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9 Factors which affect Sperm Motility, Count, and Quality - How to deal with each?

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  • 4.8   (8 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 17 Jul 2018 - Written by Dr. R K Sharma - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

How to increase sperm motility, count and quality is one of the burning questions among men who want their partner to conceive. It is affected by heat, abstinence, overweight, smoking, stress, lubricants, caffeine, and medications. Foods to increase sperm count prove to be useful to improve sperm motility.

For some reason and myths, our society believes that infertility to be a woman’s issue. The truth is that up to 40% of infertility issues arise from the male partner. If you and your partner are trying to conceive and to increase the chances of getting pregnant, make sure to keep in mind the fertility tips: 

1. Heat Affects Sperm:

If you are taking a hot shower or hot bath or steam bath then no more hot-tubs. Strictly avoid sitting around for long periods of time with a laptop on the lap that produces heat. This may cause male infertility

2. Abstinence Affects Sperm:

The male partner should try to ejaculate at least once every few weekdays to maintain his healthy sperm count, or more optimally every other day you can have intercourse (especially during your fertile window is active).

3. Weight Affects Sperm:

Obesity has been clearly linked to impaired sperm production and give rise to infertility problems. Overweight or obese men might be able to improve their sperm count and sperm mobility by achieving their ideal BMI. You should keep a check on it. 

4. Smoking Affects Sperm:

Men who are planning to become a father or the couples who are trying to conceive should stop smoking as soon as possible to increase the chances of getting pregnant. Also, recreational drugs, including anabolic steroids and marijuana, are associated with impaired sperm function and give rise to the infertility issues.

Infertility, Male infertility

5. Medication Affects Sperm: 

The certain type of medication, as well as any disease that triggers high fever, can impair the body’s ability to make sperm and may also give rise to infertility problems. You and your partner should consult all the medication you are taking by a doctor before you try to conceive to increase the chances of getting pregnant. And don’t forget, any changes in a man’s lifestyle will take almost three months to show an improvement in sperm count. This may cause male infertility or fertility problems. 

6. Lubricants:

While many sexually active people use lubricant to help things make out between them. That same product can actually hurt sperms' ability to move freely and make it hard to conceive.This may cause male infertility. 

7. Stress:

Is there anything that stress doesn’t affect badly? It can interfere with the hormones needed to produce healthy sperm count, and it’s not a bad idea for a man looking to increase his sperm count to find more effective ways to relax to increase the chances of being a father. This may cause male infertility or fertility problems. 

Male infertility, Infertility

8. Cell phones:

Are you carrying your phone in your hip pocket or on your belt? You might want to rethink that again. Men who do this were found to have 11% fewer mobile sperm than those who stored their phone in other places. This may cause male infertility or fertility problems. 

9. Caffeine:

Like alcohol or caffeine intake should be consumed in moderation for ideal reproductive health and to avoid infertility or fertility problems. Once you reach three cups of coffee a day, you increase your risk of genetic mutations in sperm.

To know about home remedies and natural ways to increase sperm count and to boost fertility, read our article on sperm count. In case you are suffering from male infertility and want to read in general of the resons and precautions, then explore our article on Infertility in men.

Dr. R K Sharma

Written by

Reproductive Endocrinologist, Hysteroscopic Surgeon
Delhi

Dr. R K Sharma has completed MBBS and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Pune University in 1981 and 1989 respectively. Dr. R K Sharma is one of the pioneers in the field of IVF treatment in India. He specializes in IUI, IVF, Embryo transfer and Hysteroscopy procedures. He is also a member of Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology Societies of India (FOGSI). Dr. R K Sharma is presently practicing at Primus Super Specialty Hospital, Chanakyapuri, Delhi. To know more, visit elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  • Know all about how to increase male fertility and sperm count with the natural methods  healthy sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
  • Know about ovulation calendar and its impact on tracking of fertile days  intercourse, Elawoman - 2017
  • Most in demand infertility treatments for couples with high success rates  infertility issues, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to improve sperm count - foods to increase sperm count  sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
  • Top 5 aspects you need to know about infertility treatments to achieve success  fertility problems, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to improve sperm count - foods to increase sperm count  sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
more

8 Comments

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Keshav Lal

I agree that heat has a big role to play in sperm quality. Testicles are always at a lower temperature to avoid damage to the sperms.

Oct. 11, 2018, 10:57 p.m. 5.0

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Lalit Kumar

Please suggest some effective lubricants to me as my wife has a dryness problem.

Sept. 28, 2018, 12:43 p.m. 4.5

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Neeraj Mehta

I am addicted to smoking, What should I do to avoid it as it's affecting my sperm quality?

Sept. 17, 2018, 3:15 p.m. 5.0

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Sidhhant Keshav

My sperm is of good quality but I have erection dysfunction. Does apple cider vinegar help in erection dysfunction?

Aug. 26, 2018, 1:45 p.m. 4.5

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Ganesh Kumar

Thanks for sharing this, I will try avoiding them all.

June 8, 2018, 6:10 p.m. 5.0

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Sonakshi Mandal

A healthy diet with lots of iron rich foods like spinach, kale, pomegranate, beet root boost up the chances of getting pregnant.

Aug. 27, 2017, 11:38 a.m. 5.0

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Meisha Browning

So much needed for men these days when the male infertility is on a high.

Aug. 27, 2017, 11:36 a.m. 4.5

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Phinni Manalo

A good diet and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption have great effect on sperm health.

Aug. 27, 2017, 11:33 a.m. 5.0

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