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Test Tube Baby - Frequently Asked Questions
IVF, IUI, ICSI, FET, TESA
03 February 2018 Visits: 13051
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Test Tube Baby - Frequently Asked Questions

Test Tube Baby - Frequently Asked Questions
Dr. Sheetal Pandey
Written by

Dr. Sheetal Pandey

Test tube baby is a generic name for a baby who is conceived through ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) procedure such as IVF (In vitro fertilization) or IVF with ICSI. Under IVF procedure, the eggs of mother from her ovaries are retrieved and then fertilized in a laboratory by the sperm of father. After that, the conceived embryo is attached to the mother uterus for the normal development of the baby.

What is a Test Tube Baby?
A Test Tube Baby is a term used for a baby that is conceived outside the woman's body. The process by which a test tube baby is conceived is known as In Vitro Fertilization. In simpler words, under IVF process, the eggs from mother’s ovaries are retrieved and mixed with the father’s sperm in a laboratory dish for fertilization. A test tube baby is a blessing to those women who can’t conceive naturally and is immensely popular worldwide.

When to go for Test Tube Baby?

1- If the father faces problems of low sperm count and/or low sperm mobility.

2- If the mother has problems in her fallopian tubes such as blockage, weak follicles, or a complicated uterus.

3- Low cervix response in a mother.

Low cervix response in a mother

4- If either father/mother or both have some disease and they don’t want it to travel to their baby.

5- If one is single parent or same sex parent and want to fulfil their desire to become parents.

6- You can improve your chances of getting pregnant after an IVF treatment by following certain changes in lifestyle as suggested by the fertility experts.

Test Tube Baby Procedure

As stated above, one needs to go through IVF procedure to have a test tube baby.

1- First step regarding this is the selection of an IVF/ fertility doctor or a fertility clinic where you can get hassle free IVF treatment.

2- After you consult an IVF doctor or IVF specialist or an IVF clinic, he/she first makes sure that the mother’s ovaries are producing multiple follicles by using drugs such as gonadotropin given in the form of an injection.

3- Followed by that, a continuous monitoring is done using ultrasound and hormone testing.

4- Excess fluid from ovaries is wiped out in some cases to see the presence of the eggs.

Excess fluid from ovaries

5- Once the eggs become visible, ultrasound guided needles are used to retrieve them.

6- After this, fertilization process takes place. Under this procedure, fertilization of the eggs with the sperms from the partner or donor takes place and the embryo is prepared in the laboratory.

7- Created Embryo is cultured and monitored for 3-5 days. Sometimes more than one or two embryos are also cultured. But their survival depends upon the mother’s health.

8- In such cases the excess embryos maybe put in to freezing for the next cycle, in case the need arises.

9- Transfer of an embryo into the mother’s uterus happens afterward by sticking the embryo to mother’s uterus.

Transfer of an embryo into the mother's uterus

10- If the embryo remains stick to the wall for up to 25 days, the doctor declares pregnancy.

Complete rest of up to seven days is suggested post this process so that the embryo could adjust to the new environment.

 

Risk factors to consider while going for a Test Tube Baby

1- Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome

OHS (Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome) is a very serious situation which may arise during the IVF procedure. The use of fertility stimulating drugs such as Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) may cause the ovaries to overreact manifested in terms of swelling and cramps. A woman going through IVF procedure may also experience bloating, nausea, diarrhoea, loss of appetite, heartburn etc. Sometimes, she might also experience shortness of breath and excessive weight gain as a side effect to the ovulation inducing drugs. However, these complications are not absolute and can be easily treatable.

2- Issues regarding egg retrieval

There may arise the issue of bladder infection or infection in the blood during the egg retrieval process. This is due to the reason that, in the egg retrieval process the performing doctor uses a needle to collect the eggs from the ovaries. In this process, there are paramount risks including an infection in the blood vessels, bladder or the bowel.

3- Risk of Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg implants itself outside the uterus instead of the uterine walls. Although there are 5-10% chances of the pregnancy turning into an ectopic with IVF, one should be careful regarding this. When this kind of situation emerges, abortion is the only way to get rid of complications.

