Environmental and Occupational Factors Affecting Female Fertility
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11 January 2017

Environmental and Occupational Factors Affecting Female Fertility

Environmental and Occupational Factors Affecting Female Fertility
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Written by Dr Sunil Eshwar
About one third of infertility cases in the world are due to women only. Take a look at how occupational and environmental factors affect female fertility.

About one third of infertility cases in the world are due to women only. Take a look at how occupational and environmental factors affect female fertility.

Fertility can be affected on large scale to conceive and that may be affected by exposure to various toxins or chemicals available in the workplace or the surrounding environment where you spend your day. There are substances that can severely cause mutations, birth defects, abortions, infertility or sterility.

Problems in infertility, reproduction, repeated abortions and teratogenesis (the process by which malformations in body parts are produced in an embryo or fetus) are found among work-related diseases and injuries.

1. Lead: Exposure to lead sources has been proven to negatively impact female fertility. Lead can produce teratospermias (abnormal sperm) and is thought to be an abortifacient or substance that causes artificial abortion and many issues in pregnancy. It is one of the most common environmental factors that affects female fertility. 

Fertility, Female Fertility

2. Medical Treatments and Materials: Repeated exposure to radiation of x-rays to chemotherapy, has been observed to alter sperm production or low sperm count, as well as it contributes to a wide array of ovarian problems.

3. Ethylene Oxide: Ethylene is a chemical used both in the sterilization of surgical instruments and in the manufacturing of certain pesticides, ethylene oxide can also cause birth defects and can give birth to a pre-mature baby and has the potential to provoke an early miscarriage or abortions. It is one of the most common environmental factors that affects female fertility. 

4. Dibromochloropropane (DBCP): Some chemicals found in pesticides, can cause ovarian problems or problems in the uterus, leading to a variety of health conditions, like early menopause, irregular periods that may directly impact female fertility and can give rise to the infertility problems. It is one of the most common environmental factors that affects female fertility. 

Female Fertility, Occupational Factors

You should know that the increased insulin sensitivity from weight training would be beneficial for women with the higher BMI or who may have Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or PCOD or glucose intolerance. However, you can take it as a caution if you are preparing for a fertility procedure. As long as there is no contraindication to exercise and do active yoga, it is usually recommended that moderate-intensity cardiovascular exercise, such as the elliptical, in the prenatal period can keep you active and healthy. 

Many studies have cited that a 34% increase in the prevalence of irregular cycles and a 43% increase in the median duration of time to pregnancy in women who had to lift heavy objects or do heavy jobs or when compared to women who did no heavy lifting. 

Women who have worked rotating evening and/or night shifts were keenly observed to have, 2.3 less mature oocytes when compared to Women who did not have to work in the rotational evening/night shifts. It is observed that the shift work affects the circadian rhythm, which can also affect female fertility and give rise to the infertility problems. 

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1 Comments

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Ambuj Singh
May 29, 2017, 2:29 p.m.
good article
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