A diagnosis of male infertility can be one of the hardest challenges a man can face. Not being able to father a child can make a guy feel like he’s failing at one of his most primary responsibilities. Unfortunately, some men have to cope with the reality that nothing can be done about their infertility and seek for some infertility treatment. But for other men, advances in male infertility treatment offer real help.
How To Understand Male Infertility?
Sperm is made in the testicles. They're then stored in the epididymis, which lies on top of each testicle. Sperm is nourished by semen, which is made by glands along the way. When the magic moment arrives, about 150 million sperm are ejaculated in a half-teaspoon of semen through the penis. This whole process hinges on there being proper levels of testosterone and other hormones as well as correct signaling from the nervous system.
What is Ovulation?
Ovulation happens about 14 days after menstruation. Sex any time in the five days before ovulation can increase the chances of pregnancy.
It is advised to couples to seek fertility evaluations if they are unable to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. About 85% of couples will have had a pregnancy by that point. If they are over 30, they should seek evaluation after six months and seek for the infertility treatment.
What Are The Common Causes Of Male Infertility?
The “male factor” contributes to infertility around half the time, and about one-third of the time, it's the main cause of infertility. Most often, the problem lies in the process of either making or moving the sperm.
Any of the followings can cause a man to have a low sperm count or abnormal sperm:
An evaluation by a physician is the only way to know about infertility treatments. Sometimes, making sperm isn't the problem. The problem is getting the sperm where they need to go. Men with this type of male infertility have normal sperm in the testicles. But the sperm in the semen is either abnormal, very low in number, or not there at all. Causes of this kind of infertility include:
What Are the Male Infertility Tests?
Identifying the cause of a man's infertility is as much an art as a science. The first step is an evaluation by a physician specializing in male infertility. Experts differ in their approach, but here are some of the tests you can expect:
To get all the relevant information on In Vitro fertilization technology, please read our article on In Vitro Fertilization. In case you are looking for infertility treatment then explore our article on ICSI.
Under a surrogacy agreement, a woman provides legal consent to carry and deliver a child for another couple/person for material or humanitarian benefit. Eggs and sperms are collected from the intended parents and embryo is formed in the lab. Finally, embryo is transferred to the surrogate mother. Surrogacy is of two types- traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy.
PESA is a Surgical Sperm Retrieval method, used for male infertility treatments when there is no sperm in ejaculation. A needle is placed directly into the epididymis to extract seminal fluid containing sperms. PESA is performed under local anesthesia and the treatment takes 10 minutes.
IMSI (Intracytoplasmic Morphologically Selected Sperm Injection) is a technique used in conjunction with IVF to combat male infertility issues. High quality sperms are injected into the egg for fertilization. It is an advanced version of ICSI.
MESA treatment is a surgical sperm retrieval technique. MESA is a very effective method of sperm retrieval from epididymis for ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) methods such as IVF (In-vitro Fertilization), IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) or ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection).
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is a treatment used for male infertility in which single sperm is injected into the retrieved egg for fertilization. Special techniques are used to identify high-quality sperm. The chances of success for IVF are more when combined with ICSI.
Testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) or Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE) is a sperm retrieval procedure performed for men with Azoospermia. A needle is used to aspirate sperms and tissue from the testis. Sperm retrieved from TESA treatment are used for IVF, IUI and ICSI.
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is an infertility treatment, which comes under Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). In IVF treatment, the mothers eggs from her ovaries are fertilized in a laboratory with the fathers sperm to create an embryo. Later on the conceived embryo is attached to the mothers uterus for normal development.
Test tube baby is a generic name for a baby who is conceived through ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) procedure such as IVF (In vitro fertilization) or IVF with ICSI. Under IVF procedure, the mothers eggs from her ovaries are retrieved and then fertilized in a laboratory by the fathers sperm. After that, the conceived embryo is attached to the mothers uterus for the normal development of the baby.
IUI costs in Pune rangesfromINR 8,000 to INR 12,000 including medicines and disposables. The variation in IUI cost depends upon the type of IUI, whether its a natural cycle IUI or its an Induced Cycle IUI. Dr. Bharati Dhorepatil from Pune Fertility Centre and Dr. Parag Hitnalikar from Orion Hospital are among the top IUI specialists in Pune.
IUI costs in Hyderabad ranges from INR 10,000 to INR 18,000 including medicines and disposables. The cost of IUI treatment varies depending upon the type of IUI used, whether its a natural cycle IUI or its an Induced Cycle IUI. Dr. K Prameela Sekhar from Apollo Fertility and Dr. Sweta Agarwal from Southern Gem Hospital are among the top IUI specialists in Hyderabad.
IUI costs in Chennai rangesfrom INR 10,000 to INR 12,000 inclusive of all medicines and disposables. The IUI cost varies depending on the type of IUI, whether its a natural cycle IUI or its an Induced Cycle IUI. Dr. Dakshayani from Apollo Fertility and Dr. Rajalakshmi R from Morpheus Meenakshi International IVF Center are among the top IUI specialists in Chennai.
IUI costs in Bangalore ranges from INR 10,000 to INR 17,000 including medicines and disposables. The variation in IUI cost dependsupon the type of IUI, whether its a natural cycle IUI or its an Induced Cycle IUI. Dr. Haritha Rao from Morpheus Ayaansh Fertility Center and Dr. Asha S Vijay from GarbhaGudi IVF Center are among the top IUI specialists in Bangalore.