Book an Appointment
fertility basics

How Long Does Sperm Live?

  • 4.7 (6 Votes)

Read about how long does sperm live and do sperms die or not in this article apart from how long sperm can survive in every condition, sperm survival in cervical fluid and sperm motility role in pregnancy.

All of us must have some questions regarding sperm. At least once in a while we must have thought about the semen, its role and how a fluid is responsible for pregnancy. Once men attain puberty, the body starts producing millions of sperms daily. And for maintaining its production, the reproductive system of male depends upon correct hormone levels. Once the semen is exposed to air or ejaculated then it may die quickly.

Sperm, which is ejaculated within woman's uterus, can lasts for up to 5 days and that is the reason why there is a possibility of pregnancy during menstruation. The sperm may live and can fertilize the eggs if ovulate after your periods.

Although there is a contradictory statement that it doesn't live or survive for even five days even in fertile cervical fluid. For maximizing the conception chances, keep indulging in sex daily or at least every 1-2 day and till the ovulation is confirmed.

How long does sperm live

During ovulation, indulging into intercourse increases the chances of pregnancy.

How long does sperm live?

Depending upon the certain circumstances and environment, semen can survive from several minutes to several days. The spermatozoa survival depends on the conditions within which they are exposed:

1- If it is exposed to air, spills on clothes, bed linens or on toilet seats then sperm can dry out quickly and then die i.e. within minutes after ejaculating.

2- It may remain alive for several hours if it is collected in a sterile container at body temperature but within 60 minutes after ejaculation sperm's fertilizing ability drops.

3- The semen will die within 20-30 minutes after ejaculation if it is deposited inside the vagina.

4- Studies have shown that spermatozoa survive longer if it moves from vagina into the uterus. It means it can live possibly up to five days after intercourse. So, there are some chances for these men to survive long inside the uterus (especially in cervical mucus or fallopian tubes).

5- The sperm can live up to seven days if there are favorable laboratory conditions and in nutrient medium.

6- If sperm is stored in a closed and clean container at body temperature then can survive for 4 to 6 hours or maybe more.

7- It can survive for years if frozen at extremely low temperatures (not in refrigerator).

8- It can stay alive for several hours in vagina.

9- Some sperm die within 4 to 5 days but most of them die within 24 to 48 hours in cervix.

10- Some of the semen can live up to several days in the fallopian tubes.

Longest sperm survival - In cervical fluid

The longest the sperm can live is up to five days within a fertile (egg white) cervical fluid. The chances of pregnancy are more when intercourse took place within the five days before ovulation or during the day of ovulation.

Do sperms die

However, it doesn't live for five days even in the fertile cervical fluid typically.

But within strict laboratory conditions and in nutrient conditions when it is processed and maintained then it can remain alive for seven days. Semen can live up to several hours if collected in a sterile container but fertilizing capability of sperm drops after 60 minutes.

Sperm Motility & Pregnancy

For getting pregnant, female's cervical mucus should be favorable which is generally during ovulation. Mucus is an egg's white and consistently flows before menstruation. The journey can become difficult if cervical mucus is dry and thick.

What is sperm motility?

Well, the term implies the ability of sperm to swim the right manner. When we talk about getting pregnant, the term 'motility' might matter equally to sperm count. Pregnancy is impossible if it couldn't make its way to the egg.


Hope in this article, you might have got all the information about sperm, how long sperm can survive in every condition, longest sperm survival in cervical fluid along with sperm motility role in pregnancy. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatments.

