Now, treating infertility is not a difficult or impossible thing anymore. While consulting the doctor for infertility treatment then they must have suggested you with a technique called 'artificial treatment'. It is a method of treating infertility in which semen is directly inserted into women's cervix, fallopian tubes or in the uterus. And the common method is 'intrauterine insemination (IUI) where sperm is placed in uterus.
This method makes easy for the sperm to penetrate easily without any obstructions. Earlier, this method was limited to livestock but now has been adapted for human use.
Types of infertility treated by Artificial Insemination:
1- Male factor Infertility
2- Unexplained Infertility
3- Female Infertility
This method is useful in treating many types of fertility problems.
In case of female infertility, this treatment is useful if the woman has a condition called endometriosis, unreceptive cervical mucus (when mucus around cervix doesn't let seminal fluid to get into uterus and fallopian tubes) or anything abnormal with reproductive organs.
What is the process of Artificial Insemination?
There are four types of artificial insemination:
1- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
2- Intracervical insemination (ICI)
3- Intrauterine tuboperitoneal insemination (IUTPI)
4- Intratubal insemination (ITI)
Procedure for Artificial Insemination
1- The physical examination: Both the partners will have to go through physical exam, which also include blood testing. The doctor will do sperm analysis where he will take a sperm sample from male partner. Then he will use this sperm for performing the artificial insemination procedure. The doctor might take few more sperm samples from more than one ejaculation in case of low sperm count.
2- Fertility drugs and then inspection: Before commencing the process, doctor might prescribe some fertility drugs or any injectable. HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) will also be checked before the procedure for triggering the ovulation.
After this injection, the sperm should be inserted with 24-36 hours. You will be monitored through blood tests and ultrasounds to ensure healthy development of eggs.
a- Sperm preparation: Sample goes through special washing and processing process if IUI is performed. It involves
1- Concentration of sperm for increasing chances of pregnancy.
2- Prevention from possible allergic response to sperm.
3- Minimizes uterine cramping.
b- Inserting the sperm: The process is painless and quick. Sperm sample is prepared for insertion and speculum is inserted. Then with the help of thin catheter and syringe, the sperm is placed in the uterine. While in ICI, sperm is placed in vagina and deposited in cervix with soft catheter.
c- Rest: A sponge or cervical cap is placed in vagina for keeping the sperm near cervix once the procedure is done. You will be asked to lie down for 15 to 20 minutes, as it is believed that lying down after the process increases the chances of getting pregnant.
Artificial Insemination -Risks
There are few risks involved with this infertility treatment procedure:
1- If IUI is taken with fertility combination like gonadotropin then there are chances of multiple births (twins or triplets). Having multiple births can increase the complications like miscarriage or premature birth.
2- Fertility medication is also prescribed if endometriosis is the cause of infertility.
3- After taking combination of IUI and fertility medication, there are chances of ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome, which is swelling of women's ovaries. Symptoms are usually mild to moderate but can be serious sometimes.
The process won't work for every couple so in that situation other method is suggested is 'in vitro fertilization' either with your own eggs or with the donor eggs.
Hope in this article, you might have got all the answers for your queries regarding artificial insemination and its procedure. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.
Under a surrogacy agreement, a woman provides legal consent to carry and deliver a child for another couple/person for material or humanitarian benefit. Eggs and sperms are collected from the intended parents and embryo is formed in the lab. Finally, embryo is transferred to the surrogate mother. Surrogacy is of two types- traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy.
PESA is a Surgical Sperm Retrieval method, used for male infertility treatments when there is no sperm in ejaculation. A needle is placed directly into the epididymis to extract seminal fluid containing sperms. PESA is performed under local anesthesia and the treatment takes 10 minutes.
IMSI (Intracytoplasmic Morphologically Selected Sperm Injection) is a technique used in conjunction with IVF to combat male infertility issues. High quality sperms are injected into the egg for fertilization. It is an advanced version of ICSI.
MESA treatment is a surgical sperm retrieval technique. MESA is a very effective method of sperm retrieval from epididymis for ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) methods such as IVF (In-vitro Fertilization), IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) or ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection).
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is a treatment used for male infertility in which single sperm is injected into the retrieved egg for fertilization. Special techniques are used to identify high-quality sperm. The chances of success for IVF are more when combined with ICSI.
Testicular sperm aspiration (TESA) or Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE) is a sperm retrieval procedure performed for men with Azoospermia. A needle is used to aspirate sperms and tissue from the testis. Sperm retrieved from TESA treatment are used for IVF, IUI and ICSI.
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is an infertility treatment, which comes under Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). In IVF treatment, the mothers eggs from her ovaries are fertilized in a laboratory with the fathers sperm to create an embryo. Later on the conceived embryo is attached to the mothers uterus for normal development.
Test tube baby is a generic name for a baby who is conceived through ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) procedure such as IVF (In vitro fertilization) or IVF with ICSI. Under IVF procedure, the mothers eggs from her ovaries are retrieved and then fertilized in a laboratory by the fathers sperm. After that, the conceived embryo is attached to the mothers uterus for the normal development of the baby.
IUI costs in Pune rangesfromINR 8,000 to INR 12,000 including medicines and disposables. The variation in IUI cost depends upon the type of IUI, whether its a natural cycle IUI or its an Induced Cycle IUI. Dr. Bharati Dhorepatil from Pune Fertility Centre and Dr. Parag Hitnalikar from Orion Hospital are among the top IUI specialists in Pune.
IUI costs in Hyderabad ranges from INR 10,000 to INR 18,000 including medicines and disposables. The cost of IUI treatment varies depending upon the type of IUI used, whether its a natural cycle IUI or its an Induced Cycle IUI. Dr. K Prameela Sekhar from Apollo Fertility and Dr. Sweta Agarwal from Southern Gem Hospital are among the top IUI specialists in Hyderabad.
IUI costs in Chennai rangesfrom INR 10,000 to INR 12,000 inclusive of all medicines and disposables. The IUI cost varies depending on the type of IUI, whether its a natural cycle IUI or its an Induced Cycle IUI. Dr. Dakshayani from Apollo Fertility and Dr. Rajalakshmi R from Morpheus Meenakshi International IVF Center are among the top IUI specialists in Chennai.
IUI costs in Bangalore ranges from INR 10,000 to INR 17,000 including medicines and disposables. The variation in IUI cost dependsupon the type of IUI, whether its a natural cycle IUI or its an Induced Cycle IUI. Dr. Haritha Rao from Morpheus Ayaansh Fertility Center and Dr. Asha S Vijay from GarbhaGudi IVF Center are among the top IUI specialists in Bangalore.
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