fertility basics

Most Commonly Asked FAQs about Ovulation - Importance of Ovulation

  • 4.8   (6 Votes)
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MBBS on 08 Dec 2017 - Written by Dr. Devika Chopra - MBBS - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MBBS

Ovulation and pregnancy test are closely associated with each other. A couple can either prepare of avoid pregnancy with the assistance of ovulation cycle. Symptoms of ovulation are change in sexual drive, BBT and cervical mucus, cramps with abdominal bloating. Fertility days are also calculated based on ovulation cycle.

Ovulation & Ovulation Cycle - An Overview

Ovulation is the biological process in females where one of her ovaries releases a mature egg/oocyte through fallopian tube. Normally ovulation occurs once in every month in women with twice or multiple times to some women due to some hormonal imbalances. Ovulation is the most important event for pregnancy to occur naturally. It is caused by surge of various hormones in her body which are released by her pituitary glands in brain.

How to calculate when I am ovulating?

Normally ovulation occurs in 11-21 days of the first day of your last menstrual period. However, it varies from women to women depending on their physical health and medical conditions. Therefore, it is always better to go for a combination method of calculating ovulation.

How to calculate when I am ovulating

These combinations method includes tracking your Basal Body Temperature daily, tracking cervical mucus status and period tracking along with using Ovulation Predictor Kits or tools in between 11-21 LMP (Last Menstrual Period).

What Are Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation?

There are many signs and symptoms of ovulation. However, not all women experiences ovulation symptoms. Mostly women experiences some of the many symptoms of ovulation listed below-

1- Change in Cervical Mucus. Normally women experiences egg white cervical mucus (EWCM), transparent and stretchy in color and consistency. Some may experience a little whiter version of this cervical mucus too during ovulation.
2- Change in sex drive. During ovulation, a woman tends to have increased sex drive.
3- Mood swings and fatigue.
Mood swings

4- Increased sensitivity to taste, smell and vision
5- Spotting/bleeding due to follicle rupture.
6- Change in Basal Body Temperature. It is maximum during ovulation.
7- Abdominal bloating and cramps. Twinges to either side of the abdomen can be observed.

How many days am I fertile?
After the release, the egg is available for fertilization for 12-24 hours. However, a sperm can live inside the body for maximum of 5 days. Therefore, 4-5 days before ovulation also can be counted as fertile phase for a woman.

How many days am I fertile after ovulation?
Normally ovulation occurs through release of an ovarian egg, which stays up to 12-24 hours in the fallopian tube. And for sperm it takes 5-6 hours to reach the egg with the help of cervical mucus. Therefore, within this window a woman has chance to get fertilized. Normally it is preferable to release sperm before the fertile window as they can survive for maximum 5 days inside fallopian tubes.

Can I ovulate during periods?
It is almost impossible to ovulate during menstrual period. Menstrual period is a biological process which is caused by shedding of endometrial linings after 12-15 days of ovulation. Keeping that in mind, a woman cannot ovulate during periods.

What are signs and symptoms of ovulation
However, many women experiences occasional bleeding due to other reasons such as endometriosis, thyroid etc. which they confuse with regular periods. Under such circumstances, you can ovulate even with the bleeding on.

What is the cervical mucus during ovulation?
Cervical mucus is a fluid secreted by cervix due to stimulation by estrogen hormones. As a woman approaches towards ovulation, estrogen surge in her body escalates which leads to more cervical mucus production as well as secretion. The cervical mucus secreted during this phase is fertile friendly and popularly known as EWCM (Egg White Cervical Mucus) which is transparent and sticky in color and consistency. These EWCM helps sperm flow into fallopian tube and very much balanced in terms of Ph and texture.

How ovulation helps in pregnancy?
Ovulation is the biological event of an egg release from a woman’s body. You all must be aware that without the egg meeting the sperm, there can be no fertilization. Hence ovulation is the most important event in a woman’s physical life to help her getting pregnant.

Hope your queries on ovulation have been resolved through this article. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatment.

Dr. Devika Chopra

Written by

Infertility Specialist, Infertility Evaluation and Treatments

Dr. Devika Chopra is a leading Obstetrician, Gynaecologist and IVF Expert in Tardeo, Mumbai. She provides services such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Gynae Problems, Maternal Care/ Checkup and Infertility Evaluation/Treatment. Dr. Devika Chopra practices at Hope Clinic in Forjett Street, Mumbai. She holds an experience of almost a decade. She completed MBBS from Grant Medical College, Mumbai in 2002. Thereafter, she pursued DNB in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from NBE in 2009. She continued her studies further and did MSc from Oxford University, U.K. in 2012. For Contact details of Dr. Devika Chopra visit at elawoman.com


1.  Hysterosalpingogram - best fallopian tube test, procedure and risks  fallopian tube, Elawoman - 2017
2.  Basal body temperature - how to measure bbt? should i chart bbt?  Basal Body Temperature, Elawoman - 2017
3.  Know about ovulation calendar and its impact on tracking of fertile days  during ovulation, Elawoman - 2017
4.  What are the top 5 reasons for delayed periods or irregular periods?  menstrual, Elawoman - 2017
5.  Egg white cervical mucus - how does it help in determining fertility phase?  cervical mucus, Elawoman - 2017



Sarika K Deol

It was a good read and I strongly agree with the points mentioned in the article. I too have mood swings and changes in cervical mucus during ovulation.

