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Causes of infertility in men includes reduced sperm count and quality, and obstructed sperm delivery. Male infertility symptoms include erection problems, low ejaculation, changes in sexual desire, as well as abnormal hair growth. Male infertility treatments include combination of ICSI procedure with IVF treatment.
Male infertility is all about the health issue that lowers the chances to become a father. Male infertility is mainly caused by abnormal sperm production or no sperm production, function, or delivery of the sperm. Once a male is identified with infertility problem and that too have certain tests to detect the infertility issues in men. (1) Once the fertility issue is identified, treatment can be done. Still, a woman can conceive with male infertility via IVFtreatment or IUI treatment. IVF or IUI is the good options that can help you conceive with male infertility. (2) (3)
From both the partners, if male infertility is concerned then the semen analysis can be done to check a man's sperm count and the overall health of his sperm count and health. Hence, the causes of male infertility can be fathomed in most cases.
What are the causes of male infertility?
The causes of male infertility can be one of the following:
- Low sperm production in men: A man may produce the lower than the normal numbers of sperm in his semen, and this condition is called oligospermia. A low sperm count of man can decrease the chances of a woman to get pregnant, but natural pregnancy is still possible in some cases. (4)
- Abnormal Sperm Shape: The morphology or the shape of the sperm, may decrease the fertility of a man. While all semen contains some or the other abnormally shaped sperm, but in some cases having higher numbers of these abnormal and bad shaped sperms may influence fertility on large scale. (5)
- Reduced Sperm Motility: If the sperm is unable to move regularly or the sperm motility is low, sperm may be unable to reach the egg to fertilize it and to make a woman pregnant. The sperm may never reach to egg to fertilize it or they may die or get deactivate before reaching the egg. (6)
- Obstructed Sperm Delivery: A man may have normal sperm count and motility but an obstruction in the way semen is delivered. When no sperm is present in the semen the condition is called azoospermia, it is possible that the ejaculatory ducts are been obstructed and obstruct the sperm delivery. This obstruction of sperm delivery may also cause low amounts of semen count when ejaculating or a gel-like semen consistency. (7)
Symptoms: There are no proven symptoms of male infertility. However, there can be some signs that can define the male infertility issue. (8) These signs include the following:
- Problems in the erection
- Low amount of ejaculation
- Testicles that are small or firm or painful and swollen
- Changes in sexual desire from time to time
- Changes in hair growth (8)
What can be the treatment?
Like female infertility, male infertility can also be treated with medications, hormone treatment, or surgery.
Some of the infertility medications and hormone treatments of male infertility used for women are also prescribed to men. If sperm motility or delivery is the problem then you can go with intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilization (IVF), or can also opt intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures as these can be used to bring the sperm and egg together to form the embryo. (9)
Male fertility can also be boosted by living a healthy lifestyle. This includes a healthy diet and regular exercise or yoga. Consumption of substances such as tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol can harm sperm production and may cause infertility. Also, avoid hot baths and whirlpools and do not take weight-training supplements, which will decrease sperm function. (10)
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
- ^ What is Male Infertility? - Urology Care Foundation Urologyhealth.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ What Is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) - Planned Parenthood Plannedparenthood.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ What Is In-Vitro-Fertilization (IVF) - Planned Parenthood Plannedparenthood.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ Low sperm count - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ Abnormal sperm morphology: What does it mean? - Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ Sperm Motility: Causes, Treatment, and More - Healthline Healthline.com, 12 June 2019
- ^ Delivery of donor sperm - Cryos International Dk.cryosinternational.com, 12 June 2019
- ^ Male infertility - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ Infertility Treatment Options for Men and Women - WebMD Webmd.com, 12 June 2019
- ^ Thinking about fertility treatment | March of Dimes Marchofdimes.org, 12 June 2019
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