Get all information regardingGynecology and Gynecologistin terms of treatments and qualification including a detailed discussion on Gynecological diseases. This article also throws light in terms of when to visit a Gynecologists and possible Gynecological Surgeries.
Gynecology is the science of studying, treating and managing female reproductive health, functions, imbalances, and diseases. In common parlance, Gynecology is the science of women health. The word Gynecology is of Greek origin in etymological perspective. It is derived out of two words gyne- women and logia- study. The female reproductive system has mostly consisted of vagina, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix and breasts, which is dealt by Gynecology as a study and medical practice.
A Gynecologist is a person who studies and practices Gynecology. He/she receives medical training (mostly in Obstetrics & Gynecology) and license to carry out practices like Gynecological Diagnosis, Gynecological Treatments through medicines and surgeries along with Gynecological Counseling and feedback.
Gynecologists should be consulted for diagnosing and treating any reproductive area problems (abnormalities and diseases in vagina, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix and breasts) in a woman of any age.
The history of Gynecology dates back to 1800 BC Greece. During that time, Gynecology existed only on paper in the form of medical text. For the first time in Gynecological history, KahunGynecological Papyrus emerged as the first and foremost gynecological text, which discussed many issues on women’s health in detail.
This medical text was very comprehensive with thirty-four sections discussing on various reproductive health issues such as gynecological disease, pregnancy, conception and fertility. However, it did not include any prognosis or treatment and hence considered as a text of Gynecological complaint only.
Before Kahun Gynecological Papyrus also, there were Gynecological treatises such as Hippocratic Corpus, Soranus Ephesus that however dealt mostly in biology of living beings such as animals as a whole. Aristotelian’s treatises such as History of Animals, Parts of Animals, Generation of Animals are some of them who focused extensively on biological nature of diseases in animals where gynecological issues were included in an underexplored way. Despite all the shortcomings of Classical Gynecology as discussed above; Modern Gynecology emerged with their footsteps. We have got J. Marion Sims who due to some of his gynecological prognosis, considered as father of Modern Gynecology.
There is a wide range of Gynecological issues or diseases, which may be listed under various groups on the basis of their symptoms and treatment procedure such as –
2- Problems related to female genitalia- problems in external and internal genitalia (vagina, vulva, cervix, anus etc.) such as vaginal pain, infection, discharge, inflammation, swelling, unusual odor and tearing of genitalia from sexual contact.
3- Menstrual issues- When you face menstrual irregularities and problems such as- irregular or no menstrual cycle for a long period of time, heavy or very little menstrual bleeding, menstrual cycle change, Dysmenorrhea (painful period), Amenorrhea (Nonappearance of Menstrual period), Menorrhagia (menstrual period with heavy flow and consistency), premenstrual syndrome, post menstrual depression etc.
4- Problems with Breasts- Breast abnormalities, pain, tenderness, lump, nipple discharge, inverted nipples, breast skin changes etc. should be consulted with a Gynaecologist.
5- Problems related to Menopause- When you experience menopausal problems such as early menopause, hot flashes, mood swings, headache, and menopause after removal of ovaries etc, consulting Gynaecologist will be a better solution.
6- Puberty issues- Very late menarche (first menstrual period) or no menarche, no physical change (in breast, hip etc.) for a long time after puberty or other related problems concerning puberty should be consulted with a Gynecologist.
8- Fertility problems- Pre Cancerian diseases in women, Intra-Uterine Diseases (infection in womb and the membranes), Ovarian problems such as cysts, fibroids, blockage problems in fallopian tubes (Hydrosalpinx, Pyosalpinx, Hematosalpinx, Chronic Salpingtis etc.), endometriosis etc. which may hamper your fertility should be consulted by a Gynaecologist.
9- Weight issues- (both overweight & underweight) in women should be consulted with a Gynecologist as it may have negative effect on fertility in women.
For family planning consultation (use of birth control methods, devices, sexual counseling etc.) and care.
To mitigate the risk/s of sexually transmitted disease/s.
