fertility basics

Ovulation - Ovulation Period, Symptoms of Ovulation, Increase chances of getting pregnant

  • 4.7   (7 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 02 Aug 2018 - Written by Dr. Chitwan Dubey - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Ovulation Period or Cycle is the time period of 12 -14 hours and divided into Follicular Phase and Luteal Phase. Symptoms of Ovulation are rise in basal body temperature, change in body language, abdominal and muscle cramps, light blood spotting. Ovulation cycle helps in monitoring chances of getting pregnant.

Often we experience wondering with the questions about ovulation when we try to understand our reproductive system a little better. At many a times we are caught between shame and hesitation to ask our peers or medical professionals about ovulation and ovulation cycle. However, more you, better it is as understanding when you are ovulating is very crucial if you are planning to have a baby or aborting the plan.

Ovulation, Ovulation period

Ovulation meaning

A woman is born with millions of eggs or ovum in her ovaries when she is born. During her entire reproductive life, these ova are released one by one during each menstrual cycle

Ovulation is a biological process in women where an ovum is released from one of her ovaries. It happens in each menstrual cycle when the reproductive hormones of the body such as estrogen stimulates and signals the ovaries to release an unfertilized egg to fallopian tube. During this process, the uterus lining or endometrium thickens itself and prepares to receive a fertilized egg or an embryo.

What is Ovulation period

Ovulation is the process which lasts for 12-14 hours. Generally, this time length is known as ovulation period or ovulation cycle. Ovulation period is divided into two phases. The first phase of ovulation period is known as follicular phase which starts from the first day of her last menstrual period which continues till ovulation. The second phase is luteal phase starting from the ovulation day till the beginning of next menstrual period.

Fun fact:luteal phase is more static than follicular phase which generally comes with a more stable timeline. However, the condition here is your regular menstrual cycle.

Ovulation meaning, Ovulation symptoms

Ovulation Symptoms

Ovulation symptoms are not common to all the women who are ovulating. They vary from person to person and there are cases a woman can ovulate without any visible symptoms of ovulating. Some of the common signs of ovulation are-

  • Light spotting of blood:This happens due to follicle rupture in the egg when it prepares itself to fertilize through sperm.
  • Muscle and abdominal cramps:Cramps or body ache are also experienced by many women when they ovulate. Again ovum rupture is the cause behind it.
  • Change in breast:Some women feel tenderness or heaviness in their breasts during ovulation.
  • Feeling of uneasiness:Bloating, nausea, headache etc. are some of the uneasy symptoms of ovulation.
  • Change in the cervix:Your cervix changes considerably during ovulation. The cervical mucus changes its colour from milky white to egg white with stretchy consistency. Also the cervix rises high and your fingers can’t reach it normally than the rest of the days.
  • Change in body language:In some women, ovulation causes a heightened sex drive, increased sense of smell, louder tone in voice and mood swings.
  • Rise of body temperature:during ovulation, the Basal Body Temperature of a woman is considerably high as compared to the rest of the days. It keeps on increasing from your follicular phase and is the maximum on ovulation day. Again after your ovulation period, the body temperature keeps decreasing for the entire luteal phase.

Hope, this article has answered most of your queries. Follow Ela woman blogs to getregular updateon fertility issues and treatment.

Recommended Reads

Use Ovulation Calendar to know Fertile Days

Sign and Symptoms of Ovulation

Ovulation Calculator or Period Calculator, Track Ovulation

Ovulation, Ovulation Period and Ovulation Symptoms

How to Track Ovulation with Help of Signs?

Dr. Chitwan Dubey

Written by

Obstetrician, Gynecologist

Dr. Chitwan Dubey is a leading Obstetrician and IUI Expert currently working at SevenHills Hospital in Andheri, East Mumbai. She has been practicing in the same field for over a decade and her areas of expertise are Endometriosis, Ectopic Pregnancies, Fibroids, Total Lap Hysterectomies, and Fertility Enhancing Diagnostic etc. She completed MBBS from Rant's Medical College in 2004 followed by MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from Mumbai University in 2006. Dr. Chitwan Dubey is an honoured member of Indian Medical Association (IMA). For contact details of Dr. Chitwan Dubey visit elawoman.com


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3.  Know about ovulation calendar and its impact on tracking of fertile days  Use Ovulation Calendar to know Fertile Days, Elawoman - 2017
4.  What are the evident signs and symptoms of ovulation in women?  Sign and Symptoms of Ovulation, Elawoman - 2017
5.  How to track ovulation with ovulation calculator or fertility calculator  Ovulation Calculator or Period Calculator, Track Ovulation, Elawoman - 2017
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7.  11 effective signs to help track your ovulation date - find out the correct ovulation date  How to Track Ovulation with Help of Signs?, Elawoman - 2018



Sheetal Bir

Please suggest me with the best ways to determine the ovulation period. I am so confused to choose any.

Oct. 3, 2018, 11:32 p.m. 5.0


Beena Tanwar

Informative article for the people looking for ways to analyze Ovulation period. Thanks for sharing!

Sept. 17, 2018, 7:57 p.m. 4.5


Reshmi Tengulkar

I highly prefer a change in the cervix method to track the ovulating period. It is simple and you can analyze results on your own.

May 12, 2018, 2:53 a.m. 4.5


Banita Rai

I completely agree with the points mentioned in the article. I have all of those symptoms during my ovulation day.

Oct. 31, 2017, 9:41 p.m. 4.5


Antra Dixit

There are so many women who have shared their own experience when they could actually feel ovulation. It feels like mild cramps or pain somewhere in the lower part of the abdomen. It feels at either of the sides, not on both the sides. Medically, this feeling of pain is termed as Mittelschmerz. I...

Oct. 7, 2017, 3:41 p.m. 4.5


Usha Reddy

I think charting your basal body temperature while calculating your ovulation period is very important. It is important for TTC women especially. When you get an ovulation predictor kit, do check your cervical mucus too. It will also help you conceive.

Oct. 7, 2017, 3:33 p.m. 5.0



I usually use Ela app to track my ovulating days but this method seems good too. And I think, I am gonna try those.

Aug. 24, 2017, 3:38 p.m. 5.0

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