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    pink loader
    fertility basics

    How is female fertility affected with environmental and occupational factors

    • 119793 views
    • 4.6   (6 Votes)
    Medically Reviewed by Dr. Deepika Tiwari - MS, MBBS on 11 Jul 2018 - Written by Dr. Sunil Eshwar - MD, MBBS, DNB - Grammatically Approved by Dr. Kavita Jaggi Agrawal - MS, MBBS

    Female fertility is affected with occupational and environmental factors. This includes Lead, Ethylene Oxide, Dibromochloropropane, and Chemotherapy side effects. Medical treatments also have a negative impact on the female fertility to a certain extent. Chances of getting pregnant is also affected with these factors.

    Fertility can be affected on large scale to conceive and that may be affected by exposure to various toxins or chemicals available in the workplace or the surrounding environment where you spend your day. There are substances that can severely cause mutations, birth defects, abortions, infertility or sterility.

    Problems in infertility, reproduction, repeated abortions and teratogenesis (the process by which malformations in body parts are produced in an embryo or fetus) are found among work-related diseases and injuries.

    1. Lead:

    Exposure to lead sources has been proven to negatively impact female fertility. Lead can produce teratospermias (abnormal sperm) and is thought to be an abortifacient or substance that causes artificial abortion and many issues in pregnancy. It is one of the most common environmental factors that affects female fertility. 

    Fertility, Female Fertility

    2. Medical Treatments and Materials:

    Repeated exposure to radiation of x-rays to chemotherapy, has been observed to alter sperm production or low sperm count, as well as it contributes to a wide array of ovarian problems.

    3. Ethylene Oxide:

    Ethylene is a chemical used both in the sterilization of surgical instruments and in the manufacturing of certain pesticides, ethylene oxide can also cause birth defects and can give birth to a premature baby and has the potential to provoke an early miscarriage or abortions. It is one of the most common environmental factors that affect female fertility. 

    4. Dibromochloropropane (DBCP):

    Some chemicals found in pesticides can cause ovarian problems or problems in the uterus, leading to a variety of health conditions, like early menopause, irregular periods that may directly impact female fertility and can give rise to the infertility problems. It is one of the most common environmental factors that affect female fertility. 

    Female Fertility, Occupational Factors

    You should know that the increased insulin sensitivity from weight training would be beneficial for women with the higher BMI or who may have Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or PCOD or glucose intolerance. However, you can take it as a caution if you are preparing for a fertility procedure. As long as there is no contraindication to exercise and do active yoga, it is usually recommended that moderate-intensity cardiovascular exercise, such as the elliptical, in the prenatal period can keep you active and healthy. 

    Many studies have cited that a 34% increase in the prevalence of irregular cycles and a 43% increase in the median duration of time to pregnancy in women who had to lift heavy objects or do heavy jobs or when compared to women who did no heavy lifting. 

    Women who have worked rotating evening and/or night shifts were keenly observed to have, 2.3 less mature oocytes when compared to Women who did not have to work in the rotational evening/night shifts. It is observed that the shift work affects the circadian rhythm, which can also affect female fertility and give rise to the infertility problems. 

    Dr. Sunil Eshwar

    Written by

    MD, MBBS, DNB
    Infertility Specialist, IVF Specialist
    Bangalore

    Dr. Sunil Eshwar is an Infertility specialist who is presently specializing in laparoscopic surgery, high-risk pregnancies and infertility treatments such as IVF and IUI. Dr. Sunil Eshwar completed his MBBS from Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute in 2000 and MD from Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) in 2004. Later, he completed DNB from National Board of Examination in 2006. Dr. Sunil Eshwar is currently practicing at Apollo Fertility, Brookfield, Bangalore. For more information about Dr. Sunil Eshwar, visit elawoman.com

    SOURCES AND REFERENCES:

    • Infertility profiling medical tests - check for causes of infertility  infertility, Elawoman - 2017
    • Irregular periods - what are the types, causes, and treatment of irregular periods?  irregular periods, Elawoman - 2017

    6 Comments

    user_img

    Soniya Verma

    Thanks for sharing this. Really helpful.

    Oct. 2, 2018, 9:37 a.m. 5.0

    user_img

    Wahida Khatun

    Rusted jewelry has an abundant amount of lead exposure in them. Avoid using those as it affects fertility.

    July 24, 2018, 1:35 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Pratik Vishwas

    Polluted water has a huge amount of lead in them. Try to have boiled or filtered water to avoid infertility in female as well as male.

    May 13, 2018, 10:26 a.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Morales Valdez

    I had some idea beforehand as I have read it that certain chemicals found in the environment have a great deal to do with female infertility.

    Nov. 1, 2017, 2:20 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Soni Singh

    As per the National Center for Health Statistics assessed in 1988, 8.4% of ladies aged between 15-44 years had impeded capacity to have kids and about portion of these couples in the long run imagine. These are general normal infertility figures. It enhances with the growing age in women.

    Nov. 1, 2017, 2 p.m. 4.5

    user_img

    Maidan Norway

    I am a nurse and I came in contact with ethylene oxide on a regular basis. What can I do to avoid infertility in the future?

    Sept. 23, 2017, 11:21 a.m. 4.5

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