process; from the initiation of the process till the birth of child. The process also includes the legal documentation and agreement between the couple and the surrogate mother.

Why opt for Surrogacy?

Intended parents might need to arrange a surrogate pregnancy because of female infertility or other medical issues, which make pregnancy or delivery impossible, risky or otherwise undesirable. Same sex couples and single parents can also opt for surrogacy. The surrogacy planning parents may provide both the sperm and/or the eggs — but donor sperm, eggs and embryos are also often used. The legality and costs of the surrogacy vary widely around the world. The cost of surrogacy in India ranges from Rs. 14,61,200 to Rs. 16,38,500.

In most of the countries the procedure is prohibited or heavily restricted. In some countries, like the United Kingdom and Canada, ‘commercial surrogacy’ where the surrogate mother is paid is illegal while ‘altruistic surrogacy’ where the surrogate mother volunteers the service and is only reimbursed for expenses is acceptable. In the United States, India and Thailand the process is legal and are extensively practiced.

Even wheresurrogacyis legal, the legal landscape varies greatly. In all cases a contract needs to be drawn up which should specify that the child becomes the legitimate adopted child of the intended couple. The couple, the surrogate and her husband will all sign this document.Making the decision to have a child is very important. But if some one does not have any child because of any infertility reasons, the need for having own baby becomes their life’s desire.

You can get to know more about surrogacy andvarious other fertility treatments from the ElaWoman Fertility Treatment Blog. Also, find the diet to have before starting IVF to improve your success chances.

Dr. Sandhya

About The Author

Obstetrician, Gynecologist

Dr. Sandhya

Pune

Dr. Sandhya Is a Gynaecologist and Obstetrician at Chintamani Hospital, Pune. She Expertise into Baby Pregnancy Delivery, Delivery care, Obstetrics High Risk Care, Gynae Problems, Menopause Problems and Cesarean Delivery. She has done her MBBS and DGO. Patients from all around Saswad come to Dr. Sandhya with lots of hopes and the doctor ensures that the patients are satisfied with the treatments, with her experience and the techniques she uses as a Gynecologist-Obstetrician.

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. Branswell, Helen (15 December 2008) Success rate climbs for in vitro fertilization. The Canadian Press.
  2. Chatterjee, Paramita "IVF: Fertile Ground" BW Businessworld. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  3. Goldstein, Jacob (19 August 2008) California Doctors Can’t Refuse Care to Gays on Religious Grounds. Wall Street Journal.
  4. IVF costs to NHS 'must be capped', says fertility expert.BBC News. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  5. "IVF Treatment Step Four: Final Oocyte" Infertility.about.com. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  6. Natural cycle IVF Archived 12 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine. at the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority homepage.
  7. "NHS access to IVF being cut in England"BBC News. 7 August 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.

2 Comments

user_img
Karishma Dhankhad
June 5, 2018, 10:45 a.m.
 5.0
Totally a new concept for someone like me. I had heard about surrogacy but this blog cleared all my concepts.
user_img
Nisar Hasan
May 9, 2018, 6:05 p.m.
 4.5
Surrogacy procedure helped me become a mother after a lot of struggles.
Rating :

Disclaimer

The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

You May Also Like

Fertility Treatments
Procedure, Benefits and Setbacks of Sequential Embryo Transfer (SET)

In Sequential embryo transfer (SET), two sets of embryos are transferred to the womans womb on different days in one menstrual cycle. It is one of the effective methods of increasing the chances of pregnancy and implantation rates in infertile couples. But there is a risk of miscarriage and multiple pregnancies. It is a very popular method done along with IVF nowadays.
Read More

Dr. Surveen Ghumman
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
Is There Any Difference Between IVF and Test Tube Baby?

'IVF' and 'Test Tube Baby' are different names for the same fertility treatment. With more sophisticated equipment and techniques like ICSI, TESA and MESA. IVF can be termed as the improved version of the test tube baby. IVF procedure and test tube baby do not have any differences and the same process happens in the laboratory in both the cases.
Read More

Dr. Deepika Tiwari
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
Need of Infertility Clinics in India

Infertility clinics provide treatment to the couples who are struggling to conceive naturally which can be due to dysfunction of reproductive organs, diseases and gynecological conditions affecting fertility or scenarios like advanced maternal or paternal age. These clinics are exclusively designed to provide various infertility treatments like IVF, IUI, ICSI and surrogacy to the patients.
Read More

Dr. Srilatha Gorthi
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
How Much Does it Cost to Get Fertility Treatment?

