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fertility basics

How Does Age Affect Male Fertility?

  • 4.8 (6 Votes)

With growing age, a mans sperm count and morphology depletes significantly. Reduced Sperm mobility and testosterone levels, lesser immunity leading to illness and erectile dysfunction are prevalent reasons for reduced male fertility with age.

Biological age of a male is directly related to his fertility health. It is often ignored that age may play a pivotal role in affecting male fertility. Normally our notion about male age and fertility are affected by our celebrity worships where we see our favorite celebrities (George Clooney, Robert De Nero etc.) becoming fathers at their older age. In that way, we think that male fertility is everlasting. But, in this article, we bring some groundbreaking revelations collected through our extensive research which will show whether the biological age of males affect their fertility or not.

Does Age Affect Male Fertility?

The answer is yes. When a man grows older his sperm count and morphology are impacted significantly. Sperm’s shape, size, and structure are modified to a greater extent after the 40s. Changed shape and count of sperms make the men less fertile. Although the most men are able to father a child in their 50s, the chances of fathering get grimmer after 40s. The possible reasons behind this can be summed up as-

1- As stated above, with age, sperm quality tends to decrease in men. Normally a growing biological age affects sperm quality and makes it difficult to fertilize an egg.

2- Poor sperm motility (Asthenospermia) affects male fertilitysperm quality

3- Erectile Dysfunction increases with age. Erectile Dysfunction prevents intercourse and thus an obstacle in baby making process.

4-Abnormal sperm morphology (Teratospermia) involves irregular shape and size, which makes it difficult to fertilize the egg.

From mid 40’s, testosterone levels in a man tend to deplete considerably affecting his libido and making it difficult to father a child easily.

The level of illness and depleting immunity start with aging in a human being. This is equally true in case of the man. With growing age, certain medical problems with bowel movement and cardiovascular systems arise which hinders the sex drive.  Along with this lower immunity level hits his fertility level hard.

Low sperm Concentration(Oligospermia)or better know as low sperm count is also one of the main reasons behind decreasing male fertility with age. The number of seminiferous tubules containing spermatids decreases with age, which leads to low sperm concentration. It has been medically studied that men’s sperm concentration decreases around 3% per year with their age. sperm count

These factors lead to increased time to conceive, more chances of miscarriage and complete infertility in some men.However, these factors discussed above are not absolute. There are men who are better with their hormonal and immunity level and father a child without much effort even with growing age.

Does your Wife/Partner’s Age affect your Fertility?

Yes. We will tell you why. Usually, the eggs in a woman’s ovary have a built-in mechanism, which can repair damaged DNA of sperms. But as similar to men, with growing age, this capacity in a woman’s eggs tends to decrease significantly. This is one of the reasons why offspring from an older parent faces genetic disorders and mutations.

How to protect your Fertility while Ageing?

Fortunately enough, there are plenty of options to improve your fertility along with the growing biological age. We have researched out some of the best tips to protect your fertility while you are aging. Read below

1- A Healthy Diet is a must

Usually, older men tend to gain more weight due to lesser physical activity. With age, immunity also gets weaker with slow metabolism and weight gain. Research says that the men should take a diet rich in protein, calcium, and antioxidants to keep up with the growing age and fertility. Healthy diet protect your fertility

2- Cut back on Alcohol & Nicotine

Alcohol and nicotine are two of the greatest evils of human health. Smoking is dangerous if your partner is trying to conceive. Alcohol has the ability to lower your metabolism and it directly affects your sperm morphology. Quit smoking as it hinders baby making process as well as kills you gradually!

3- Minimize your stress level

A calm and stress free mind helps you to get your libido back even at an older age. It is to be noted that, an excess level of stress reduces your sperm quality. So if you are trying for a baby at an older age then you can start doing meditation, yoga, cycling and jogging to reduce stress levels. It will increase your fertility health.

4- Take care of your pelvic/genital health

For those who are not aware of where sperm is made and stored, the answer is the testicles. Research says that our body makes better quality sperm when our groin is a bit cooler than our normal body temperature. The solution to it is to wear loosely fitted underwear and maintaining a daily cleansing routine.

