Book an Appointment
+91-7899912611
fertility basics

What is Anti - Mullerian Hormone or AMH?

  • 4.7 (5 Votes)
  • 179627 views

Anti - Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is the hormone produced by ovarian follicles. AMH level denotes ovarian reserves and quality of ovarian eggs for a female. It is also known as Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS). Normal AMH levels of 1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml, is associated with good fertility and have been found to have better response rates to fertility treatments.Low AMH level is not a good indicator of fertility.

AMH & Fertility

If you are a trying mother then, you must have heard about or faced yourself the challenge posed by AMH levels to one’s fertility. But how does it affect fertility? Well, AMH or Anti Mullerian hormone is an essential hormone in developing pre-antral and antral follicles or egg follicles in ovaries. They are present in the follicles and looks after the maturation process. The role of AMH comes into play to stop the immature egg from releasing through ovulation and helping the mature one to get released.  As AMH is an indicator of mature eggs in the ovaries, it itself becomes an indicator of the Ovarian Reserve of a woman as well as its quality.

AMH is deeply connected to fertility as without a good quality mature egg reserve, a woman finds it difficult to conceive. The levels of AMH linked with fertility is as given below-

1- Normal AMH levels (1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml) are associated with increased fertility and better response rates to fertility treatments.

2- Low to Normal AMH levels (1.0 to 1.5 ng/ml) are associated with decreased ovarian reserve but chances can still be good for pregnancy outcomes.

3- Very low AMH levels (below .5 ng/ml) suggest diminished ovarian reserve and fertility concerns.

What is an AMH Test?

AMH Test is a modern day fertility test to determine the AMH level in our body. It was developed in 1990 during research on IVF & Fertility where AMH level was found a positive correlative between IVF & Fertility.

AMH Test

Normally AMH is a blood test. The entire procedure is very simple and results come back in 3-4 days. The best thing about AMH test is that you can get it done anytime, even during your menstruation or when you are on birth control.

Low AMH Levels and Associated Problems

Normally, with growing biological age and other health and lifestyle factors such as stress, poor diet, hormonal imbalances, illness, genetic factors etc., AMH level declines in women. The condition of low AMH level is called Diminished Ovarian Reserve (DOR) medically. Women with low level of AMH have very low chances of pregnancy. However, with Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatments, such as IVF (In Vitro Fertilization), even woman with low AMH or diminishing ovarian reserve can also conceive successfully.

What happens when you have high AMH levels?

Although ovarian reserve diminishes with age, some women still have high level of AMH till their menopausal age. Very High AMH levels which are over 4ng/ml is also dangerous and can make a woman prone to breast cancer, PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome), ovarian cysts etc.

AMH levels

The greatest risk among these is the issue of Ovarian Hyper Stimulation or OHSS in which a woman super-ovulates and carries the risk of miscarrying. In such case, you need medical treatment to reduce the risk factors.

Factors affecting AMH level

AMH level is dependent mostly on internal factors such as age, stress, hormonal disruptions, lifestyle etc. However, with growing toxins in the environment, many women are experiencing premature ovarian aging where her ovarian reserves deplete sooner than the usual course of time. 

1- Lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol or over dependency on medicines lead to early menopause or lowering of AMH levels in women.

2- Apart from this, surgery such as chemotherapy where a woman is exposed to heavy rays depletes her ovarian reserve creating low AMH level in her body.

3- Exposure to environmental toxins in terms of pollution, artificial heating mechanism, processed food etc. also lower AMH levels in women.

How to increase AMH levels?

It is very hard to increase your AMH level as creating your egg reserve is almost impossible. However, you can monitor your egg health and quality and allow proper maturation through medical techniques such as DHEA supplements, fertility herbs, prenatal supplements and a good lifestyle.

Do you know when you get pregnant, the embryo gets implanted into the uterus! Some women can have bircornuate uterus which makes it harder to conceive. 

Hope this article has helped resolve issues associated with Anti Mullerian Hormone or AMH. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal

About The Author

Infertility Specialist, Obstetrician Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal
Agra

Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal is an obstetrician, gynecologist and infertility specialist who is providing her valuable expertise in the field of gynecology and infertility issues. She ensures that the patients receive the required fertility treatments well on time. Dr. Kavita specializes in the treatments like High Risk Pregnancy Care, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Reproductive Medicine. Currently, she is practicing at Amit Jaggi Memorial Hospital, Vibhav Nagar, Agra.