Dr. Devika Chopra

About The Author

Infertility Specialist, Infertility Evaluation / Treatment Dr. Devika Chopra

Dr. Devika Chopra is a leading Obstetrician, Gynaecologist and IVF Expert in Tardeo, Mumbai. She provides services such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Gynae Problems, Maternal Care/ Checkup and Infertility Evaluation/Treatment. Dr. Devika Chopra practices at Hope Clinic in Forjett Street, Mumbai. She holds an experience of almost a decade. She completed MBBS from Grant Medical College, Mumbai in 2002. Thereafter, she pursued DNB in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from NBE in 2009. She continued her studies further and did MSc from Oxford University, U.K. in 2012. For Contact details of Dr. Devika Chopra visit at


  1. How cervical mucus looks like throughout your cycle with illustrations cervical fluid, Elawoman - 2017
  2. Vaginal ring - side effects, use and effectiveness vagina, Elawoman - 2017
  3. Things to remember when you start trying to conceive ovulation, Elawoman - 2017
  4. About antonie van leeuwenhoek, the sperm cell discoverer sperm, Elawoman - 2017



Diwakar Jha

Treatment like IUD, IVF require semen freezing for successful infertility treatment.

Oct. 10, 2018, 6:23 a.m. 4.5


Sujata Tanwar

Semen freezing is highly opted to increase the lifespan of sperm. Many fertility clinics provide these facilities too.

Aug. 16, 2018, 9:44 a.m. 5.0


Manjeet Kaur

How sperm dies within an hour outside in air but lives 2-3 days in the vagina? Why it doesn't dry out in the vagina?

Aug. 15, 2018, 11:41 a.m. 4.5


Naina Suri

I did not that sperms live so ling inside female body.

May 31, 2018, 4:26 p.m. 5.0


Sandeep Singh Rajpoot

It was interesting to know about the life of sperm. Thanks for sharing!

March 14, 2018, 10:37 a.m. 4.5


B. I.Fozdar

Feb. 17, 2018, 5:55 a.m. 4.5

View all comments

Leave a Comment



The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

Related Article view all

Fertility Basics
How are surrogate mothers screened?
Dr. Bhavna Banga
Dr. Bhavna Banga 4.8 (6 Votes)

How are surrogate mothers screened?

A surrogate mother is expected to be prepared for the upcoming pregnancy and to have a total commitment towards the process. Checking surrogate mothers medical history, previous pregnancy history, current medical report including blood tests and hormone tests, family background and her mental stability to carry a child are the some of the ways to screen a surrogate mother.

Read More

Fertility Basics
PCOS and Infertility - How to Get Pregnant With PCOS
Dr. Pranay Shah
Dr. Pranay Shah 4.8 (6 Votes)

PCOS and Infertility - How to Get Pregnant With PCOS

Women suffering from PCOS find it very hard to get pregnant because of irregualrity in the menstrual cycle and ovulation. But it is possible to get pregnant with PCOS by following healthy diet and starting medications such as clomid, letrozole or gonadotrophins. If nothing works, then one can opt for Ovarian Drilling and Fertility treatment (IVF).

Read More

Fertility Basics
Can Clomid Tablet Result in Twins or Multiple Births?

Can Clomid Tablet Result in Twins or Multiple Births?

Yes, the clomid tablet can result in twins or multiple births. There are 5 to 8% of chances of conceiving twins while being on Clomid as compared to natural twin pregnancy, which has just 1 to 2% chances. Intake of Clomid results in the overproduction of egg stimulating hormones, which further causes, the release of more than 1 egg from the ovary.

Read More

More From Author

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
6 Best IVF Clinics in Chennai
Dr. Devika Chopra
Dr. Devika Chopra 4.8 (6 Votes)

6 Best IVF Clinics in Chennai

Is Infertility curbing away your dreams of parenthood Come, visit us

Read More

5 best Surrogacy Centres and Clinics in Delhi
Dr. Devika Chopra
Dr. Devika Chopra 4.5 (2 Votes)

5 best Surrogacy Centres and Clinics in Delhi

In this article we bring you 5 best Surrogacy Centers and clinics i...

Read More

Best Surrogacy Clinic in Chennai
Dr. Devika Chopra
Dr. Devika Chopra 4.5 (2 Votes)

Best Surrogacy Clinic in Chennai

Find the best-rated surrogacy Clinic in Chennai and explore a list ...

Read More

Trending Articles


5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

Read More 4.5 (1 Votes)


Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

Read More 4.7 (3 Votes)


Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centers and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

Read More 4.8 (2 Votes)