5- Regular check up with your doctor/medical supervisor might help

If you are an older man and trying for a baby for more than a year, it is essential for you to get yourself diagnosed properly. Moreover, even if the baby-making plan is at a halt, one should go for a regular medical check-up. It can help to restore fertility for a longer time.

Is it possible to increase sperm count?

The good news is that yes, you can increase your sperm count. All you need is to adhere to a healthy lifestyle.

How to Increase Sperm Count?

According to the WHO guidelines, the normal sperm count is 20 million sperm per milliliter. Bringing change in the existing lifestyle can increase sperm count. Some of the ways to boost sperm count are listed below:

Ways to increase sperm count-

1- Be calm and Reduce Stress: Stress reduces the level of testosterone hormone in the men, which is responsible for sperm production. Stress needs to be managed well.

2- Opt for Healthy and Balanced Diet: Say no to foods, which are rich in fats and lower your metabolism. Go for a protein rich diet and vitamin rich diet.

3- Exercise Regularly: Keep your body fit and active by doing exercise on a routine basis. But avoid overdoing it. Otherwise, it can have negative effects.

4- Take supplements: Supplements rich in zinc, selenium, the amino acid, the antioxidants, Vitamin C and Vitamin D are known to have a great impact on sperm’s count and quality.

5- Say Bye to Tight Boxers: Avoid wearing tight boxers, which interferes with sperm production due to heat.

6- Quit Smoking and Alcohol: Quit the practice of smoking and drinking alcohol to increase sperm count.

7- Reduce frequency of sex: There should be a gap of at least three days between sexual intercourse so that the sperm concentration can improve.

8- Consult a Doctor: You can always consult a doctor who can provide you with the pills to boost your sperm count.

If you are diagnosed with male infertility issues and are looking for treatments, then please read our in depth research in our article on Male Infertility Treatments.

Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra

About The Author

Obstetrician, Laparoscopic Surgeon Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra

"Dr. Sankar Das Mahapatra is a Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obstetrics and Gynecology) and Gynecologist based in Kolkata. He has nearly 3 decades of experience. He completed his MBBS from Nil Ratan Sircar College and Hospital, Kolkata in 1990. After that, he enrolled himself in Patna Medical College, Patna in 1993 to get a degree in MS in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. He went to Australia to do his Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery from Sydney University in 2005. With a book ""State of the Art of Laparoscopic Suturing"" under his name, he has been in a successful career of performing nearly 2000 Laparoscopic Procedures. He came back to India and became a member of the Indian Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (IAGE). He is very helpful to the patients having High-Risk Pregnancies and Abnormal Vaginal or Menstrual Bleeding. The patients seeking treatment for gynecological problems like Gyne Laparoscopy, Laparoscopic hysterectomy, IUI, and IVF can consult Dr. Mahapatra at Millenium Clinic, Teghoria and Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Barasat, Kolkata. You can get his contact details on"


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Ganesh Kapoor

Nice read. Thanks for sharing!

Oct. 12, 2018, 9:54 p.m. 4.5


Nicolaj Waldu

I am 40 years old and I still feel fit and younger. For me having a healthy diet is enough. Sperm count decreases after 50.

Aug. 25, 2018, 2:11 p.m. 5.0


Aarpit Bala

I regularly have wheat, salad, fruits and milk in my diet, to stay fit and healthy. Smoking and drinking degrade our health quality, which we should avoid using.

June 11, 2018, 11:14 p.m. 5.0


Ronnie Ray

My sperm count is really low and I have tried lots of medicine. Let's see these natural remedies work for me or not.

April 30, 2018, 4:03 p.m. 4.5


Sushmita Malakar

I was just wondering if this is the time can think of fathering another child! If these are the effects of age on male fertility then I must hurry up.

April 16, 2018, 3:40 p.m. 4.5


Sheela Sinha

Very informative article for the couples wanting to conceive. These habits can really bring change.

Feb. 22, 2018, 5 p.m. 5.0

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