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    fertility basics

    Normal Sperm Count and Motility - Affect of these factors on Pregnancy

    • 4.7   (5 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 23 Nov 2017 - Written by Dr. Devika Chopra - MBBS, DNB, MSc - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    Normal sperm count in men is considered in the range of 15 to 200 million. If the sperm count in men is less than 15 million, then infertility treatments are advised. Sperm motility of the progressive type is in the range of 32% - 75%. Normal sperm count and motility is required for positive pregnancy.

    Below, we bring you all the necessary details on what is the normal sperm motility for pregnancy and how many sperm does it take to get pregnant. Also, we discuss ways of improving your sperm count for a successful pregnancy.

    Sperm and Sperm Count: An Overview

    Sperm is a reproductive cell present in a male body.  Half of the genetic code in a child is carried by the sperm. Normally they are micro round/oval shaped living particles with a long sharp tail which flow out along with semen during ejaculation.

    Normal sperm count for pregnancy

    Sperm count is basically quantity of sperm every millilitre of semen. However, you can’t count sperm physically. You will need a Semen Analysis Test or a Sperm Culture Report to determine your sperm count.

    What is Normal Sperm Count for Pregnancy?

    Normally a count of 40 to 300 million sperms per millilitre of semen is considered healthy for natural pregnancy. In case your sperm count falls less than 20 million, you need to opt for proper treatment along with dietary and lifestyle changes.

    However, for successful pregnancy, you need only one healthy sperm which will fertilize the egg. However, sperm have the natural tendency to die soon while travelling inside the uterus. For that reason, a healthy sperm count is essential for a natural course of pregnancy to take place.

    Sperm Motility: What is it?

    Sperm motility is the percentage of sperm that is moving in a semen sample along with their ability to move. Motility of sperm is as important as the sperm count and sperm morphology. This is due to the reason that vaginal cavities are very acidic and motility of a sperm is very necessary to fight it to make it for successful pregnancy.

    Sperm Motility

    What is Normal Sperm Motility for Pregnancy?

    Normally Semen Analysis Reports or Sperm Culture Report say that under proper environment at least 32% of the sperm should be moving in the first hour of ejaculation.

    Sperm Morphology

    Sperm Morphology is the analysis of size, shape and appearance of sperm to determine if they are healthy or not.

    How long do Sperm Live?

    Sperm can live up to 5 days inside a woman’s body. They carry strong chlorine like enzymes which help them survive through women’s acidic cavities. Sperm have tendencies to live in a warm and wet environment. In dry places such as on a cloth or a dry floor, they will die automatically the semen dries up.

    How to Treat Low Sperm Count & Low Sperm Motility

    Just remember, one healthy sperm is the key. You do not need your swimmers to grow more than the normal to increase your chances of conception. The important thing is to improve their morphology, concentration and motility along with growing them to a normal count. There are a lot of things one can do to improve the sperm count.

    Low Sperm Count

    1. Ejaculate daily - Unused sperm turn oxidized and harm new production. Make sure to ejaculate every day. However too much ejaculation is not healthy as it can toll on many unhealthy habits along with fatigue. Have sex more often to increase the life of your sperm.

    2. Eat healthy - Eating healthy is the key. The food you eat is directly related to your sperm health. Include lean protein, green veggies along with Omega-3 rich foods more to boost your sperm count.

    3. Exercise regularly The guys who are into sports or regular exercise tend to have more chances in impregnating their women. This is necessary to maintain a good blood flow in the genital chambers where sperm production takes place.

    4. Check the Ph level of your partner - Make it a habit of checking her Ph level. Normally vaginas turn more acidic and hostile towards sperm with more Ph level. Maintaining good balance is healthy for your swimmers. Buy her good vaginal wash with Ph control ingredients and take care of her diet as well.

    5. Visit your Urologist regularly - Make it a habit to visit your urologist regularly. If you find anything wrong with your sperm such as nature, consistency and color, talk it out with your Urologist. Run some test or don’t hesitate to go for ART (Assisted Reproductive Techniques) treatment such as TESA, MESA, PESA, TESE etc. for treating your low sperm count.

    6. Quit smoking and drinking - Nicotine and alcohol are two of the greatest enemies of your sperm. They tend to lower the sperm growth. Quit them as soon as possible to improve your chances of boosting sperm count.


    Hope this article has been able to answer your queries on normal sperm count for pregnancy. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatment.

    Dr. Devika Chopra

    Written by

    MBBS, DNB, MSc
    Infertility Specialist, Infertility Evaluation and Treatments
    Dr. Devika Chopra is a leading Obstetrician, Gynaecologist and IVF Expert in Tardeo, Mumbai. She provides services such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Gynae Problems, Maternal Care/ Checkup and Infertility Evaluation/Treatment. Dr. Devika Chopra practices at Hope Clinic in Forjett Street, Mumbai. She holds an experience of almost a decade. She completed MBBS from Grant Medical College, Mumbai in 2002. Thereafter, she pursued DNB in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from NBE in 2009. She continued her studies further and did MSc from Oxford University, U.K. in 2012. For Contact details of Dr. Devika Chopra visit at


    • Facts about semen quality, and color - know with semen analysis test  semen, Elawoman - 2017
    • Facts about semen quality, and color - know with semen analysis test  healthy sperm, Elawoman - 2017
    • Do's and don'ts you need to choose to increase sperm count for improved fertility  sperm count, Elawoman - 2017
    • Effect of sleep on sperm count, quality and male fertility  sex, Elawoman - 2017
    • Diet for weight loss for pcod and pcos - indian pcos weight loss  protein, Elawoman - 2017
    • Are you trying to conceive but you drink alcohol on a regular basis? know tips to conceive  Nicotine and alcohol, Elawoman - 2017



    Nirmal Prasad

    My wife got pregnant after having an IUI treatment as I was diagnosed with low sperm count. Any man with this problem can opt IUI, ICSI or IVF to have their own child.

    Oct. 1, 2018, 4:25 p.m. 4.5


    Bismil Jangra

    Whoa! really? Well this one sure hits the bull's eye for those who want to improve their sperm count. Great info!

    June 1, 2018, 6:34 p.m. 5.0


    Janvi Rao

    Thanks for sharing this. Every man and woman should have this information.

    May 11, 2018, 5:22 p.m. 5.0


    Amit Sudhakar Bhuigal

    April 12, 2018, 1:27 a.m. 4.5


    Raghav Patel

    My sperm count is 15 million per ml but still, my wife got pregnant. Is this possible to be pregnant with less sperm count?

    Feb. 12, 2018, 6:20 p.m. 4.5

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