Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, known as PCOS. As many as 1 in 10 women have PCOS and most of them are not aware that they have PCOS. Women suffering from PCOS do not understand that why they are gaining weight or why they have unusual growth of body hair and why they feel depressed and stressed and why they start balding, why they have to pluck chin hair.
Many people view PCOS as a cosmetic problem or issue, not realizing that it has potentially devastating consequences. We need more awareness about PCOS as this may cause infertility problems and issues. Here are some signs of PCOS, it would be helpful for you to know whether you might be struggling with PCOS or not?
Irregular Period: Irregular periods, especially those cycles that last 35+ days, might be detected with the PCOS problems. This can also be called amenorrhea. Not having your period or menses means that you rarely ovulate and you cannot track your ovulation period or fertility days.
If you do not ovulate or get menses or can't track your ovulation period, you cannot become pregnant and in the worse condition, you are at a greater risk of miscarriage or repeated TTC failure.
Thinning of hair, it’s called androgen excess- thinning of hair line is a common symptom for women who are suffering from PCOS. Androgen excess can cause issues including the excessive and unusual growth of facial and body hair, and male-pattern baldness.
Acne and excessive breakouts tends to flare up in areas that are usually considered “hormonally sensitive,” especially the lower third area of the face, cheeks, jawline, chin, and upper neck, so keep a check on this.
More than 60% of women who have PCOS are also overweight or obese and can cause infertility problems if not treated on time. PCOS makes it more difficult for the body to use the hormone insulin, which normally helps convert sugars and starches from foods into energy.
So if you find these symptoms or changes in your body, then it’s time to talk to your doctor about PCOS issues which may also cause infertility problems. Though there is no cure of PCOS, PCOS can be managed and tackled through early identification and regular treatment which is essential in minimizing some of the condition’s effects.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms tend to be mild at first in the PCOS. You may have only a few symptoms at the start of the PCOS. The most common symptoms are:
2- Weight gain, obese and trouble losing weight
3- The extra or unusual growth of hair on the face and body. Often women get thicker and darker facial hair and more hair on the chest, belly, and back
4- Thinning of hairline on the scalp
5- Irregular periods or extended menstrual cycle. Some women have no periods even. Others have very heavy bleeding during menses
6- Fertility problems. Many women who have PCOS have trouble getting pregnant (infertility)
7- Depression and over stress
How is PCOS treated?
PCOS can be treated but can't be cured. Treatment focuses on controlling symptoms of PCOS and managing the condition to prevent complications in coming life. The treatment will vary from woman to woman, depending on specific symptoms occurs with them. Tips for controlling symptoms may include:
1- Eat a healthy diet. A healthy diet and include green veggies and salads and regular exercise not much but regular is recommended for all women suffering from PCOS, particularly those who are overweight and obese.
2- Take birth control pillsif you aren’t planning to become pregnant. Women who don’t want to become pregnant may be prescribed birth control pills. If a woman with PCOS is infertile or have fertility issues, fertility drugs which are used for infertility issues may be prescribed to aid in ovulation period and then she can track her ovulation period easily.
3- Surgery. Surgery may be recommended for some women having PCOS. Ovarian drilling is a procedure done for PCOS in which your doctor punctures your ovary with a small needle that carries an electric current. It’s a short-term solution that can promote ovulation period.
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is the hormone produced by ovarian follicles. AMH level denotes ovarian reserves and quality of ovarian eggs for a female. It is also known as Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS). Normal AMH levels of 1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml,is associated with good fertility and have been found to have better response rates to fertility treatments.Low AMH level is not a good indicator of fertility.
The uterus is a female reproductive organ and is responsible for different reproductive functions such as implantation, menses, gestation, labor and delivery. It is located in the pelvic area between the bladder and the rectum. It is also receptive to hormonal changes within the female body thus allowing adaption to different stages of reproductive cycle.
Sperm Motility refers to the movement and swimming capability of a sperm. Motility is a standard measurement to know whether a sperm can swim properly inside a womens uterus and fallopian tube. Normal values are more than 50% and below 25% its considered almost infertile.
Normally a count of 40 to 300 million sperms per milliliter of semen is considered healthy and effective for natural pregnancy. In case your sperm count falls less than 20 million, your sperm is not healthy and you need proper treatment along with dietary and lifestyle changes.
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