What is IVF (In- Vitro Fertilization)?
IVF, IUI, ICSI, FET, TESA
Home Blog Fertility Treatments What is IVF (In- Vitro Fertilization)?
05 February 2018 Visits: 10714

What is IVF (In- Vitro Fertilization)?

What is IVF (In- Vitro Fertilization)?
Dr. Priyanka Gupta
Written by Dr. Priyanka Gupta

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is an infertility treatment, which comes under Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). In IVF treatment, the mother eggs from her ovaries are fertilized in a laboratory with the father sperm to create an embryo. Later on the conceived embryo is attached to the mother uterus for normal development.

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is an infertility treatment, which comes under Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). In IVF treatment, the mother eggs from her ovaries are fertilized in a laboratory with the father sperm to create an embryo. Later on the conceived embryo is attached to the mother uterus for normal development.

What is IVF?

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is an infertility treatment in which an egg and sperm are combined together outside the body, in a specialized laboratory. The fertilized egg (embryo) is allowed to grow in a protected environment for some days before being transferred into the woman's uterus increasing the chances of a successful pregnancy.

Types of IVF

IVF literally means “the fertilization of eggs with the sperms in a glass,” which translates to fertilization outside the body in the laboratory. There are two types of IVF:

1- Stimulated cycle IVF

Stimulated cycle is the conventional process in which ovaries are stimulated to produce multiple mature eggs. Fertility drugs are used to stimulate the maturation of the eggs.

Advantages of Stimulated Cycle IVF

  • Higher success rates
  • Eggs can be stored for future use
  • Embryos can be screened for any deficiency

Disadvantages of Stimulated Cycle IVF

  • There is always a risk of Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS)
  • Increased cost
  • Chances of multiple pregnancies

multiple pregnancies

2- Natural Cycle IVF (NCIVF)

In a natural cycle IVF process, using fertility drugs does not stimulate the ovaries. When the ovulation is about to occur, one mature egg is collected. Now, this egg is artificially combined with the sperms in the laboratory.

Advantages of Natural Cycle IVF

  • Ovaries are not hyper simulated.
  • Only one egg is collected. Hence, there is no need of storing or disposing the extra eggs.
  • Since only one egg is available for fertilization, the chances of having multiple pregnancies are minimized.

Disadvantages of Natural Cycle IVF

  • Success rate is very low with natural cycle IVF.
  • The process of egg collection needs to be done again as there are no frozen eggs for future use.

Who goes for IVF?

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) can be used to overcome a range of fertility issues and for many couples, gives them the best chance of having a baby. Below are some of the situations when one couple should opt for an IVF treatment.

1- If the father faces problems of low sperm count and/or low sperm motility.

Low sperm count or low sperm motility

2- If the mother has problems in her fallopian tubes such as blockage, weak follicles, or a complicated uterus.

3- Low cervix response in the mother.

4- If either father/mother or both have some disease and they don’t want it to travel to their baby.

5- If a person is a single parent or same sex parent and want to fulfil their desire to become parents.

IVF Treatment Procedure

Normally, an egg and sperm are fertilized inside a woman's body. If the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the womb and continues to grow, a baby is born about 9 months later. This process is called natural or unassisted conception.

IVF is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). This means special medical techniques are used to help a woman become pregnant. It is most often tried when other, less expensive fertility techniques have failed.

Steps in IVF Treatment

1- The IVF doctor or IVF specialist first makes sure that the mother’s ovaries are producing multiple follicles by using drugs such as Gonadotropin given in the form of an injection.

2- A continuous monitoring is done using ultrasound and hormone testing. Excess fluid from the ovaries is wiped out in some cases to see the presence of the eggs.

using ultrasound and hormone testing

3- Once the eggs become visible, ultrasound guided needles are used to retrieve them.

4- The fertilization of eggs with the sperms from the partner or donor takes place and the embryo is prepared in the laboratory.

5- Created Embryo is cultured and monitored for 3-5 days.

6- Sometimes more than one or two embryos are also cultured. But their survival depends upon the mother’s health. In such cases the excess embryos maybe put in to freezing for the next cycle, in case the need arises.

7- Transfer of embryo into the mother’s uterus happens afterward by sticking the embryo to the mother’s uterus.

8- Complete rest of up to seven days is suggested post this process so that the embryo could adjust to the new environment.

