HSG is a X ray test that is done before the IVF treatment or IUI treatment to look around the area of fallopian tubes and uterus. It is important before IVF or IUI
A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a type of X-ray test. It is done to look at the inside of the uterus and the condition of fallopian tubes and the area around the uterus It is often done for the women who are having a hard time in getting pregnant or they are infertile. This test is done before IUI treatment or IVF treatment to see the problems inside. What can be the cause of infertility can be checked via this test as HSG is sometimes important before IVF treatment or IUI treatment.
During the HSG test, a dye ( a type of contrast material) is put through a thin tube inside. That tube is put inside through the vagina and straight into the uterus. Because the uterus and both the fallopian tubes are hooked together, the dye will then flow into the fallopian tubes. Pictures and screening are taken using a steady beam of X-ray (fluoroscopy) as the dye passes through the uterus and fallopian tubes.
The pictures can show the issues and problems such as any injury or abnormal structure of the uterus or fallopian tubes formed. HSG X-ray can also screen a blockage in the fallopian tubes that would prevent an egg moving through a fallopian tube to the uterus. A blockage in the fallopian tubes also could prevent sperm from moving into a fallopian tube and joining (fertilizing) an egg to conceive. HSG test also may find problems inside of the uterus that strongly prevents a fertilized egg from attaching (implanting) to the uterine wall. These problems can be managed with IVF treatment or IUI treatment and to judge inside condition to proceed with IVF treatment or IUI treatment.
Why It Is Done
A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is done to:
How It Feels
You will feel some cramping or severe pain like menstrual cramps during the HSG tests. The severe pain you will have will depend on what problems the doctor finds and treats during the test of HSG X-ray.
After the test
After the test, some of the dye will leak out of the vagina. You also may have some vaginal bleeding for several days after the test. Call your doctor right away if you have:
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