fertility basics

Infertility profiling medical tests - Check for causes of infertility

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  • 4.6   (7 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 11 Jul 2018 - Written by Dr. Sunil Eshwar - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Infertility profiling medical tests include ESR blood test, Thyroid Function Test, AMH test, Complete Blood Count Test, Prolactin, and LH test. Infertility profiling tests help in finding out causes of infertility and respective infertility treatment.

Infertility has become a common problem these days due to the increasing lifestyle problems. There is an estimate that suggests that 60 to 80 million of couples suffer from infertility problems, out of which 15 to 20 million of couples belong to India. The infertility problems in India is more serious because couples feel shy and do not usually seek medical advice for their infertility problems, which also severely affects their relationship and psychological health.

Infertility, Fertility

It is estimated that 1 out of 3 times infertility of a couple is due to the problem with woman’s fertility that causes infertility problem. Many couples might have more than one cause of infertility and to identify the issue you need to go through a number of tests to determine the underlying causes of infertility:

When should women get themselves checked for infertility?

Some couples observe that they have been missing the most fertile days of their cycle while trying to conceive. Women's most fertile days are during ovulation and 1 or 2 days before your ovulation period. Women who are trying to conceive should keep a track of menstrual cycle and must watch for the ovulation days. 

Infertility Profiling Test, Ovulation

1. Complete blood count (CBC): 

A CBC medical test gives the measure of red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs) and platelets in your blood to identify the health. CBC helps in diagnosing several conditions like infections, blood disorders, and anemia. In Vitro procedure is the procedure that is done via a surgical procedure to retrieve eggs and it’s important for the doctor to know if you’re anemic or have any other medical condition. It is one of the important Infertility Profiling Tests that need to be done. 

2. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR):

This is the rate at which your red blood cells RBC settle down. This rate is increased in case there is any kind of inflammation in the body. This test is done when an inflammatory condition is suspected. In testing infertility, ESR is done before going on with hysterosalpingogram (HSG), a procedure to judge the uterus and fallopian tubes condition.

3. Blood Sugar:

Fasting and PP blood sugar levels might affect your chances of becoming pregnant or conceive. Hence, checking of blood sugar levels and insulin levels is very important in infertility testing. It is one of the important Infertility Profiling Tests that need to be done. 

4. VDRL (syphilis testing):

Syphilis directly does not affect fertility but untreated syphilis can affect both the mother and the fetus. Before planning the baby this test is important and included in infertility testing. It is one of the important Infertility Profiling Tests that need to be done. 

5. Rubella IgG:

Rubella identifies if you’re immune to Rubella virus. This test is not required to diagnose infertility but every woman should be immune to the rubella virus before planning to conceive. If a woman gets the virus in the first 3 months of pregnancy, complications with the fetus can occur like body part dysfunction or defected body part.

7. Thyroid testing:

Free T3, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and Free T4 are thyroid hormones which if not found during the testing may indicate overactive or underactive thyroid gland. Thyroid dysfunction has the big impact on both ovulation fertility and pregnancy. It is one of the important Infertility Profiling Tests that need to be done. 

Infertility, Ovulation

8- Prolactin:

Prolactin is the hormone that is very useful for maintaining fertility in women for the long term. It inhibits reproductive hormones- gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). 

9- AMH (Anti-Mullerian Hormone):

This hormone is produced by the cells in the ovarian follicles.

10- FSH test:

It is the main hormone that is responsible for stimulating the production of eggs to conceive. A high FSH level simply indicates poor ovarian reserve and a low level is usually associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). 

11- LH (on day 2 or day 3 of the period):

LH is among one of the most important hormones for reproduction needed. If LH has the high levels, these can interfere with the process of menstruation, ovulation that contributes to infertility. It could also indicate PCOS/PCOD.

Getting pregnant with thyroid is a daunting task in itself. Proper diagnosis and timely treatment help a lot in conceiving with thyroid. Also, try to plan your pregnancy before you enter into your thirties, as there are risk factors associated with pregnancy after 30. 

Dr. Sunil Eshwar

Written by

Infertility Specialist, IVF Specialist
Bangalore

Dr. Sunil Eshwar is an Infertility specialist who is presently specializing in laparoscopic surgery, high-risk pregnancies and infertility treatments such as IVF and IUI. Dr. Sunil Eshwar completed his MBBS from Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute in 2000 and MD from Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) in 2004. Later, he completed DNB from National Board of Examination in 2006. Dr. Sunil Eshwar is currently practicing at Apollo Fertility, Brookfield, Bangalore. For more information about Dr. Sunil Eshwar, visit elawoman.com

SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

  • Top 5 aspects you need to know about infertility treatments to achieve success  infertility problems, Elawoman - 2017
  • Warning signs of male infertility as the cause of lack of pregnancy  infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  • 10 best stress busters you need to utilize while planning for a baby  cause of infertility, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to find out the most fertile days to plan pregnancy?  fertile days, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to conceive - things to remember when you are thinking how to conceive  trying to conceive, Elawoman - 2017
  • In vitro fertilization (ivf) - process, requirement, success rate, risks and cost  In Vitro procedure, Elawoman - 2017
  • How to choose the best fertility centers  fertility, Elawoman - 2017
  • Pregnancy check up - before and after the baby's birth  pregnancy, Elawoman - 2017
more

7 Comments

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Vedika Rai

I have hypothyroid for one year and it is now in control. Could I be able to conceive along with having thyroid medicines?

Sept. 14, 2018, 4:46 p.m. 4.5

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Rashmi Pandey

Thanks for sharing this, I never knew about this test. I will try having them as I want to conceive.

Sept. 13, 2018, 6:44 p.m. 4.5

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Shamsher Rana

Rubella shots against rubella virus are very important before conceiving. Rubella shot can protect your child from this virus and other mental diseases like Autism.

May 1, 2018, 10:41 p.m. 5.0

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Divya Sahwant

My CBC test was too low and my doctor advised me to have fruits to increase my blood count.

Nov. 1, 2017, 12:37 p.m. 4.5

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Zelda Engelbrecht

A woman is the most fertile during ovulation and 1 to 2 days before ovulation but a disturbed ovulation can create obstacles in conceiving. In any case, estradiol test can be performed on the third day of periods to check fertility in a woman.

Aug. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m. 4.5

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Rakshit Patel

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) helps in controlling a woman's menstrual cycle and the production of eggs. In men, it regulates the production and transportation of sperms. It is a fact that low libido is one of the major issue related with male infertility. Androgen test is done to check low ...

Aug. 21, 2017, 2:26 p.m. 5.0

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Vijetha Shetty

There are several useful infertility profiling tests which can be utilized by couples to ensure the infertility levels preventing the occurrence of successful pregnancy. Some of the most commonly utilized tests include AMH levels test, FSH test, CBC and ESR test. These tests provide definite resu...

Aug. 21, 2017, 1:09 p.m. 4.5

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