9- If the embryo remains stick to the wall for up to 25 days, the doctor declares pregnancy.

IVF Complications and Risks

IVF is a very sensitive scientific technique. However, IVF has its own shortcomings. Some of them are as follows:

1- Risk of multiple births: An artificially cultured process sometimes leads to multiple creations of the embryos leading to multiple births.

2- Miscarriage: Chance of miscarriage is there even in IVF. However, percentage chance is same as the normal pregnancy.

3- Premature delivery: Sometimes babies are born before the delivery date. Also there is a chance of low weight babies.

4- Risk of Hyper Stimulation Syndrome: A medical condition affecting the ovaries might happen. However chances are lower than 0.2%.

Cost of IVF Treatment

The cost for IVF treatment in India varies fromINR 1,00,000 to 2,50,000.The cost for IVF treatment varies from clinic to clinic depending on the experience and the success rates of the doctor. You can use fair treatment cost calculator to calculate the cost of the IVF treatment across various cities in India.

Success Rate of IVF

Female Age

IVF success Rate

Below 35 years

40%

36-40 years

30%

Above 40 years

10% – 15%

IVF Success Factors

Following factors determine the success of the IVF treatment:

1- Age is a decisive factor in the success of IVF treatment. Women over the age of 35 years have low egg reserve of mature and good quality eggs. Therefore, younger women have greater chances of success with an IVF treatment.

2- Always choose young egg donor with good quality of eggs. It increases the success rate of an IVF pregnancy.

Young egg donor

3- Choose the best fertility clinic for IVF. Have a thorough research on the clinic regarding its success rate, its reviews, qualification and experience of doctors, training of staff, equipment used for IVF etc.

4- Healthy lifestyle increases chancesof success with the IVF treatment. Quit smoking and drinking at least 3 months before the procedure of IVF is started. Eat healthy and balanced diet.

5- Get to know about your partner infertility problems as well. Sometimes, male infertility is also a cause of concern.

IVF- Frequently Asked Questions

1- Is the egg retrieval process painful?

No pain is felt during the procedure of the eggs retrieval as you are under the impact of local anesthesia. When the effect of anesthesia wears off, you will feel little bit cramping in the ovaries or abdominal area, which will subside after 24 hours.

2- Can I have Intercourse after embryo transfer?

Doctor advises for pelvic rest for one week to two weeks after embryo transfer. The embryo needs time to attach to the wall of the uterus. Intercourse should be prohibited for 2 weeks.

3- Can I travel in car after embryo transfer?

Doctor advises complete bed rest for the next 24 hours after embryo transfer. It is completely safe to travel in the car for 3-4 hours after the treatment. But long drive should be avoided.

4- Is it common to have slight bleeding after embryo transfer?

It is completely normal to experience slight bleeding after embryo transfer. You can also experience bleeding 8- 10 days after embryo transfer. Don’t get frightened. Just keep track that it does not increase over the time.

5- When to take a pregnancy test after embryo transfer?

It is suggested to wait for two weeks before taking a home pregnancy test. You can test after 10 days also but best time would be waiting for two weeks and then take a test.

Also, get to know what the experts have to say about the success of IVF treatment. To find the comprehensive list of IVF centres in India, read our research based article on Best IVF Centres in India with highest success rates.

You May Also Like

Fertility Treatments
What is Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy a type of Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS), is a surgical diagnostic or therapeutic procedure that is used to examine the organs inside the abdomen especially the female reproductive system with an aid of a camera. It is advantageous over traditional open surgery as it allows rapid recovery, less pain, smaller scars and a much lesser hospital stay compared to a normal Surgery.
Read More

Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani
Fertility Treatments
Best IUI Doctors in Lucknow

Find here the list of best IUI doctors in Lucknow with their complete information including their ratings, success rates, treatment costs and location details. Dr. Archana Kanodia and Dr. Saraswati Patel are among the most reputed IUI doctors in Lucknow.
Read More

Dr. Sheetal Sawankar
Fertility Treatments
What is the Cost of IUI Treatment in Lucknow?

