The first sign of infertility is the inability to get pregnant after 6 to 12 month of trying to conceive. If a couple has been actively trying for over a year, it may be time to consider if there are reasons conception hasn’t occurred.
Signs of female infertility in women are most often related to changes in the menstrual cycle and ovulation. These account for 25% offemale infertility situations. Other situations have to do with related disease, birth defects, age or male infertility.
Infertility signs related to the menstrual cycle and ovulation include:
1- Abnormal Period: Heavier or lighter than normal bleeding
2- Irregular Period: The number of days between each period varies monthly
3- Absent Periods: Periods are not occurring at all
4- Painful Period: Severe cramps or back/pelvic pain occurs during periods
5- All of these period-related signs indicate that there might be a problem with ovulation.
Additional signs related to female infertility include:
1-Age: By age 40, the chances of conceiving during any one cycle drops
2- Weight: Weight being over- or underweight influences reproductive hormone levels
3- Hormone: Hormone changes sudden skin, hair and weight changes may indicate a hormone unbalance.
4-Recurrent Miscarriage: Multiple miscarriages may be a sign of uterine, blood clotting, hormonal or genetic issues
5- Chronic illness or disease: Illnesses and diseases (eg, diabetes, hypothyroidism, cancer, STDs) and their medications may suppress fertility
6- Excessive smoking and drinking regular: Excessive smoking and drinking regular and excessive intake can lead to infertility in both men and women
Looking for signs of female infertility is the first step to diagnosing a fertility issue, and a doctor can help assess and diagnose these concerns. There are a number of tests available to pinpoint the exact issue, and there are many drugs and procedures to circumvent these issues.
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is the hormone produced by ovarian follicles. AMH level denotes ovarian reserves and quality of ovarian eggs for a female. It is also known as Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS). Normal AMH levels of 1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml,is associated with good fertility and have been found to have better response rates to fertility treatments.Low AMH level is not a good indicator of fertility.
The uterus is a female reproductive organ and is responsible for different reproductive functions such as implantation, menses, gestation, labor and delivery. It is located in the pelvic area between the bladder and the rectum. It is also receptive to hormonal changes within the female body thus allowing adaption to different stages of reproductive cycle.
Sperm Motility refers to the movement and swimming capability of a sperm. Motility is a standard measurement to know whether a sperm can swim properly inside a womens uterus and fallopian tube. Normal values are more than 50% and below 25% its considered almost infertile.
Normally a count of 40 to 300 million sperms per milliliter of semen is considered healthy and effective for natural pregnancy. In case your sperm count falls less than 20 million, your sperm is not healthy and you need proper treatment along with dietary and lifestyle changes.
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