Gynecological treatments are provided less than three inter-related heads- medicines, surgery and consultation. Normally consultation is the first step in any of the treatment for gynecological diseases and abnormalities. On the basis of consultation, a Gynaecologist provides medicinal or surgical treatment to any woman depending on the severity of the issue.
For your purpose, we have culled out the areas under which gynecologist consultation and treatment can be provided. However, as the world of gynecological medicine is very extensive, it is hard to provide medicinal information in this article.
A Gynaecologist can be consulted for the purposes such as -
Apart from care and consultation, Gynaecologists perform various surgeries as well depending on the nature of the gynecological problem. Common surgeries/operations performed by a Gynaecologist are-
Hope this article has been able to resolve your queries on Gynecology. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatment.
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Yes, the clomid tablet can result in twins or multiple births. There are 5 to 8% of chances of conceiving twins while being on Clomid as compared to natural twin pregnancy, which has just 1 to 2% chances. Intake of Clomid results in the overproduction of egg stimulating hormones, which further causes, the release of more than 1 egg from the ovary.
Ovulation is a phase when a single mature egg is released from the ovary followed by Luteinizing Hormone surge. Ovulation can be predicted by tracking menstrual cycle with Ela app, observing the changes in cervical mucus and position, using ovulation predictor kits, recording BBT and by observing other physical signs such as mood swings or abdominal cramps.
Female Infertility can be caused by irregular cycles, an ovulation, low egg quality & count and the obstruction in the fallopian tube. Having healthy diet, managing weight and stress, practicing safe sex and following positive lifestyle are some of the ways to prevent infertility. ART treatments such as IVF, IUI or Surrogacy can be used to conceive a baby in the case of female infertility.
Women are most prone to leprosy and if there is a positive presence of leprosy, then the chances of infertility also rise manifolds. Women having leprosy have problems of irregular periods. Leprosy has a negative impact on pregnancy as well because the child born to a patient may have birth defects and chromosomal abnormalities.
Gynecologist looks after a number of gynecological issues like PCOS, Fibroids, Endometriosis, PID, Blocked Fallopian Tubes, Irregular periods and many others to improve overall reproductive health. Fertility specialists help you in conceiving with the help of fertility treatments and assisted conception techniques such as IVF, IUI or Surrogacy.
Fallopian tube blockage refers to the blockage of tubes that carries the mature egg from the ovaries to the uterus in a woman. Symptoms of fallopian tube blockage include pelvic pain, heavy periods, fatigue, vaginal discharge, lower back pain and painful intercourse.
The fastest and healthiest sperm reaches the egg within a time period of half an hour. The slowest sperm reaches within 12 hours after the release into the womans body. The time period varies on different factors such as sperm health and sperm motility. High sperm motility ensures higher chances of egg fertilization.
Bicornuate Uterus is a congenital uterine abnormality where uterus becomes heart shaped. Miscarriages in second trimester, preterm labor and incompetent cervix are usually linked to bicornuate uterus because of the increased adverse reproductive result. In this article, you will find all details about Bicornuate including its effects, symptoms and treatment.
Vaginal discharge after sex is normal if it is not accompanied by pelvic pain and vaginal irritation. Vaginal discharge can be pink, white, brown or yellow in color. Its consistency also keeps on varying. If you experience bad odor, you should consult a gynecologist immediately for a proper treatment.
Yes, genital TB can lead to infertility in both men and women as it affects the genital organs. In female, it affects fallopian tubes, cervix, uterus, vagina, ovaries and the pelvis lymph nodes. While in men, it affects the prostate gland and testes, ureters, urinary bladder and kidney.
With growing age, a mans sperm count and morphology depletes significantly. Reduced Sperm mobility and testosterone levels, lesser immunity leading to illness and erectile dysfunction are prevalent reasons for reduced male fertility with age.
Anti - Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is the hormone produced by ovarian follicles. AMH level denotes ovarian reserves and quality of ovarian eggs for a female. It is also known as Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS). Normal AMH levels of 1.5 to 4.0 ng/ml, is associated with good fertility and have been found to have better response rates to fertility treatments.Low AMH level is not a good indicator of fertility.
BBT thermometer measures the basal body temperature which is used a...