fertility basics

Know about Ovulation Period and Calculation, Ovulation Symptoms

  • 4.7   (7 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 15 Jan 2019 - Written by Dr. Sailaja Vuppu - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Ovulation is a crucial part of the menstrual cycle in women. It is tracked with the help of ovulation calculator and tracker. Ovulation symptoms include light blood spotting, muscle and abdominal cramps, change in breast size, and rise in body temperature. Signs of ovulation need to be noticed from time to time.

Often we experience questions about ovulation when we try to understand our reproductive system a little better. Many a times we are caught between shame and hesitation to ask our peers or medical professionals about ovulation and ovulation cycle. However, more the better, it is as understanding when you are ovulating is very crucial if you are planning to have a baby or aborting the plan. Below is our guide for all your queries on ovulation, ovulation period or ovulation cycle and ovulation symptoms.

Ovulation meaning

A woman is born with millions of eggs or ovum in her ovaries when she is born. During her entire reproductive life, these ova are released one by one during each menstrual cycle Ovulation is a biological process in women where an ovum is released from one of her ovaries. It happens in each menstrual cycle when the reproductive hormones of the body such as estrogen stimulates and signals the ovaries to release an unfertilized egg to fallopian tube. During this process, the uterus lining or endometrium thickens it and prepares to receive a fertilized egg or an embryo.

What is Ovulation period?

Ovulation is the process, which lasts for 12-24 hours. Generally, this time frame is known as ovulation period or ovulation cycle.

Ovulation period is divided into two phases. The first phase of ovulation period is known as follicular phase, which starts from the first day of her last menstrual period and continues till ovulation. The second phase is luteal phase starting from the ovulation day till the beginning of next menstrual period. 

Ovulation, Ovulation period

Fun fact:Luteal phase is more static than follicular phase and generally comes with a more stable timeline. However, the condition is your menstrual cycle has to be regular.

Ovulation Symptoms

Ovulation symptoms are not common to all the women who are ovulating. They vary from person to person and there are cases a woman can ovulate without any visible symptoms of ovulation. Some of the common signs of ovulation are -

  • Light spotting of blood:This happens due to follicle rupture in the egg when it prepares itself to fertilize with the sperm.
  • Muscle and abdominal cramps:Cramps or body ache are also experienced by many women when they ovulate. Again ovum rupture is the cause behind it.
  • Change in breast:Some women feel tenderness or heaviness in their breasts during ovulation.
  • Feeling of uneasiness:Bloating, nausea, headache etc. are some of the uneasy symptoms of ovulation.

Sign of ovulation, Ovulation symptoms

  • Change in the cervix: Your cervix changes considerably during ovulation. The cervical mucus changes its colour from milky white to egg white with stretchy consistency. Also the cervix rises high and your fingers can’t reach it normally than the rest of the days.
  • Change in body language: In some women, ovulation causes a heightened sex drive, increased sense of smell, and louder tone in voice and mood swings.
  • Rise of body temperature: During ovulation, the Basal Body Temperature of a woman is considerably high as compared to the rest of the days. It keeps on increasing from your follicular phase and is the maximum on ovulation day. Again after your ovulation period, the body temperature keeps decreasing for the entire luteal phase.

Hope, this article has answered most of your queries. Follow Ela woman blogs to get regular update on fertility issues and treatment.

Recommended Reads

Signs And Symptoms Of Ovulation You Need To Know

Sign and Symptoms of Ovulation

How to Track Ovulation with Help of Signs?

Ovulation Calculator or Period Calculator, Track Ovulation

Ovulation Period, Ovulation Symptoms and Signs

Dr. Sailaja Vuppu

Written by

Infertility Specialist, Gynecologic Surgeon

Dr Sailaja Vuppu is an acclaimed Gynaecologist and Infertility Specialist in Sri Ramachandra Nagar, Vijayawada. She has completed 10 years on working as a gynaecologist and infertility specialist. Dr Sailaja Vuppu is right now practising at Rainbow Super Speciality Hospital for Women and Children. Her fields of expertise are Hysterectomy (Abdominal/Vaginal), Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and so on. Find her contact details on www.elawoman.com





Rupesh Jha

I am pregnant now, just because I didn't mess with my ovulation period. Many thanks to Ela.

Oct. 13, 2018, 2:27 a.m. 4.5


Dharmendra Pal

It's really easy to find ovulation period and having intimacy at ovulating days can lead to pregnancy.

Sept. 11, 2018, 5:25 p.m. 5.0


Natasha cripky

Ovulation period is of 3-4 days and all the ovulation symptoms like change in cervix and spots in the blood goes away after the fertile days are over.

May 5, 2018, 1:20 p.m. 4.5


Wahida Akram

My ovulation symptoms are one of the changes in the cervix. I finger my vagina reaching up to the cervix by following knuckle rule and I track my fertile days from the obtained results.

Dec. 3, 2017, 8:17 p.m. 5.0


Ericka Grigsby

Always keep a check on the cervical mucus. If it's like a raw egg white and a bit stretchy, it's because of ovulation. The easiest way to check cervical mucus is by sitting in the squat position. You can use fertility tracker to know the best days on which you need to check your mucus.

Nov. 3, 2017, 2:35 p.m. 4.5


Marissa Hattingh

I need some advice on this. My partner and I want to try to conceive for the first time. I have been tracking my cycles for the past 2 months and it seems to be regular, yet we feel like amateur.

Sept. 7, 2017, 9:36 a.m. 4.5


Narayani Yadav

I track my ovulating period via Ela app and it's completely easy and accurate. Thanks for sharing it to the readers.

Aug. 15, 2017, 3:01 p.m. 5.0

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