Oct. 10, 2018, 9:04 a.m. 4.5


Bela Mcjean

After my cycles are over, I have pale white vaginal discharge. Is it a sign of starting ovulating days?

Sept. 2, 2018, 11:01 a.m. 5.0


Neelganga Rawat

I experience mood swings and fatigue during my ovulation. Every woman must know about its body. The diagrammatic representation of the Ovulation cycle is self-explanatory and easy to remember. I also use Ela app to track my cycles.

June 1, 2018, 11:15 a.m. 5.0


Khasi Mir

My body temperature increases up to 100 deg celsius when I ovulate. I always track my ovulating days by it.

Feb. 24, 2018, 10:57 a.m. 4.5


Gutam Bhagaji Kharat

Feb. 15, 2018, 9:09 a.m. 4.5


Sikha Dev Patel

I am diagnosed with low egg count, does having intimacy during my ovulating day help?

Dec. 12, 2017, 9:54 a.m. 5.0

View all comments

Leave a Comment



The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI, surrogacy procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.

It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ela being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.

More From Author

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
6 Best Fertility Centre in Chennai - IVF success rates, IVF cost in Chennai

6 Best Fertility Centre in Chennai - IVF success rates, IVF cost in Chennai

posted on 09 Nov 2017 4.8/ 5

The best fertility centres in Chennai are Oasis Centre branch in Anna Nagar, Femelife Fertility Center, Apollo Fertility Chennai, and Iswarya Womens Hospital and Ferti...

Read More

Know about 5 Best Surrogacy Centres in Delhi - Surrogacy Doctors in Delhi

Know about 5 Best Surrogacy Centres in Delhi - Surrogacy Doctors in Delhi

posted on 09 Nov 2017 4.8/ 5

Best surrogacy centres in Delhi offer excellent services to the couples who want to opt surrogacy procedure. Some of the best surrogacy centres in Delhi are Advanced F...

Read More

Best Surrogacy Clinics in Chennai - Surrogacy Costs, Best Surrogacy Doctors in Chennai

Best Surrogacy Clinics in Chennai - Surrogacy Costs, Best Surrogacy Doctors in Chennai

posted on 09 Nov 2017 4.8/ 5

The best surrogacy clinics offer the top quality healthcare services to patients for excellent results. The best surrogacy clinics in Chennai are Cloudnine Hospital, S...

Read More

Related Article view all

Fertility Basics
Know about Human Reproduction with Fertility - Phases of Natural Human Reproduction

Human reproduction is mainly divided into 3 phases such as Ovulation, Fertilization, and Implantation. Symptoms of ovulation are crucial as they signify fertile period in a woman. Signs of implantation specify that there is a positive pregnancy. You need to consult your fertility doctor to make sure that you take proper care during your pregnancy.

Read More

Fertility Basics
Infertility profiling medical tests - Check for causes of infertility

Infertility profiling medical tests include ESR blood test, Thyroid Function Test, AMH test, Complete Blood Count Test, Prolactin, and LH test. Infertility profiling tests help in finding out causes of infertility and respective infertility treatment.

Read More

Fertility Basics
Male infertility - Diagnostic tests to detect male infertility

Diagnostic tests to detect male infertility includes CBC test, ESR test, Blood Sugar test, VDRL test, and Hepatitis test. These medical tests are essential to perform semen analysis, sperm morphology, semen quality, and sperm count. Diagnostic tests offer results based on which male infertility treatments are performed.

Read More

Trending Articles


5 Best Surrogacy Doctors in India

posted on 09 Nov 2017 4.5 / 5(1 Votes)

Find the list of best surrogacy doctors in India who offers the best treatment with the highest success rate. The list has been categorized on the basis of doctors fame, experience, reviews, ratings, and cost. Dr. Mohit Saraogi from Saraogi Hospitals and IRIS IVF Centre and Dr. Kaberi Banerjee from Advanced Fertility Centre top the list of the best surrogacy doctors in India.

Read More


Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates

posted on 09 Nov 2017 4.7 / 5(3 Votes)

Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities. Dr. Nisha Bhatnagar, Dr. Kaberi Banerjee and Dr. Anjali A Deval top the list of such IVF doctors in India due to their unique pricing system, popularity and high success rate.

Read More


Top Surrogacy Centres in India with Highest Success Rates

posted on 09 Nov 2017 4.8 / 5(2 Votes)

In this article we bring you the best Surrogacy Centres and clinics in India with Review Ratings, Cost Estimates, and Surrogacy Success Rate to help you make the best choice. Aveya IVF and Surrogacy Centre and Advanced Fertility and Surrogacy Centre tops the list of such surrogacy centres in India due to their low treatment costs, popularity and high success rates.

Read More