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  1. Things to remember when you start trying to conceive trying mother, Elawoman - 2017
  2. Symptoms, causes and treatments of low progesterone ovaries, Elawoman - 2018
  3. When and why women go for the donor eggs mature eggs, Elawoman - 2017
  4. How to prepare for your first fertility clinic fertility concerns., Elawoman - 2017
  5. Advantage and disadvantage of female condom birth control, Elawoman - 2017
  6. Natural remedies for polycystic ovary syndrome pcos PCOS, Elawoman - 2017
  7. Can infertility drugs cause premature menopause menopause, Elawoman - 2017
  8. What are the functions of uterus? uterus, Elawoman - 2017
  9. Causes, symptoms and treatment of bicornuate uterus bircornuate uterus, Elawoman - 2018

5 Comments

user_img

Diksha Patel

I am 35 years old and my AMH level is 2.0. Will I be able to conceive?

Oct. 12, 2018, 8:23 p.m. 5.0

user_img

Barkha Chopra

I eat green vegetable on regular basis and avoid smoking and drinking. I have seen my AMH level increasing and it is completely in control.

Aug. 11, 2018, 4:26 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Vedika Sinha

Can I conceive a child at 40 years of age with low AMH level or If I conceive what are the chances that baby will be healthy?

July 23, 2018, 5 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Rechu

I have low AMH level. How to increase it?

May 17, 2018, 5:43 p.m. 4.5

user_img

Sushmita Malakar

My AMH levels are very poor and the doctor has suggested me IVF. What shall I do to improve my AMH levels?

April 23, 2018, 4:26 p.m. 5.0

View all comments

Leave a Comment

Rating

Disclaimer

The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

Related Article view all

Fertility Basics
How are surrogate mothers screened?
Dr. Bhavna Banga
Dr. Bhavna Banga 4.8 (6 Votes)

How are surrogate mothers screened?

A surrogate mother is expected to be prepared for the upcoming pregnancy and to have a total commitment towards the process. Checking surrogate mothers medical history, previous pregnancy history, current medical report including blood tests and hormone tests, family background and her mental stability to carry a child are the some of the ways to screen a surrogate mother.

Read More

Fertility Basics
PCOS and Infertility - How to Get Pregnant With PCOS
Dr. Pranay Shah
Dr. Pranay Shah 4.8 (6 Votes)

PCOS and Infertility - How to Get Pregnant With PCOS

Women suffering from PCOS find it very hard to get pregnant because of irregualrity in the menstrual cycle and ovulation. But it is possible to get pregnant with PCOS by following healthy diet and starting medications such as clomid, letrozole or gonadotrophins. If nothing works, then one can opt for Ovarian Drilling and Fertility treatment (IVF).

Read More

Fertility Basics
Can Clomid Tablet Result in Twins or Multiple Births?

Can Clomid Tablet Result in Twins or Multiple Births?

Yes, the clomid tablet can result in twins or multiple births. There are 5 to 8% of chances of conceiving twins while being on Clomid as compared to natural twin pregnancy, which has just 1 to 2% chances. Intake of Clomid results in the overproduction of egg stimulating hormones, which further causes, the release of more than 1 egg from the ovary.

Read More

More From Author

Planning Baby
How Often Should You Have Sex When Trying To Conceive

How Often Should You Have Sex When Trying To Conceive

Wondering how to get pregnant fast. Deliberating whether frequent s...

Read More

Planning Baby
Must know risk factors of Pregnancy after 30

Must know risk factors of Pregnancy after 30

How to become pregnant after your 30. Keep track of ovulation days ...

Read More

Planning Baby
Faint lines on Pregnancy Test

Faint lines on Pregnancy Test

Getting pregnant is on your mind, you have used the ovulation perio...

Read More

Trending Articles

surrogacy
surrogacy

5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

Read More 4.5 (1 Votes)

IVF
ivf

Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

Read More 4.7 (3 Votes)

surrogacy
surrogacy

Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centers and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

Read More 4.8 (2 Votes)