fertility basics

Ovulation Pain Symptoms and Causes - Know about them all

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  • 4.7   (5 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 10 Apr 2018 - Written by Dr. R K Sharma - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Ovulation pain symptoms include uncomfortable pain, cramps in the lower abdomen, pain till two days, change in the sides of pain combined with mood swings. Ovulation pain causes are varied and in severe cases you need to get it checked from your doctor. You must differentiate ovulation pain from implantation pain.

Ovulation is a phase through which every women goes every month. It is a part of menstrual cycle involving the egg (ovum) release from one of the ovaries. It occurs once in every month till the women attains menopause (except during pregnancy and breastfeeding).

And there are one in five women who goes through discomfort and pain during ovulation. Although the pain duration varies from woman to woman but it lasts from few minutes to 48 hours. And in many cases, ovulation pain doesn't imply anything wrong. But if you are experiencing severe pain then it might indicate gynaecological conditions which also includes endometriosis. It is recommended to consult doctor if the pain lasts for more than three days or might be related to menstrual symptoms like heavy bleeding. It is also termed as 'mid-cycle pain'.

Ovulation Pain: Symptoms

Below are the possible symptoms of ovulation pain:

1- Pain within the hipbone i.e. lower abdomen.
Ovulation pain

2- It usually occurs two weeks prior to menstrual period.

3- Depending upon which ovary will be releasing an egg, the pain will either be felt on right or left side.

4- From one cycle to the next the pain switches to either sides or it remain on one side for next few cycles.

5- The pain duration ranges from minutes to next two days.

6- The sensation of pain differs within individual’s i.e. uncomfortable pressure, sharp pains or cramps or twinges.

Ovulation pain & Pregnancy

There have been several researches on ovulation pain and it suggests it actually signals the ovulation. In one study it is found that on same day the 'luteinizing hormone' (LH) is at peak, which is detected by ovulation predictor kits. During the woman's most fertile time it is at its peak i.e. just before they ovulate.

Where in other research ultrasound technology was used to check whether the mid-cycle cramps are ovulation pain or not but in the result it is found that ovulation took place after some days when the woman reported she had side pain. This mid cycle cramp makes ovulation painless ideal time to have intercourse for pregnancy, as you need to have sex before ovulation not after.

Mid cycle pain

Though this symptom indicates that ovulation is ready to take place, so it is better not to rely on ovulation pain as a first indicator of the fertile window.

Difference between Implantation Cramps & Ovulation Pain

There were some reports as some women were experiencing cramps during embryo implantation. But the thing needs to understand is that it is not similar to ovulation pain.

Ovulation pain occurs two weeks before the period in lower abdomen i.e. inside hipbone. The pain is on either side depending upon which ovary is releasing the egg. Some women might experience sharp pain while others may experience mild pain. Whereas implantation cramps refers to other processes, which are taking place within the body, which leads to mild cramping. In the Luteal phase, before your menstrual cycle, progesterone hormone levels are high which relaxes the digestive muscles and slows down the digestion process. This leads to cramping. It doesn't matter whether you are pregnant or not progesterone level is quite high at that time.

If it is not the above mentioned pain but is severe and interfering in your daily life or you are experiencing pain during intercourse, then it is advised to consult the doctor.

 

Hope in this article, you get all the relevant details about the ovulation pain and its symptoms. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Dr. R K Sharma

Written by

Reproductive Endocrinologist, Hysteroscopic Surgeon
Delhi

Dr. R K Sharma has completed MBBS and MD in Obstetrics and Gynecology from Pune University in 1981 and 1989 respectively. Dr. R K Sharma is one of the pioneers in the field of IVF treatment in India. He specializes in IUI, IVF, Embryo transfer and Hysteroscopy procedures. He is also a member of Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology Societies of India (FOGSI). Dr. R K Sharma is presently practicing at Primus Super Specialty Hospital, Chanakyapuri, Delhi. To know more, visit elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  • How to conceive - step by step guide to conceive successfully  Ovulation, Elawoman - 2017
  • Top 10 effective natural remedies to cure menstrual cramps  menstrual, Elawoman - 2017
  • Every woman needs to know about these 11 symptoms of ovulation - ovulation signs  cramps, Elawoman - 2017
  • What are the top 6 risk factors of pregnancy after 30 and success rates?  pregnant, Elawoman - 2017

5 Comments

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Ashwini Prabha

Is it safe to have meftal tablets for ovulation pain?

Oct. 12, 2018, 11:33 a.m. 4.5

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Latika Arora

Thanks for this insightful article on ovulation pain. Keep sharing such useful information for readers!

May 31, 2018, 4:22 p.m. 5.0

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Nadira Aajam

I have mensural pain as well as ovulation pain every month. I have homeopathy medicines for this pain but it comes every month.

May 30, 2018, 8:01 a.m. 4.5

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Vikas Daravade

Never realized it could be this complicated.

May 25, 2018, 10:36 a.m. 4.5

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Nina Fassbender

How am I supposed to have sex and conceive later with this ovulation pain? Please suggest!

May 24, 2018, 10:59 a.m. 5.0

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