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    pink loader
    fertility treatments

    Male infertility - Causes of Infertility, Male infertility tests

    • 128671 views
    • 4.7   (5 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 24 Apr 2019 - Written by Dr. Neha Gupta - MS, DNB, MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    Most of the men with male infertility issues think about how to increase sperm count. Male infertility causes include chemotherapy, genetic abnormalities, undescended testicle, and infections of testicles. Male infertility tests includes Sperm Analysis test, Testicular Biopsy, and Hormone Evaluation.

    Let’s Discuss in More Detail About Treatment For Male Infertility:

    Diagnosis of male infertility can be one of the hardest challenges a man can face. Not being able to father a child can make a guy feel like he’s failing at one of his most primary responsibilities. Unfortunately, some men have to cope with the reality that nothing can be done about their infertility and seek for some infertility treatment. But for other men, advances in male infertility treatment offer real help.

    How To Understand Male Infertility?

    Sperm is made in the testicles. They're then stored in the epididymis, which lies on top of each testicle. Sperm is nourished by semen, which is made by glands along the way. When the magic moment arrives, about 150 million sperm are ejaculated in a half-teaspoon of semen through the penis. This whole process hinges on there being proper levels of testosterone and other hormones as well as correct signaling from the nervous system.

    IUI, IVF

    What Are The Common Causes OfMale Infertility?

    The “male factor” contributes to infertility around half the time, and about one-third of the time, it's the main cause of infertility. Most often, the problem lies in the process of either making or moving the sperm.

    Any of the followings can cause a man to have a low sperm count or abnormal sperm:

    • Undescended testicle
    • Infections in the testicle (orchitis), the prostate (prostatitis)
    • Chemotherapy for cancer
    • Medicines such as anabolic steroids or anti-seizure medicines
    • Genetic abnormalities

    An evaluation by a physician is the only way to know about infertility treatments. Sometimes, making sperm isn't the problem. The problem is getting the sperm where they need to go. Men with this type of male infertility have normal sperm in the testicles. But the sperm in the semen is either abnormal, very low in number, or not there at all. Causes of this kind of infertility include:

    • Retrograde ejaculation. In this condition, semen ejaculates backward into the bladder instead of out of the penis.
    • The absence of the main sperm pipeline known as the vas deferens. This condition is a genetic problem.
    • Anti-sperm antibodies. Antibodies can abnormally attack a man's own sperm on their way to the egg.

    What Are the Male Infertility Tests?

    Identifying the cause of a man's infertility is as much an art as a science. The first step is an evaluation by a physician specializing in male infertility. Experts differ in their approach, but here are some of the tests you can expect:

    male infertility, male infertility

    • Sperm and Semen Analysis- You provide a fresh sample of semen. Experts then assess your sperm count, their shape, movement, and other variables.
    • Physical Examination- A thorough physical exam can detect varicocele and give clues to hormone problems.
    • Hormone evaluation- Testosterone and multiple hormones made in the brain control sperm production.
    • Testicular biopsy- This is done for men with very low or no sperm in their semen. A needle biopsy of the testicle can show whether a man is making healthy sperm. If abundant good sperm is found in the testicle, there's likely a blockage somewhere.
    • Genetic testing-Genetic tests can identify specific obstacles to fertility and problems with sperm.
    • TESA and MESA-To perform many infertility treatments like IVF, IUI and ICSITESA and MESA are done. This is a sperm retrieval process via which sperms are retrieved to perform artificial insemination, IVF, IUI or ICSI. Sperm is retrieved from the testicles and then after washing it can be used for artificial insemination, IVF, IUI or ICSI.

    If you are suffering from male infertility and confused with the type of fertility treatment you should undergo, just pick your phone and give a call at +918929020600 for any fertility assistance.

    Dr. Neha Gupta

    Written by

    MS, DNB, MBBS, MRCOG
    IVF Specialist, Infertility Specialist
    Gurgaon
    Dr. Neha Gupta is an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist in Gurgaon. She has been practicing for many years now. Her rich experience in Normal Vaginal Delivery, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Hysterectomy and Tubectomy makes her the most preferred names in Gurgaon. She has acquired MBBS in 2004, DNB from National Board of Examinations in 2009 and MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology from Maulana Azad Medical College in 2009. She is a member of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, London. Dr. Neha Gupta has an expertise in Intrauterine Insemination and is practicing at Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon. You can get the contact details of Dr. Neha Gupta at elawoman.com

    SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

    • Warning signs of male infertility as the cause of lack of pregnancy  cause of infertility, Elawoman - 2017
    • Low sperm count - causes, sperm analysis test, male infertility treatments  low sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
    • Warning signs of male infertility as the cause of lack of pregnancy  male infertility, Elawoman - 2017

    5 Comments

    user_img

    Meera Rajput

    Thanks for sharing, I will discuss these points with my husband.

    Oct. 2, 2018, 6:31 p.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Abhisekh Kumar

    You can track your sperm quality at home by semen analysis kit. They are accurate and reliable.

    Sept. 16, 2018, 2:30 p.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Abhishek Sharma

    Male infertility is a reason causing a lot of concern to many people, me being one. My husband will be seeking infertility treatment for it's been a long time we have been trying to get pregnant with our first child.

    Aug. 21, 2017, 1:44 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Usha Reddy

    Now a days artificial insemination is not a big issue. There are many fertility centres and IVF centres in India where these treatments are carried out easily. But finding a one with higher success rate is very difficult. Ela has done a tremendous job by bringing required transparency in the costs …

    Aug. 21, 2017, 1:42 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Amar Singh

    Male infertility can be caused by various factors. But once it happens it's very difficult to revert it. Hence prevention is better than cure. Pay attention to your diet and lifestyle, so that you don't end up in damaging your body.

    Aug. 21, 2017, 1:09 p.m. 4.5

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    The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

    It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

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