fertility treatments

Male infertility - Causes of Infertility, Male infertility tests

  • 4.7 (5 Votes)

Most of the men with male infertility issues think about how to increase sperm count. Male infertility causes include chemotherapy, genetic abnormalities, undescended testicle, and infections of testicles. Male infertility tests includes Sperm Analysis test, Testicular Biopsy, and Hormone Evaluation.

Let’s Discuss in More Detail About Treatment For Male Infertility:

Diagnosis of male infertility can be one of the hardest challenges a man can face. Not being able to father a child can make a guy feel like he’s failing at one of his most primary responsibilities. Unfortunately, some men have to cope with the reality that nothing can be done about their infertility and seek for some infertility treatment. But for other men, advances in male infertility treatment offer real help.

How To Understand Male Infertility?

Sperm is made in the testicles. They're then stored in the epididymis, which lies on top of each testicle. Sperm is nourished by semen, which is made by glands along the way. When the magic moment arrives, about 150 million sperm are ejaculated in a half-teaspoon of semen through the penis. This whole process hinges on there being proper levels of testosterone and other hormones as well as correct signaling from the nervous system.


What is Ovulation?

Ovulation happens about 14 days after menstruation. Sex any time in the five days before ovulation can increase the chances of pregnancy.

It is advised to couples to seek fertility evaluations if they are unable to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. About 85% of couples will have had a pregnancy by that point. If they are over 30, they should seek evaluation after six months and seek for the infertility treatment.

artificial insemination, IVF

What Are The Common Causes OfMale Infertility?

The “male factor” contributes to infertility around half the time, and about one-third of the time, it's the main cause of infertility. Most often, the problem lies in the process of either making or moving the sperm.

Any of the followings can cause a man to have a low sperm count or abnormal sperm:

  • Undescended testicle
  • Infections in the testicle (orchitis), the prostate (prostatitis)
  • Chemotherapy for cancer
  • Medicines such as anabolic steroids or anti-seizure medicines
  • Genetic abnormalities

An evaluation by a physician is the only way to know about infertility treatments. Sometimes, making sperm isn't the problem. The problem is getting the sperm where they need to go. Men with this type of male infertility have normal sperm in the testicles. But the sperm in the semen is either abnormal, very low in number, or not there at all. Causes of this kind of infertility include:

  • Retrograde ejaculation. In this condition, semen ejaculates backward into the bladder instead of out of the penis.
  • The absence of the main sperm pipeline known as the vas deferens. This condition is a genetic problem.
  • Anti-sperm antibodies. Antibodies can abnormally attack a man's own sperm on their way to the egg.

What Are the Male Infertility Tests?

Identifying the cause of a man's infertility is as much an art as a science. The first step is an evaluation by a physician specializing in male infertility. Experts differ in their approach, but here are some of the tests you can expect:

male infertility, male infertility

  • Sperm and Semen Analysis- You provide a fresh sample of semen. Experts then assess your sperm count, their shape, movement, and other variables.
  • Physical Examination- A thorough physical exam can detect varicocele and give clues to hormone problems.
  • Hormone evaluation- Testosterone and multiple hormones made in the brain control sperm production.
  • Testicular biopsy- This is done for men with very low or no sperm in their semen. A needle biopsy of the testicle can show whether a man is making healthy sperm. If abundant good sperm is found in the testicle, there's likely a blockage somewhere.
  • Genetic testing-Genetic tests can identify specific obstacles to fertility and problems with sperm.
  • TESA and MESA-To perform many infertility treatments like IVF, IUI and ICSITESA and MESA are done. This is a sperm retrieval process via which sperms are retrieved to perform artificial insemination, IVF, IUI or ICSI. Sperm is retrieved from the testicles and then after washing it can be used for artificial insemination, IVF, IUI or ICSI.

If you are suffering from male infertility and confused with the type of fertility treatment you should undergo, just pick your phone and give a call at +917899912611 for any fertility assistance.

Dr. Neha Gupta

About The Author

Infertility Specialist, IVF Specialist Dr. Neha Gupta

Dr. Neha Gupta is an Obstetrician and Gynaecologist in Gurgaon. She has been practicing for many years now. Her rich experience in Normal Vaginal Delivery, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Hysterectomy and Tubectomy makes her the most preferred names in Gurgaon. She has acquired MBBS in 2004, DNB from National Board of Examinations in 2009 and MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology from Maulana Azad Medical College in 2009. She is a member of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, London. Dr. Neha Gupta has an expertise in Intrauterine Insemination and is practicing at Fortis Memorial Research Institute in Gurgaon. You can get the contact details of Dr. Neha Gupta at elawoman.com


  1. Warning signs of male infertility as the cause of lack of pregnancy cause of infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  2. Low sperm count - causes, sperm analysis test, male infertility treatments low sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
  3. Warning signs of male infertility as the cause of lack of pregnancy male infertility, Elawoman - 2017



Meera Rajput

Thanks for sharing, I will discuss these points with my husband.

Oct. 2, 2018, 6:31 p.m. 5.0


Abhisekh Kumar

You can track your sperm quality at home by semen analysis kit. They are accurate and reliable.

Sept. 16, 2018, 2:30 p.m. 5.0


Abhishek Sharma

Male infertility is a reason causing a lot of concern to many people, me being one. My husband will be seeking infertility treatment for it's been a long time we have been trying to get pregnant with our first child.

Aug. 21, 2017, 1:44 p.m. 4.5


Usha Reddy

Now a days artificial insemination is not a big issue. There are many fertility centres and IVF centres in India where these treatments are carried out easily. But finding a one with higher success rate is very difficult. Ela has done a tremendous job by bringing required transparency in the cost...

Aug. 21, 2017, 1:42 p.m. 4.5


Amar Singh

Male infertility can be caused by various factors. But once it happens it's very difficult to revert it. Hence prevention is better than cure. Pay attention to your diet and lifestyle, so that you don't end up in damaging your body.

Aug. 21, 2017, 1:09 p.m. 4.5

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