Male infertility is all about the health issue that lowers the chances to become a father. Male infertility is mainly caused by abnormal sperm production or no sperm production, function, or delivery of the sperm. Once a male is identified with infertility problem and that too have certain tests to detect the infertility issues in men. Once the fertility issue is identified, treatment can be done. Still, a woman can conceive with male infertility via IVFtreatment or IUItreatment. IVF or IUI is the good options that can help you conceive with male infertility.
From both the partners, if male infertility is concerned then the semen analysis can be done to check a man's sperm count and the overall health of his sperm count and health. Hence, the causes of male infertility can be fathomed in most cases.
What are the causes of male infertility?
The causes of male infertility can be one of the following:
1- Low sperm production in men: A man may produce the lower than the normal numbers of sperm in his semen, and this condition is called oligospermia. A low sperm count of man can decrease the chances of a woman to get pregnant, but natural pregnancy is still possible in some cases.
2- Abnormal Sperm Shape: The morphology or the shape of the sperm, may decrease the fertility of a man. While all semen contains some or the other abnormally shaped sperm, but in some cases having higher numbers of these abnormal and bad shaped sperms may influence fertility on large scale.
3- Reduced Sperm Motility: If the sperm is unable to move regularly or the sperm motility is low, sperm may be unable to reach the egg to fertilize it and to make a woman pregnant. The sperm may never reach to egg to fertilize it or they may die or get deactivate before reaching the egg.
4- Obstructed Sperm Delivery: A man may have normal sperm count and motility but an obstruction in the way semen is delivered. When no sperm is present in the semen the condition is called azoospermia, it is possible that the ejaculatory ducts are been obstructed and obstruct the sperm delivery. This obstruction of sperm delivery may also cause low amounts of semen count when ejaculating or a gel-like semen consistency.
Symptoms: There are no proven symptoms of male infertility. However, there can be some signs that can define the male infertility issue. These signs include the following:
1- Problems in the erection
2- Low amount of ejaculation
3- Testicles that are small or firm or painful and swollen
4- Changes in sexual desire from time to time
5- Changes in the hair growth
What can be the treatment?
Like female infertility, male infertility can also be treated with medications, hormone treatment, or surgery.
Some of the infertility medications and hormone treatments of male infertility used for women are also prescribed to men. If sperm motility or delivery is the problem then you can go with intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or can also opt intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures as these can be used to bring the sperm and egg together to form the embryo.
Male fertility can also be boosted by living a healthy lifestyle. This includes a healthy diet and regular exercise or yoga. Consumption of substances such as tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol can harm sperm production and may cause infertility. Also, avoid hot baths and whirlpools and do not take weight-training supplements, which will decrease sperm function.
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is the hormone produced by ovarian follicles. AMH level denotes ovarian reserves and quality of ovarian eggs for a female. It is also known as Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS). Normal AMH levels of 1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml,is associated with good fertility and have been found to have better response rates to fertility treatments.Low AMH level is not a good indicator of fertility.
The uterus is a female reproductive organ and is responsible for different reproductive functions such as implantation, menses, gestation, labor and delivery. It is located in the pelvic area between the bladder and the rectum. It is also receptive to hormonal changes within the female body thus allowing adaption to different stages of reproductive cycle.
Sperm Motility refers to the movement and swimming capability of a sperm. Motility is a standard measurement to know whether a sperm can swim properly inside a womens uterus and fallopian tube. Normal values are more than 50% and below 25% its considered almost infertile.
Normally a count of 40 to 300 million sperms per milliliter of semen is considered healthy and effective for natural pregnancy. In case your sperm count falls less than 20 million, your sperm is not healthy and you need proper treatment along with dietary and lifestyle changes.
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