fertility basics

Male Infertility - Various aspects associated with Male Infertility

  • 4.7   (8 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 16 Jul 2018 - Written by Dr. Sunil Eshwar - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Causes of infertility in men includes reduced sperm count and quality, and obstructed sperm delivery. Male infertility symptoms include erection problems, low ejaculation, changes in sexual desire, as well as abnormal hair growth. Male infertility treatments include combination of ICSI procedure with IVF treatment.

Male infertility is all about the health issue that lowers the chances to become a father. Male infertility is mainly caused by abnormal sperm production or no sperm production, function, or delivery of the sperm. Once a male is identified with infertility problem and that too have certain tests to detect the infertility issues in men. Once the fertility issue is identified, treatment can be done. Still, a woman can conceive with male infertility via IVFtreatment or IUI treatment. IVF or IUI is the good options that can help you conceive with male infertility. 

Male Infertility

From both the partners, if male infertility is concerned then the semen analysis can be done to check a man's sperm count and the overall health of his sperm count and health. Hence, the causes of male infertility can be fathomed in most cases. 

What are the causes of male infertility?

The causes of male infertility can be one of the following:

  • Low sperm production in men: A man may produce the lower than the normal numbers of sperm in his semen, and this condition is called oligospermia. A low sperm count of man can decrease the chances of a woman to get pregnant, but natural pregnancy is still possible in some cases. 
  • Abnormal Sperm Shape: The morphology or the shape of the sperm, may decrease the fertility of a man. While all semen contains some or the other abnormally shaped sperm, but in some cases having higher numbers of these abnormal and bad shaped sperms may influence fertility on large scale.
  • Reduced Sperm Motility: If the sperm is unable to move regularly or the sperm motility is low, sperm may be unable to reach the egg to fertilize it and to make a woman pregnant. The sperm may never reach to egg to fertilize it or they may die or get deactivate before reaching the egg.
  • Obstructed Sperm Delivery: A man may have normal sperm count and motility but an obstruction in the way semen is delivered. When no sperm is present in the semen the condition is called azoospermia, it is possible that the ejaculatory ducts are been obstructed and obstruct the sperm delivery. This obstruction of sperm delivery may also cause low amounts of semen count when ejaculating or a gel-like semen consistency.

Causes of male Infertility, IVF

Symptoms: There are no proven symptoms of male infertility. However, there can be some signs that can define the male infertility issue. These signs include the following:

  • Problems in the erection 
  • Low amount of ejaculation 
  • Testicles that are small or firm or painful and swollen
  • Changes in sexual desire from time to time
  • Changes in the hair growth

What can be the treatment?

Like female infertility, male infertility can also be treated with medications, hormone treatment, or surgery. 

Some of the infertility medications and hormone treatments of male infertility used for women are also prescribed to men. If sperm motility or delivery is the problem then you can go with intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or can also opt intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures as these can be used to bring the sperm and egg together to form the embryo. 

Male fertility can also be boosted by living a healthy lifestyle. This includes a healthy diet and regular exercise or yoga. Consumption of substances such as tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol can harm sperm production and may cause infertility. Also, avoid hot baths and whirlpools and do not take weight-training supplements, which will decrease sperm function.

You will be surprised to know that improper sleep pattern also impacts sperm count. Apart from sleep, get to know other lifestyle factors that deteriorate fertility in both men and women.

Dr. Sunil Eshwar

Written by

Infertility Specialist, IVF Specialist

Dr. Sunil Eshwar is an Infertility specialist who is presently specializing in laparoscopic surgery, high-risk pregnancies and infertility treatments such as IVF and IUI. Dr. Sunil Eshwar completed his MBBS from Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute in 2000 and MD from Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) in 2004. Later, he completed DNB from National Board of Examination in 2006. Dr. Sunil Eshwar is currently practicing at Apollo Fertility, Brookfield, Bangalore. For more information about Dr. Sunil Eshwar, visit elawoman.com


  • Male infertility - causes of infertility, male infertility tests  Male infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  • In vitro fertilization (ivf) - process, requirement, success rate, risks and cost  IVF, Elawoman - 2017
  • Intrauterine insemination - iui success rate, iui success tips  IUI, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to get pregnant fast - how often to have sex to get pregnant?  get pregnant, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to improve sperm count - foods to increase sperm count  sperm motility is low, Elawoman - 2017
  • Most noticeable signs of infertility in women - in menstrual cycle and ovulation  female infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  • Male infertility - causes of infertility, male infertility tests  male infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  • Ivf - ivf procedure steps, costs, ivf success rates, types, and faq's  in vitro fertilization, Elawoman - 2018
  • How sleep affects sperm count in men?  improper sleep pattern, Elawoman - 2017



Shalini Roy

My husband had low sperm count along with abnormal sperm morphology. My husband took MESA treatment to fix this problem and we could see positive results.

Oct. 7, 2018, 5:54 p.m. 4.5


Namrata Dixit

My husband was unable to ejaculate even after trying, is there a problem or just stress? Please suggest!

Oct. 1, 2018, 3:14 p.m. 4.5


Saurav K Lamichane

Thanks for this informative article. It was really helpful.

Sept. 19, 2018, 2:45 p.m. 4.5


Gauri Deshmukh

My husband has yellowish sperm ejaculation which is low in quantity. Does that mean he has a fertility issue?

June 16, 2018, 7:01 p.m. 4.5


Zelda Engelbrecht

Avocados, walnuts, bananas can help in increasing sperm count. IVF and IUI are more effective if the sperm count is more than 40 million sperms/ ejaculation.

Aug. 24, 2017, 2:15 p.m. 5.0


Kate Doucet

Low sperm count is the major cause of male infertility. It can be raised by following a healthy diet and exercise regime.

Aug. 24, 2017, 2:10 p.m. 5.0


Lingskay Concoles

My husband doesn't have a very good sex drive these days. Does it mean that it is onset of some sort of male infertility?

Aug. 24, 2017, 1:43 p.m. 4.5


Shubham Rana

Regular masturbation can also cause infertility in men along with depression. One can lower this to regain fertility.

Feb. 24, 2017, 9:57 p.m. 5.0

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