The cost of IUI treatment in Lucknow varies from Rs. 8,600 to Rs. 34,000 including the expenses of medications and disposables. IUI procedure cost usually varies with the experience of the doctor and amount of medications required. Welcare Hospital and Javitri Hospital provide IUI treatment at affordable costs.
Read More

Dr Sunil Eshwar
Fertility Treatments
What is the success rate of using donor eggs?

With modern advances in Medical treatments, donor eggs are being used with no negative impact for a successful ART treatment in case of couples. The success rates of IVF treatment with donor eggs increases to even more than 75% which is much higher as compared to self egg IVF of 41%.Even the success rate for surrogacy treatments increase to more than 95% with donor eggs.
Read More

Dr. Devika Chopra
Fertility Treatments
What are the side effects of IVF injections?

IVF treatment involves the usage of IVF injections and medications for multiple egg growth and development. But these IVF injections might lead to some side effects including higher risks of multiple births, blurred vision, hot flashes, changes in cervical mucus, increased chances of ovarian hyper stimulation and ectopic pregnancies.
Read More

Dr. Chitwan Dubey
Fertility Treatments
How do you artificially inseminate yourself?

Artificial insemination is a procedure, which involves a series of steps followed by a female trying to have a baby. It including steps such as collecting semen in a jar, waiting for the semen to liquefy, loading of semen into the syringe after liquefaction, inserting the syringe into the uterus and releasing the semen out of it into the uterus.
Read More

Dr. R K Sharma
Fertility Treatments
How long does IVF take from start to finish?

IVF procedure takes around 6-8weeks from start to finish. The week 1 involves basic consultation and diagnosis. Week 2 to Week 4 involvesregularization of cycles and suppression of ovaries.Week 5 and 6 involves consumption of fertility medications to stimulate ovaries and for monitoring visits. Week 7 includes egg retrieval, fertilization and transfer of embryos.
Read More

Dr. Chitwan Dubey
Fertility Treatments
Laparoscopic Surgery Cost for Infertility

Total Cost for Laparoscopic surgery varies between Rs. 33,500 to Rs. 44,200 depending upon the clinic or the extent of corrective treatment required during the procedure. Laparoscopic surgery takes from 20 minutes to 2 hours depending on the criticality of the treatment. Laparoscopic surgery is majorly used to treat problems of the female reproductive organs.
Read More

Dr. Surveen Ghumman
Fertility Treatments
Is IUI Painful?

IUI (intra uterine procedure) is a fertility procedure, which involves the insertion of sperms into the uterus to fertilize the eggs. IUI treatments are not painful as all. But it may lead to mild abdominal cramps or discomfort during the procedure. If IUI is medicine assisted, then one may experience side effects of fertility drugs such as nausea or vomiting.
Read More

Dr. Srilatha Gorthi
Fertility Treatments
Role of Semen Analysis in male Infertility Evaluation

Male infertility can be diagnosed successfully with the help of a procedure called semen analysis. Semen analysis test includes evaluating the semen characteristics on many parameters including semen volume, sperm count, sperm motility, progression, pH value, sperm morphology, fructose level and liquefaction time.
Read More

Dr. Sheetal Sawankar
Fertility Treatments
How much do Sperm Donors get paid in India?

Sperm donation is a process in which a man donates his sperms to be used in the artificial insemination of a female who is not his sexual partner. In India, Sperm donors are paid between Rs. 500 to Rs. 2,000 depending on the physical features, built, sperm health as well as qualifications of the respective sperm donor.
Read More

Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra
Fertility Treatments
Best IUI Centres in Lucknow

Find the list of best IUI Centres in Lucknow along with their ratings, success rates, services, IUI package cost as well as location of best centres. Welcare Hospital and Sarthak Test Tube Baby Center rank among the top IUI Centres in Lucknow because of their low treatment costs and high success rates.
Read More

Dr Sunil Eshwar

More From Author

Fertility Tracking
Ovulation Calculator or Period Calculator, Track Ovulation

To know about your ovulation period, ovulation calculator is highly...
Read More

Dr. Priyanka Gupta
Fertility Tracking
Ovulation Period Calculator and Period Tracker

It is very important for you to know how to calculate ovulation cyc...
Read More

Dr. Priyanka Gupta
Baby Bump
4 Weeks Pregnant: Symptoms, Tips and More

This article is a complete guide to 4 weeks pregnant symptoms such...
Read More

Dr. Priyanka Gupta
+
CATEGORIES