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fertility basics

Frequently Asked Questions about Ovulation

  • 4.8 (6 Votes)

When it comes to Ovulation we have many questions such as how to calculate when I am ovulating, what are the signs and symptoms ovulation, how many days I am fertile, what is the cervical mucus during ovulation etc. In this article we answer all your queries in a detailed way.

Ovulation & Ovulation Cycle - An Overview

Ovulation is the biological process in females where one of her ovaries releases a mature egg/oocyte through fallopian tube. Normally ovulation occurs once in every month in women with twice or multiple times to some women due to some hormonal imbalances. Ovulation is the most important event for pregnancy to occur naturally. It is caused by surge of various hormones in her body which are released by her pituitary glands in brain.

How to calculate when I am ovulating?

Normally ovulation occurs in 11-21 days of the first day of your last menstrual period. However, it varies from women to women depending on their physical health and medical conditions. Therefore, it is always better to go for a combination method of calculating ovulation.

How to calculate when I am ovulating

These combinations method includes tracking your Basal Body Temperature daily, tracking cervical mucus status and period tracking along with using Ovulation Predictor Kits or tools in between 11-21 LMP (Last Menstrual Period).

What Are Signs and Symptoms of Ovulation?

There are many signs and symptoms of ovulation. However, not all women experiences ovulation symptoms. Mostly women experiences some of the many symptoms of ovulation listed below-

1- Change in Cervical Mucus. Normally women experiences egg white cervical mucus (EWCM), transparent and stretchy in color and consistency. Some may experience a little whiter version of this cervical mucus too during ovulation.
2- Change in sex drive. During ovulation, a woman tends to have increased sex drive.
3- Mood swings and fatigue.
Mood swings

4- Increased sensitivity to taste, smell and vision
5- Spotting/bleeding due to follicle rupture.
6- Change in Basal Body Temperature. It is maximum during ovulation.
7- Abdominal bloating and cramps. Twinges to either side of the abdomen can be observed.

How many days am I fertile?
After the release, the egg is available for fertilization for 12-24 hours. However, a sperm can live inside the body for maximum of 5 days. Therefore, 4-5 days before ovulation also can be counted as fertile phase for a woman.

How many days am I fertile after ovulation?
Normally ovulation occurs through release of an ovarian egg, which stays up to 12-24 hours in the fallopian tube. And for sperm it takes 5-6 hours to reach the egg with the help of cervical mucus. Therefore, within this window a woman has chance to get fertilized. Normally it is preferable to release sperm before the fertile window as they can survive for maximum 5 days inside fallopian tubes.

Can I ovulate during periods?
It is almost impossible to ovulate during menstrual period. Menstrual period is a biological process which is caused by shedding of endometrial linings after 12-15 days of ovulation. Keeping that in mind, a woman cannot ovulate during periods.

What are signs and symptoms of ovulation
However, many women experiences occasional bleeding due to other reasons such as endometriosis, thyroid etc. which they confuse with regular periods. Under such circumstances, you can ovulate even with the bleeding on.

What is the cervical mucus during ovulation?
Cervical mucus is a fluid secreted by cervix due to stimulation by estrogen hormones. As a woman approaches towards ovulation, estrogen surge in her body escalates which leads to more cervical mucus production as well as secretion. The cervical mucus secreted during this phase is fertile friendly and popularly known as EWCM (Egg White Cervical Mucus) which is transparent and sticky in color and consistency. These EWCM helps sperm flow into fallopian tube and very much balanced in terms of Ph and texture.

How ovulation helps in pregnancy?
Ovulation is the biological event of an egg release from a woman’s body. You all must be aware that without the egg meeting the sperm, there can be no fertilization. Hence ovulation is the most important event in a woman’s physical life to help her getting pregnant.

Hope your queries on ovulation have been resolved through this article. Follow Elawoman blog to get regular updates on fertility health and treatment.

Dr. Devika Chopra

About The Author

Infertility Specialist, Infertility Evaluation / Treatment Dr. Devika Chopra

Dr. Devika Chopra is a leading Obstetrician, Gynaecologist and IVF Expert in Tardeo, Mumbai. She provides services such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), Gynae Problems, Maternal Care/ Checkup and Infertility Evaluation/Treatment. Dr. Devika Chopra practices at Hope Clinic in Forjett Street, Mumbai. She holds an experience of almost a decade. She completed MBBS from Grant Medical College, Mumbai in 2002. Thereafter, she pursued DNB in Obstetrics and Gynaecology from NBE in 2009. She continued her studies further and did MSc from Oxford University, U.K. in 2012. For Contact details of Dr. Devika Chopra visit at


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  2. Learn the basics behind basal body temperature bbt Basal Body Temperature, Elawoman - 2017
  3. Use ovulation calendar to know fertile days during ovulation, Elawoman - 2017
  4. 5 reasons for irregular periods menstrual, Elawoman - 2017
  5. What is egg white cervical mucus cervical mucus, Elawoman - 2017



Sarika K Deol

It was a good read and I strongly agree with the points mentioned in the article. I too have mood swings and changes in cervical mucus during ovulation.

Oct. 10, 2018, 9:04 a.m. 4.5


Bela Mcjean

After my cycles are over, I have pale white vaginal discharge. Is it a sign of starting ovulating days?

Sept. 2, 2018, 11:01 a.m. 5.0


Neelganga Rawat

I experience mood swings and fatigue during my ovulation. Every woman must know about its body. The diagrammatic representation of the Ovulation cycle is self-explanatory and easy to remember. I also use Ela app to track my cycles.

June 1, 2018, 11:15 a.m. 5.0


Khasi Mir

My body temperature increases up to 100 deg celsius when I ovulate. I always track my ovulating days by it.

Feb. 24, 2018, 10:57 a.m. 4.5


Gutam Bhagaji Kharat

Feb. 15, 2018, 9:09 a.m. 4.5


Sikha Dev Patel

I am diagnosed with low egg count, does having intimacy during my ovulating day help?

Dec. 12, 2017, 9:54 a.m. 5.0

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