Fertility treatment costs can differ depending upon the medical condition of the couple, type of the treatment required, location of the clinic, experience and popularity of the doctor. IVF treatment cost starts from Rs. 1,06,100 to Rs. 2,42,300. Average IUI procedure cost varies from Rs. 8,500 to Rs. 40,900. Surrogacy can cost anywhere in between Rs. 10,00,000 to Rs. 15,00,000.
Read More

Dr. Devika Chopra
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
How Expensive are Fertility Treatments in India?

The cost of fertility treatments such as IVF, IUI, Surrogacy, ICSI, TESA, Donor egg/ sperm depends on various factors such as the medical condition of the couple, experience of the doctor, success rate and clinic location. Cost of IVF varies from Rs. 1,00,00 to Rs. 2,50,000. Cost of IUI varies from Rs. 8,000 to Rs. 15,000 while the Cost of surrogacy varies from Rs. 10,00,000 to Rs. 16,00,000.
Read More

Dr. Sandhya
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Blocked Fallopian Tube

Fallopian Tube Blockage can be caused due to fibroids, endometriosis and infections. It can be diagnosed with HSG test and Sonohysterography. Some of the most effective fallopian tube blockage treatment includes Tubal re-anastomosis, Fimbrioplasty, Salpingectomy, Salpingostomy and Tubal Cannulation.
Read More

Dr. Sohani Verma
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
6 Best Gynecologists in Faridabad

Find the list of best gynecologists in Faridabad categorized on the basis of their success rates, consultation fees, experience as well as the past patient reviews. Dr. Aradhana Kalra Dawar from Evacare Woman Health and Infertility solutions and Dr. Shubdha Chopra from Doctor Today IVF and Multispecialty Hospital are the top listed gynecologists in Faridabad.
Read More

Dr. Jyoti Mishra
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
6 Best Gynecology Hospitals in Hyderabad

Find the list of the best Gynecology hospitals in Hyderabad with their ratings, visiting doctors name and experience, consultation fees, services offered, location and other related information. Southern Gem Hospital and Apollo fertility are among the top gynecological hospitals in Hyderabad.
Read More

Dr. Aanchal Agarwal
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
6 Best Gynecology Hospitals in Bangalore

Find the list of best gynecological hospitals in Bangalore as per their reviews, ratings, consultation fees, doctor, services offered, past patient feedback and location. GarbhaGudi IVF Center in Electronic City and Vardhan Fertility and Laparoscopy center in Banaswadi are some of the names that top the list.
Read More

Dr. Srilatha Gorthi
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
What is Embryo Pooling: An Insight

Embryo pooling is a recent advancement under ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) services, which involves pooling of embryos with the help of 2-4 IVF stimulation cycles. The embryos are collected for a time period and transferred in a single cycle after PGS (Pre Implantation Genetic Screening) for the better chances of fertilization during IVF treatment.
Read More

Dr. Aanchal Agarwal
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
7 Best Gynecologists in Ghaziabad

Find the list of best gynecologists in Ghaziabad along with their ratings, services, consultation fees, educational background, location and the visiting hours. Dr. Parul Aggarwal from Aarogya Hospital and Dr. Nupur Garg from Dev IVF Centre top the list of best gynecologists in Ghaziabad / Delhi NCR.
Read More

Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal
 4.51 Vote(s)
Fertility Treatments
What is the cost of IVF treatment in Faridabad?

IVF treatment cost in Faridabad ranges from Rs. 94,500 to Rs. 2,09,900 with the inclusion of drugs and medical expenses. The factors that lead to the cost variation of IVF treatment in Faridabad include doctor s experience, clinical facilities, hormonal injections and the others. Asian Institute of Medical Sciences and Doctor Today IVF are the top IVF hospitals in Faridabad.
Read More

Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal
 4.51 Vote(s)

More From Author

Fertility Tracking
Ovulation Calculator or Period Calculator, Track Ovulation

To know about your ovulation period, ovulation calculator is highly...
Read More

Dr. Sandhya
 4.82 Vote(s)
Fertility Tracking
Ovulation Period Calculator and Period Tracker

It is very important for you to know how to calculate ovulation cyc...
Read More

Dr. Sandhya
 4.82 Vote(s)
Baby Bump
4 Weeks Pregnant: Symptoms, Tips and More

This article is a complete guide to 4 weeks pregnant symptoms such...
Read More

Dr. Sandhya
 4.82 Vote(s)
CATEGORIES
Still Have Questions ? Call us at +91 7899912611