Risk of Ectopic Pregnancy

4- Miscarriage

Miscarriage is very common with IVF. Normally the risk is more with the frozen embryos. The biological age of the women and the underworking hormones are also one of the reasons where miscarriage is possible with IVF.

5- Risk of multiple births

Risk of multiple births is paramount with a test tube baby making. This is due to the factor that to mitigate any risk factor, more than one embryo is transferred within the uterus, which may end up in multiple births. It carries the risk of obstetrical complication and painful labour session.

7- Health of the babies

Test Tube Babies are more prone to the birth defects than the normal babies. Test tube baby is exposed to birth defects, chromosomal abnormalities and low birth weight due to the usage of the fertility drugs.

Success Rate of Test Tube Baby

The success rate of IVF or test tube baby in India is high i.e. 65% among the females within 21 to 30 years of age. The chances of successful IVF are highest among younger women.

Are Test Tube Baby Healthy?

Since the inception of IVF technology, most of the test tube babies are healthy. However few cases have been found of low birth weight and diabetes.

Healthy test tube baby

How much does Test Tube Babies Cost?

The test babies can cost between ‘$6,000 to $11,000’in UK and US. And if you are looking for cost details in India, click on Fair Treatment Cost calculator.

Is the process of IVF painful?

During the cycles, there will be several times when one might expect pain. The woman will start experiencing pain during her injections for eggs development. And pain is also expected when the ovaries starts to enlarge, resulting in bloating and lower abdomen pain. The woman can expect pain during egg retrieval phase. And then the woman can have pain during embryo transfer.

How long does the complete IVF treatment take?

It usually takes about four to six weeks for completing one cycle of IVF. Then you need to wait for few weeks to let eggs mature.

What are the options after failed IVF?

The first thing you can do is consulting other doctor. You can go for a sperm donor or an egg donor depending on your requirement. To know more about the reasons behind failed IVF, read our article on: Causes for IVF Failure.

Looking for a fertility clinic? Learn the ways to identify a good fertility clinic which ensures higher success rates. Also, get to know other possible ways to treat Infertility Issues in Couples.

Dr. Sheetal Pandey

About The Author

Gynecologic Surgeon, Laparoscopic Surgeon

Dr. Sheetal Pandey

Mumbai

Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani is an Infertility Specialist, Gynecologic Surgeon and Obstetrician, located in Mumbai and having an experience of almost a decade. Her alma mater is B J MEDICAL COLLEGE in Pune from where she completed her MBBS and MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 2007 and 2009, respectively. In the following year, she pursued her DNB in Obstetrics and Gynecology. She received her Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine from Krishna IVF Vizag and Nadkarni IVF Centre, Surat in 2013. She is the member of 3 different associations i.e. Indian Society of Assisted Reproduction (ISAR), Indian Medical Association (IMA), and Association of Medical Consultants. Her area of expertise includes Tubectomy/Tubal Ligation, Hysterectomy (Abdominal/Vaginal), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Caesarean Section and In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF). She is a consultant in Veda Fertility And Urology Care, Mira Road and is a visiting consultant in Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road, Mumbai. You can get the contact details of Dr. Sheetal Pandey Tejwani at elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. Branswell, Helen (15 December 2008) Success rate climbs for in vitro fertilization. The Canadian Press.
  2. Chatterjee, Paramita "IVF: Fertile Ground" BW Businessworld. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  3. Goldstein, Jacob (19 August 2008) California Doctors Can’t Refuse Care to Gays on Religious Grounds. Wall Street Journal.
  4. IVF costs to NHS 'must be capped', says fertility expert.BBC News. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  5. "IVF Treatment Step Four: Final Oocyte" Infertility.about.com. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  6. Natural cycle IVF Archived 12 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine. at the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority homepage.
  7. "NHS access to IVF being cut in England"BBC News. 7 August 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.

2 Comments

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Pankhuri Khurana
June 2, 2018, 4:06 p.m.
 5.0
Quite interesting info on IVF baby. Have been reading a lot on the topic, looking forward to getting happily pregnant.
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Shivam Munde
April 21, 2018, 4:40 a.m.
 4.5
IVF procedure helped me and my wife to become parents. It was a fruitful experience for us.
Rating :

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The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

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