A man’s fertility or male fertility generally relies on the quantity and quality of his sperm count. If the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low in count/sperm count or if the sperm is of a poor quality or quantity, it will be difficult for men, and sometimes impossible for men, for him to cause a pregnancy.
It is estimated that one in twenty men has some kind of infertility problem for one or more reasons with low numbers of sperm count in his ejaculation. However, only about one in every 100 men has no sperm in his ejaculation.
What are the symptoms of male infertility?
In most of the cases, no obvious signs of infertility are found. Intercourse, erections, and ejaculation will usually take place without difficulty. The quantity and quality of the ejaculated semen normally appear normal to the naked eyes. Medical tests are needed to be done to find the infertility problem.
What are the causes of male infertility?
About two-third of infertile men have some problems with making sperm in the testes. Either due to the low numbers of sperm are made and/or the sperms that are made do not work properly.
Sperm mobility problems are found in about one in every five infertile men, including in those men who have had a vasectomy but now wish to have more children.
What are some common problems?
Sperm production problems
1- Chromosomal or genetic causes
3- Torsion (twisting of the testis in scrotum)
4- Varicocele (varicose veins of the testes)
5- Medicines and chemicals
6- Radiation damage
7- Unknown cause
Blockage of sperm transport
2- Prostate-related problems
3- The absence of vas deferens
Sexual problems (problem in erection and ejaculation)
1- Retrograde and premature ejaculation
2- Failure of ejaculation
3- Erectile dysfunction
4- Infrequent intercourse
5- Spinal cord injury
6- Prostate surgery
7- Damage to nerves
8- Some medicines
The male reproductive system
The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus part is located at the base of the brain that controls the production of male hormones and sperm. The testes are a pair of egg-shaped glands that sit in the scrotum down to the base of the penis. The testes generally make sperm and the male sex hormone testosterone.
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is the hormone produced by ovarian follicles. AMH level denotes ovarian reserves and quality of ovarian eggs for a female. It is also known as Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS). Normal AMH levels of 1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml,is associated with good fertility and have been found to have better response rates to fertility treatments.Low AMH level is not a good indicator of fertility.
The uterus is a female reproductive organ and is responsible for different reproductive functions such as implantation, menses, gestation, labor and delivery. It is located in the pelvic area between the bladder and the rectum. It is also receptive to hormonal changes within the female body thus allowing adaption to different stages of reproductive cycle.
Sperm Motility refers to the movement and swimming capability of a sperm. Motility is a standard measurement to know whether a sperm can swim properly inside a womens uterus and fallopian tube. Normal values are more than 50% and below 25% its considered almost infertile.
Normally a count of 40 to 300 million sperms per milliliter of semen is considered healthy and effective for natural pregnancy. In case your sperm count falls less than 20 million, your sperm is not healthy and you need proper treatment along with dietary and lifestyle changes.
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