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Male Infertility and Its Causes and Treatments

  • 4.8 (5 Votes)

About one third of fertility issues are due to male infertility. While IVF and IUI have almost driven it to non existence, here are causes of male infertility.

Infertility affects approximately 1 out of every 6 couples. An infertility diagnosis is given to a couple who are unable to conceive over the course of one year. When the problem lies with the male partner it is referred to as male infertility. Male infertility factors contribute to approximately 30% of all infertility cases, and male infertility alone accounts for approximately one-fifth of all infertility cases.

Main Symptoms of Male Infertility:

1. The most common causes of male infertility are related to sperm — usually problems with sperm count and the quality of that sperm. Sperm-related problems include:

  • Low sperm count
  • Sperm that don’t move quickly enough — they die before they reach the egg
  • Sperm that are not formed correctly
  • Seminal fluid that is too thick — sperm can’t move around in it very easily
  • No sperm

Male Infertility, Causes of Male Infertility

2. Another cause of male infertility is a problem with ejaculation. In some cases, tubes inside the male reproductive organs are blocked. If so,   you may have a hard time ejaculating, or nothing comes out when you have an orgasm. Sometimes, the ejaculation goes backward from the prostate into the bladder instead of out of the body.

3. In some cases, there is no known reason for someone’s infertility. This is called unexplained infertility. This can be a very frustrating diagnosis. But even if you are diagnosed with unexplained male infertility, you still have treatment options to consider.

Male Infertility Treatment options include:

  • Surgery
  • Medication
  • Hormone Treatment
  • If a man’s sperm are not able to fertilize an egg, sperm donor can be used.

Two of the most Common Treatments are:

1. Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):

 Semen is collected from a man. A procedure called “sperm washing” is done to separate the healthy sperm from the rest of the semen. A healthcare provider puts the sperm directly into the uterus. This puts the sperm closer to the egg. It cuts down the time and distance sperm

Male Infertility, IUi, Cause of Male Infertility

A healthcare provider puts the sperm directly into the uterus. This puts the sperm closer to the egg. It cuts down the time and distance sperm have to travel to reach an egg.

2. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF):

 A woman takes medication to make several eggs ripen. A health care provider removes the eggs. Semen that has been collected from a man is put together with the eggs in a lab. After some eggs have been fertilized, one or more of them is put into the uterus. Pregnancy happens if one or more of them implant in the wall of the uterus. Especially to counter male infertility issues, ICSI & IMSI techniques are used to improve the chances of conceiving. 

Your healthcare provider can help you figure out what treatments may work best for you and your partner.

Dr. R K Sharma

About The Author

Reproductive Endocrinologist, Hysteroscopic Surgeon Dr. R K Sharma

Dr. R K Sharma has completed MBBS and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Pune University in 1981 and 1989 respectively. Dr. R K Sharma is one of the pioneers in the field of IVF treatment in India. He specializes in IUI, IVF, Embryo transfer and Hysteroscopy procedures. He is also a member of Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology Societies of India (FOGSI). Dr. R K Sharma is presently practicing at Primus Super Specialty Hospital, Chanakyapuri, Delhi. To know more, visit


  1. How to increase sperm count - causes and treatments Low sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
  2. Male infertility causes symptoms and treatment male infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  3. About unexplained infertility and its treatment unexplained infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  4. Things nobody tells you about donating sperm sperm donor, Elawoman - 2017



Jyoti Singh

A healthy diet and apple cider vinegar help in increasing the quality and quantity of sperm. You can track your sperm motility at home by using sperm evaluation kit.

Oct. 9, 2018, 6:12 p.m. 4.5


Sushmita Malakar

Male fertility treatments have been on a rise lately. One of my friend's hubby had low sperm count and she was told about IUI treatment to conceive a baby.

Nov. 9, 2017, 10:13 a.m. 5.0


Amar Singh

My husband's sperm morphology is really very poor and the doctors has asked us to for sperm donor. Is there any way by which his morphology can be improved. We want to have our own kid.

Sept. 16, 2017, 5:40 p.m. 4.5


Tamanna Singh

Male infertility should be diagnosed early for the better planning of pregnancy. Such problems increase at a faster pace.

Sept. 16, 2017, 5:35 p.m. 5.0


Shrabani Saha

Male infertility can be caused by various reasons. It can be varicocele also. Varicocele results in the swelling of veins that drain the testicle. It can be due to any kind of Infection. It can be easily seen if your partner has ejaculation issues. Sometimes, antibodies that attack sperm can also...

Sept. 16, 2017, 5:30 p.m. 5.0

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